Authorized Form of NameNorth Atlantic Treaty Organisation; 1949-
Corporate NameNorth Atlantic Treaty Organisation
TypeOfEntityCorporate
Dates1949-
CodeGB/109/9646
OtherFormsOfNameNATO; North Atlantic Treaty Organization
ActivityThe North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was founded in 1949 as an international organisation for defence collaboration, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on 4th April 1949. It is sometimes also known as the North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance; its other official name is the French equivalent, l'Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique du Nord (OTAN). It originally included Western countries such as Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. In 1955 the Warsaw Pact treaty created an equivalent organisation of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, including East Germany, after the inclusion of West Germany into NATO. The Warsaw Pact came to an end in 1991, followed by the collapse of the Soviet Union. NATO has since modernised and expanded to include new countries, including former East European communist states such as Hungary, the Czech republic and Poland.
SourceNATO (http://www.nato.int/); Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page)

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