Authorized Form of NameMar Eshai Shimun XXI (1908-1975); Catholicos-Patriarch of the East
TypeOfEntityPerson
ForenamesMar Eshai Shimun XXI
Dates1908-1975
TitleCatholicos-Patriarch of the East
CodeGB/109/16468
OtherFormsOfNameMar Shimun XXI Ishaya
DatesAndPlacesBorn into the patriarchal family in Qudshanis in 1908, Mar Eshai was chosen as patriarch on the death of his uncle during the Assyrian genocide, at the age of 11. He was educated in England at Westcott House, University of Cambridge. He was the translator or author of several books on the theology and history of the Church of the East. The uncertainties caused in 1933 by the independence of Iraq from colonial rule forced the patriarch's relocation to Cyprus and then, in 1940, to Chicago. Mar Eshai became an American citizen about 1949 and settled in the San Francisco area in 1954.The patriarch sought to resign for health reasons in the late 1960s, but was persuaded to remain in office. Many within the church believed that the patriarch should take a more active role, as he had before 1933, in pushing for a homeland for the Assyrian people. Shortly thereafter the patriarch became convinced that nothing in the canon law of the Church of the East prohibited the patriarch from marrying. He therefore married in August 1973. Following this action church leaders called for a council to decide the future of the patriarchate. The council was scheduled for November 19, 1975, but was rescheduled for January 5, 1976. In the meantime, on November 6, 1975, the patriarch was shot and killed at the door of his home in San Jose, California, by David Ismail[1]. According to records of Ismail's trial, Ismail indicated that he was upset over the partriarch's marriage; however, the records also suggest links between Ismail and persons who may have been angry at the patriarch's refusal to push for an Assyrian homeland. When the church council finally met in London on October 17, 1976, it elected Mar Dinkha IV (who had been bishop of Tehran) as patriarch.
ActivityCatholicos-Patriarch of the East (1920-1975)
RelationshipsThe difference in regnal numbers depends on which members of the Shimun family one counts as Patriarchs; Mar Eshai himself used the regnal number XXIII.
GenderMale
Sourcehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar_Eshai_Shimun_XXIII

Show related Catalog records.

related catalogue records
OrderNoTitleDateLink
CFR AOC 38Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: General situation1960-1980CFR/2/3/2/38
Douglas 66, f. 360MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1937Douglas/66/228-399/360
MS 2648 ff. 119-20Shimun (Eshai), Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrians1933MSS/2615-2650/2648/119-20
Douglas 65, ff. 3-4MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1933Douglas/65/3-4
Douglas 64, ff. 61-5MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1933Douglas/64/1-84/61-5
Douglas 67, f. 208Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/67/1-250/208
Douglas 62, ff. 160-228MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/62/160-228
Douglas 62, ff. 171, 178, 191, 202-5, 207-12, 215-25, 226, 227MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/62/160-228/171, 178, 191, 202-5, 207-12, 215-25, 226, 227
Douglas 67, ff. 109-15, 191-2, 240-2MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/67/1-250/109-15, 191-2, 240-2
Douglas 64, f. 253MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1934Douglas/64/244-88/253
Douglas 66, ff. 94-5MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1934Douglas/66/1-179/94-5
MS 2648 ff. 120-3, 178Shimun (Eshai), Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrians1933-1934MSS/2615-2650/2648/120-3, 178
Douglas 67, ff. 15-8MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1945Douglas/67/1-250/15-8
Douglas 67, f. 224Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/67/1-250/224
Douglas 64, ff. 192-6MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1931Douglas/64/85-243/192-6
Douglas 64, ff. 6-8, 49-50MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/64/1-84/6-8, 49-50
Douglas 67, f. 210Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/67/1-250/210
Douglas 67, f. 211Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/67/1-250/211
Douglas 62, f. 201Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the EastDouglas/62/160-228/201
Douglas 62, f. 166Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the EastDouglas/62/160-228/166
