RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoMS 138
Extentii, 315 ff.
Date12th century-17th century
DescriptionA miscellany of seven separate manuscripts bound together by Archbishop William Sancroft.

f. ii verso. List of contents, comprising an original list (15th cent.) of the contents of item I, continued in Sancroft's hand to provide a list of the contents of the entire volume.

ff. i-ii, 1-44. Works by, or attributed to, Seneca [Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c.4 BC - 65 AD)].
Dated by M.R. James to 13th century. Redated by N.R. Ker to late 12th century (N.R.Ker, 'Medieval libraries of Great Britain', 2nd edition (London, 1964), p.109, and likewise by Kirsty Bennett (see below).

f. ii. verso. A table of contents (15th century):
'In isto vol. cont. viz. lib. senece de beneficiis ad Eburtium liberalem amicum suum.
Item lib. eiusdem de paupertate.
Item de iiij(or) virtutibus card. [with an addition by Sancroft, 'Martini (ut opinor) Dumensis']
Item lib. eiusdem de clemencia ad Neronem'.
The name 'morganus' [Morgan of Carmarthen, see below] is also found at the outer edge of this leaf.

ff. 1r-34v. Seneca, De beneficiis.
f. 1r. 'Lucii Annei Senece de beneficiis liber primus incipit Ad Eburtium liberalem amicum suum'. Begins: 'Inter multos ac uarios ...'.
f. 2r. Second folio opens with the words: 'ut de ratione'.
f. 34v. Ends '... perdere et dare'.
For text, with English translation, see Seneca, 'Moral essays' (London, 1928-35), vol 3 (Loeb Classical Library series).

ff. 34v-35r. [pseudo - Seneca, de paupertate. Extracts concerning poverty compiled from Seneca's Epistulae ad Lucilium].
Begins 'Honesta inquit epicures...'. Ends '... Diuitie insolentiam'.
For text see F.L. Haase ed, 'Annaei Senecae opera quae supersunt: supplementum (Leipzig, 1902).

ff. 35r-37r. [Martin of Dumio, or Martinus Dumiensis, or Martin of Braga (c.520-580), Saint, Archbishop of Braga]. De quatuor virtutibus cardinalibus (formerly attributed to Seneca).
Begins 'Quatuor virtutum species'. Ends '... contempnat ignauiam'.
For text see Francesco Liverani ed, 'Spicilegium Liberanium' (Florence, 1863), 564 etc.

ff. 37v-43v. Seneca, De clementia ad Neronem.
'Incipit liber Annei Senece De clementia ad Neronem. Scribere de clementia'. Ends '... praua flectatur'.
For text, with English translation, see Seneca, 'Moral essays' (London, 1928-35), vol 1 (Loeb Classical Library series).

f. 44. blank.

From Llanthony Priory, with inscriptions by Morgan of Carmarthen. See Kirsty Bennett, 'The Book Collections of Llanthony Priory from Foundation until Dissolution (c. 1100-1538)', Ph.D thesis, University of Kent (2007) [LPL copy at H5183.1L52], pp. 203-04, 241, 262.
Afterwards owned by Archbishop Richard Bancroft; recorded in his catalogue as 'Seneca de beneficiis, folio' (LR/F/1, f.70r).
Cambridge shelf marks '#I.zeta.13' and subsequently 'folio vol 34' at f. i verso. Corresponding catalogue descriptions in Tanner MS. 268 f.144v and Tanner MS. 274 f. 2v.

