RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoFP II
TitleVOLUME II: General Correspondence
1-2. Journal of ministerial acts of George Ross, minister at Newcastle when he accompanied Governor William Keith on a visit to Sussex and Kent counties in August, 1717. His preaching was well received in Lewes and neighbouring villages and he performed a number of baptisms. Church people of Lewes employ a layman regularly to read Prayer Book services and sermons. Less favourable reception in Kent County.
3-4. George Ross to Bishop Gibson, Newcastle, May 26, 1724, apologizing for delay in sending answer to his queries. The answers were drawn up in consultation with clergy of Pennsylvania at a meeting in Philadelphia and were to be sent to Ross after being entered in the minutes by the secretary, William Beckett, but they were lost in transit. Beckett lives 100 miles from Ross, his nearest neighbour in the ministry.
5-6. Queries addressed to former commissaries are answered jointly by Ross, Beckett, Robert Weyman, and John Humphries. They apply to Pennsylvania and Delaware. There are no acts of the assembly relating to the Church. They have never had a commissary. Only one unlicensed clergyman, Doctor Welton (here spelled Whelton), of Philadelphia, with whom the signers have no intercourse. There are no legally defined parishes and no regular Church revenues. Price of food about the same as in London, but clothing, having to be brought from England, is very dear. Appeal for appointment of a bishop.
7-8. Answers to Bishop Gibson's queries by William Beckett, minister at Lewes. He has been in the parish three years, and had no previous living. Is licensed by the Bishop of London. There is no induction in the colony. He has the care of three churches in Sussex County. He has baptized a few Negroes. Services held thrice a week, and well attended. Communion held about thrice a year. Youth catechized every Sunday. None of the churches is fully constructed. Little income besides Society for the Propagation of the Gospel stipend. No house or glebe. No school. Has a library provided by Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
9-10. George Ross to Bishop Gibson, Newcastle, Sept. 1, 1740, recommending his son Aeneas for orders. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel has promised him an appointment and Governor Gooch has hinted that he would give him a title in Virginia.
11-12. Minute of Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, Nov. 21, 1740, signed by Philip Bearcroft, secretary, recommends Ross for orders.
13-14. George Ross to Robert Jenney, Commissary, Newcastle, Sept. 7, 1743, reporting on state of church. Parish is declining because the town is declining. Members mostly working people. Church has recently been reshingled, chiefly through local contributions, the second shingling it has received since Ross came, thirty-seven years ago. Other repairs made as result of bequest of Edward Howis, a young carpenter who left his watch to be sold to provide for repairs to the Communion table and other furnishings.
15. Testimonial of inhabitants of White Clay Creek Hundred and adjacent parts to Reverend John Gordon, Sept. 22, 1743. He served the parish for five years and behaved properly.
16-17. Summary of English claim to Florida. Described on back as 'Doctor Coxe's paper, Rd. Sept. 18, 1699'. Based on discovery by Sebastian Cabot. Charles I granted territory to Sir Robert Heath, who sold it to Thomas Maltravers, whose attempts to colonize it were interrupted by the Civil War. A new effort is currently being organized.
18-19. Nathaniel Cotton to Bishop Terrick, Pensacola, Dec. 15, 1768. Congregation includes many Presbyterians, who have no teacher of their own. They have asked him to supply them with Bibles and Prayer Books. Having exhausted those he has, he asks bishop's aid in obtaining more from the government (through Lord Hillsborough) or the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. People have sent home a petition asking government to build them a church.
20-21. Nathaniel Cotton to Bishop Terrick, Pensacola, June 10, 1770. Acknowledges gift of Bibles, Prayer Books, and tracts and would like to have shipment repeated every year. Urges appointment of a schoolmaster.
22-23. W. Knox to Bishop Lowth, Whitehall, May 29, 1777. He is directed by Lord George Germain to inform bishop of a report from governor of West Florida that David Gillies, recommended for appointment as minister at Pensacola, is a man of immoral character.
24. Thomas Christie to Bishop Gibson, Savannah, July 6, 1735. Refers to an estate which is to be devoted to the support of a missionary after his death. Forwards speech of Creek Indians (vol. 36, ff.251-6).
25. Certificate of table companions of William Duncanson, Charles Town, South Carolina, Oct. 20, 1761. They saw no evidence of hard drinking, swearing, or quarreling during his stay in Charles Town, and believe that reports of misconduct are unfounded.
26-27. E. Vanderhoof to William Duncanson, Charles Town, Dec. 30, 1761. Attests to Duncanson's good character on behalf of himself and Lieutenant Nun.
