RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 4776
Extentff. i + 46 + i
TitleSermons for the common of saints attributed to Cardinal Robert Pullen
DateLate 12th century
Description26 sermons for the common of saints, based on the texts of the Gospels read at the appropriate masses of apostles, martyrs, confessors, doctors and virgins. The sermons are numbers 20-45 in Schneyer (see Publication Note), and are also listed (from another source, see Related Material) in F. Courtney, "Cardinal Robert Pullen, an English Theologian of the Twelfth Century", 'Analecta Gregoriana', vol. 64, 1954, 41-4. They appear in the present manuscript as follows:

1) f. 1 (De apostolis, John 15:12): Hoc est preceptum meum ut diligatis invicem sicut dilexi vos - Tria sunt diligenda Deus proximus et nos ipsi ... et glorificaverunt patrem, qui in celis est benedictus in secula seculorum.
2) f. 2 (De apostolis, John 15:17): Hec mando vobis ut diligatis invicem - Verba domini sunt in quibus nos admonet hec duo ut alterutrum amemus ... redigetque eos in potestatem nostram qui est benedictus in secula seculorum.
3) f. 3v (De apostolis et martiribus, John 15:1): Ego sum vitis vera - In scriptura sacra per vitem aliquando significatur Christus aliquando anima a deo degenerans ... nisi manserit in vite que est christus ihesus benedictus in secula seculorum.
4) f. 6 (De apostolis et martiribus, John 15:1): Ego sum vitis vera - Abhominatur deus omnes qui confidunt in virtute sua ... ut fructum afferamus et totum ad eum referamus cui est et potestas in secula seculorum.
5) f. 7v (De apostolis, Luke 22:24): Facta est contentio inter discipulos - Quia propter nos hec scripta sunt videamus ne maiori ex parte de nobis hec quam de illis dicta videantur ... et dedit nobis victoriam per dominum nostrum ihesum christum Qui vivit.
6) f. 9v (De apostolis, Matthew 10:5): Misit dominus Ihesus duodecim discipulos suos - Quomodo hic prohibet dominus ne discipuli in viam gentium abeant ... nos suis precibus pervenire adiuvet ipso prestante qui vivit et regnat.
7) f. 12 (De martiribus, Matthew 16:24): Si quis vult post me venire - Sequentium dominum due mihi species esse videntur ... ut mereamur reverti ad terram sortis sanctorum ipso prestante qui vivit et regnat.
8) f. 14 (De martiribus, Matthew 10:26): Nichil opertum quod non revelabitur - Legimus quod raab meretrix abscondit exploratores iericho in solario ... tunc laus erit unicuique a deo cui est honor et imperium in secula seculorum amen.
9) f. 16 (De martiribus, Matthew 10:34): Nolite arbitrari quod venirem pacem mittere - Ex apostolica doctrina habemus quod ... dedit nobis victoriam per dominum nostrum ihesum christum cui est honor et gloria in secula amen.
10) f. 17 (De martiribus, Matthew 16:24): Si quis vult post me venire - Tria proposuit valde necessaria in quibus totius sanctitatis et perfectionis summa consistit ... cum saule quod a nobis ipse avertat qui vivit et regnat per omnia secula.
11) f. 19v (De martiribus, Luke 21:9): Cum audieritis prelia - Cum ut perhibet scriptura milicia sit vita hominis super terram ... in quo vincemus et nos ipsi honor et imperium in secula seculorum amen.
12) f. 21v (De martiribus, Luke 21:14): Ponite in cordibus vestris non premeditari - Huius sententie sic moderanda est intelligentia ... Ergo operaris gratia dei non viribus tuis ipsi gloria et imperium in secula seculorum.
13) f. 23v (De martiribus, Matthew 23:29): Ve vobis qui edificatis monumenta prophetarum - Infructuosa est sine veritate species sanctitatis ... qui nos perducet ad eorum consortium in secula seculorum.
14) f. 26 (De martiribus, Matthew 10:23): Cum persequentur vos in civitate ista fugite in aliam - Quid est fratres quod dominus hic fugere moneat ... peccatum et accedit ad deum ipsi honor et imperium per omnia secula seculorum.
15) f. 27v (De martiribus, Luke 12:1): Attendite a fermento phariseorum - Fermentum ut ait apostolus etiam modicum totam massam corrumpit ... in quo felicem quietem concedat nobis dominus ihesus christus qui vivit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum.
16) f. 28v (De confessoribus, Luke 12:35): Sint lumbi vestri precincti - Lumbos ut ait beatus gregorius precingimus ... ad salutem nobis adimplere concedat ihesus christus qui vivit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum.
17) f. 29v (De confessoribus, Matthew 24:42): Vigilate quia nescitis qua hora - Si bonum est vigilare in hoc seculo ... nescitis quando dominus vester venturus sit Ipsi honor et gloria in secula.
18) f. 31v (De confessoribus, Luke 12:40): Estote parati qui qua hora non putatis - Solent celebres et sublimis potentie viri ... nos iudicabunt in die iudicii Quod avertat ipse filius hominis qui vivit et regnat per omnia.
19) f. 32v (De confessoribus, Luke 11:33): Nemo lucernam accendit - Solet in scripturis lucerne nomine mentis intentio designari ... non sibi vivat sed ei pro quo christus mortuus est Ipsi honor et gloria in secula seculorum amen.
20) f. 34 (De confessoribus, Luke 19:13): Negotiamini dum venio - Regnum celorum fratres mei quantam in divina pagina legimus ... et reddam tibi centuplum in presenti et vitam eternam in futuro seculo amen.
21) f. 36 (De confessoribus, Matthew 25:14): Homo quidam peregre proficiscens - Omnes peregre profecti sumus ... eodem tramite perducat ihesus christus qui vivit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum.
22) f. 37v (De confessoribus, Matthew 26:41): Videte vigilate et orate - Hec tria omni homini ad salutem necessaria sunt ... sanctus iste sic vidit sic vigilavit sic oravit prestante domino nostro ihesu christo Qui vivit.
23) f. 39v (De doctoribus, Matthew 5:13): Vos estis sal terre - Experto didicimus sal condimentum esse ciborum ... ut et delectetur bonis et bene utatur malis Ipsi honor et imperium per omnia secula.
24) f. 41 (De virginibus, Matthew 25:1): Simile est regnum celorum decem virginibus - Certum est in divina pagina aliquantulum eruditis ... quarum periculo nos eximat ihesus christus qui vivit et regnat per [omnia...]
25) f. 42v (De virginibus, cf. Matthew 25): Prudentes virgines aptate lampades vestras - Omnes anime que suo creatori in mentis puritate ... sed etiam coram hominibus Ipso prestante qui vivit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum.
26) f. 44 (De virginibus, Matthew 13:45): Simile est regnum celorum homini negotiatori - Omnes debemus esse dei negotiatores ... prudenter facere nos doceat ihesus christus dominus noster qui vivit et regnat per omnia secula seculorum amen.