ff. 45r-76v. (original foliation [ii], 1-27]. [Richard fitz Nigel, also known as Richard fitz Neal (c.1130-1198), Treasurer to Henry II and Bishop of London. Dialogus de Scaccario]. 16th century.
The Dialogus was written in the late 1170s. A number of 13th century manuscripts survive, including one contained in the 'Black Book of the Exchequer' (National Archives E.36/266). The text was first printed in 1711 and in several editions since. See Richard fitzNigel, 'Dialogus de Scaccario. The Dialogue of the Exchequer', ed. and trans. by Emilie Amt (Oxford, 2007).
f. 45r. Heading: 'This is a trew copy of the blacke booke of the eschecker remaynyng in the custody of the Treasorer & Chamberlens'.
Archbishop Sancroft has added a note on the Black Book of the Exchequer which he attributes to Gervasius Tilberiensis (Gervase of Tilbury).
ff. 45r-46r. Preface. Begins 'Ordinatis a deo potestatibus....'. Ends '... manus effundere'.
ff. 46r-v. List of chapter headings.
ff. 47r-73r. Text. Begins: 'Anno xxiij(o) regni regis henrici secundi...'. Ends incomplete at the end of Book One, at the end of the chapter 'Quid sit Rotulus exactorius'.
ff. 73v-76. blank.
Treaties on the Exchequer were owned by both Archbishop Richard Bancroft ('de Scaccario liber, folio', LR/F/1, f. 70r) and Archbishop George Abbot ('de Scaccario liber. MS folio', LR/F/3, f. 70r). It is not clear which copy is represented in MS. 138. It is also possible that Bancroft's copy had strayed into Abbot's collection.
Cambridge shelfmarks 'I. zeta 15' (Tanner MS. 268, f.144v) and subsequently 'folio vol 36' (Tanner Ms. 274, f. 2v).

ff. 77v-112v. Henry Knighton (died c.1396), Canon of St. Mary's Abbey, Leicester. Chronicle of England. c.1608-10.
ff. 77r-78r. blank (except for Cambridge shelfmarks at f. 77v; see below)
f. 78v. 'Lamentum compilatoris. Sum cecus factus ... relevabitur eger'.
f. 79r. Heading: 'Compilatio Henrici de Knyghton canonici abbathiae Leycestrensis de eventibus angliae. Prooemium. Hoc opusculum post preclaros...'.
f. 81v. Liber primus. begins: 'Historie tradunt in Abbatia Leycestrie...'.
f. 110v. Ends incomplete in Lib. II. Cap. 1 (concerning the Norman invasion) '... tam multis validis congredi'.
ff. 111-11. blank.
For the text of the chronicle, see Joseph R. Lumby, 'Chronicon Henrici Knighton vel Cnitton', published in the Rolls Series, 2 vols (London, 1889-95). Lumby (vol 2, p. xxv) suggested that the Lambeth manuscript was probably copied from British Library, Cotton MS. Tiberius C. vii, but MS. Claudius E. iii is another possible source. One of these manuscripts was borrowed from the Cotton Library by Archbishop Richard Bancroft in 1608 (Colin Tite, 'The early records of Sir Robert Cotton's Library', 2003, pp. 109, 128); the Lambeth copy was therefore probably made for Bancroft between 1608 and his death in 1610.
From the collection of Archbishop Richard Bancroft. Recorded in his catalogue as 'Leycestriensis Chronicon, folio' (LR/F/1, f. 69v).
Cambridge shelfmarks 'C.eta.9' and 'folio vol 235' at f. 77v. Corresponding catalogue descriptions in Tanner MS. 268, f. 166v, and Tanner MS. 274, f. 14r.

ff. 113r-178v. An abridged history from Julius Caesar to Henry VIII. Late 16th century.
f. 113r. Title 'The abridgment of Histories as well ecclesiasticall as civil comprehending many flowers of Antiquity. Wherein is to be seene the Regiment of y(e) Romane monarchie from y(e) tyme of Christ his Incarnation: and also the Image of y(e) primitiue Church w(th) diuers other matters appertayning to thys our coontrey of England. Very necessary & profitable to be Red'. (The upper part of this leaf is cut off).
f.114r. Begins: 'The fyrst Emperour of Rome was Caius Julius Caesar...'
f. 178r. Ends with the death of Henry VIII. Refers also to 'Elizabeth at this Instant our most gratiouse soueraigne quene.'
f. 178v. blank.
From the collection of Archbishop Richard Bancroft. Recorded in his catalogue as 'Histories Civill and Ecclesiasticall, an abridgement' (LR/F/1, f. 69v.)
Cambridge shelf marks 'C.eta.8' (Tanner MS. 268, f. 166r) and subsequently 'folio vol. 234' (Tanner MS 274, f. 14r).

