RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoTENISON 1
Extent146 ff.
TitleTHOMAS TENISON, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY
Date1701-1713
DescriptionCorrespondence and papers of Thomas Tenison (1636-1715), Archbishop of Canterbury 1695-1715.

The bulk of the papers are from the archive of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (S.P.G.), many of them in the hand of its Secretary John Chamberlayne (1666-1723). They relate to the church in the American colonies 1703-11. They are strays from the early minutes and correspondence of S.P.G. (SPG I-XVII) which were probably deposited with Archbishop Tenison, the active President of the Society, before the organization had any headquarters of its own.
The rest of the papers are miscellaneous, including papers relating to Queen Anne's Bounty and the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy, 1701-13.


ff. 1-2. 'Province of the Massachusets, New England. Muster roll of Cap. Shadrach Walton's Company raised for Her Maiesties service mustered the fifth day of December Anno Dom. 1702 and put on board the Dart sloop bound for Jamaica and since return'd and disbanded the eighth day of November 1703...'. Gives names of persons, dates of death or discharge and wages.
ff. 3-4. Extracts of letters to 'Mr. S.' relating abuses by sea captains and masters of ships in relation to their chaplains. The letters are from Henry Nicols on board the Fowey 1703, John Urmston at Moscow 1703/4, William Johnson on board the Guernsey 1704. Endorsement in the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 5-6. Testimonials to the diligence and good behaviour of John Sharpe, late minister of Christ Church parish, Kent Island, Maryland, by Thomas Tench, President of the Council of Maryland, and Thomas Laurence. 2-3 May 1704. Copies.
ff. 7-8. Letter to John Chamberlayne from George Wheler recommending the bearer, Thomas Stackhouse, to be an S.P.G. missionary. Durham, 3 Aug. 1704.
ff. 9-10. Letter addressed to 'Revd. Sir', signed by John Montagu, Dean of Durham, and John Bowes, Prebendary of Durham, recommending the bearer, Thomas Stackhouse. 5 August 1704. At f. 10 is a note to Thomas Stackhouse from his father John Stackhouse. Endorsement in the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 11-15. Lists of members of the Society [S.P.G.] who have not sent subscriptions. With a draft letter to non-subscribers. n.d. Partly in the hand of John Chamberlayne.
f. 16. Letter from John Chamberlayne to Sir Humphry Mackworth asking to see the charter of the Company of Mine Adventurers which may serve as a model for rules for the management of Queen Anne's Bounty. 24 Nov. 1705.
ff. 17-18. Letter to John Chamberlayne from R. Crawford concerning the ill use of Mr Roberts [Edward Roberts], Minister of Queenborough, Kent, by the lieutenants of the navy ship Worcester in 1703. 13 Dec. 1705. Endorsed by Chamberlayne 'Coll. Crawford, Westminster 13 Dec. 1705'.
ff. 19-23. Digest of rules and standing orders of S.P.G., 1701-5, in the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 24-25. Certificate of the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to the good conduct of John Jackson during his five years as Minister of St. John's, Newfoundland. 14 June 1706. Signed by William Popple junior.
f. 26. Letter to John Chamberlayne from Samuel Weale concerning papers which he offers for the attention of S.P.G. 16 Oct. 1706. Endorsed by Chamberlayne: 'Mr. Weale, the Fleet [Fleet Prison], 16 Oct. 1706'.
ff. 27-32. Address to S.P.G. from Samuel Weale 'under misfortune and confinement', making proposals for advancing the work of the Society. n.d.
ff. 33-36. Letter to S.P.G. from Samuel Weale concerning his proposals to raise funds for the Society. n.d. Two copies.
ff. 37-43. Address to the governors of 'the Charity for Releife of Poor Widows and Children of Clergymen' [Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy], in particular to the Court of Assistants elected in Nov. 1705, from Samuel Weale making proposals to raise funds for the society. n.d.
f. 44. Letter to S.P.G. from Samuel Weale concerning his proposals to raise funds for the society. n.d.
f. 45. Petition to the Court of Assistants of the 'Corporation for the Releife of the Poor Widows and Children of Clergymen' [Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy] from Samuel Weale concerning his proposals to raise funds for the society. n.d.
