RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 250
Extentiii + 478 ff.
TitleMISCELLANY, INCLUDING ENGLISH VOYAGES
Date15th century - early 17th century
DescriptionA miscellany, originally bound together for William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury 1678-91, whose hand is found at f. 61r. Many of the items in this volume belonged to or were written by George Carew, Earl of Totnes (1555-1629). The contents are as follows:

ff. i-iii. blank fly leaves.

ff. 1r-20v. A summary, incomplete at the start, of statutes and ordinances relating to purveyance, weights and measures, riot, forcible entry, liveries, the statute of labourers, rogues and vagabonds, 23 Edward III [1349-50] - 8 Henry VI [1429-30]. In English.
Written on vellum, in an English hand, mid 15th century.
On f.1 is written, 'This boke ys myne John Ford'. At f. 20v are names of members of the Staunton family.

ff. 21-22. blank.

ff. 23r-60v. 'A treatise of the warrs and other acts of Edward Prince of Wales eldest sonne to K[ing] Ed[ward] III'. An historical account of the Black Prince in the hand of George Carew apparently written in 1610 (f. 28). Begins: 'Edward Plantagenet the first sonne unto that prudent, religious and triumphant monarche kinge Edward the third'. It ends with the siege of Calais, and is followed (f. 54) by notes from Froissart and Stow apparently intended for a continuation. ff. 59-60 are blank.

ff. 61-71v. Copies of royal charters of confirmation of the privileges of Oxford University dated 10 October 1510 (C.S.P.For. & Dom., 1, pt.1, no. 604 (19)), 1 April 1523 (C.S.P.For. & Dom., 3, pt.2, no. 2926), and 16 July 1543 (C.S.P.For. & Dom., 18, pt.1, no. 981(71)), early 17th cent. At f. 61r. is a note in the hand of Archbishop William Sancroft relating to folios missing not in this item but in that which follows. f. 71v is blank.

f. 72v. blank.

ff. 73-196. Originally formed a separate volume (see Custodial History field). The texts are written in a single hand; texts are foliated individually, but in the same hand.
ff. 73r-154v. The Life of Wolsey by George Cavendish, copied in about 1589 (incomplete; ff. 81-83, 118-119 are blank replacements for missing leaves originally foliated 8-10 and 45-46. See Sancroft's note of this at f. 61r). Original foliation 1-81.
See Richard S. Sylvester, 'Cavendish: Life of Wolsey' (Early English Text Society, 1959).
ff. 155r-159v. 'The manner of the Earle of Essex his deathe in Ireland Anno domini 1576', including (f. 159r) 'The songe the Earle of Essex songe the night before he dyed'. On f. 159r is written 'finis 1589'. Original foliation 1-5. See also MS.251 ff. 231-236v.
The song is printed in J.P. Collier, 'Ancient biographical poems' (Camden Miscellany III), 1855, 19-20. See also S.W. May & W.A. Ringler 'Elizabethan poetry: a bibliography and first line index of English verse, 1559-1603' 2004, vol 2, p. 1149 (EV 17058) [Lambeth Palace Library Z2014.P7R5]
ff. 160r-v. The case of Henry Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell (d. 1592) 1572, headed 'The Arguments exhibited by the Lord Keeper in parlyament provinge that noble men's persons be attacheable for contemptes comitted by them in the Quene's Majestie's Courte of Chauncery disobeyinge the decrees made there in matters examinable in the same Courte which came in question for that there was an attachment accorded out of the same Courte to the Shereff of Norfolk to attache the body of the Lord Cromwell for desobeyinge of a decree made in the same Courte betweene one Taverner, plaintiff, and the said Lord Cromwell, defendant, which attachment was executed by the said Shereff and the body of the same Lord Cromwell brought prisoner in the said Courte of Chauncerye'. Original foliation 1.
ff. 161r-163r. Memorandum of things 'meete to be considered [at] a Consultation at the Lord Treasorer's howse nere the Savowey' concerning the provision of military aid to the United Provinces in the war against Spain, 8 May 1584. Original pagination 1-5.
ff. 163v-167r. Report of a speech in the House of Commons, probably by Sir Christopher Hatton, concerning attempts on the life of Queen Elizabeth and the need to take measures against the Queen of Scots, 3 November 1586. Original pagination 1-8.
f. 167v-169r. Report of a speech in the Star Chamber at the examination of William Davison (d.1608) concerning the execution of Mary Queen of Scots, 28 May 1587. Original pagination 1-4. f. 169v is blank.
ff. 170r-175r. Proceedings against Philip Howard, 13th Earl of Arundel (1557-1595) at 'the Arreynment of Phillip Earle of Arundell the xiiiith of Aprill 1589 at Westminster'. A shortened version of the account printed in State trials, 1730, I, 156-61. Original pagination 1-11. f. 175v is blank.
ff. 176r-177r. 'A trew Reporte of Sir Francis Drake's Voyage as followethe, wherein he dyed, Anno domini 1596'. Begins: 'The 27 of August they went from Plymoth 27 sayle, 6 of those the Quenes Shipps and others marchants'. Original pagination 1-3. f. 177v is blank.
ff. 178r-180r. 'The Voyage of the Right famous and worthy man the Earle of Essex [Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1565-1601)] made in the portes of Spayne and Pertingale in the yere of our Lord God 1596'. Begins: 'We set sayle from Plymothe the thirde of [ ] in number, 44 saile of Ships and pynnasses'. At f. 179v is a list of knights made at sea on the expedition. Original pagination 1-5. f. 180v is blank.
ff. 181r-184v. Copy of correspondence between Sir Thomas Egerton, Lord Keeper and (1616) Viscount Brackley, and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, 1599. Printed in T. Birch, 'Memoirs of the reign of Queen Elizabeth', 1754, II, 384-8. Original pagination 1-4.
ff. 185r-191r. 'An Apologie of the Earle of Essex [Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1565-1601)] against those which falsely and maliciously tax him to be the only hinderer of the peece and quiet of his Countrey'. Printed in 1603 (STC 6788). Other copies are MS. 933 item 4 and MS. 2872, ff. 59-73. Original pagination 1-13.
ff. 191v-196v. blank.