28-29. William Duncanson to Bishop Osbaldeston, Savannah, Mar. 26, 1762. Refers him to 'Mr. Pearson the treasurer' for letter stating his situation and defending his character (30-31). Asks to be appointed to St. Johns, South Carolina.
30-31. William Duncanson to Edward Pearson, Savannah, Mar. 30, 1762. He was first appointed to the Bahamas to replace Robert Carter, who was ill, but Carter recovered and refused to yield. He was transferred to Savannah, but was rejected there, because of unfavourable reports, received from Charleston, where he had stopped on his way to the Bahamas, though he says it was really because Bartholomew Zouberbuhler the missionary there did not want to retire. He went to Augusta and was well received for about six months. Then he got into a brawl with his host, named Paris, over an affront he had given to a young woman of the household. Mentions two other enemies, Williams and Barnard, both justices.
32-33. John Moore to Bishop Osbaldeston, Charterhouse Square, Sept. 17, 1762. At the request of Mr. Pearson, he has searched Society for the Propagation of the Gospel records and finds that Duncanson was dismissed for drunkenness, swearing, and other offences before he had reached Savannah.
34-35. Executors of Bartholomew Zouberbuhler to Bishop Terrick, Savannah, Nov. 29, 1770. Zouberbuhler left the bulk of his estate to be devoted to pious uses and especially to the religious instruction of Negroes on his plantation. They have been employing Cornelius Winter in this work and now recommend him for orders so that he can better fulfil the intent of the trust.
36-37. Zouberbuhler's executors to Governor James Wright, Savannah, Nov. 22, 1770, asking him to recommend Winter to the bishop for orders.
38-39. Zouberbuhler executors to Samuel Frink, rector at Savannah, Savannah, Nov. 22, 1770, asking him to support their application.
40-41. Extract from will of Bartholomew Zouberbuhler. Copy dated Sept. 23, 1770, attested by Thomas Moody. Residue of estate, including plantation of Beth Abram, to be held by trustees, who are to employ a suitable person to instruct the slaves there. If a slave, after being instructed, shows a desire to instruct others of his race in the faith, and the trustees are convinced of his sincerity, he shall be manumitted for the purpose. Any surplus income is to be used to employ a catechist for the Negroes in Savannah.
42-43. Samuel Frink to Bishop Terrick, Savannah, Dec. 7, 1770, recommending Winter.
44-45. Haddon Smith to Bishop Terrick, Liverpool, Apr. 4, 1776. Having been inducted by Governor James Wright into the living at Savannah, worth about £300 sterling a year, he looked forward to a comfortable future, but he has had to flee to avoid being tarred and feathered by the rebels, whom he offended by writing Loyalist tracts under the name of Mercurius, by preaching on a fast day appointed by the Governor, and refusing to preach on one appointed by the provincial congress. They appointed Edward Langworthy, a layman, to officiate in his church, and would have tarred Smith on the same day that they did John Hopkins, but he happened to be away from home that evening and fled next day (cf. xxxvi. 257-8).
(Cf. xxxvi. 251-8, for additional Georgia documents.)
MARYLAND 1694-1719
46-47. Council and Assembly to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, Oct. 19, 1694, acknowledging his patronage of free schools which they propose to establish. Signed by Hen. [Henry] Jowles, Chm., for Council, and Kenelm Cheseldyn, Speaker, for Assembly.
48-49. Court at Kensington, Jan. 4, 1695/6. Disallowed Maryland establishment acts of 1692, 1694, and 1695, because they declared that all provisions of Magna Carta extended to the province. Disallowed act for establishing free schools because it did not give governor the power to appoint visitors. Copy of record signed by Richard Colinge, Whitehall, Mar. 11, 1695/6. Attested by Thomas Laurence.
50. Lord Shrewsbury to Governor Francis Nicholson, Whitehall Jan. 14, 1695/6. Takes advantage of Sir Thomas Laurence's return to Maryland to send a note of personal regard. James Vernon to Governor Nicholson, Whitehall, Jan. 10, 1695/6 (on same sheet). Also sends his regards, but hints at disappointment in not receiving some presents. As both notes and signatures are in one handwriting, it seems likely that they are copies, though not so designated.
