RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 1122/1
Extent242 ff.
TitleTHOMAS SECKER: PAPERS RELATING TO FOREIGN PROTESTANTS
Date1699-1763
DescriptionPapers of Thomas Secker (1693-1768), Archbishop of Canterbury 1758-68, relating to foreign Protestants in England and abroad, especially the provision of aid for Protestants suffering religious persecution, exile or other forms of distress.
The papers have endorsements in Secker's hand and appear to have been arranged by him.
Secker included here papers of his predecessors, Archbishops William Wake and Thomas Herring.
The papers continue in MSS. 1122/2-4.


MS. 1122/1
ff. 1-6. A list of the contents of this volume. 18th century.
f. 7 [item 1]. Extracts concerning votes of the House of Commons granting aid to French refugees in 1695 and 1696. In Secker's hand.
f. 8 [item 2]. A printed broadside, a church brief for collections to aid the exiled Vaudois in Germany: 'William the Third ... to all and singular archbishops, bishops ... the twelfth day of March in the eleventh year of our reign ...' (London: printed by Charles Bill and the executrix of Thomas Newcomb, 1699). Wing, W2487C. This copy is endorsed: 'Aprill 5th 1699. There was then published and on the week days next following was collected to this briefe within the parish of Little Wenham, Suffolk, the sum of three shillings and six pence. O. Johnson [Oliver Johnson], Rector...'. This is a stray from the large series of returned copies of this brief in the records of the Vicar General.
f. 9 [item 3]. Copy of a letter from Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, Secretary of State, to the Marquis of Rochegude assuring him of the support of Queen Anne for French Protestants. 5 July 1709. In French. This is an enclosure with the letter from Laval at f. 34 which is in the same hand and which refers to it.
f. 10 [item 4]. A printed sheet: 'A short view of the continual sufferings and heavy oppressions of the Episcopal Reformed Churches: formerly in Bohemia, and now in Great Poland and Polish Prussia' (London: printed by John Baskett and by the assigns of Thomas Newcomb, 1716).
ff. 11-12 [item 5]. 'Scheme and humble proposal of Adam Fitser Hungarian Minister...'. An appeal for aid to supply books to Protestants in Hungary. n.d. With an endorsement in the hand of William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury 1716-37: 'Mr. Fitzcher the Hungarian ministers scheme for instructing and converting his countrymen'.
ff. 13-14 [item 6]. 'By His Majesty's Establishment of Pensions dated the 29th of September 1727...'. A memorandum concerning a pension of £500 per annum for the benefit of the Vaudois to be distributed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Almoner, and John Chetwynd.
f. 15 [item 7]. List of the distribution of £500 for the benefit of the Vaudois, with the copy signatures of William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lancelot Blackburne Archbishop of York (Lord Almoner) and John Chetwynd. n.d. Endorsed by Secker: '...probably ... the first grant of it'. Blackburne was Archbishop of Yorke 1724-34.
ff. 16-17 [item 8]. Warrant of George II renewing a warrant of George I of 24 June 1726 for an annual Royal Bounty of £8591 for the relief of French Protestants, to be distributed according to the direction of the Archbishop of Canterbury and others. French ministers and converts from the Church of Rome in holy orders were to receive the benefit at a rate of £1718 4s per annum. 11 Dec. 1727. A copy.
ff. 18-19 [item 9]. A printed item: 'A report for the year of our Lord 1728, of the management of the Commission for distributing the Royal Bounty, and other charitable contributions, towards the relief of poor converts from the Church of Rome' [London, 1728]. ESTC, T177577.
ff. 20-21 [item 10]. Warrant of George II altering the distribution of the Royal Bounty amongst French Protestants. 20 Feb. 1729/30.
ff. 22-25 [item 11]. 'Brevis narratio qua hodiernus Evangelicae Religionis in Hungaria status, qualis anno MDCCXLIII adhuc est, capitulatim percensetur'.
ff. 26-27 [item 12]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Serces (d.1762), Minister of the King's French Chapel at St. James, Westminster, giving an account of his work as agent for distributing the royal pension for the aid of the Vaudois. 10 Feb. 1747/8.
ff. 28-31[item 13]. A memorial concerning the French church at the Savoy, addressed to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, by J. J. Majendie [John James Majendie], one of the preachers there. 15 Feb. 1747/8.
ff. 32-33 [item 14]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Serces sending a copy of a memorial from the Vaudois. 30 March 1748.