f. 46. An abstract of the papers concerning S.P.G. presented by Samuel Weale. n.d. Endorsement in the hand of John Chamberlayne.
f. 47. Draft bond of William Carter appointed Messenger of the S.P.G. for the collection of subscriptions. n.d. Cf. f. 58.
f. 48. Petition to S.P.G. from James Wallace, Minister of Elizabeth City parish, Virginia, for a library to be sent to Kempton in Elizabeth City County. n.d.
f. 49. Letter to John Chamberlayne from G. Rawlins [Gersham Rawlins] concerning a debt due to Mr. Myles [Samuel Myles] who defrayed the cost of Rawlins' travel from New England. n.d.
ff. 50-52. Two brief letters to Revd. Robert Keith at Wells Coffee House, Scotland Yard, Westminster, from Thomas Bray. Sheldon, 4 Jan. 1706/7, and 6 Jan., no year. Endorsed by Chamberlayne: 'Mr. Keith's papers'.
ff. 53-54. List of Vice Presidents of S.P.G., 1701-06.
ff. 55-56. Bond given by Jonathan Evans and Henry Shute, clergymen, to S.P.G. concerning books supplied to Evans on his departure for service as chaplain in Virginia. With a list of books and prices. 31 May 1707.
f. 57. Bond given by John Hodges to S.P.G. on his appointment as Treasurer of the Society. 5 June 1707. Cf. ff. 119-120.
ff. 58-59. Bond given by William Carter to S.P.G. on his appointment as Messenger of the Society. 15 Aug. 1707. Cf. f. 47.
ff. 60-61. Letter to John Chamberlayne from Henry Compton, Bishop of London, stating that he has ordained William Gordon, bearer of the letter, as fully qualified to be a missionary. With a further note: 'Mr. Adams [James Adams] comes along with Mr. Gordon, being design'd likewise for North Carolina'. 22 Sept. 1707.
ff. 62-65. Two letters to John Chamberlayne from James Adams and William Gordon on their departure for North Carolina. Bristol, 10 and 19 Nov. 1707.
f. 66. List of papers sent to the Archbishop of Canterbury [Thomas Tenison]. In the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 67-68. Letter addressed to 'Hon. Sir', from James Honeyman, minister at Newport, Rhode Island, defending his conduct during nearly four years in S.P.G. service at Newport. 17 December 1707.
ff. 69-70. Letter to John Chamberlayne from John Rogers on his subscription to S.P.G. Leicester, 31 Dec. 1707.
ff. 71-72. Draft letter from S.P.G. to the merchants of London requesting financial support. 1707. In the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 73-74. Petition to S.P.G. from William Cordiner, appointed a missionary, requesting extra funds for the transport of his family. n.d. [1707]. Cf. f. 89.
ff. 75-76. Letter to John Chamberlayne from William Black, a missionary awaiting the sailing of his ship, on the difficulties and dangers of the voyage. Plymouth Sound, on board the Oxford, 28 Jan. 1707/8.
ff. 77-78. Lists of the books in the libraries of Coventry and Allhallows in the county of Somerset in Maryland, submitted by Robert Keith, S.P.G. missionary there. February 1707/8.
ff. 79-81. Draft letter from S.P.G. to members whose subscriptions are in arrears. Feb. 1707/8. In the hand of John Chamberlayne. With a list of subscribers in arrears, n.d.
ff. 82-83. Letter from Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, to the members of S.P.G. concerning the appointments of John Chamberlayne as Secretary of S.P.G. for the year ensuing and of Mr. Taylor as his assistant. 5 March 1707/8.
ff. 84-85. Letter to John Chamberlayne from Richard Shepheard concerning Shepheard's concealment of his marriage. London, 10 March 1707/8.
ff. 86-87. Letter from John Chamberlayne to the Vestry of Newport, Rhode Island, concerning the case of their minister, James Honeyman. April 1708. Retained copy.
f. 88. Letter to John Chamberlayne from Richard Lucas declining to support the Society. 12 April 1708. Endorsed by Chamberlayne: 'Dr. Lucas, London, 12 April 1708'.
f. 89. Testimonial by the masters and officers of English ships in captivity at Dinan, Brittany, to the suffering of William Cordiner, missionary to Shrewsbury, Maryland, but captured at sea on his voyage there, and to his diligent service to the prisoners at Dinan. 1708. Cf. ff. 73-4.