51-52. Francis Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, Mar. 18, 1695/6. Hopes that next fleet will bring a clergyman and schoolmaster for Philadelphia and asks archbishop to secure royal gift of plate and furnishings for church there. Travelled through all of Pennsylvania last fall and found many places destitute of any services. Recommends spending some of the royal revenue for Bibles and Prayer Books to be distributed in Maryland and Pennsylvania. Hopes to see Reverend Mr. Blayer [Blayer] restored to the Council and another clergyman added, besides the Bishop of London's commissary when one is appointed. Clergy of Virginia are not properly paid and attacks are being made on the college there.
53-54. Governor Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, June 12, 1696 Expects that Governor Andros of Virginia will get so many other charges paid out of the quit rents that the clergy will not benefit as they are supposed to under a recent act of Parliament. Greatly disappointed at disallowance of establishment and school acts, but will endeavour to secure the passage of revised acts.
55-58. An Act for the Service of Almighty God and the Establishment of the Protestant Religion within this Province. Undated, but referred to in (63-64) as passed July 4, 1696. Book of Common Prayer to be used in all churches. The Church of England to enjoy all the rights and privileges that she has under the laws of England. Inhabitants of province to enjoy all rights and privileges secured to subjects by laws of England. Clergy to be supported by a tax of 40 1b. of tobacco per poll, in lieu of tithes. Vestry constituted a body corporate. Register to be kept. Table of marriages posted. Vestrymen to take oaths of allegiance and supremacy. Wardens to maintain church buildings. Fine of 5,000 1b. tobacco for minister or magistrate performing marriage within prohibited degrees.
59-62. Duplicate of (55-58).
63-64. Address of Council and Burgesses to the King, appealing for approval of (55-58).
65-66. Duplicate of (63-64).
67-68. John Povey to Governor Nicholson, Whitehall, July 4, 1696. His position under newly established commission for the colonies is uncertain, but for the present he and Mr. Blathwait [Blaithwait] can continue to look after Maryland interests.
69-70. Extracts from journal of House of Burgesses, July 7,8, and 9,1696. They retain clause in (55-58) referring to rights of subjects in spite of objections of Governor Nicholson. Minute of Council, July 9, 1696, requiring lawyers in Annapolis to give opinion whether this clause does not give a litigant the right to remove his case to Westminster. Separate opinions by two groups of lawyers hold that it does not, for different reasons.
71-72. Duplicate of (69-70).
73. Minute of Council, July 10, 1696, attested by Hen. Denton, clerk, agreeing to 'gratify' Mr. Blaithwait with 50 guineas and Mr. Povey with £50, if they get (55-58) allowed.
74-75. Council and Burgesses to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, July 10,1696. asking his aid to secure allowance of (55-58). Signed by Thomas Laurence, Secretary, and Kenelm Cheseldyn, Speaker.
76-77. Governor Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, July 14, 1696. Though, as he was informed by Sir Thomas Laurence, previous establishment acts were disallowed because of references to Magna Carta, he was unable to get(55-58) passed without some reference to rights of subjects. If it is disallowed, he hopes that a form will be sent indicating what is allowable.
78. Minutes of Council, Sept. 28, 1696, and of Burgesses, Sept. 29, 1696. Agreeing that, of £300 held by Sir Edmund Andros for the benefit of the province, £200 shall be paid to the school fund and £50 to Sir Thomas Laurence for services as secretary, the same amount that was paid to Colonel Greenberry.
79-82. Governor Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, Feb. 13, 1696/7. Encloses copies of (55-58, 63-64, 73-75, 78). Refers to his transfer from lieutenant-governorship of Virginia to present post as being 'kickd upstairs.' Acknowledges gift of church plate and furnishings from the King. Regards grant of 16,000 1b. of tobacco to Virginia clergy as a device to cover up the fact that they are being cheated of the quit rents. Has received so many affronts from Governor Andros that he would not enter Virginia except for his duty as college trustee. He has a royal patent granting him reversion of the Virginia governorship when Andros dies or leaves America. Hopes that Lord Baltimore, on restoration of proprietorship, will be held to his promise to provide a glebe for every parish.
83. List of books sent to church in Annapolis by order of archbishop. Signed by Governor Nicholson, Feb. 15, 1696/7.
84. Memoranda from Council to Lord Baltimore, Feb. 18, 1696/7, noting need for escheat office and some official to take care of stray animals. Signed by Hen. Denton, clerk, and sent by Henry Darnall, Baltimore's agent.
85-86. Sir Thomas Laurence to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, Feb. 20, 1696/7. Found administration building nearly completed on his return. Church is being built at a cost of £1,000, of which £100 has been given by Governor Nicholson. The £300 referred to in (78) was awarded by the archbishop in some dispute. Accuses Governor Andros of neglecting Church and college in Virginia. Refers to expected arrival of Commissary Thomas Bray.