MS 2648 ff. 151-77Shimun (Eshai), Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrians1933MSS/2615-2650/2648/151-77
Douglas 67, ff. 191-232MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1953Douglas/67/1-250/191-232
Douglas 62, f. 162MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1925Douglas/62/160-228/162
CFR AOC 47Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians-contacts: Mar Shimun1933-1949CFR/2/3/2/47
Douglas 79, f. 90Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1933Douglas/79/86-107/90
Douglas 67, f. 216MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1953Douglas/67/1-250/216
Douglas 67, ff. 4-13MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East1945Douglas/67/1-250/4-13
Douglas 66, f. 138MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1934Douglas/66/1-179/138
Douglas 67, ff. 228-9MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1953Douglas/67/1-250/228-9
Douglas 67, ff. 165-73MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1952Douglas/67/1-250/165-73
Douglas 66, ff. 234-321, 346-8, 357-9MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1933-1937 Douglas/66/228-399/234-321, 346-8, 357-9
Douglas 67, ff. 263-4TIMOTHEOS, Abimelek, Assyrian Metropolitan of Malabar and India. 1922Douglas/67/251-381/263-4
Douglas 79, f. 96Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East; Eshaya d'MAR SHIMUN, cousin of Patriarch Eshai Mar Shimun XXI. at ordination ceremony1952Douglas/79/86-107/96
Douglas 79, f. 99Photographs of Geoffrey Francis FISHER, Archbishop of Canterbury; MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East at St. Erminius hotel1953Douglas/79/86-107/99
Douglas 79, f. 97Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East; Eshaya d'MAR SHIMUN, cousin of Patriarch Eshai Mar Shimun XXI. at ordination ceremony1952Douglas/79/86-107/97
Douglas 67, ff. 111-4MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1947Douglas/67/1-250/111-4
Douglas 66, ff. 136-7MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1930sDouglas/66/1-179/136-7
Douglas 79, f. 95Photograph of John Albert DOUGLAS, Hon. Canon of Southwark (1924 ); Rector of St. Michael Paternoster Royal and honorary general secretary of the Council on Foreign Relations (1933); MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East; Eshaya d'MAR SHIMUN, cousin of Patriarch Eshai Mar Shimun XXI; Prebendary Edward Harold WILLIAMS ASHMAN, Vicar of Holy Trinity, Kingsway at the Quuen's chapel of the Savoy1952Douglas/79/86-107/95
CFR CFR DOC 1/1-50CFR Meetings: bound documents series 14 August 1933CFR/1/2/1/1/9
Douglas 67, ff. 56-9MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1946Douglas/67/1-250/56-9
CFR AOC 48/2Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians-contacts: Mar Shimun1955-1975CFR/2/3/2/48-2
Douglas 67, ff. 354, 368MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/67/251-381/354, 368
Douglas 64, ff. 89v-90MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1930sDouglas/64/85-243/89v-90
Douglas 65Papers of J.A. Douglas concerning the Assyrian Church1933Douglas/65
Douglas 67, f. 232aMAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1953Douglas/67/1-250/232a
CFR AOC 40Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: The Schism1962-1980CFR/2/3/2/40
CFR AOC 29/1Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Termination of MandateAug 1933-Nov 1933CFR/2/3/2/29-1
Douglas 64, ff. 282-3MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/64/244-88/282-3
CFR CFR DOC 1/1-50CFR Meetings: bound documents series 1N.d.CFR/1/2/1/1/20
CFR AOC 48/1Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians-contacts: Mar Shimun1950-1953CFR/2/3/2/48-1
NC/4/14Events 19521952NC/4/14
CFR AOC 45Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Various Appeals1938-1967CFR/2/3/2/45
Douglas 35, f. 13MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.1936Douglas/35/1-17/13
CFR AOC 41/2Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Assyrian Mission1939-1959CFR/2/3/2/41-2
CFR AOC 30/1Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Termination of Mandate: correspondence with Mar Shimun1932-1933CFR/2/3/2/30-1
CFR AOC 36/2Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: General situation1941-1949CFR/2/3/2/36-2
CFR AOC 32/1Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Termination of MandateMar 1936-Jul 1937CFR/2/3/2/32-1