ff. 90-91. Petition to S.P.G. from Evan Evans, Minister of Philadelphia, concerning a debt incurred by him on his return to England to settle affairs of the church in Philadelphia. n.d. [1707].
ff. 92-95. Two letters to John Chamberlayne from William Jones, promising to encourage benefactions to S.P.G. 'Hourne' [Horne], Surrey, 9 and 23 May 1709. William Jones became the first rector of the new parish of Horne in 1705.
f. 96. Petition to S.P.G. from Robert Keith, appointed a missionary some time before but who did not then go abroad. Now willing to go and seeks re-employment. n.d. Endorsement dated 1709.
ff. 97-100. Address to Queen Anne from S.P.G. (following the request to the Queen from four Indian chiefs or sachems for missionaries to be sent to them) petitioning for a collection to be made in all the churches of London and Westminster to help S.P.G. in funding two missionaries. A draft (ff. 97-99), with notes in the hand of John Chamberlayne, endorsed by Chamberlayne 'memorandum to wait on Lord Clarendon about his treaty with the sachems ...', n.d. Also the original address sent to the Queen (f. 100), signed by Chamberlayne and with the seal of S.P.G., returned to the Society with an endorsement signed by William Legge, 2nd Baron Dartmouth, stating that the Queen has referred the petition to the Attorney General or Solicitor General. Lord Dartmouth's endorsement is dated 27 February 1710/11.
For an original letter from four native American leaders, representatives of the Iroquoian Confederancy of the Mohawk river valley, thanking Tenison and S.P.G. for kindness during their visit to England in 1710 and for promising to send missionaries, see MS. 711, f. 198.
ff. 101-102. Letter from Queen Anne to the Bishop of London [Henry Compton], and likewise to the Bishop of Winchester [Jonathan Trelawny] ordering a collection to be made in aid of S.P.G. in all the churches of London and Westminster and parishes adjacent on Trinity Sunday. Signed by William Legge, 2nd Baron Dartmouth. 5 May 1711. A copy.
ff. 103-104. Draft letter from S.P.G. to the executors of members of S.P.G. whose subscriptions are in arrears. 1711. In the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 105-106. 'Some considerations of the state of the mission into the plantations'. Addressed to S.P.G. and its President Thomas Tenison. Anonymous. n.d.
ff. 107-108. 'A catalogue of some books and tracts as will be usefull in my parish in South Carolina'. n.d.
ff. 109-110. 'A proposal for raising plantation librarys'. An anonymous proposal to S.P.G. for collecting donations of books in London for the plantations. n.d.
ff. 111-112. 'An inventory of all the books, papers and other things belonging to the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts'. n.d.
ff. 113-114. An anonymous proposal to S.P.G. concerning the catechising of children. n.d.
ff. 115-116. Letter to John Chamberlayne thanking S.P.G. for a gift of books. Mentions the arrival and sickness of new missionaries, Mr. Ross and Mr. Crawford, the latter sick in Philadelphia [probably George Ross and Henry Crawford who arrived in Pennsylvania in August 1705]. Unsigned, but endorsed 'Mr. Yates and Mr. Nicols' [probably Henry Nichols, missionary in Pennsylvania]. n.d.
ff. 117-118. Form letter from S.P.G. to captains of ships with missionaries on board. n.d. Endorsement in the hand of John Chamberlayne.
ff. 119-120. Draft condition of a bond to be given to S.P.G. by John Hodges as the Society's Treasurer. n.d. Cf. f. 57, the bond given by Hodges on his appointment in 1707.
f. 121. 'A table of the towns alphabettically dispos'd under each county in the Province of Massachusett's Bay in New England with the names of the clergy'. n.d. 388x 500 mm. Includes nonconformist as well as Anglican clergy.
f. 122. Map of the region of Albemarle Sound, North Carolina, by Edward Moseley (1683-1749), Surveyor General of North Carolina. Moseley's name, partly erased, 'Edward Moseley Surv. ... Carolina author' is found in the bottom left corner of the map. n.d. [c.1708]. 468 x 597 mm. Coloured. Probably associated with the plans of St. Paul's, Chowan (ff. 123-4), also in Moseley's hand, brought to S.P.G. by William Gordon in 1709. On Gordon's visit in 1707 to Moseley's house upon Albemarle Sound in the Precinct of Chowan, see SPG XV, f. 16.
