Authorized Form of NameMeletios Metaxasis (1871-1935); Patriarch of Constantinople (1921-1923) and Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa (1926-1935)
TypeOfEntityPerson
ForenamesMeletios Metaxasis
Dates1871-1935
CodeGB/109/16262
EpithetPatriarch of Constantinople (1921-1923) and Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa (1926-1935)
OtherFormsOfNameMeletios Metaxakis; Emmanuel Metaxakis; Meletios IV; Meletios II
ActivityHe entered the Holy Cross Seminary in Jerusalem, in 1889. He was ordained a deacon in 1892, taking the ecclesiastical name Meletios. In 1900, upon graduation, he was assigned secretary of the Holy Synod of the Church of Jerusalem. In 1910, he was elected Metropolitan of Kition (Cyprus). In 1918, Meletios became Archbishop of Athens. In the Greek elections of 1920, however, Venizelos was defeated. The king returned to power, and Metaxakis was deposed as Archbishop of Athens. Like so many other political refugees, Metaxakis fled to the United States. Still recognized as the legitimate head of the Church of Greece by his American legate, Bishop Alexander, Metaxakis presided over the organization of some Greek parishes in North America into a formal "Greek Archdiocese" on September 15, 1921. While in San Francisco, Meletios ("Metropolitan of Athens" as he was known here), presided over the first nineteen meetings of the Governing Council of the Cathedral. On November 25, 1921 the exiled Metaxakis was elected Ecumenical Patriarch. Meletios, however, was not about to give up his American creation. In 1908, the churches in America (some 140 parishes in all) had been put under the oversight of the Church of Greece. This act is generally known as the "Tome of 1908." Upon becoming Ecumenical Patriarch, Meletios Metaxakis rescinded the Tome of 1928, and put them under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate (where they have remained ever since)--in effect transferring jurisdiction of the new Greek Archdiocese from himself, as Archbishop of Athens, to himself, as the Ecumenical Patriarch. Meletios justified the move by reference to canon 28 of the Council of Chalcedon (the Fourth Ecumenical Council, convened in 451 AD), which granted the Ecumenical Patriarchate jurisdiction over all "barbarian lands," that is, areas which were not already under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchates of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandra, Antioch, or Jerusalem. Meletios appointed Bishop Alexander of Rodostolon as the first Archbishop of the Archdiocese of America, and charged him with the task of bringing about canonical order among the Greek parishes of North America. The Archdiocese itself came into being, as a corporation, in 1922, and initially consisted of four dioceses: those of New York, Boston, Chicago, and San Francisco. In 1923, Meletios Metaxakis went on to become Patriarch of Alexandria (Egypt). Thus, he became the only Orthodox hierarch to head four autocephalous churches successively, those of: Greece, Cyprus, Constantinople, and Alexandria. He died in Alexandria and is buried in Cairo.
GenderMale
Sourcehttp://www.annunciation.org/le200610.html; http://orthodoxwiki.org/Meletios_IV_%28Metaxakis%29_of_Constantinople

Show related Catalog records.