CFR AOC 30/2Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Termination of Mandate: correspondence with Mar Shimun1934-1936CFR/2/3/2/30-2
CFR AOC 37Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: General situation1950-1959CFR/2/3/2/37
CFR AOC 46Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians- contacts: Mar Shimun1947-1973CFR/2/3/2/46
CFR AOC 32/2Assyrian Church of the East: Assyrian Christians: Termination of MandateAug 1937-Jun 1940CFR/2/3/2/32-2
CFR AOC PHOTO ASS 1Mar Shimun's visits to England1937-1955CFR/2/4/ASS/1
Douglas 65, ff. 212, 229-30MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/65/212, 229-30
Douglas 66, ff. 333-4DON, Alan Campbell, chaplain to Archbishop Lang; Dean of Westminster1936Douglas/66/228-399/333-4
Douglas 67, ff. 185-6WIGRAM, Canon William Ainger, Chaplain in Athens1952Douglas/67/1-250/185-6
Douglas 76, f. 74Photographs of the Third World Conference on FAITH AND ORDER - Continuation Committee in Lund1952Douglas/76/66-74/74
Douglas 77, f. 254Photograph 1925Douglas/77/244-66/254
Douglas 77, f. 259Photograph of the 2nd ANGLO-CATHOLIC PILGRIMAGE 1925Douglas/77/244-66/255-9/259
Douglas 79, f. 98Photographs of Geoffrey Francis FISHER, Archbishop of Canterbury; MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East at St. Erminius hotel1953Douglas/79/86-107/98
CFR OC 51Oecumenical Patriarchate: Patriarch Benjamin January 1936-March 1946CFR/5/3/5/51
NC/4/17Events 19551955NC/4/17
Douglas 79, f. 93Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East; Eshaya d'MAR SHIMUN, cousin of Patriarch Eshai Mar Shimun XXI; Prebendary Edward Harold WILLIAMS ASHMAN, Vicar of Holy Trinity, Kingsway at the Queen's chapel of the Savoy1952Douglas/79/86-107/93
Bell 93America, Canada1925 - 1957Bell/65-117/93
Douglas 79, f. 103Photograph of ASSYRIAN clergy outside Lambeth Palace chapel1952Douglas/79/86-107/103
Douglas 79, f. 102Photograph of MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East outside Lambeth Palace chapel1952Douglas/79/86-107/102
Douglas 79, f. 94Photograph of John Albert DOUGLAS, Hon. Canon of Southwark (1924 ); Rector of St. Michael Paternoster Royal and honorary general secretary of the Council on Foreign Relations (1933); MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East; Eshaya d'MAR SHIMUN, cousin of Patriarch Eshai Mar Shimun XXI; Prebendary Edward Harold WILLIAMS ASHMAN, Vicar of Holy Trinity, Kingsway at the Quuen's chapel of the Savoy1952Douglas/79/86-107/94
Douglas 79, f. 173Photograph taken at the Church of ST. MICHAEL PATERNOSTER ROYAL, London1937Douglas/79/173
MS 2648 ff. 99, 102, 107, 111-18, 138Shimun (Eshai), Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrians1933-1934MSS/2615-2650/2648/99, 102, 107, 111-18, 138
Douglas 79, f. 100Photographs of Geoffrey Francis FISHER, Archbishop of Canterbury; MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East at St. Erminius hotel1953Douglas/79/86-107/100
Douglas 77, f. 256Photograph of the 2nd ANGLO-CATHOLIC PILGRIMAGE 1925Douglas/77/244-66/255-9/256
Douglas 77, f. 252Photograph 1925Douglas/77/244-66/252
Douglas 77, f. 253Photograph 1925Douglas/77/244-66/253
Douglas 77, f. 255Photograph of the 2nd ANGLO-CATHOLIC PILGRIMAGE 1925Douglas/77/244-66/255-9/255
Douglas 77, f. 257Photograph of the 2nd ANGLO-CATHOLIC PILGRIMAGE 1925Douglas/77/244-66/255-9/257
Douglas 77, f. 258Photograph of the 2nd ANGLO-CATHOLIC PILGRIMAGE 1925Douglas/77/244-66/255-9/258
Douglas 77, f. 262Photograph 1925Douglas/77/244-66/262
Douglas 77, f. 266Sixteenth centenary of Council of Nikaea celebrations. Group photograph at Lambeth Palace29 June 1925Douglas/77/244-66/266
Douglas 66, ff. 1-179Papers concerning the presentation by MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East of the Assyrian Case to the LEAGUE OF NATIONS, the use of the Assyrian Appeal fund raised by the Church of England Council on Foreign Relations, and the maintenance of the Assyrian Patriarchal family in Cyprus1933-1935Douglas/66/1-179
Douglas 66, ff. 18-20, 60-1, 66-7, 69-71, 90-1, 94-5, 99-100, 102, 118-21, 125-6, 129-30, 135-9, 141-3, 182-4, 188, 190-4, 196, 231-3, 323, 333-4, 339, 388-91, 393-5, 398-9MAR Eshai SHIMUN XXI, Catholicos-Patriarch of the East.Douglas/66/1-179/18-20, 60-1, 66-7, 69-71, 90-1, 94-5, 99-100, 102, 118-21, 125-6, 129-30, 135-9, 141-3, 182-4, 188, 190-4, 196, 231-3, 323, 333-4, 339, 388-91, 393-5, 398-9
LR/D/4 VISITORS BOOK1870-1940LR/D/4
NC/4/61Speeches1943-1978NC/4/61
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