One further sermon opening: 'Egredimini filie ierusalem ...' (Song of Songs 3:11, Schneyer no. 11) has been added at f. 45v, ending incomplete with: 'In tercia visione erit admirabilis ...' (f. 46v). A blank space has been left for a title above this final sermon, which is otherwise known as 'Exortatio de egressione huius seculi' and has been attributed to both Robert Pullen and St. Bernard of Clairvaux (printed in Leclercq and Rochais, see Publication Note).

The attribution of the first 26 sermons has been a matter of debate. Courtney argued for Pullen's authorship of the same set of sermons in Bibliothèque nationale de France ms lat. 2945 (see Related Material) on the grounds that: 1) the manuscript bears an explicit attribution to Pullen (The Paris MS is inscribed by a contemporary hand 'Magister Robertus Pulo', while the present MS has, also by a contemporary hand, 'Magister Robertus p...' - the following 'u' trimmed in half, and a 'l' on the line below); 2) Pullen may have belonged to the Order of Canons Regular, which could explain why the author/speaker makes explicit reference to himself as a monk, and frames his discourse in monastic terms; 3) the final sermon ('Exortatio', Schneyer no. 11) appears in sermon collections attributed securely to Pullen (see Related Material); 4) there are noticeable similarities of content and style between the present sermons and undisputed writings by Pullen. Hauréau had earlier rejected Pullen's authorship due to the lack of evidence that he was ever a religious - a point more recently argued by Smalley, who noted Pullen's prevailing tendency to write as a self-consciously secular master. Smalley also found Courtney's identification of thematic and stylistic resemblances unconvincing, and dismissed the presence of the final sermon as an unrelated addition responsible for the mistaken attribution.
PhysicalDescriptionVellum, 181 x 125 mm. (written space 153 x 91 mm.), 26 lines to a page. 1 paper + 46 leaves + 1 paper, collation: 1-5(8), 6(6). Written in a proto-gothic bookhand, black ink, ruled in grey, prickings for horizontal lines on many leaves. Headings in red or green. Initials: 2-line in blue, red, or green, sometimes ornamented, the red and green occasionally ornamented in the other colour; initial on f. 1 is 3-line in red with ornament. Some text capitals embellished with red or green.
Second folio begins: ap[osto]l[u]m.
Ends incomplete (lacking final ?2 folios); staining to ff. 45-46.
Binding of 17th-century vellum, worn.
CustodialHistoryProduced in France, possibly for a Cistercian library. Rebound in the 17th century in the manner of French collectors associated with the Parlement de Paris (many of whose manuscripts originated from monastic libraries). A 'Liber I de communi sanctorum' attributed to Robertus Pulleinus is recorded in MS 1434 of the famous library of Alexandre Pétau (d. 1672), but seemingly passed into the possession of Queen Christina of Sweden (see: Casimir Oudinus, 'Commentarius de scriptoribus ecclesiae antiquis', II, 1722, col. 1120) and thence to the Vatican Library (B. Hauréau, 'Notices et extraits', 33, Paris, 1903, 406-410). Pétau had inherited many books from his father, Paul (1568-1613). Another possibility is the 'Roberti Pulli Cardinalis Sermones de communi sanctorum' in the Dupuy Library founded by Claude (1546-1594) and expanded by his sons Pierre (d. 1645) and Jacques (d. 1656) (see: Philippus Abbeus, 'Nova bibliotheca manuscriptorum librorum', 1653, 28). This title was not among the Dupuy books that passed to the Bibliothèque du Roi (later the Bibliothèque nationale de France), and so could be the present manuscript. The note recording the number of sermons and the incomplete end on the back paper leaf, as well as the title in ink on the upper cover, are typical of Dupuy volumes (see: J. Delatour, 'Une bibliothèque humaniste au temps des Guerres de Religion, les livres de Claude Dupuy', 1998).

