RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 640
Extentvi, 728 pp.
TitlePARLIAMENTARY BILLS AND ACTS AND OTHER LEGAL PAPERS
Date1607-c.1706
DescriptionCopies of Parliamentary bills and acts and other legal papers. A miscellany of documents of various sizes bound together, deriving from Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, and representing apects of his Parliamentary and other legal involvements. Most of the items described as acts are in fact drafts of bills.
Included is a draft letter on the Irish Parliament of 1692, written by an Irish Protestant in England (pp. 597-632). A draft bill, and comments on other bills, are written in the same hand (pp. 253-6, 267-74, 285-92, 313-28, 373-407).

pp. i-v. Table of contents, in the hand of Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Heading: 'MSS. Acts of Parl. etc vol 2'.

pp. 1-16. Endorsement: 'A copy of the letters patents touching certain lands belonging to Cursall Grange [alias Chrishall or Christhall Grange] which ought to pay tythes to the parsonage of Duxworth [alias Duxford, Cambridgeshire]'. Letters patent for a grant by Henry VIII to Edward Elrington and Humfrey Metcalfe, of estates in Cambridgeshire (including Duxford) and many other counties, 16 April 35 Henry VIII [1544]. See 'Letters and papers ... of the reign of Henry VIII', vol 19 part 1, pp. 278-9. A copy made in 1658. Edward Elrington (1497-1559) and his partner Humphrey Metcalfe made large purchases of monastic and chantry properties. The lease of the tithes of St. John, Duxford, Cambridgeshire, was held by Richard Love (1559-1661), Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; in 1714 it passed to his son-in-law Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Cf. pp. 59-76.

pp. 17- 58. An Act for appropriating rectories of Llanrhayader in Mochvant (Denbighshire and Montgomeryshire) and Skeviog (Flintshire) for repairs of the Cathedral of St Asaph and better maintenance of its choir, and also for uniting several rectories sine cura and the vicarages of the same parishes in the diocese of St Asaph. 29 & 30 Charles II c.18 [1677].

pp. 59-76. A decree in Chancery concerning the tithes belonging to the parishes of St. Peter and St. John in Duxford, Cambridgeshire. 28 Nov. 1654. The impropriate parsonage of St John, Duxford, was held by Clare College, Cambridge; the tithes were leased to Richard Love and
subsequently to his son-in-law Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury. Cf. pp. 1-16.

pp. 77-82. 'A bill to prevent attornies, solicitors, under-sheriffs, bailiffs, gaolers, and litigious suitors to oppress any of their Majesties subjects'. n.d., temp. William and Mary [1688-94].

pp. 83-102. 'An act to reforme multitudes of unnecessarie and inconvenient buildings in or neere the cittie of London, and to avoide the numbers of dangerous inmates within the same'. n.d., written in a hand of the early 17th century. This bill was given a third reading in the House of Lords on 3 March 1606/7, when it was sent to the Commons. See 'Journal of the House of Lords', vol 2, p. 481.

pp. 103-116. 'An act against dyvyding of tenements and against inmates, undersetters, unlawful victuallers, and other houses of disorder in and about London and Westminster' [amended to 'the Cities, Universities, and Corporations of this Land']. n.d., written in a hand of the early 17th century. This bill was given a third reading in the House of Lords on 3 March 1606/7, when it was sent to the Commons. See 'Journal of the House of Lords', vol 2, p. 481.

pp. 117-120. 'An act against pluralities and non-residence' Endorsed: '1680'.

pp. 121-124. 'A bill for the better provideing for the serving of the cures of impropriated parishes'. n.d.

pp. 125-132. 'An act for the reformation of pluralities and non-residence'. With an endorsement criticising the bill. n.d. [temp. William III, 1694-1702].

pp. 133-136. An act for the making of surveys or terriers of glebe lands of all impropriate rectories or vicarages. n.d.

pp. 137-138. A clause for a bill against clandestine marriages performed in prisons. n.d.

pp. 139-168. 'An act for the better regulating of proceedings in the ecclesiastical courts'. n.d.

pp. 169-184. 'An act for the more speedy and effectual recovery of church rates', with (pp. 181-184) criticism of the bill, written in another hand. n.d.

