Authorized Form of NameProvince of Canterbury; Prerogative Court of Canterbury; -1858
Corporate NameProvince of Canterbury
TypeOfEntityCorporate
Dates-1858
CodeNA2926
SubordinatePrerogative Court of Canterbury
OtherFormsOfNamePCC; P.C.C.
ActivityUnder Archbishop John Morton (1486-1500) there is a clear mention of a Prerogative Court with its own officers. The Court proved wills of testators with goods in more than one diocese, exercising jurisdiction where the deceased had bona notabilia, namely personal property, credit or debts, to the value of £5 or more, within the jurisdiction of more than one bishop within the southern province of the church (£10 in some dioceses by special composition). The Court's jurisdiction did not extend to real estate. From the 1570s a similar court existed at York for the northern province. Where the personal estate was divided between the two provinces Canterbury dealt with the southern element; it also exercised jurisdiction where death occurred at sea or abroad.

Under the Court of Probate Act 1857 the PCC was abolished.
RelationshipsAppeal from the Court lay to the Court of Arches and, before the Reformation, to Rome. After 1534 the papal role was replaced by delegates of the Crown in Chancery (25 Hen. VIII c19), later collectively known as the High Court of Delegates, which continued to function until 1832 when its powers were transferred to the King in Council and subsequently to a Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.

In 1653, during the Interregnum, the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (PCC) was replaced by a Court for Probate of Wills and Granting Administrations, with jurisdiction covering the whole of England and Wales. At the Restoration in 1660 the PCC was reinstated, along with lesser ecclesiastical courts.
SourceNational Archives online catalogue

Show related Catalog records.

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OrderNoTitleDateLink
CM VI/105Extract from a cause in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Playvys). 1549CM/6/105
CM VI/50Bond. Alexander Brickenden and Ralph March to the Archbishop of Canterbury: to perform conditions of will of late Richard Cademan of Bapchild, Kent. 19 June. 1587CM/6/50
CM XXI/34Letter of administration [Prerogative Court of Canterbury] issued in name of Crown to Elizabeth Whear of goods of Degory Whear, M.A., principal of Gloucester Hall, Oxford. 8 Oct. 1647.CM/21/34
MS 2080, f.48List of judges of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury[1641-1788] MSS/2080/48
FP Porteus 14, f.78 PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY.1502-1551FP/Porteus/14/78
MS 1998, f.128List of commissaries of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury1546-1751MSS/1998/128
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MS 2876 ff. 1-138Papers concerning fees in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, the Consistory Court of London, the Court of Arches, and other ecclesiastical courts.1823-1828 MSS/2873-2880/2876/1-138
MS 2876 ff. 308-309Note of precedents in the Court of Arches, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, and Consistory Courts1793-1814 MSS/2873-2880/2876/308-309
CM VI/54Probate Inventory. John Teversam, citizen and salter, of London.15 Jan. 1495-6.15 Jan. 1496CM/6/54
CM XXI/38Probate (Prerogative Court of Canterbury) of will of Anna Leach of Wokingham, Berks. 28 Feb. 1692-328 Feb. 1693CM/21/38
MS 4827/2ARCHBISHOP SHELDON1 Dec. 1677MSS/4827/2
Arches N 4Treatise on the rules and procedure Arches/N/4
MS 1310LIST OF THE REGISTERS OF THE PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY[1584-1588]MSS/1310
MS 691PRECEDENT BOOK, ARCHBISHOPRIC OF CANTERBURYc.1616-c.1623MSS/691
MS 722PROBATE ACT BOOK1523-1525MSS/722
CM 27/4Relaxation of a caveat14 Jun 1647CM/27/4
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CM XXI/33Letter of administration [Prerogative Court of Canterbury] addressed to Robert Chamber, brother of Percival Chamber of London. 3 July 1545CM/21/33
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