RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoDavidson
Extent803 files
TitleDavidson, Randall Thomas (1848-1930), Baron Davidson
DescriptionThe papers cover the Archbishop's whole life. The collection comprises his official papers, divided into a chronological series of 191 volumes arranged alphabetically (vols. 27-217) and a subject series of 299 volumes (vols. 218-516). The remaining 287 volumes (vols. 517-803) include sermons and addresses, diaries and journals, notebooks, newspaper cuttings, photographs and visitation and ordination records. Also included are diaries of Archbishop Davidson's mother, Henrietta (vols. 653-690), and his father, Henry (vols. 691-733).
ArrangementThese form part of the Archbishops' Papers. These in turn form part of the archives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, which also comprise: Bishops' Meetings records (BM), Cartae Antiquae et Miscellaneae (Lambeth Charters) (CM), Convocation records (Conv), Court of Arches records (Arches), Faculty Office records (F), Lambeth Conference papers (LC), Temporalities records (ED and T), including correspondence on the Archbishops' estates (TR 8-36), and Vicar General records (V).

Volumes arranged in 21 series as follows:
1-26 Correspondence & papers from Davidson's family (kept separately from Official papers)
27-217 Chronological correspondence
218-516 Subject files
517-523 Miscellaneous correspondence
524-548 Sermons and addresses
549-554 Visitations
555-559 Ordinations
560-583 Diaries & journals
584-631 Pocket diaries
632--652 Engagement diaries
653-690 Diaries of Henrietta Davidson
691-733 Diaries of Henry Davidson
734-742 Notebooks
743-778 Newspaper cuttings
779-784 Visitors' books
785-788 Letter registers
789-790 Photograph albums
791-792 Sketch books
793-794 Presentations
795-798 Financial accounts
799-803 Miscellaneous
FindingAidsMost 20th-century Archbishops' Papers (Davidson, Lang, Fisher) are catalogued more summarily than the 19th century papers. The indexes to most of the 20th-century papers give a guide to the overall contents to the subjects of individual files, but people are not indexed unless they are the subject of the file (e.g. appointments) - so not every correspondent will appear in the index.

Catalogue descripions based on 'Catalogue of the correspondence and papers of Randall Thomas Davidson, archbishop of Canterbury, 1903-1928' (typescript, 1993). Individual correspondents were not noted in indexing, except where they are the main subject of the correspondence, and therefore users seeking correspondence of particular individuals may therefore need to identify likely subjects of correspondence from the index and search those references.

But see also:
-Davidson 806 (partial card index to some Davidson papers).
-Davidson 785-788 (letter registers).
AdminHistoryRandall Thomas Davidson was chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury (1876-1883), and was appointed dean of Windsor in 1883, bishop of Rochester in 1891, translated to Winchester in 1895 and to Canterbury in 1903. He retired in 1928.

Biographical sources include:
G. K. A. Bell, 'Randall Davidson, archbishop of Canterbury' (second edition, Oxford University Press, 1938) [Lambeth Palace Library H5198.D2B3 [R] ].
Michael Hughes, 'Archbishop Randall Davidson' (forthcoming: Routledge, 2018).
CustodialHistoryVols. 1-26 are an important collection of papers which were retained by Archbishop Davidson's family and transferred to Lambeth Palace Library by Miss Mary Mills (Davidson's cousin) after the death of Lady Davidson [further information on the acquisition in Library records: LR/K/2/8].

Note that the numbers in the letter register (vols. 785-8, which provide a complete record of the Archbishop's correspondence), e.g. A1 etc, are not replicated in the present references marked on correspondence in the correspondence volumes, which may bear different numbers.
AcquisitionExcept vols. 1-26, the papers were transferred from Lambeth Palace.
1. Davidson's register, 1902-29.
2. Canterbury diocesan visitation returns, 1907,1912.
3. Lambeth Conference papers.
4. Bishops' Meetings' papers.
5. Archbishop's Assyrian Mission papers.
6. Letters and papers of Randall Thomas Davidson may also be found in the following catalogues:
Index to the letters and papers of Archibald Campbell Tait, archbishop of Canterbury, 1868-1882, in Lambeth Palace Library, 1989.
Index to the letters and papers of Edward White Benson, archbishop of Canterbury, 1883-1896, in Lambeth Palace Library, 1980.
Catalogue of the letters and papers of Frederick Temple, bishop of London, 1885-1896, in Lambeth Palace Library, by Victoria Peters, 1993.
Index to the letters and papers of Frederick Temple, archbishop of Canterbury, 1896-1902, in Lambeth Palace Library, by Melanie Barber, 1975.
Letters and papers of Cosmo Gordon Lang, archbishop of Canterbury, 1928-42, in Lambeth Palace Library, 1986.
Letters and papers of William Temple, archbishop of Canterbury, 1942-4, in Lambeth Palace Library, 1981.
A Catalogue of Manuscripts in Lambeth Palace Library, Mss. 1222-1860, by E.G.W. Bill, 1972.
Catalogue of the Papers of Roundell Palmer (1812-1895) first earl of Selborne, by E.G.W. Bill, 1967.
A Catalogue of Manuscripts in Lambeth Palace Library, Mss. 1907-2340, by E.G.W. Bill, 1976.
A Catalogue of Manuscripts in Lambeth Palace Library, Mss. 2341-3119, by E.G.W. Bill, 1983.
A Catalogue of Manuscripts in Lambeth Palace Library, Mss. 3120-3469, by E.G.W Bill, 1988.
List of the papers of George Kennedy Allen Bell, bishop of Chichester, 1929-1958.
Catalogue of the papers of John Albert Douglas, hon. general secretary of the Church of England Council on Foreign Relations, 1933-1945.