related catalogue records
OrderNoTitleDateLink
Douglas 78, f. 42Photograph of MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1926, 1930Douglas/78/41-53a/42
MS 2642 f. 155Church Association1931MSS/2615-2650/2642/151-241/155
MS 2642 f. 151Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical Patriarch1931MSS/2615-2650/2642/151-241/151
Douglas 42, ff. 146-7MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of ConstantinopleDouglas/42/124-208/146-7
Douglas 31, ff. 86-8MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1922Douglas/31/45-351/86-8
Douglas 39, ff. 182-7MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1923Douglas/39/182-7
Douglas 31, ff. 285ANGLO-CATHOLIC CONGRESS1923Douglas/31/45-351/285
MS 2626 ff. 2-3, 38-9Accounts of Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical Patriarch1918MSS/2615-2650/2626/2-3, 38-9
Douglas 10, f. 154MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of ConstantinopleDouglas/10/137-327/154
MS 2627 f. 102Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical Patriarch1922MSS/2615-2650/2627/102
Douglas 27, f. 18-9, 26MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930 Douglas/27/18-9, 26
MS 2638 f. 91Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical PatriarchMSS/2615-2650/2638/1-286/91
Douglas 10, f. 123-5CHURCH ASSOCIATION. 1922Douglas/10/1-136/123-5
Douglas 34, ff. 250-347Correspondence with MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1926-1935Douglas/34/250-347
Douglas 35, ff. 53-4MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1926Douglas/35/18-263/53-4
Douglas 31, ff. 120-1, 185, 299-300, 306-26, 341-2MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of ConstantinopleDouglas/31/45-351/120-1, 185, 299-300, 306-26, 341-2
MS 2347 ff. 8, 36, 40Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical Patriarch1921-1922MSS/2343-2411/2343-2348/2347/8, 36, 40
MS 2646 f. 122Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical Patriarch1930MSS/2615-2650/2646/122-304/122
Douglas 2, ff. 394-402MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930Douglas/2/394-402
Douglas 2, ff. 405-9Notes by Douglas on London visit of MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930Douglas/2/405-9
Douglas 2, f. 431MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930Douglas/2/431
Douglas 2, f. 423MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of ConstantinopleDouglas/2/423
Douglas 12, ff. 441-4MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1925Douglas/12/190-459/441-4
Douglas 31, f. 85DAVIDSON, Randall Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury. 1922Douglas/31/45-351/85
Douglas 3, ff. 4-7MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1922Douglas/3/1-216/4-7
Douglas 76, f. 11Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/11
Douglas 76, f. 12Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/12
CFR AC PHOTO ABC 2Lambeth Conference, 19301930CFR/1/6/ABC/2
Douglas 31, ff. 94-114MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1922Douglas/31/45-351/94-114
Douglas 76, f. 4Photograph of Cosmo Gordon LANG, Archbishop of York; Canterbury (1928); MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople; NECTARIE COTLARCIUC, Archbishop of Cernauti and Metropolitan of the Bucovina1930Douglas/76/2-17/4
Douglas 30, ff. 92-9a, 100, l00b, 104-6, 130-1MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1920sDouglas/30/57-158/92-9a, 100, l00b, 104-6, 130-1
Douglas 31, ff. 229-37MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1923Douglas/31/45-351/229-37
MS 2638 ff. 192-213Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical Patriarch1930MSS/2615-2650/2638/1-286/192-213
LC 153 ff. 69, 77-81, 113-16, 193-4Correspondence with and papers from MELETIOS II, patriarch of Alexandria.1930LC/1930/153/69, 77-81, 113-16, 193-4
Douglas 70, ff. 206-10MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1920sDouglas/70/206-10
Douglas 30, ff. 105-6MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1922.Douglas/30/57-158/105-6
Douglas 49, f. 9MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1920Douglas/49/1-195/9
Douglas 31, ff. 125-8MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1922Douglas/31/45-351/125-8
Douglas 31, ff. 45-353Papers concerning MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople and his election, enthronement, tenure of office, and abdication1921-1923Douglas/31/45-351
