RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoSECKER 1
Extent107 ff.
TitleTHOMAS SECKER, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY
Date1721-1765
DescriptionPapers of Thomas Secker (1693-1768), Archbishop of Canterbury 1758-68, mainly relating to the Church in Virginia and especially the College of William & Mary and financial support for the clergy.

ff. 1-65. Papers relating to the College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia. 1721-63.
ff. 1-3. Letter [to William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury] from the Visitors and Governors of the College of William and Mary informing him of his election as Chancellor of the College and referring to the case concerning the salary of James Blair, President of the College, to be determined by the Lord Chancellor. With formal letters patent announcing Wake's election, written in Latin on membrane and bearing the College seal. Both signed by John Randolph, Rector of the College, 27 March 1721. Endorsement in Secker's hand.
ff. 4-11. 'The case of the College of William and Mary in Virginia upon the dispute between the Reverend Mr. James Blair, President, and several of the Visitors on the one part, and other of the Visitors of the other part; whether any sallary is due to the said Mr. Blair as President. Signed by James Randolph, Rector, and James Blair, President. n.d. [1721].
ff. 12-18. Foundation charter of the College of William and Mary, 8 February 4 William and Mary [1693]. In Latin. A copy, certified by John Randolph, Rector, and James Blair, President. Endorsement by Secker (referring to ff. 4 -18): 'William and Mary College Virginia 1721. The case of the College and Mr. Blair with a copy of the Charter of Foundation'.
ff. 19-24. 'An abstract of the case of the College of William and Mary in Virginia'. Endorsement by Secker: 'The case of the College in Virginia and Mr. Blair, President of it. After 1718, I suppose in 1721'.
ff. 25-53. An account of the affairs of the College of William and Mary, addressed to Secker by John Camm (1718-1778), the dismissed Professor of Divinity in the College and later its President. The account relates to the dismissal of Camm and all the teaching staff of the College in 1757. n.d. [1758 or later].
ff. 54-55. Notes by Secker on the affair, drawn chiefly from the account by John Camm.
ff. 56-57. 'Virginia. Between John Camm, clerk - - - - appellant and the rector, visitors, and governors of William and Mary College in Virginia - - - - respondents. The case of the appellant : To be heard before the Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council ... on Saturday the 12 day of March 1763 at half an hour after eleven o'clock'. Printed [London, 1763].
ff. 58-59. 'Virginia. John Camm, clerk, late professor of divinity in the College of William and Mary, in the colony of Virginia, - - - appellant. The visitors and governors of the said College of William and Mary, - - respondents. The respondents case: To be heard before the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners for hearing Appeals from the Plantations ... on -- the -- day -- of -- 1763'. Printed [London, 1763].
ff. 60-61. 'Virginia. Between Richard Graham, clerk - - - - appellant and the rector, visitors, and governors of the College of William and Mary in Virginia, - - - - respondents. The case of the appellant'. Printed. [London, 1763].
ff. 62-63. 'Virginia. Richard Graham, clerk, late professor of divinity and natural philosophy, in the College of William and Mary, in the colony of Virginia, - - - appellant. The visitors and governors of the said College of William and Mary, - - respondents. The respondents case : to be heard before the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners for hearing Appeals from the Plantations ... on -- the -- day of -- 1763'. Printed [London, 1763].
ff. 64-65. Note by Secker on proceedings of the King in Council in determining the case of the dismissed professors.12 March 1763.


ff. 66-101. Papers relating to financial provision for the clergy in Virginia and the 'Parsons' Cause'. 1759-65.
On the 'Parsons' Cause', see Robert G. Ingram, 'Religion, Reform and Modernity in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Secker and the Church of England' (Boydell Press, 2007), pp. 218-220. [Lambeth Palace Library H5198.SI6].
ff. 66-67. Extract from an Act of the Assembly of Virginia for the support of the clergy by parish levies. 1748. A copy.
ff. 68-69. Representation from the clergy of the Church of England in Virginia to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations concerning the ill consequences for their salaries of Acts of the Assembly of Virginia [the 'Two-Penny Acts']. Signed by John Camm, agent sent by the clergy in Virginia to London to plead their cause. 1759.
ff. 70-71. Letter from Thomas Sherlock, Bishop of London, to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations on the Acts of the Assembly of Virginia complained of by the clergy there. 14 June 1759. A copy.
ff. 72-73. Report to the King from the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations recommending that the Acts of the Assembly of Virginia complained of by the clergy there should be disallowed by the King. 4 July 1759. A copy.
f. 74. Letter from Secker to Thomas Sherlock, Bishop of London, concerning the same. 27 July 1759. A copy.
ff. 75-78. Notes in Secker's hand, on discussions in the Privy Council on the same. 3 August 1759.
ff. 79-94. Letter to Secker from John Camm (1718-1778), giving an account of subsequent transactions in Virginia concerning the same. College of William and Mary, 29 Aug. 1764.
ff. 95-97. 'Virginia. Between John Camm, clerk - - - - appellant. And Charles Hansford, jun. and William Moss, - - respondents. The appellant's case : To be heard before the Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council ... on the -- day of -- 1765'. Printed [London, 1765].
ff. 98-101. 'Virginia. Between John Camm clerk, plaintiff and appellant, against Charles Hansford, junior, and William Moss, late collectors of York Hampton parish levy, defendants and respondents. The respondents [sic] case : To be heard before the Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of his Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council ... on -- the -- day of -- 1765'. Printed [London, 1765].

ff. 102-107. Letter to George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, Lord Commissioner of Trade and Plantations, from 'Philanglus Americanus', enclosing a paper addressed to the London Magazine and initially intended for publication, making suggestions on the governance and constitution of the American colonies and on the status and governance of the Church of England in America. America, 25 May 1760. The enclosed paper is present in two copies, the first dated 25 May 1760, the second 20 June 1760.
'Philanglus Americanus' is identified as Samuel Johnson (1696-1772), President of King's College, New York, in Randolph Greenfield Adams, 'Political ideas of the American Revolution' (Durham, North Carolina, 1922), pp. 46-7.
LanguageEnglish and Latin
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2014
PhysicalDescriptionGuard book, 485 x 367 mm., bound in blue cloth.
Paper leaves, various sizes.
CustodialHistoryFormerly amongst the Fulham papers (FP 550). The Fulham papers, records of the Bishops of London, were transferred to Lambeth Palace Library between the 1950s and the 1970s.
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 776.

Available from World Microfilms Publications:
Lambeth Palace Library: Miscellaneous American Material. Reel 5 (with MSS. 2444, 2576 & 2589).
Copies of the microfilm may be available in other libraries.

Copies are available from the British Library Microform Research Collections:
https://www.bl.uk/services/document/microrescoll/rescoll.html#127
PublnNoteUsed in Robert G.Ingram, 'Religion, Reform and Modernity in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Secker and the Church of England', Studies in Modern British Religious History, 17 (The Boydell Press, 2007) [Lambeth Palace Library H5198.SI6]

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
225William and Mary College, Virginia; 1693-1693-
25Secker; Thomas (1693-1768); Archbishop of Canterbury1693-1768
29Wake; William (1657-1737); Archbishop of Canterbury1657-1737
GB/109/16379Blair; James (c 1656-1743); founder and first president of William and Mary College, Virginiac 1656-1743
74Sherlock; Thomas (1678-1761); Bishop of London1678-1761
DS/UK/3798Johnson; Samuel (1691-1772); President of King's College (New York)1691-1772
GB/109/22416Camm; John (1718-1778); President of the College of William and Mary, Virginia1718-1778
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CodeSet
NA3060/Virginia/United States of America
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