ff. 179r-212v. Lives of St. Edward the Confessor and St. Thomas Becket. 12th-13th century.

ff. 179r-204v. Aelred of Rievaulx (1110-1167), Vita S. Edwardi.
The text is recorded as no. 2423 in 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina'.
For an edition, see J.P.Migne 'Patrologiae cursus completus... series Latina' (Paris, 1844-66) vol. 195, col. 737 et seq.
f. 179r. Begins imperfectly: 'noster natalibus ortus..'. The first rubric is 'De iuramento quod fecerunt proceres necdum nato'.
f. 195r. Hand changes here.
f. 199r. Ends: '...beata resurrectione donandus, per Iehsum Christum dominum nostrum cui est honor et gloria in secula seculorum. Amen. Explicit uita S. Edwardi regis et conf.'
f. 199r. 'Incipiunt miracula eius. Rebus humanis exemptus...'
f. 201v. Another hand here.
f. 204v. Ends imperfectly (in the chapter 'De milite a simili morbo curato'): '...In conuentu fratrum ymni re...'.

ff. 205r-212v. William Fitzstephen (died c.1191). Vita S. Thome.
The text is recorded as no. 8177 in Societe des Bollandistes, 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina ', 2 vols (Brussels, 1949), where this version is described as the 'recensio brevior'. For an edition, see James Craigie Robertson ed, 'Materials for the history of Thomas Becket...', 7 vols (London, 1875-88), vol 3. MS.138 was amongst the manuscripts collated for Robertson's edition.
f. 205r. Begins (in another hand): ' Incipit uita S. Thome archiep. et martiris Cantuariensis ecclesie. Igitur beatus thomas natus est ex legitimo matrimonio...'.
At the top of f. 205r is a note identifying the author by 'J.A.G', dated March 1844. This is John Allen Giles, author of 'The life and letters of Thomas a Becket', 1846.
f. 212v. Ends imperfectly (in the chapter 'De concilio apud Norhamtonam habito'): '...Archiepiscopi ratio nulla est approbata'.
Cambridge shelfmark (f. 179r): 'bundle 2, no 7'. Corresponding description in Tanner MS. 268 f.163v.

ff. 213r-289v. [History of the Wars between England and France in the time of Henry V]. 1601.
This is the anonymous life of Henry V, translated in large part from that of Tito Livio dei Frulovisi, which is found in Bodleian Library MS. Bodley 966 and BL Harleian MS. 35, and which was published from MS. Bodley 966 as 'The first English life of Henry the Fifth written in 1513 by an anonymous author known commonly as the Translator of Livius', edited by Charles Lethbridge Kingsford (Oxford, 1911).
f. 213. Three blank leaves (foliated 213a-213c)
f. 214r-v. Preface by the author (or 'translator' as he describes himself in the text). Begins without title: 'When I thoroughlie had perused, perceaving that it served well to my purpose afore rehearsed, I payned my selfe to reduce it into our naturall English Tonge'. The preface is addressed to the King [Henry VIII], who is urged to emulate his ancestor Henry V, especially in the conduct of war. The author notes however that peace has now arrived.
f. 215r-v. Prologue by Tito Livio.
ff. 215v-277v. Text. Ends in the year 1421. The text is written within a framework ruled in red. The authorities on whom the author draws are noted in the margin. These are primarily Tito Livio dei Frulovisi (fl. 1429-1456), and to a lesser extent Enguerrand de Monstrelet (d.1453). He also cites a 'Policronicon', and a 'Cronica Anglicana' and makes interpolations of his own.
f. 277v. Added notes:
'The coppy oute of w(ch) this was wrytten I borrowed of my freinde John Stowe [John Stow (1551-1623) historian] and itt seemed he made an end of writing his coppy the 14 of Apryll 1569'.
'This booke Henry Cryspe elder brother to my searvante John Crispe wrytt for mee & d.d itt vnto mee the iij day of May 1601. 43 El. Regina att London. ... Pe: Manwood'. This is Sir Peter Manwood (d.1625). He also owned MS. Bodley 966 cited above, and Lambeth Palace Library MS.179, ff. 245-319.
ff. 278-286 blank.
f. 287r. The Stafford knot, neatly drawn in red, and below:
'The golden knott that neuer had blott... [etc. 4 lines]
Theise verses were written vppon the standarde of the Earle Stafford at Agincourt Battaile. ... Concordat cum originale et ex[tract?] ... per H. Cryspe'.
f. 288. blank.
f. 289. A different paper stock, and not ruled like the remainder. Seemingly a flyleaf from the previous binding (the staining on f. 289v suggesting that it belongs with ff. 213-288 rather than the next item). On f. 289r are these notes:
'I haue Titus Livius in Lattyn at large and surely here is not th' one halfe hereof translated'.
Another hand: 'As I remember Stowe toulde mee this was Sir Walter Cope's hand to whome he had lente his booke. I intreated S(r) Walter to lend me the booke, but he hath itt not, hauinge lent itt longe synce to my Lo: Staffourde wheare itt was lost. M(r) Camden [William Camden (1551-1623) historian] I think once sawe itt. Itt is a booke wourthy the recovery'.
From the collection of Archbishop Richard Bancroft. Recorded in his catalogue as 'English and French their warrs, folio' (LR/F/1, f. 69r)
Cambridge shelfmarks 'C.eta.7' (Tanner Ms 268, f. 166r) and subsequently 'folio vol. 233' (Tanner MS. 274, f. 14r.)