Douglas 31, ff. 115-6, 129, 195, 223, 226, 261MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1920sDouglas/31/45-351/115-6, 129, 195, 223, 226, 261
Douglas 34, ff. 256-7ANGLO-CATHOLIC CONGRESS1926Douglas/34/250-347/256-7
Douglas 48, ff. 105-6MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930-1932Douglas/48/1-250/105-6
Douglas 34, ff. 120-2GERMANOS STRENOPOULOS, Archbishop of Thyateira1925Douglas/34/101-249/120-2
Douglas 30, f. 209Correspondence between Randall Thomas DAVIDSON, Archbishop of Canterbury and MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, N. POLITIS, Greek Prime Minister, 1920sDouglas/30/181-364/209
CFR AC PHOTO LC 1Patriarch Meletios of Alexandria1930CFR/1/6/LC/1
CFR OC 81/1Individual Orthodox Churches: Alexandria: Patriarchs Meletios and Nicholas V, 1929-391929-1939CFR/5/3/8/81-1
CFR OC 35/2Anglican Relations General: General Papers And Articles On Anglican-Orthodox Relations 1 January 1919-30 July 1920CFR/5/3/3/35-2
Douglas 2, ff. 341-430MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930Douglas/2/341-430
Douglas 34, ff. 312-8, 328LANG, Cosmo Gordon, Archbishop of York; Canterbury (1928)1930sDouglas/34/250-347/312-8, 328
Douglas 40, f. 125MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1927Douglas/40/62-134/125
Douglas 76, f. 7Key to photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference1930Douglas/76/2-17/7
Douglas 76, f. 8Key to photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference1930Douglas/76/2-17/8
Douglas 76, f. 9Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference on visit to Cambridge1930Douglas/76/2-17/9
Douglas 76, f. 10Key to photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Cambridge1930Douglas/76/2-17/10
Douglas 76, f. 14Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/14
Douglas 76, f. 5Newspaper cutting of Cosmo Gordon LANG, Archbishop of York; Canterbury (1928); MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930Douglas/76/2-17/5
Douglas 19, f. 171MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1925.Douglas/19/171
Douglas 34, ff. 101-249Papers concerning the election of MELETIOS METAXAKIS, formerly Meletios IV of Constantinople, as Meletios II, Patriarch of Alexandria and the intervention of L.H.Gwynne, Anglican Bishop in Egypt and the Sudan, on behalf of Nikolaos Evangelides, Metropolitan of Nubia, 1925-61925-1926Douglas/34/101-249
Douglas 34, ff. 114-5, 123-7, 158-63, 235-6, 242-4, 3-7, 259-61, 266, 268-9, 274, 292-3, 297-303, 307-10, 322-5, 329-32MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of ConstantinopleDouglas/34/101-249/114-5, 123-7, 158-63, 235-6, 242-4, 3-7, 259-61, 266, 268-9, 274, 292-3, 297-303, 307-10, 322-5, 329-32
Douglas 76, f. 6Photograph of MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople1930Douglas/76/2-17/6
Douglas 2, ff. 1-79 passimLAMBETH CONFERENCE, 19301929-1930Douglas/2/1-147/1-79
EV 2/1/1Episcopi Vagantes: African Orthodox Church19/08/1929 - 08/04/1933EV/2/1-1
Douglas 2, ff. 344-5, 356, 359, 36l-3, 371-2, 374, 376, 384, 425-7, 429-30MELETIOS METAXAKIS, Oecumenical Patriarch of ConstantinopleDouglas/2/344-5, 356, 359, 36l-3, 371-2, 374, 376, 384, 425-7, 429-30
Douglas 48, ff. 23-7Acceptance of Anglican Orders by the Orthodox Church of CYPRUS1923Douglas/48/1-250/23-7
MS 2626 ff. 91, 98-101, 191, 194, 227Meletios Metaxakis, Ecumenical PatriarchMSS/2615-2650/2626/91, 98-101, 191, 194, 227
Douglas 76, f. 2Photographs of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 LAMBETH CONFERENCE1930Douglas/76/2-17/2
Douglas 76, f. 3Photographs of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 LAMBETH CONFERENCE at Lambeth Palace1930Douglas/76/2-17/3
Douglas 76, f. 13Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/13
Douglas 76, f. 15Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/15
Douglas 76, f. 16Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/16
Douglas 76, f. 17Photograph of the Orthodox delegation to the 1930 Lambeth Conference at Canterbury1930Douglas/76/2-17/17
LC 149 ff. 268-80 passim, 305-57 passimMELETIOS II, patriarch of Alexandria.1930LC/1930/149/268-80 passim, 305-57 passim
Lang 288Newspaper Cuttings - Cosmo Gordon LANG, Archbishop of Canterbury1934-1936 Lang/274-292/288
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