pp. 185-192. A bill endorsed by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury: 'd. Prid. conc[erning] churchwardens rules. Nov. 1703'. The text is probably by Humphrey Prideaux (1648-1724), Dean of Norwich, whose 'Directions for church-wardens' was published in numerous editions from 1701 onwards.

pp. 193-206. 'A bill for the more effectual raising and recovery of rates for repairs of churches'. Endorsed by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury: 'This is the first bill, drawn but not brought into Parliament'. n.d. [temp. William III, 1694-1702]. Cf. pp. 305-12, 329-72.

pp. 207-242. A bill for the regulation of printing and the press. Endorsements by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury: 'see vol 1, p. 1. A form.r printed Act'. and 'rejected'. n.d. [temp. William III, 1694-1702]. With (pp. 237-242) an abstract of the same bill.

pp. 243-248. 'An act for the better regulating of printers and printing presses' 22 Nov. 1703. With (pp. 249-252), in another hand, a criticism of the bill.

pp. 253-266. 'An act for reviving a statute for the real union and division of parishes'. Endorsed with reasons why the bill was rejected by the House of Lords. n.d.

pp. 267-274. 'An act against simony and undue presentation or collation to ecclesiastical benefices'. A bill, endorsed with criticism. n.d. [temp. William and Mary 1689-94]

pp. 275-278. A clause to be inserted in a bill against simony. Endorsed by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury: 'Clause to be inserted into ye bill to buy offices, simony'. n.d.

pp. 279-284. 'An act for granting a further remedy for the recovery of tythes'. n.d.

pp. 285-292. 'A supplemental act declaring in what manner tythes ought to be paid'. Endorsed with criticism. n.d. [temp. William and Mary, 1689-94].

pp. 293-304. 'Some remarks on the bill for the more easie recovery of small tithes', addressed to the Archbishop. n.d. With (pp. 297-304) a further clause and notes concerning tithes. Possibly the bill 'for the more easy recovery of small tithes and for the repair of churches' read in the Lords on 15 Nov 1689 ('Journal of the House of Lords', vol 14, 15 Nov 1689).

pp. 305-308. A bill 'For the better repairing of churches, chapels, and churchyards and for a more easy and effectuall recovery of ye rates...' n.d. [temp. Queen Anne, 1702-14].

pp. 309-312. Letter to Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, from George Oxenden (1657-1703), lawyer and politician, enclosing his 'Reasons against the bill concerning repair of churches'. 6 Feb. 1702/3.

pp. 313-328. 'An act for building houses and improvements on the Church lands, and for preventing dilapidations'. A bill concerning Ireland and the ruinous state of church property there as a result of war. With a critique of the bill at p. 328. n.d. [temp.William III 1694-1702].

pp. 329-336. A bill for the more effectual levying of rates for repairs of churches. n.d.

pp. 337-338. 'Reasons humbly offered why the Bill for the repair of churches, as it now lies before the honourable the House of Commons, should not pass'. n.d. Printed.

pp. 339-342. 'Abstract of the Bill for repaires of Churches.' Possibly in the hand of George Oxenden. n.d.

pp. 343-344. Letter [to Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury], from P. King [possibly Peter King (1669-1734), afterwards 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor], commenting on drafts of a bill for the repair of churches and collection of church rates. Endorsed by Tenison with the date 1703.

pp. 345-358. 'An act for the more easy recovery of monies for the repairing churches'. Endorsed: 'Rejected ye 9 ffebruary anno 1702 by the House of Lords'. The text is printed in 'The manuscripts of the House of Lords', new series vol 5, 1702-04, no. 1895, with a note of its rejection in the Lords on 9 Feb 1703.

pp. 359-372. 'An act for the repair of churches, and for the more easie and speedy recovery of church rates'. Possibly in the hand of George Oxenden. n.d. The bill was intended to come into force on 26 March 1704.

pp. 373-408. 'Heads of a bill for building and reparing of churches and inclosing of church-yards, and provision for the poor, &c'. Concerns Ireland. n.d. [temp. William III 1694-1702]. With comments at p. 408: 'This bill came from the Commons...', indicating that the bill was before the Parliament of Ireland.