87-88. Governor Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, Feb. 23, 1696/7. Enclosing a letter from churchmen in Philadelphia and introducing Colonel Robert Quarry of that city. A church has been built there, but it lacks furnishings. Minister sent by Bishop Compton died before the fleet left England, but John Arrowsmith, the schoolmaster, is also officiating as minister, being in deacon's orders.
89. Statement dated Apr. 29, 1697, designed to show that Governor Nicholson had paid insufficient rates on his private estate.
90-91. Address of Council and Burgesses to Archbishop Tenison, June 11, 1697, asking his support for amended act of establishment. Signed by Thomas Laurence, Secretary, and Kenelm Cheseldyn, Speaker.
92-93. Governor Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, June 30,1697. Encloses (90-91). Three clergymen arrived with the last fleet. He hopes that the next will bring Doctor Bray and ten clergymen. Urges help for Church in Philadelphia. Thinks that some of the royal revenue from customs and navigation acts should be paid to it, though Philadelphia is not any very profitable port.
94. List of glebes in Maryland, signed by Hen. Denton, clerk. Undated, but notation on back says 'Maryland, 97'. Lists four glebes, all given by private donors.
95. Comment on Maryland school law. Undated, but notation ascribes it to 1697. Notes ambiguities. Law begins as an address to the King for permission to enact a law, but later speaks of enacting the law. Names some trustees, but leaves space vacant for other names. In 1680 Lord Culpeper brought Catalogueds of three laws to Virginia, with power to extend the royal assent if the laws were passed in the form given.
96-97. House of Burgesses to Archbishop Tenison, Mar. 29, 1698. Thanking him for trying to get attorney-general to take some action concerning their laws. Signed by William Bladen, clerk.
98-99. Proclamation against 'Papists', Annapolis, Mar. 29, 1698. Because of reports of sickbed proselytizing and the restraining of servants from attending Protestant services, the recusancy acts will be strictly enforced.
100-3. Clergy of Maryland to Bishop Compton, Annapolis, May 14,1698 (dated May 18 at end). Give a general account of the state of religion in the colony. When Governor Nicholson arrived in 1694 there were only three Church clergymen, who had been precariously supported by voluntary contributions until they married and obtained plantations with their wives. Governor Nicholson secured the erection of churches and put into operation the tax of 40 1b. of tobacco per poll for the support of the clergy passed under Governor Copley. The income provided by this is inadequate, but the Quakers are attacking it. Quakers and Roman Catholics combine in opposition to the Church. Roman Catholics are increased by Irish immigration, including some exiled Irish priests. Plea for local ecclesiastical authority. Signed by eight clergymen. List of benefices appended. Seventeen incumbents.
104-7. Duplicate of (100-3) without list of benefices.
108-9. Abstract of reports of sheriffs in response to an order of the governor and council, issued Aug. 10, 1697, requiring a report of Roman Catholic priests, lay brothers and churches and chapels, and of Quakers and their meetings in each county. Ann Arundell County: No priest or lay brother. Six Quaker meetings. Baltimore County: Neither teacher nor place of worship of either group. Calvert County: No priest, lay brother, church or chapel of Roman Catholics. One Quaker meeting. Prince George County: Neither group has teacher or place of worship. Charles County: Three Roman Catholic priests and one lay brother and five chapels. No Quaker meeting. St. Marys County: Two Roman Catholic priests and four chapels. No Quaker meeting. Sommersett (sic) County. No Roman Catholic priests, lay brothers, or chapels. No Quaker meeting, but three of other dissenters, unspecified. Dorchester County: No teacher or place of worship of either group. Talbott County: No Roman Catholic priest or lay brother, but one chapel. Four Quaker meetings. Kent County: Only three Roman Catholics (named), with no priest, lay brother, or chapel. Twenty-four Quakers listed by name. One meeting. Abstract dated 24, 1698, and attested by Wm. Bladen, Clerk of Council.
110-11. Governor Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, May 26, 1698. Acknowledges extracts of letters of Roman Catholic priests, sent by archbishop, showing their designs and hopes in Maryland. Encloses (108-9) and a copy of his instructions showing that he is required to show more leniency to Roman Catholics than is allowed in Virginia. This letter is sent by Sir Thomas Laurence who is returning after having been seriously ill all winter.