ff. 197-249 (ff. 197, 247-249 blank). Journal, with copies of instructions and despatches, of an embassy to France by Sir Robert Cecil, Sir John Herbert (c.1540-1617), Master of Requests, and Sir Thomas Wilkes (1545?-1598), Clerk of the Council, 10 February - 30 April 1598. The MS. is written in the hand of an amanuensis much used by Cecil at this period, and perhaps came into the possession of Carew when he joined Cecil as ambassador in France in May 1598.

ff. 250r-255v. 'Of Islands arrisinge in the sea and of the Salt shore compared with the freshe'. An examination of legal authorities intended to assert the rights of the crown to ownership of the sea shore, with particular reference to Kent, late 16th century.

ff. 256r-268v. Voyages of George Clifford (1558-1605), 3rd Earl of Cumberland. 'All the Nyne Memorable Voyages made by the Righte Honorable George Erle of Cumberland, to and from the King of Spayne's territoryes, wherof the first Seaven are here onely briefly comprehended, the other twoo vizt the Eighte and Nyneth onely at large collected and written oute of Credible advertizments', by Richard Robinson, citizen of London [Richard Robinson (1544/5-1603)], 23 April 1599. For other autograph manuscripts written by the scribe Richard Robinson, see Sion L40.2/E10, ff. 39-47, 65-9.
At the end of the seventh voyage occurs the following statement: 'Thus muche was related unto mee by the sayde worthy Capteyn Willyam Midleton's worde of mowthe some tymes having bene a Soldyer and Leevetenant as allso Ensigne bearer under the vertuous renowned Sir Philip Sydney Knight in the Lowe Contryes and here a follower in all these voyages and in the Eight Voyage allso here now next followyng, wherof hee and Capteyn Thomas Greenewell gave mee under theyre handes in wryting these Credible advertizments in maner and forme from poynte to poynte as followeth'. The Ninth Voyage is prefaced with the statement, 'Firste penned at sea by Ro. Thornton, Mr. Walter Cope and Peter Hayburn Passingers 1598. Newly amplifyed and trewly written by other credible advertizments per me R.R.'.
See H.M.C. 12th Report (Cowper), 1888, pt.1, 16; G.C. Williamson, 'George, third Earl of Cumberland' (Cambridge,1920), 26; R.T. Spence, 'The privateering Earl', 1995. See also MS. 2688.
f. 268 is blank.