pp. 409-410. 'Reasons humbly offered for an Act of Parliament to inforce the tenants of Arch Bishops, Bishops, Deans and Chapters ... to pay their fines, and renew their leases in due time...' A printed broadsheet. n.d.

pp. 411-444. 'A bill for preventing occasional conformity', n.d. [temp. Queen Anne 1702-14]. With related papers in other hands, including (pp. 437-440) a draft letter with corrections, possibly in the hand of Edmund Gibson, afterwards Bishop of London, dated 7 Jan 1702/3. Bills against occasional conformity were debated in 1702 and 1704; an Act was passed in 1711.

pp. 445-450. 'An Act for the securitie of the Church of England, as by Law established'. Endorsed by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, with the date 1706. A draft bill proposed in consequence of the Act of Union with Scotland, 1706. (For the statute, see the Maintenance of the Church of England Act, 6 Anne cap 8, 1706).

pp. 451-496. 'An act for the general quiett of the subject against all pretences of concealments, incroachments, or other defective titles'. Endorsed by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, with the date 1698/9. The Defective Titles (Concealments etc) Bill. The text is printed in 'The manuscripts of the House of Lords', new series vol 3, 1697-1699, no. 1370. It was rejected in the Lords on 13 March 1699 (Ibid, no. 1399).

pp. 497-500. 'A bill for the more effectuall suppressing of vice and immorality'. Endorsed by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, with the date 1698/9. See 'Journal of the House of Commons', 5 Jan-9 Feb 1698/9

pp. 501-524. Title in the hand of Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury: 'Abstracts of the statutes relating to the poor, &c. by Sir Richard Cox'. Letter from Sir Richard Cocks (c.1659-1726), M.P., to Archbishop Tenison, 12 May 1700, enclosing an abstract of statutes and notes towards new legislation.

pp. 525-580. A bill for poor relief, to come into effect on 25 March 1700.

pp. 581-583. 'A bill for relief of creditors in the effectuall recovery of their just debts'. A reference to the death c.15 years earlier of Sir Henry Appleton (d. Feb. 1678/9) dates the bill to c.1694.

pp. 585-596. 'An act for dissolution of old superstitious chantrys, guilds, and fraternitys in ... Ireland, and vesting ... in the Crown'. n.d. [temp. William III].

pp. 597-632. Letter, draft or copy, beginning: 'Sir, I hope by this time all those melancholy thoughts ... occasion'd by... those unhappy ruptures in the last Parliament....'. Written by an Irish Protestant in England to an unnamed correspondent in Ireland, commenting on the state of Ireland, the failure of William IIII's first Irish Parliament of 1692 and the political issues concerning Poynings' law and the raising of finance. The letter was written on the eve of William III's second Irish Parliament in 1695, urging the Parliament to be compliant to the King's wishes. Undated and without signature; an endorsement 'B.L.' at p. 630 may represent the name of the writer. The same hand is found in a draft bill and in comments on bills at pp. 253-6, 267-74, 285-92, 313-28, 373-407.

pp. 633-638. Papers relating to Lichfield Cathedral, comprising a petition from the Dean and Chapter for an Act to provide an increased number of residentiary canons 17 Sept. 1703; a letter to Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury concerning the tithes of the church of Tatenhill, Staffs, which were to be annexed to the Dean by the same Act, n.d.; and a printed copy of 'An act for augmenting the number of Canons Residentiary in the Cathedral Church of Lichfield...' (London, 1705). The latter is 4 & 5 Anne cap. 33, a private act, 1706.

pp. 639-664. A bill in Chancery, addressed to Sir John Somers, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. Brought by John Cock, plumber, of St. James' parish, Westminster, against the churchwardens, for leadwork done on the steeple and minister's house of St. James' church between 1677 and 1687. 23 October 1695.

pp. 665-676. Draft of a trust deed concerning charities in the parish of St. James, Westminster, providing for the rebuilding, already in progress, of St. James' chapel. n.d. [1702]. Endorsed in the hand of Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury. The chapel was first erected by Thomas Tenison as a wooden tabernacle in 1687-88. On the chapel, see 'Survey of London', vol 31 part 2 (London, 1963), pp. 180-183.