112-13. Declaration of grand jury, Annapolis, Sept. 2, 1698. Believe that disturbances lately caused by John Cood would not have occurred if Governor Andros of Virginia had taken proper steps for his arrest. Declaration of justices to the same effect.
114. Proclamation by governor, Baltimore County, Sept. 14,1698, calling upon all subjects to aid in apprehending John Cood. Also, since Philip Clark, an attorney of St. Marys County has been disbarred, a special court will be held at which his clients can choose another lawyer.
115-16. Indictment of Robert Mason, late sheriff of St. Marys County for failing to apprehend John Cood. Undated, but deals with offences committed in 1697-8.
117-18. Indictment of Gerard Sly for abuse of Governor Nicholson. Undated, refering to offences committed in 1697, but apparently belonging with (121-2) which continues list of offences into 1698. Record of his conviction. (Cf. xxxvi.188-9.)
119-20. A duplicate of (117-18) except that it omits the first offence listed.
121-2. Indictment of Gerard Sly for abuse of Governor Nicholson. Undated, but lists offences in 1698.
123-4. Two petitions of Gerard Sly to governor expressing his repentance and appealing for clemency. Undated, but referred to in (125).
125. Bond of Gerard Sly, George Layfield, and Michael Earl, Sept. 8, 1698, for £500 sterling to ensure good behaviour of Sly who has been pardoned in consequence of his petition (123-4).
126-7. Indictment of Philip Clark for abusing Governor Nicholson. Undated, but listing offences in 1697-8. Record of conviction.
128-31. Petition of Quakers, May 17, 1699 (year partly effaced, but appears to be 1699). Ask exemption from taking oaths and from paying tax for clergy. Action of House of Burgesses, May 19, 1699 (date also partly effaced), declining both requests.
132-3. Recommendation by Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, Nov. 29, 1699, for disallowance of establishment act of 1696 (55-58) because of clause extending all laws of England to the province, which attorney-general considers inexpedient.
134-5. Court at Kensington, Nov. 30, 1699. Act disallowed. Record signed by John Povey.
136. Duplicate of (134-5).
137-8. Governor N. Blakiston to Archbishop Tenison, Apr. 10,1700. Acknowledges letter by Doctor Bray. Regrets disallowance of act, but will try, with Doctor Bray's help, to get another passed.
139-40. Thomas Bray to Archbishop Tenison, Annapolis, Apr. 11, 1700. Is working to obtain an acceptable act of establishment. Principal opposition comes from Quakers.
141-59. Journal of Doctor Bray's Visitation, Annapolis, May 23, 1700. Bray expresses hope that visitations, in America, will not come to be called 'vexations,' as they often are at home. Clergy adopt resolutions of thanks to governor and assembly (through Thomas Smythson, Speaker) for prompt restoration of establishment. Adopt resolutions to be more regular in catechizing. Urge Society for the Propagation of the Gospel to send over indentured servants who are skilled craftsmen (chiefly carpenters and bricklayers) and able to read and sing, so that they can act as clerks. Resolved to give a course of sermons presenting a 'scheme of divinity'. Resolved to preach on baptism, as many neglect it. Resolved to hold monthly Communion as soon as they have enough communicants. Resolved to get their vestries to act with them in suppressing immorality. Commissary urges strict inquiry into shipboard conduct of clergy coming over, as any scandal there rapidly spreads through colony. He also urges zeal in exposing and punishing misconduct of clergy in colony, though he does not indicate any procedure. He then takes up the case of George Tubman, rector of Port Tobacco, who is accused of bigamy, having married in Maryland though allegedly having a wife in England. Tubman, who claims that his supposed English wife was merely a woman with whom he had lived in fornication, is given to Oct. 13 to present his defence. In concluding resolutions, clergy pledge £24 towards supporting a clergyman in Pennsylvania to combat Quakers. They also urge the commissary to return to England to present the interest of the colony there. Concluding address to governor also urges Bray's return.
160-1. Governor Blakiston to Archbishop Tenison, Maryland, May 28, 1700. New act of establishment passed and he is convinced that it has been purged of all objectionable features.
162-3. Reverend Joseph Colbatch to Bishop Compton, Maryland, May 29, 1700. Takes advantage of Bray's return to thank bishop for favours.
163-4. Governor Blackiston to Archbishop Tenison, June 1, 1700. He is willing to receive and support anyone whom the Bishop of London sends as commissary.