ff. 34-51 [items 15-17]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Laval [Etienne-Abel Laval, a minister of the French church in Castle Street, London], concerning royal support for French Protestants, 31 Aug. 1748. Enclosed are a printed copy of 'The Daily Courant' of 1 September 1724 containing a mandate of the Bishop of La Rochelle concerning Protestants there (f. 36) and a copy of a parliamentary bill to prevent subjects of the King of France residing in his dominions from claiming estates of their relations dying in British dominions [c.1714] (ff. 37-51). A further enclosure is at f. 9.
ff. 52-70 [items 18-21]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from I. A. Aufrere [Israel Antoine Aufrere, Minister of the French church at the Savoy], 15 Oct. 1748, with lists of French Protestants condemned for their religion to serve on French galleys.
ff. 71-72 [item 22]. Memorandum addressed to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, concerning the post of catechist for French refugees in London. 10 Dec. 1748. Endorsed 'Savoy cathechist...'. In the same hand as ff. 28-31 and probably by John James Majendie.
ff. 73-84 [item 23]. Memorials concerning the Protestants in Hungary, partly addressed to the Queen of Hungary, the Empress Maria Theresa (1717-1780). 1749 and n.d. In Latin.
ff. 85-86 [item 24]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from J. Peter Stehelin, concerning the expenses of Mr. Barthfay, a Hungarian clergyman, for delivering a letter to Herring. 30 Aug. 1749.
ff. 87-88 [item 25]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury [from Christian Ludwig Finne, a Reformed minister of Breslau], concerning the church in Breslau. London, [signature and date lost through damage]. Endorsed by Secker: 'M. Finne to Abp Herring 16 Oct 1749'. In Latin. Cf. ff. 93-4, 101-102.
ff. 89-90 [item 26]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Joseph Yorke, afterwards 1st Baron Dover, Secretary of the Embassy in Paris, concerning Protestants reduced to slavery in France. Paris, 2/13 Sept. 1749.
f. 91 [item 27]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Serces, reporting on three more Protestants condemned to the galleys in France. 24 Oct. 1749.
f. 92 [item 28]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, Secretary of State, concerning the sufferings of Protestants in France. 16 Dec. (endorsed by Secker with the year 1749).
ff. 93-94 [item 29]. Copy of a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Christian Ludwig Finne, declining to aid the Protestants in Breslau [being now under Prussia]. 22 Dec. 1749. Cf. ff. 87-88, 101-2.
ff. 95-98 [items 30-31]. Letters (originals) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury from William Anne Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, Ambassador to France, and Joseph Yorke, afterwards 1st Baron Dover, Secretary of the Embassy in Paris, concerning the suffering of Protestants in France. 6/17 Jan. 1750 and 30 Dec 1749/10 Jan 1750.
ff. 99-100 [item 32]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Serces, concerning Protestants in France. 22 Jan. 1749/50.
ff. 101-102. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Christian Ludwig Finne. London, 'postridie kal. Februarii 1749/50'. Endorsed by Secker '2 Feb. 1749/50'. In Latin. Cf. ff. 87-88, 93-4.
ff. 103-104 [item 34]. Copy of a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to William Anne Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, Ambassador to France. 11 Feb. 1749/50.
ff. 105-106 [item 35]. Copy of a letter to James Serces from 'Mr. Court, Ministre, Agent General des Eglises de France dans les Pays Etrangers' [Antoine Court (1696-1760)], reporting on the persecution of Protestants in France. Lausanne, 6 March 1750.
ff. 107-108 [item 36]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from William Anne Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, Ambassador to France. 17 March 1749/50. With a note in Herring's hand.
ff. 109-110 [item 37]. Memorandum endorsed by Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury: 'prisoners on board the gallies'. Also endorsed by Secker: 'Written by M. Du Plan' [Benjamin Ribot, Seigneur du Caila et Du Plan (1688-1763). n.d. In French.
ff. 111-116 [items 38-40]. Copies of letters from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, Secretary of State, and Henry Pelham, Prime Minister, with an original letter from Pelham to Herring, concerning the relief of French Protestants in Jersey. 3-13 March 1749/50.
ff. 117-118 [item 41]. Copy of a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, Secretary of State. 17 March 1749/50.
f. 119 [item 42]. Note on the number of Protestant galley slaves released in the years 1713-17.
ff. 120-121 [item 43]. Copy of a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to William Anne Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, concerning the suffering of Protestants in France. n.d.