pp. 677-688. 'Copies of the patents for the new churchyard in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields'. Copies of letters patent of James I granting reversion of one acre of ground near the church for a churchyard, 28 October 4 James I [1606], and of confirmation by letters patent of Charles I, 27 May 9 Charles I [1633].

pp. 689-692. 'A copy of the charter for founding the Royal Schole, &c.' Printed. Letters patent of William III for the incorporation of Maidwell's School (the school founded by Lewis Maidwell (1650-1716), schoolmaster) as the 'Royal School' in the parish of St. James, Westminster. 20 Feb 14 William III [1702]. The Archbishop of Canterbury was to be one of the Trustees.

pp. 693-727. Papers relating to the legal case between the Dean and Chapter of Westminster and the parishioners of St. Bride, City of London, concerning the payment of impropriate tithes. 1706.
pp. 693-700. Paper addressed by Thomas Townley, lessee of the Dean and Chapter's impropriate tithes, to Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, John Somers, Baron Somers, and Charles Montagu, Earl of Halifax, arbiters of his dispute with the parishioners of St. Bride. [c. January 1706].
pp. 701-704. Order of the Vestry of St. Bride desiring Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lords Somers and Halifax to arbitrate in the dispute and agreeing to accept their award. 10 January 1705/6.
pp. 705-708. Chapter act of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, agreeing to accept the award to be made by the arbiters. 18 January 1705/6.
pp. 709-712. Letter from Thomas Townley thanking the arbiters for taking on the arbitration. and agreeing to accept their award. 18 Jan [1706].
pp. 713-716. Particulars of houses and rents in the parish of St. Bride. n.d.
pp. 717-720. 'An act for settling the impropriate tythes of the parish of St. Bridget, alias, Brides, London'. Printed. [A private act of parliament 4 & 5 Anne, c. 32, 1706].
pp. 721-724. An incomplete proof of the same act.
pp. 725-726. 'The appellants case'. Printed. The case of the parishioners of St Bride, in an appeal from the Court of Exchequer to the House of Lords to be heard 8 January 1705/6. With marginal notes in the same hand as pp. 693-700.
pp. 727-728. 'The respondents case'. Printed. The case of Thomas Townley, in an appeal from the Court of Exchequer to the House of Lords to be heard 8 January 1705/6.
LanguageLatin and English
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2012.
PhysicalDescriptionQuarter vellum binding, 437 x 352 mm.
Paper leaves.
CustodialHistoryRecorded amongst the manuscripts of Archbishop Thomas Tenison in David Wilkins' catalogue of the Lambeth manuscripts dated 1720 (LR/F/40).
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library Box 591

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
30Tenison; Thomas (1636-1715); Archbishop of Canterbury1636-1715
GB/109/12692Duxford, Cambridgeshire; St Peter; -1874; ancient parish-1874
GB/109/12691Duxford, Cambridgeshire; St John; -1874; ancient parish-1874
GB/109/17761Diocese of St. Asaph; Cathedral Church
DS/UK/6296England and Wales; Parliament; 1536-17071536-1707
GB/109/18363Prideaux; Humphrey (1648-1724); Dean of Norwich1648-1724
NA2668King; Sir; Peter (1669-1734); 1st Lord King; Lord Chancellor1669-1734
GB/109/12537Tatenhill, Staffordshire; ancient parish
GB/109/19535Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield; Cathedral Church of St. Chad and St. Mary, Lichfield; -1837-1837
NA1844Westminster, Middlesex; St James; 1685-; ecclesiastical parish1685-
NA1527St Martin in the Fields, Middlesex; ancient parish
GB/109/8331City of London; St Bride; -1906; ancient parish-1906
GB/109/18354Oxenden; George (c. 1651-1703); lawyerc. 1651-1703
GB/109/21658Cocks; Richard (c.1659-1726); Sir; M.P.c.1659-1726
Related place records
CodeSet
NA1681/Duxford/Cambridgeshire
PL882/Ireland
PL115/City of London
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