165-6. Unsigned and unaddressed note, dated Maryland, June 20, 1700. Ascribed to Nicholson by notation on back, and handwriting seems to be his. Documents accompanying disallowance suggest the Commissioners think he should have had the act revised in Council before presenting it to the Assembly, but this would not have suited the Assembly.
167-78. Establishment Act passed May 7,1700. Substantially the same as former Act (55-58) with clause objected to (132-3) omitted.
179-80. Address of burgesses to the King. Undated, but notation on back says it was in support of this Act (167-78).
181-2. Duplicate of (179-80).
183-4. A Memorial Representing the Present Case of the Church in Maryland. Undated, but written in defence of the Act of 1700 (167-78), probably by Bray. Says that Commissioners ordered disallowance of Act of 1696 without consulting Lords Spiritual, at instance of Quakers and that notice of disallowance was sent by Penn's agent, named Singleton. In answer to Quakers' claim to the 'antient seaters', he says that when they first came they were ordered to be whipt out for disturbing the government and refusing to bear a fair share of its expenses. Are only about one-twelfth of population.
185-6. Duplicate of (183-4).
187-8. Tho. Trevor to Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, Jan. 11, 1700/1. Thinks clause in act of 1700 (167-78) requiring use of Book of Common Prayer in 'other places of Public worship' as well as churches might be construed as applying to dissenting meetings and hence contravene the Toleration Act.
189-94. Establishment Act of 1702. Former Acts revised to meet objections, but not changed in substance.
195-8. Memorial of Thomas Bray concerning a dispute with Governor Seymour ---, 1705. Quarrel arose because Bray brought Michael Huetson, Archdeacon of Armagh, whom he proposed as his own successor as commissary, to dine at Bishop Compton's without telling the governor what was planned. Underlying this is a disagreement concerning Bray's proposal that the commissary be appointed judge of the probate court. He says that the Act setting up the court provided that the judge should be an ecclesiastical person, and was intended to provide support for a commissary.
199-200. The Case of Sir Thomas Laurence, Bar., Secretary of Her Majesty's Province of Maryland. Printed double sheet, with manuscript addition dated ---, 1712. Recounts a dispute with successive governors over fees, beginning under Governor Copley in 1692.
201-4. Representation of President, Council, and Assembly of Maryland to the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations. Undated, but notation on back says it was before Commissioners on Apr. 16, 1714. Complains that tobacco trade is being ruined by heavy taxes.
205-6. Governor Hart to the clergy of Maryland, Annapolis, June 24, 1714. A series of questions concerning matters about which he is instructed to inquire. (1) Are Church services regularly held? Are there enough church buildings and are they kept in repair? (2) Is every minister a member of the vestry? (3) A request to see their letters of orders. (4) Do they all show due regard to authority of Bishop of London? (5) Are there any unlicensed schoolmasters in their parishes? (6) Is a table of marriages posted in the Church? (7) Are drunkenness, debauchery, and blasphemy punished?
207-8. Answers of clergy to (205-6). Services held regularly. Sufficient churches in most parishes, but not all are kept in good repair. Salaries insufficient. Not all parishes have libraries. Every minister is a principal vestryman of his parish. Prepared to produce letters of orders. Profess respect for jurisdiction of Bishop of London. Few good schoolmasters, and none licensed by the bishop. Table of marriages posted in every church. They wish civil magistrates were more strict in enforcing laws against immorality and think some of the penalties should be more severe. Deplore growth of 'Popery' by immigration, and 'ye abuse Dissenters make of the Indulgence given them by Law'. In accordance with governor's suggestion, Henry Hall, Thomas Cockshutt, Joseph Colebank, Jacob Henderson, Richard Sewall, and Henry Nicolls are appointed a committee to consult with him.
209-10. Governor John Hart to Bishop Robinson, Annapolis, July 10, 1714. Regrets that he had time for only a short conference with bishop before leaving. Learning that clergy had not met together since first settlement (cf. 100-3 and 142-59), he assembled convention to which (205-6) was addressed. Many worthy clergy, but some who are a scandal.
211-12. William Keith to Bishop Robinson, Annapolis, Nov. 13, 1714. Speaks of correspondence with bishop's nephews in Virginia. Governor Spottswood [Spotswood] and Governor Hart both working to promote the Church in Virginia and Maryland respectively. Governor Hart especially zealous in efforts to supply vacant parishes in Maryland. Schoolmaster needed in Philadelphia.
