RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 860
Extentvi, 182 pp.
TitleJACQUES BENIGNE BOSSUET
Date1671-1686
DescriptionAn incomplete printed copy of the 'Exposition de la doctrine de L'Eglise Catholique' (Paris, 1671) by Jacques Benigne Bossuet, Bishop of Meaux.
This is a copy of the first printing of the 'Exposition', which is said to have been suppressed at the instigation of the doctors of the Sorbonne on the grounds that it misrepresented Catholic faith in an attempt to conciliate Protestant opinion. A corrected version (known as the first edition) was published towards the end of 1671.

The text missing from this incomplete printed copy is supplied in manuscript from another copy. Peter Allix (1641-1717), then Pastor of the Huguenot church at Charenton, near Paris, who owned this book, borrowed another copy of the 'suppressed' version from Marshal Turenne (who is said to have been converted to Roman Catholicism partly under Bossuet's influence); Turenne's copy is presumably the source of the supplied text. Allix provided the following testimony that the text in MS. 860 corresponded exactly to the 'suppressed' version in Turenne's copy:
'Ego subsignatus hunc libellum, qui primae editionis suppressae operis a D. Episcopo Meldensis publicati exemplar continet, cum exemplari quod e Musaeo Illustr. Mareschalli Turrenii ad me delatum est ita contulisse me testor ut referat omnino illam editionem suppressam tum quoad paginas tum quoad verba. Ita scripsi Londini 19 Martii 1686. Petrus Allix' (p. i). This is followed by an inscription by William Wake, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury: 'This attestation of the fidelitie of this copie Monsr. Allix at my entreaty wrote the day & place therein mentioned. Will. Wake'. The volume was given to Wake by Allix.

William Wake seized upon MS. 860 as the basis for an attack upon Bossuet in 'An exposition of the doctrine of the Church of England' (London, 1687), which includes a collection of passages corrected after the 'suppression' of the first printing of Bossuet's work. Bossuet afterwards denied that the first printing was suppressed. He argued that the first printing was merely of a few copies sent to colleagues for consultation. (Bossuet, 'Oeuvres' 4 vols (Paris, 1841), vol 1, pp. 739-740). The controversy remained heated at the time of the Oxford Movement, and is discussed in the 'Tracts for the Times' (Tract 71).

MS. 860 has marginal notes throughout in the hand of Peter Allix quoting text added after the 'suppressed' version; text omitted after the 'suppressed' version is marked by him in parentheses.

p. i. Inscriptions by Peter Allix and William Wake (see above).
p. iii. Title page (supplied in manuscript in Allix's hand).
pp. iv-v. Approvals by the Archbishop of Rheims and others; dates of privilege (9 Aug. 1671) and of printing (1 Dec. 1671), all suppied in Allix's hand.
pp. 1-72. Printed text.
pp. 73-96. Text supplied in manuscript.
pp. 97-144. Printed text.
pp. 145-174. Text supplied in manuscript.
pp. 175-176. Table of contents, supplied in manuscript.
pp. 177-182. blank.
LanguageFrench, Latin, English
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2012
PhysicalDescriptionQuarter leather binding with marbled paper boards. 158 x 97 mm.
Paper leaves
CustodialHistoryOwned by Peter Allix (1641-1717, Huguenot Pastor at Charenton and afterwards in London. Given by him to William Wake, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury. Inscription on front pastedown: 'Liber Gulielmi Wake ex dono Reverendi Domini Petri Allix ecclesiae Carentonensis Ministri'.
Recorded amongst the manuscripts of Archbishop Thomas Tenison in David Wilkins' catalogue of the Lambeth manuscripts dated 1720 (LR/F/40).

Show related Persons records.

Related name records
CodeNameDates
29Wake; William (1657-1737); Archbishop of Canterbury1657-1737
264Bossuet; Jacques BĂ©nigne (1627-1704); Bishop of Meaux1627-1704
GB/109/18174Allix; Peter (1641-1717); Church of England clergyman and religious writer1641-1717
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