RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 572
TitleARABIC MANUSCRIPT
DescriptionInstitutiones prolixae ad solvendas difficultates El Kafie, h.e. [? = hoc est] Opus Grammaticum Doctoris Ebn El-Hagib
This description is found in H. J. Todd's printed catalogue of 1812, and is taken from the earlier manuscript catalogue of 1720 by David Wilkins (LR/F/40, f. 44v), which includes text in Arabic script.
LanguageArabic
FindingAidsCatalogue description based on H.J Todd 'A catalogue of the archiepiscopal manuscripts in the library at Lambeth Palace' (1812). Information on provenance added by Richard Palmer, 2011
PhysicalDescriptionOriental leather binding, decorated, 205 x 130 mm.
Paper leaves.
CustodialHistoryOwnership inscription of 'W. Cant' [William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury 1678-91], with further inscriptions indicating that it was given to him by John St. John in 1680: 'Ex libris Joannis de S.to Joanne Angli'; 'John St. John Bac. Licentiate and Doctor of the Lawes in Faculty'; 'Ex dono et obsequio Joannis de S.to Joanne 1680'.

John St. John (c.1655-1705) presented Arabic manuscripts to William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 1679 (MSS. 573, 574, 576, 576b) and in 1680 (MSS. 572, 575). Another Arabic manuscript owned by John St. John in 1680 (Bodleian Library, Oriental MS. 103) was probably also a gift to Sancroft since it was alongside Sancroft's papers in the Tanner manuscripts (formerly Tanner MS. 384). A further manuscript appears to have been given to Sancroft by St. John in 1681 (see the letter of presentation, Tanner MS. 36, p. 175). For St. John's letters offering Arabic manuscripts to Sancroft 12 July 1679, and presenting oriental books 2 October 1680, see Tanner MSS. 38, p. 54 and 37, p. 183.
These gifts were made in association with St. John's efforts to make a career in Doctors' Commons. He was refused admission in January 1679 since he had no acceptable degree (Tanner MS. 39, p. 169). Sancroft awarded him a Lambeth Doctorate of Civil Law and ordered his admittance as an advocate in January 1681 (Faculty Office, F II/21/84a-b; Vicar General VB 1/4, f. 135r; the documentation claims that he already had a Doctorate of Law from Leiden). However the judges and advocates of the Court of Arches refused to accept his Lambeth degree or to practise with him; after a few years he was forced to abandon the profession. See G.B. Squibb, 'Doctors' Commons' (Oxford, 1977), p. 41.
St. John took holy orders in 1698 and served as Rector of Yelden (also known as Yielden), Bedfordshire 1698-1705 (Vicar General VB 1/4, f. 571r, licence to take orders; St. John is described here as aged above 40 and formerly of Exeter College Oxford). He was presented to Yelden by Paulet St. John, 3rd Earl of Bolinbroke and 7th Baron St. John of Bletso (d. 1711). John St. John was probably a member of his family. He died aged 50 on 15 May 1705; see John Nichols, 'Literary anecdotes of the eighteenth century' 9 vols (London, 1812-15), vol. 1, p. 241.
RelatedMaterialsee Custodial history field
PublnNotePalmer, Richard, 'Sancroft Versus Sheldon: A Case of Books' in The Library (18:3), 2017 [Lambeth Palace Library Z1008.[B5]]

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
32Sancroft; William (1617-1693); Archbishop of Canterbury1617-1693
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