213-16. Complaint of vestry of St. Paul's parish, Baltimore County, Feb. 15, 1715, asking removal of rector, William Tibbs. Accuse him of habitual drunkenness, indecent behaviour when drunk, refusal to baptize sick children in their homes, and charging for administering Communion to the sick. Four first-named clergy of consultation committee (207-8) recommend admonishment and threat of presentation before Bishop of London if he does not amend, but criticize vestry for overstepping its powers and accuse one of Tibbs's accusers, Thomas Todd, of various irregularities.
217-18. Jacob Henderson to Bishop Robinson, Sept. 1, 1715, enclosing (213-16). Tibbs case in the nature of a test case, as several other parishes would like to have their rectors removed. Urges the appointment of a commissary to deal with such cases.
219-20. Governor Hart to Bishop Robinson, Maryland, Sept. 6, 1715. Many of the clergy lead notoriously scandalous lives and he cannot deal with the problem, as he lacks the power to deprive. Urges the appointment of two commissaries, Jacob Henderson for the Western Shore and Christopher Wilkinson for the Eastern Shore. Letter brought by Thomas Bordley [Boardley], son of a clergyman. Henry Hall, appointed commissary by Bishop Compton, never served.
221-2. Record of meeting of Rector, Governors, and Visitors of the free schools of Annapolis, Sept. 6, 1715. Ask Thomas Boardley to recruit an usher in England. Salary £50 sterling, with a good prospect of becoming a master.
223-4. Jonathan White to Bishop Robinson, Maryland, Oct. 8, 1716. A clergyman who has served in Maryland for seventeen years, he complains that Governor Hart has issued a licence for his son to marry an Irish (Roman Catholic) servant girl, who will remain indentured after the marriage.
225-6. Christopher Wilkinson to Bishop Robinson, Queen Anns County, Oct. 10, 1716. Acknowledging commission.
227. Bishop Robinson to (Wilkinson, probably), Somersett House, Mar. 4, 1716/17. Gratified to learn of Governor Hart's cordial support to commissary. Commissary has the power to decide matters of 'smaller moment' and can consult the bishop about others. The bishop will try to get a clergyman for North Elk River, but it will be hard to secure one for £40 a year and Society for the Propagation of the Gospel is at present too poor to supplement it.
228-9. Governor Hart to Bishop Robinson, Maryland, June 20, 1717. As bishop's last letter makes no reference to three of the governor's, he fears that they have miscarried, so summarizes the principal information. Mr. Baron and Mr. Irwine both presented to parishes. Mr. Warner established as usher in the school. Mr. Irwine replaces Mr. Baily, who resigned his parish 'upon some distaste to his Parishioners'. Though disapproving of his conduct, the governor presented him to another living, being unwilling to see a clergyman reduced to beggary. Promises support to both Wilkinson and Henderson in their function as commissaries.
230-1. Christopher Wilkinson to Bishop Robinson, St. Paul's in Chester, July 3, 1717. He held his primary visitation on May 8. Asks advice about charging fees and about asking the governor for a law to support commissarial authority. There is a popular demand for the division of parishes, which increases the number of vacancies and makes them harder to fill by reducing the stipends. Asks bishop to send an assistant, whom he will pay out of his salary, as his duties will take him often away from his parish.
232. Bishop Robinson to Commissary Wilkinson, Fulham, Oct. 7, 1717. Throws decision in regard to law back on the commissary. Advises him to inquire what commissaries in other colonies have done with their jurisdiction. Will seek to supply vacancies, but cannot hope for aid from Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
233-4. Clergy of Eastern Shore to Bishop Robinson, Maryland, Oct. 25, 1717. Complain of division of parishes, as making stipends inadequate, and of a recent curtailment of marriage fees by the assembly.
235-8. Visitation of Jacob Henderson, Commissary, Western Shore of Maryland, Annapolis, Dec. 4 and 5, 1717, and adjourned sessions, Feb. 25 and Mar. 13, 1717/18. First two sessions were taken up principally with presentation of letters of orders and other credentials, administration of oaths to officials by Mayor of Annapolis, and answers of churchwardens to appended queries. William Tibbs was advised of charges against him and cited to answer at adjourned session. Henry Hall created such a disturbance when registrar retained his credentials, that he was cited to appear at adjourned session. At first adjourned session, Tibbs and Hall were both represented by proctors, who agreed to answer charges at later session. On Mar. 13 Tibbs failed to appear. Hall presented answers through his proctor, but refused to swear to them. Record ends with both cases undecided. Inquiries addressed to wardens are under three titles. The first relates to character of rector and regularity of his performance of his duties. The second concerns the repair of the church building. The third relates to conduct of parishioners.