ff. 122-123 [item 44]. Testimonial, in the hand of Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, that on 16 March 1750 Emmanuele Blotsius, a Hungarian, delivered a letter to him describing the oppression of Protestants in Hungary (see ff. 140-1). 20 April 1750. In Latin.
ff. 124-125 [item 45]. List of 184 French Protestants (with their ages and occupations) who have left France for their religion and are residing in Jersey. 30 April 1750. With an endorsement by Herring: 'This given to me ... May 23 1750'.
ff. 126-127 [item 46]. Draft of a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to an unnamed correspondent concerning the plight of the French refugees in Jersey. n.d. [endorsed by Secker with the date May 1750].
ff. 128-132 [items 47-49]. Memorial to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from the Protestants of Hungary, describing their suffering. 22 May 1750. An English translation, with a note: 'Haec tulit Johannis Mezo nobilis Hungarus'. With a draft reply by Herring, 16 June 1750. Also a separate sheet [? a wrapper] addressed to Herring by Stephanus Helmetzi, a superintendent of the Hungarian churches.
ff. 133-134 [item 50]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from John James Majendie, one of the ministers of the French church at the Savoy, concerning the Royal Bounty and the eligibility of those French ministers not conforming to the Church of England. 7 October 1750.
ff. 135-138 [items 51-52]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from F. Barnard, enclosing an account of the Vaudois by Lewis de Visme, described here as chaplain to the Ambassador at Turin.
f. 139 [item 53]. Form of a subscription to be collected in aid of Protestant refugees in British dominions. n.d. Endorsed by Secker: '... about the year 1750'. Another copy, in the same hand, is at f. 222, where it is endorsed by Secker: 'Form of subscription of London Society for encouraging foreign protestants 1752'.
ff. 140-141 [item 54]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Emanuel Boltz, urging him to recommend the sufferings of the Protestants in Hungary to the protection of George II. London, 16 March 1750. Cf. ff. 122-3.
ff. 142-147 [items 55-57]. Copy of a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Henry Guinand, merchant in London, seeking information on the French church at Schwabach, near Nuremberg. 22 March 1750/1. In English and French. With two letters from Francois Louis Faigaux (minister) and the elders of the French church at Schwabach, providing information. 17-18 May 1751.
ff. 148-153 [item 58]. Memorandum addressed by the Protestants of Hungary to their Queen, the Empress Maria Theresa (1717-1780). [1751]. In Latin.
ff. 154-159 [items 59-61]. Copies of a letter from Johann Peter Sussmilch to Frederick William III, King of Prussia, on behalf of the Protestants in Hungary, 4 Feb. 1751; and of letters between Frederick William III and the Duke of Neisse [Nysa] 16-28 Feb. 1751. In German.
ff. 160-165 [items 62-63]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Johannes Theophilus Elsner, Pastor of the Bohemian Brethren in Berlin, enclosing an address to the archbishops and bishops of the Church of England. Berlin, 18 April 1751. In Latin.
ff. 166-167 [item 64]. Address from Johann Hermann Gronau, Friedrich Wilhelm Martini and Friedrich Wilhelm Jablonski, pastors in Berlin, to the archbishops and bishops of the Church of England, concerning the Bohemian Brethren. Berlin, 6 Aug. 1751. In Latin.
ff. 168-169 [item 65]. Address from Johannes Theophilus Elsner, Pastor of the Bohemian Brethren in Berlin, to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury. 6 Aug. 1751. In Latin.
ff. 170-171 [item 66]. Address from August Friedrich Sack and Johann Peter Sussmilch to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, concerning the Protestants in Hungary. 6 May, no year. Endorsed by Secker: '5 May 1751'. In Latin.
ff. 172-173 [item 67]. Copy of a letter from Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, to Mr. Keith, sending a letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, and instructing enquiries to be made on behalf of George II concerning the sufferings of the Protestants in Hungary. 31 May 1751.
ff. 174-175. Letter (original) from 'Turrettin' [Jean Alphonse Turretin] in Geneva to Benjamin Du Plan [Benjamin Ribot, Seigneur du Caila et Du Plan (1688-1763), Deputy General of the Reformed churches of France], in Copenhagen, thanking him for funds received. 3 Dec. 1736. With Du Plan's draft reply. In French.
ff. 176-177 [item 69]. Letter (original) from Elie Robert in Stockholm to Monsieur Herault in Copenhagen, concerning funds solicited by Benjamin Du Plan to assist poor Protestants. 30 Aug. 1737. In French.