ff. 290-315. Advice given by the Emperor Charles V to his son King Philip II of Spain, at the time of his abdication in 1555-56. Translated from the Spanish [by Henry Howard (1540-1614), 1st Earl of Northampton]. Late 16th century.
ff. 290r-293v. Dedication to Queen Elizabeth I. Begins: 'As ye faithfull Chananite of whome wee reade in holie writt ..'. Signed H.H. [Henry Howard].
ff. 294r-313v. Text, headed: 'Charles the V. his directions vnto King Phillip his Sonne'. Begins: 'I haue resolued most deare Sonne to come neare to the point of resigning...'. Ends '... Sanctae Trinitati sit gloria in saecula saeculorum Amen'.
Another copy is MS. 711, ff. 213-296.
ff. 314-315. Blank, except for a signature on f. 314v: ' Fra. Smith'
The treatise, a political testament for princes, circulated widely in manuscript.
From the collection of Archbishop Richard Bancroft. Recorded in his catalogue as 'Charles the 5th his directions to K. Philip his sonne. folio' (LR/F/1, f.69r). Cambridge shelfmarks 'C.eta.6' (Tanner MS.268, f.166r) and subsequently 'folio vol 232' (Tanner MS 274, f.14v)
For other copies at Lambeth see MS. 295 (an Italian version) and MS. 711 items 20-21 (Howard's English version).
LanguageLatin and English
FindingAidsCatalogue description based on M. R. James, 'A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth Palace: The Mediaeval Manuscripts' (Cambridge, 1932). Revised by Richard Palmer, 2010.
PhysicalDescriptionBinding of light calf for Archbishop William Sancroft. Price of binding 'pr. 2s 6d' recorded by MR James but no longer visible after rebacking.
308 x 225 mm.
Items I and V are written on vellum; the remainder on paper.
I. 2 columns 50 lines. Collation: a(2) | 1(8)-5(8) 6 (four).
V. 2 columns 35 lines. Collation: A(8)-C(8) (+ 2) D(8).
The rest, on paper, not collated.
CustodialHistorySee Description field.
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 1271

Available from World Microfilms Publications:
"Lambeth Palace Library: The Mediaeval Manuscripts" Section iv. Humanistic Studies. Reel 11 (with MS. 159)
PublnNoteSee Description field.

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GB/109/18789Martin of Dumio (c.520-580); Saint; Archbishop of Bragac.520-580
GB/109/18810Morgan of Carmarthen (fl. 15th century); Augustinian canonfl. 15th century
GB/109/18916Annaeus Seneca; Lucius (c. 4 BC-AD 65); Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman and dramatistc. 4 BC-AD 65
GB/109/18941Stow; John (c.1524-1605); historianc.1524-1605
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GB/109/22185Fitz Nigel; Richard (c.1130-1198); Treasurer to Henry IIc.1130-1198
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