239-42. Specification of charges against Henry Hall as result of his outburst at the visitation (235-8), which is taken as a defiance of jurisdiction of Bishop of London and his commissary. After his outburst, Hall obtained an order from Governor Hart requiring the return of his credentials. Filed Feb. 25, 1717/18.
243. Lord Baltimore to the Bishop of London's Commissaries, Mar. 23, 1718. Assuring them that rumours that he favours Roman Catholics are unfounded.
244-5. Bishop Robinson to Governor Hart, April 16, 1718 (corrected draft). Apologizes for misconduct of Commissary Henderson in showing disrespect for governor and injuring Mr. Hall. Has writen rebuking him, but hopes grievances can be adjusted 'without a violent remedy'.
Bishop Robinson to Commissary Henderson, Apr. 16, 1718 (Corrected draft on same double sheet). Rebukes him for exceeding his authority in seizing Hall's credentials and for showing disrespect to the governor.
246-7. Speech of Governor Hart to a meeting of clergy, Apr. 25, 1718. Speaks of uncertainties as to commissarial jurisdiction under Maryland law. Reply of clergy. Express respect for governor and deplore increase of 'Popery', Reply of governor to the reply.
248. Duplicate of governor's speech but not of other documents in (246-7).
249. Jonathan Cay, George Irvine, Samuel Skippon, and William Maconchie, clergy of Western Shore, to Bishop of London, May 8, 1718. Having previously complained of Commissary Henderson, they are happy to attest that all differences have been amicably settled and that he is now conducting his office with great prudence.
250-1. Christopher Wilkinson to Bishop Robinson, Charles River, May 26, 1718. Encloses (246-7). Row between commissary and clergy of Western Shore has prevented securing a law confirming commissarial jurisdiction. At his own visitation, complaints were made against Mr. Baily, a clergyman lately removed from Western Shore, for drunkenness, swearing, and quarrelling and against sundry laymen for moral offences, including two cases of incest. Thinks it would be better for parishes to remain vacant than to be supplied with young men from Scottish universities.
252-3. Jacob Henderson to Francis Astry, June 17, 1718. Believes that jurisdiction was impaired by efforts to get a law to sanction it. One-third of assembly are dissenters and rest are of 'Low' party that formed principal opposition to governor in Queen Anne's time and are now his 'creatures'. Letter brought by Edward Calvert, brother to Lord Baltimore.
254-5. Jacob Henderson to Bishop Robinson, June 17, 1718. Misunderstood earlier letters from bishop and thought he desired him to set up a full ecclesiastical court. Pressured by Governor Hart and Wilkinson into supporting act sustaining commissarial jurisdiction, though he believes Hart only advocated it because he foresaw its defeat. Henderson was required to drop prosecution of Hall, whom he accuses of drunkenness as well as insubordination, because it was said that prosecution would increase opposition to the act. Accuses Hall and Thomas Cockshutt of circulating rumour that Lord Baltimore favoured Roman Catholics. Encloses (249). Says signers confessed that they were coerced by governor into signing former complaint.
256. Bishop Robinson to Christopher Wilkinson, Fulham, Aug. 25, 1718. Regrets failure of act but appreciates Governor Hart's zeal in promoting it. Commends Wilkinson for prudent beginning in exercise of his authority.
257-8. Earlier draft of (256).
259-60. Jacob Henderson to Bishop Robinson, Sept. 4, 1718. Sends (235-8) by his proctor, Thomas Macknamara, and asks permission to come to England next spring to present matters relating to jurisdiction which cannot be entrusted to writing.
261-2. Jacob Henderson to Francis Astry, Sept. 5, 1718. Asking him to support his application (259-60).
263-4. Bishop Robinson to Jacob Henderson, Fulham, Sept. 9, 1718 (corrected draft). Regrets dissension with governor, but in terms less sharp than (244-5). Reserves judgement on an inquiry of Henderson's concerning power to licence lay readers and grant dispensation for pluralities.
265. Vestry of All Hallows to Bishop Robinson, Aug. 11, 1719. They have never had an inducted minister except when Commissary Wilkinson served them briefly on his first coming, before being called to a larger parish. Ask bishop's aid in supplying vacancy.
266-7. Christopher Wilkinson to Bishop Robinson, July 29, 1719. Bill to divide parishes is again being pressed. He would rather like to have his divided, as it would relieve him of some labour, but he does not think such measures should be taken without bishop's approval.
CustodialHistoryAlso cited as FP 2
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 752-753

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