ff. 269-314. Papers, all or mainly relating to Sir John Norris (c.1547-1597) military commander.
ff. 269r-v, 304v-305r, 312v-313r. Notes, laundry lists etc, perhaps by a servant of Sir John Norris, added on blank leaves, comprising a laundry list dated 14 April and a note in the same hand 'To the right honorable my very good lo. and master Sr John Norrys knight 3rd of Appril, Thurday' [possibly 1595] (f. 296r-v); Lists of coins 'in my lord's purss' and of 'soch things as I have in my keping', including bed furniture, clothing, and weapons, March-April 1595 (ff. 304v-305v); Account of the purchase of clothes and lists of articles headed 'deliver to the laundresse', March [?1595] (ff. 312v-313r).
ff. 270r-304r. Journal of the expedition of Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norris to the coast of Spain, 15 March - 3 July 1589. From 10 June the journal appears to be in the hand of Sir John Norris
ff. 306-307. blank.
ff. 308r-311v. Journal of the expedition to Brittany commanded by Sir John Norris, 11 April - 10 July 1591, when the writer breaks off.
f. 312r Rough notes or jottings.
ff. 313v-314v. blank.

ff. 315r-337v. Copy of Sir Walter Raleigh's account of his voyage to Guiana in 1596. It differs in important respects from the version printed by Hakluyt (Voyages, III, 1600, 627-62). See also the edition in Joyce Lorimer (ed.), 'Sir Walter Raleigh's Discoverie of Guiana' (Hakluyt Society, London, 2006). Raleigh was a cousin and associate of George Carew.

ff. 338r-381v. Journals of George Carew, afterwards 1st Earl of Totnes.
ff. 338r-362v. Journal in the hand of George Carew of the expedition to Cadiz and the Spanish coast, in which he took part, commanded by the Earl of Essex and Lord Howard of Effingham, 11 April - 14 August 1596. Printed in S. and E. Usherwood, 'The counter-Armada 1596', (London, 1983). [Lambeth Palace Library KP302.C26].

ff. 363r-366r. blank.
ff. 366v-373r. Journal in the hand of George Carew entitled 'Notes of our voyadge after my beinge at Rochell', apparently concerning his participation inthe Earl of Essex's voyage to the Azores, 4 September - 14 October 1597.
ff. 373v-381v. blank.

ff. 382r-395v. 'A discourse of Virginia' by Edward Maria Wingfield (1550-c.1619), American colonist, June 1607 - May 1608. The discourse contains a defence of Wingfield's conduct as the first president of the colony at Jamestown. At f. 382r is an unsigned letter concerning Virginia, not in the same hand as the text, but representing Wingfield's preface to the Discourse.The endorsement at f. 395v is by George Carew.
The Lambeth manuscript was described by J.S.M. Anderson, 'History of the Church of England in the Colonies' London: 1845, i. 207-8. It was then printed as 'A discourse of Virginia', ed. Charles Deane (Boston, 1860). See also Philip L. Barbour,'The Jamestown voyages under the first charter 1606-1609...Documents relating to the founding of Jamestown and the history of the Jamestown Colony...' (Cambridge: published for the Hakluyt Society at the University Press, 1969) [Lambeth Palace Library KZ229.B2]; and J.R. Wingfield, 'Virginia's true founder: Edward Maria Wingfield...' (1993).

ff. 396r-405v. Copy of a letter from William Adams (1564-1620), navigator, the first Englishman to visit Japan, to 'some or many of my acquaintances in Limehouse or in Gillingham by Rochester', from Japan, 22 October 1611. With an endorsement (f. 405v) in the hand of George Carew. Printed in Samuel Purchas, 'Purchas his Pilgrimes', 1625, I, 125-9.
Cf. Thomas Rundall ed, 'Memorials of the Empire of Japon' (London: Hakluyt Society, 1850), which prints 6 letters from Adams in Japan 1611-17.

ff. 406r-412v. 'A Iournall of the voiadge of discoverie made in a barke builte in Newfowndland [Newfoundland] called the Indeavour, begunne the 7 of October 1612 and ended the 25th of November followinge', concerning a voyage by John Guy (c.1575-1628), governor of Newfoundland, in which he encountered the Beothuck Indians. At f. 412v is an ink sketch of a canoe, captioned 'the picture of the savages canoa'.
With an endorsement in the hand of George Carew. Printed in 'The New World. A catalogue of an exhibition ... held at Lambeth Palace Library', 1957, 52-64. See also Samuel Purchas, 'Purchas his Pilgrimes', 1625, IV, 1880-2.

f. 413. blank.