The Library also holds various items relating to Archbishop Davidson in its collection of artefacts.

Ordination papers for the diocese of Winchester, 1895-1902, formerly at Lambeth Palace Library, have been transferred to Hampshire Record Office.
Ordination papers for the diocese of Canterbury, 1902-1944, formerly at Lambeth Palace Library, have been transferred to Canterbury Cathedral Archives.
PublnNote'Anglicans in the Antipodes: an indexed calendar of the papers and correspondence of the Archbishops of Canterbury, 1788-1961, relating to Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific', ed. R. & L. Frappell, R. Withycombe, and R. Nobbs (1999) [Z6622.L6L2]
'The Baptist Quarterly: Journal of the Baptist Historical Society', vol. 34, no. 7 (July 1992) [H6495.A8]: includes an article on M. E. Aubrey by W.
M. S. West, which refers to Lang and Davidson papers from Lambeth Palace Library.
M. Barber (ed.), "Randall Davidson: a partial retrospective", in 'From Cranmer to Davidson: a Church of England Miscellany', Church of England Record Society vol. 7 (1999). Uses Davidson Papers passim (and some Bell Papers); edits Davidson 12, ff. 304-17, 327-40.
Bernard Barlow, '"Brother knocking at the door": the Malines Conversations 1921-1925' (1996).
Robert Beaken, 'The place of meeting: Anglo-Catholicism and the first world war' (2015) [Lambeth Palace Library H5121.B3]
Robert Beaken, 'The Church of England and the Home Front 1914-1918' (Woodbridge, 2015) [Lambeth Palace Library H5102.B3]
B. S. Bennett, "The Church of England and the law of divorce since 1857: marriage, discipline, ecclesiastical law and the Establishment", 'Journal of Ecclesiastical History', vol. 45, no. 4 (October 1994).
Dan Cruickshank, 'The Theology and Ecclesiology of the Prayer Book Crisis, 1906–1928' (Palgrave, 2019).
P. B. Hinchliff, 'Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury: a life' (1998) [H5198.T35H5] (refers often to Davidson Papers).
Grass, Tim, The Lord's work (Eugene, 2017) [Lambeth Palace Library H6565.G7]
Hughes, Michael, 'Archbishop Randall Davidson' (Abingdon, 2018) [Lambeth Palace Library H5198.D2H8]
Takken, Hanneke, Churches, chaplains and the Great War (Routledge, 2019) [K639.R4]
Timothy Willem Jones, 'Sexual politics in the Church of England' (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013) [Lambeth Palace Library D115.S3J5]
R.W.H. Miller, 'One firm anchor: the church and the merchant seafarer, an introductory history' (Cambridge: Lutterworth, 2012) [Lambeth Palace Library G2670.M5]
R.W.H. Miller, 'Priest in deep water: Charles Plomer Hopkins and the 1911 seamen's strike' (Cambridge: Lutterworth, 2010) [Lambeth Palace Library G2678.H6]
S. Parker and T. Lawson ed. 'God and war: the Church Of England and armed conflict in the twentieth century' (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013) [Lambeth Palace Library H5157.G6]
Robbins, Keith, and Fisher, John, 'Religion and Diplomacy: Religion and British Foreign Policy 1815 to 1941' (St, Louis, Dordrecht, 2010) [Lambeth Palace Library A65.I7R6]
E. S. S. Sunderland, "Dibdin and the English Establishment: the public life of Sir Lewis Dibdin, Dean of the Arches 1903-34" 1995
Philip Ziegler, 'King Edward VIII: the official biography' (1990) [KA580.Z5]
Peter Webster, "The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chamberlain and the Censorship of the Theatre, 1909–49", in 'Studies in Church History', volume 48 (The Church and Literature) 2012 , pp. 437-448
P.Welch, 'Church and Settler in Colonial Zimbabwe. A Study in the History of the Anglican Diocese of Mashonaland/Southern Rhodesia, 1890-1925' (Leiden: Brill, 2008) [Lambeth Palace Library H5691.W2]
'National Prayers: Special Worship since the Reformation', volume III: 'Worship for National and Royal Occasions in the United Kingdom, 1871-2016', ed. Philip Williamson, Stephen Taylor, Alasdair Raffe and Natalie Mears (Church of England Record Society, 2020) [Lambeth Palace Library H5691.W2 H5051.C4 [R] ]
The Church of England and British politics since 1900, edited by Tom Rodger, Philip Williamson and Matthew Grimley (Woodbridge, 2020) [Lambeth Palace Library D759.C4 2020]
Robert Beaken ed. "Faithful witness : the confidential diaries of Alan Don, chaplain to the King, the Archbishop and the Speaker, 1931-1946" [Lambeth Palace Library KA566.9D6F2]

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Related name records
15Davidson; Randall Thomas (1848-1930); Baron Davidson of Lambeth; Archbishop of Canterbury1848-1930
GB/109/14395Mills; Mary Catherine Swinton (-1955)-1955
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PL148/New Zealand
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