ff. 178-181 [items 70-71]. Two letters (originals) from Jacques Vial de Beaumont (1678-1746) to Francois Gaussen, merchant, in London. 30 Oct 1741 and 19 April 1743. In French.
ff. 182-187 [items 72-73]. Declaration by Benjamin Du Plan [Benjamin Ribot, Seigneur du Caila et Du Plan (1688-1763), French Huguenot leader in London], and judgment of the arbiters, with the approbation of the Archbishop of Canterbury, concerning his case. Sept-Oct 1751. In French.
ff. 188-191 [items 74-75]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Benjamin Du Plan, enclosing an extract from a letter received from Monsieur Redonnel, pastor of the church at Montpellier, concerning the increase in persecution of the Protestants there. 23 July 1752. In French.
ff. 192-193 [item 76]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Professors Anthoine Maurice, Amédée de la Rive and Ami Lullin, and from Jean Sarasin the elder, administrators at Geneva of the Royal Bounty, following the arbiters' judgment concerning Benjamin Du Plan. n.d. [prior to Herring's reply of 19 Jan. 1752, see ff. 204-5].
ff. 194-195 [item 77]. Financial statement relating to the Royal Bounty and the case of Benjamin Du Plan [c. Jan. 1752]. In French.
ff. 196-203 [item 78]. Memorandum by Antoine Court (1696-1760) following the arbiters' judgment concerning Benjamin Du Plan. 18 Jan. 1752. In French. Sent to Archbishop Herring with the covering letter at ff. 207-8.
ff. 204-206 [items 79-80]. Draft letter from Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, to the administrators at Geneva of the Royal Bounty. 19 Jan. 1752, with a letter to Herring from Sir Luke Schaub (1690-1758), commending the draft.
ff. 207-208 [item 81]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Antoine Court (1696-1760), enclosing a memorandum concerning the case of Benjamin Du Plan (see ff. 196-203). 20 Feb. 1752. In French.
ff. 209-217. [items 82-85]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Professors Anthoine Maurice, Amédée de la Rive and Ami Lullin, and from Jean Sarasin the elder, administrators at Geneva of the Royal Bounty, 12 May 1752. With a letter to Herring from Jean Jaques de la Rive presenting the letter from Geneva, 15 May 1752. In French. With Herring's draft reply.
ff. 218-219 [item 86]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from Professors Anthoine Maurice, Amédée de la Rive and Ami Lullin, and from Jean Sarasin the elder, administrators at Geneva of the Royal Bounty, 30 June 1752. In French.
ff. 220-223 [items 87-88]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Simon in Dublin, 29 Feb. 1752. With a minute, signed by him, of a meeting of the [Irish] Society for the Encouragement of Foreign Protestants and a list of benefactions to encourage Protestant settlement in Ireland, 9 Dec. 1751.
f. 224 [item 89]. Form of a subscription to be collected in aid of Protestant refugees in British dominions. n.d. Endorsed by Secker: 'Form of subscription of London Society for encouraging foreign protestants 1752'. Another copy is at f. 139.
ff. 225-226 [items 90-91]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Simon in Dublin, Secretary of the 'Society for the Relief and Support of Foreign Protestants who shall settle in this Kingdom', enclosing a copy of a memorandum of the Society addressed to Lionel Cranfield Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 2 June 1752.
ff. 227-240 [items 92-100]. Papers of Thomas Secker relating to efforts to raise funds to support the University of Debreczen [Debrecen] in Hungary where Protestant ministers and teachers were educated. Included are petitions for support, letters from Stephen Mespremi and Nicholas Sinai, agents sent to London by the University, a letter to Secker from Edward Bentham, and a summary by Secker of a petition to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury. 1753-63. Cf. Ingram, p. 269.
ff. 241-242 [item 101]. Letter (original) to Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, from James Vernon concerning the Royal Bounty. 6 Sept. 1755.
LanguageEnglish, French, German, Latin
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2013
PhysicalDescriptionQuarter leather binding with boards covered in cloth, 409 x 302 mm., 20th cent.
Paper leaves of various sizes.
CustodialHistoryRecorded in Andrew Coltee Ducarel's catalogue of the Lambeth manuscripts begun 1763 (LR/F/42).
CopiesMS 1122/1-3
Negative Microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library Box 747
MS 1122/4
Negative Microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library Box 748
PublnNoteMSS 1122/1-4 used in Robert G. Ingram, 'Religion, Reform and Modernity in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Secker and the Church of England', Studies in Modern British Religious History, 17 (The Boydell Press, 2007) [Lambeth Palace Library H5198.SI6]

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