ff. 414r-416v. 'Captain William Morgan's discourse concerninge the Northwest passage, from thence to the South Sea', temp. Jas.I. Printed in 'The New World. A catalogue of an exhibition ... held at Lambeth Palace Library', 1957, 73-7.

ff. 417-418. blank.

ff. 419r-427v. 'A Breife Narration of the Discouery of the Northerne seas and the Coasts and Countries of those Parts, as it was first begunne and Continued by the singular Industrie and Charge of the Company of Muscouie Merchants of the Cittie of London written in the defence of the righte which the Englishe hathe unto the new discoverie of Greenland otherwise called Kinge James his Newland]', 1613. Perhaps by Thomas Edge (1587/8-1624) but differing from the account by him printed in Samuel Purchas, 'Purchas his Pilgrimes', 1625, III, 462-6. Printed in 'The New World, A catalogue of an exhibition ... held at Lambeth Palace Library', 1957, 77-89.
In the same hand as ff. 396-405. With an endorsement in the hand of George Carew. The latter part of the title is also in his hand.

ff. 428-433. 'A Breefe Journall of the Action at the Ile of Ree in Anno 1627', 2 June - 13 November 1627.
An account of the English expedition against France and the landing at the Ile de Re, near La Rochelle, led by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628).

ff. 434r-449v. 'De Rebus Sweciae et Poloniae 1598'. An account of relations between Sweden and Poland to 1609. In Latin.

ff. 450r-462v. 'Neues out of Suethlande, or the Coronation of the younge Gustauus Odolphus, verie honorablely celebrated at Vpsallia, An Vniuersitie in Suethlande', by W. Portington.
Concerns the Coronation of Gustavus Adolphus (1594-1632) as King of Sweden in 1611.
ff. 460v-462v are blank.

ff. 463r-475v. 'A battell, or the honorable Seige of Vobesco, a Citie in Russia, Foughte betwixt the Rushians and the Tartars', by William Anderson, 'lieftenant'. Dedication to Sir Arthur Chichester, afterwards Baron Chichester, while Lord Deputy of Ireland [1605-16]; the narrative however concerns the reign of Fedor I, Tsar of Russia 1584-98. In the same hand as ff. 450-459.

ff. 476-478. blank.
FindingAidsCatalogue description based on revision to Todd catalogue (MSS. 113...283) by E. G. W. Bill (typescript, 1981), revised further by Richard Palmer, 2011.
Selected items also noted in Charles M. Andrews and Frances G. Davenport, 'Guide to the Manuscript Materials for the History of the United States to 1783, in the British Museum, in Minor London Archives, and in the Libraries of Oxford and Cambridge' (Washington, 1908), p. 287.
PhysicalDescriptionBinding of light calf, late 20th century, in the style of bindings for Archbishop Sancroft, and probably intended to reflect the earlier binding which it replaced. 324 x 245 mm.
Membrane (ff. 1-20) and paper (ff. 21-478)
CustodialHistoryMany of the items in this miscellany are from the 'Carew-Sheldon' manuscripts and are recorded in the 'Carew-Sheldon' catalogue dated 1664 (Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 275a, f. 9v). These manuscripts were acquired by Gilbert Sheldon (1598-1677), Archbishop of Canterbury. All, or nearly all, were previously owned by George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes (1555-1629). See M. R. James, 'The Carew manuscripts', English Historical Review, vol 42, 1927, pp. 261-267, and M. R. James, 'A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth Palace: The Mediaeval Manuscripts' (Cambridge, 1932), p. 401.
In particular:
ff. 73-196 are recorded in the 'Carew-Sheldon' catalogue [as item 96]: 'The life and death of Cardinall Wolsey, with Sir Fran. Drake's last voyage wherein he dyed and other things. English MS, folio' (Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 275a, f. 7v).
ff. 269-314 are recorded in the 'Carew-Sheldon' catalogue [as item 33]: 'Journall of the Portugall voyage of Sr John Norris 1588. MS, folio' (Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 275a, f. 4r).
ff. 338-362 are recorded in the 'Carew-Sheldon' catalogue [as item 32]: 'The relation of the journey of the Earles of Essex & Arundell to Cales in Q Eliz. time; folio' (Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 275a, f. 4r).
Other items may have been amongst the 3 bundles of miscellanea noted but not described, in the Carew-Sheldon list (f. 11r).
A number of the items in MS 250 were numbered in ink, seemingly while unbound. At least one of these (ff. 406-412) is certainly of Carew provenance. The numbered items are:
4. ff. 463-475
6. ff. 434-449
9. ff. 450-462
12. ff. 406-412
13. ff. 414-416
15. ff. 315-337
16. ff. 396-405
18. ff. 382-395
24. ff. 419-427
Other numbered items from the same series are identifiable in MS. 251.
CopiesMS. 250, ff. 176-180, ff. 256-267, ff. 315-336, ff. 338-341, ff. 383-392, ff. 406-412, ff. 414-416, f. 419 [i.e. American material]:
Microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 772