Reproduced in 'Lambeth Palace Library. Treasures from the collections of the Archbishops of Canterbury' ed. Richard Palmer and Michelle P. Brown (London, 2010), pp. 138-9.
ff. 123-124. Plans and elevations of St. Paul's church, Chowan, North Carolina. n.d. [c.1708]. In the hand of Edward Moseley, Surveyor General of North Carolina (cf. f. 122). The plans were brought from Chowan to London by William Gordon with a request to the Society to assist in providing glass for the building. See Gordon's letter to S.P.G. written in London 13 May 1709 (SPG XV, f. 19).
f. 125. Memorandum by Edmund Gibson, Chaplain to Archbishop Tenison (and afterwards Bishop of London) with details of the rectory of Hunton, Kent, which he visited on the death of the incumbent. 16 July 1701. In Gibson's hand and signed.
ff. 126-128. Petition to Archbishop Thomas Tenison from the hospital of St. Bartholomew, near Sandwich, Kent, concerning the rights to a ferry across a river at Sandwich. n.d. Endorsement by Tenison with the date 1702.
ff. 129-130. Letter to Henry Compton, Bishop of London, from Richard Prichard [Vicar of Carmarthen] seeking a prebend or archdeaconry. Carmarthen, 5 August 1704.
ff. 131-132. Memorandum of decisions at a General Court of Queen Anne's Bounty 19 January 1709/10.
ff. 133-134. Letter addressed to 'My Lord' from the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty concerning a proposed Bill for the better collecting and ordering of the revenue of first fruits and tenths. n.d. A copy, unsigned.
ff. 135-136. Draft representation to Queen Anne from the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty concerning first fruits and tenths. n.d. In the hand of John Chamberlayne as Secretary of Queen Anne's Bounty.
ff. 137-144. Letter to Queen Anne from Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, objecting to a royal warrant for a dispensation to Mr. Borradale [Andrew Borradale] to hold the livings of Market Deeping, Lincs., and Foulsham, Norfolk, in plurality. 31 Jan. 1712/13. A draft, with numerous corrections and additions in the hand of Tenison and his chaplain Edmund Gibson, afterwards Bishop of London. With a copy of a letter from Tenison to Henry St . John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, reporting his writing to the Queen. 2 Feb. 1712/13.
ff. 145-146. Extract from the will of Sir Leoline Jenkins (1625-1685), proved 9 Nov. 1685, establishing two new fellowships at Jesus College, Oxford.
LanguageEnglish
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2014
PhysicalDescriptionGuard book, bound in black cloth, 490 x 347 mm., containing papers of various sizes.
CopiesTenison 1 ff. 123-124: Negative Microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library Box 138
RelatedMaterialThe bulk of the Tenison papers are found in the Manuscripts series.
PublnNoteff. 123-4 referred to in Terry Friedman, 'The eighteenth century church in Britain' (London, 2011) [Lambeth Palace Library RA627.F7]

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
DS/UK/3241Hunton, Kent; -1971; ancient parish-1971
NA1475Queen Anne's Bounty; 1704-19481704-1948
226Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts; 1701-19651701-1965
30Tenison; Thomas (1636-1715); Archbishop of Canterbury1636-1715
GB/109/15059Chamberlayne; John (1666-1723); Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel1666-1723
GB/109/13384Jenkins; Sir; Leoline (1625-1685); diplomat1625-1685
DS/UK/3476Bray; Thomas (1656-1730); clergyman1656-1730
GB/109/17164Honeyman; James (fl. 1700-1750); Missionary in Rhode Islandfl. 1700-1750
Related place records
CodeSet
NA2147/Sandwich/Kent
NA3056/Massachusetts/United States of America
NA3060/Virginia/United States of America
NA3062/North Carolina/United States of America
NA3053/Pennsylvania/United States of America
NA3063/Rhode Island/United States of America
NA3057/Maryland/United States of America
NA955/Jamaica
NA3058/South Carolina/United States of America
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