Available from World Microfilms Publications:
Lambeth Palace Library: Miscellaneous American Material. Reel 1 (with other MSS.)
Copies of the microfilm may be available in other libraries.

Copies are available from the British Library Microform Research Collections:
https://www.bl.uk/services/document/microrescoll/rescoll.html#127

See the online image management system,
http://images.lambethpalacelibrary.org.uk/luna/servlet/s/zrx5ui
RelatedMaterialSee additional information on this manuscript in LR/L/13A.
PublnNote"The new world: a catalogue of an exhibition of books, maps, manuscripts and documents, held at Lambeth Palace Library between 1 May and 1 December, 1957 : together with transcripts of five unpublished documents in the Library relating to the early history of the American continent", (Lambeth Palace Library, 1957) pp. 15, 24 [Lambeth Palace Library Z921.L6L2]
David Scott Gehring, "Anglo-German relations and the Protestant cause" (London, 2013) [Lambeth Palace Library H5071.G3]

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
GB/109/14535Carew; George (1555-1629); Earl of Totnes; statesman1555-1629
DS/UK/4539Edward (1330-1376); Prince of Wales1330-1376
GB/109/17220Guy; John (c.1575-1628); colonial governorc.1575-1628
GB/109/15223Clifford; George (1558-1605); 3rd Earl of Cumberland; explorer1558-1605
DS/UK/4611Edward III (1312-1377); King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine1312-1377
180University of Oxford
GB/109/18122Cavendish; George (c. 1494-1562); Biographerc. 1494-1562
GB/109/18123Cromwell; Henry (fl. 1572); 2nd Baron Cromwellfl. 1572
GB/109/10673Hatton; Sir; Christopher (1540-1591); Lord Chancellor1540-1591
NA2488Elizabeth I (1533-1603); Queen of England and Ireland1533-1603
GB/109/11598England and Wales; Star Chamber; 1487-16411487-1641
GB/109/16087Davison; William (-1608); diplomat and administrator-1608
GB/109/17271Howard; Philip (1557-1595); 13th Earl of Arundel; Saint1557-1595
GB/109/17392Drake; Sir; Francis (1540-1596); Pirate, sea captain and explorer1540-1596
GB/109/9588Egerton; Thomas (1540-1617); 1st Viscount Brackley; Lord Chancellor1540-1617
GB/109/15143Devereux; Robert (1565-1601); 2nd Earl of Essex; soldier and politician1565-1601
NA2373Cecil; Lord; Robert (1563-1612); 1st Earl of Salisbury1563-1612
GB/109/16105Herbert; Sir; John (c.1540-1617); civil lawyerc.1540-1617
GB/109/16189Wilkes; Sir; Thomas (1545?-1598); diplomat1545?-1598
GB/109/18126Robinson; Richard (c. 1544-1603); Scribec. 1544-1603
GB/109/18127Midleton; William (c. 1550-1596); poet and sailorc. 1550-1596
GB/109/15558Norris; Sir; John (c. 1547-1597); military commanderc. 1547-1597
GB/109/17501Raleigh; Sir; Walter (1554-1618); courtier, explorer, and author1554-1618
GB/109/15360Howard; Charles (1536-1624); 1st Earl of Nottingham; 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham; admiral1536-1624
GB/109/18128Wingfield; Edward Maria (1555-c. 1619); Soldier & colonist1555-c. 1619
GB/109/17374Chichester; Arthur (1563-1625); Baron Chichester1563-1625
GB/109/19252Adams; William (1564-1620); navigator1564-1620
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CodeSet
NA3060/Virginia/United States of America
NA3187/Newfoundland
NA1328/Plymouth/Devon
NA3342/Brittany/France
NA1154/Sweden
NA1241/Poland
NA3604/Russian Empire
PL82/Japan
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