Belonged to Abbé Nicolas-Antoine Labbey de Billy (1735-1825), as is evidenced by the armorial book stamp of the Bibliotheca Billiana on the verso of the first paper leaf. The Latin quotation about Pullen from John of Hexham's continuation of Symeon of Durham on the recto may be in his hand. The Abbé de Billy began amassing his library as an exile in Italy during the Revolution and continued his collecting after his return to Besançon. He had promised his books to the university, but finally left them to be divided among his heirs.

The inner side of the cover bears the bookplate of Daniel Rock (1799-1871), canon of the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Southwark from 1852 (supplicant portrait before the Virgin and Child with 'Jesu mercy Lady help' in a banderole and the motto: 'Glady would I learn and gladly teach'). He wrote pencil notations on the verso of the final paper leaf, as well as a note dated 1859 on f. 41v. The manuscript appears to have become part of the Tierney collection acquired c. 1900 for the Southwark Catholic Diocesan Archives, where it remained until 2008. The inner cover contains the number '239' (ink), while '161' and the price-mark '1.11.6' (pencil) are found on the recto of the first paper leaf.
AcquisitionAcquired at auction from Christie's (4 June 2008, lot 38) with the aid of the Friends and Trustees of Lambeth Palace Library, the Friends of the National Libraries, and the MLA/V&A Purchase Grant Fund.
CopiesA digital copy is available via the online image management system:
http://images.lambethpalacelibrary.org.uk/luna/servlet/s/u09jk3
RelatedMaterialThe same set of sermons in identical order (including the 'Exortatio' as number 27) is found in: Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France ms lat. 2945, ff. 46v-95v, a late 12th- or early 13th-century copy from the Cistercian Abbey of Foucarmont (the source used by Courtney, see Publication Note). The only other known copy is a 13th-century compilation (without the 'Exortatio') from the Chapter Library at Reims, now Reims Bibliothèque municipale ms 486.
The final sermon in the present manuscript (the 'Exortatio') is found in Lambeth Palace Library MS 458, Hereford Cathedral Library MS O.2.viii, Eton College MS 38, and Queen's College, Oxford, MS 348. Further related manuscripts are given in Schneyer (see Publication Note).
PublnNoteAbbeus, Philippus, 'Nova bibliotheca manuscriptorum librorum', 1653, 28.
'Catalogue of mss, incunabula, other early printed books, and rare books in the possession of the Bishop of Southwark', 1921 (unpublished manuscript catalogue at the Southwark Catholic Diocesan Archives).
Courtney, F., "Cardinal Robert Pullen, an English Theologian of the Twelfth Century", 'Analecta Gregoriana', vol. 64, 1954.
Delatour, J., 'Une bibliothèque humaniste au temps des Guerres de Religion, les livres de Claude Dupuy', 1998.
Hauréau, B., 'Notices et extraits', 33, Paris, 1903, 406-410.
Ker, N. R., 'Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries', vol. 1: London, 1969, 331.
Leclercq, J. and H. Rochais eds., 'Sancti Bernardi opera', vol. 6, 2, 1972, 201-3.
Luscombe, D., 'Pullen, Robert (d. in or after 1146)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Meyier, K. de, 'Paul en Alexandre Petau en de Geschiedenis van hun Handschriften', 1947.
Oudinus, Casimir, 'Commentarius de scriptoribus ecclesiae antiquis', II, 1722, col. 1120.
Pelster, F. "Einige Angaben über Leben und Schriften des Robertus Pullus...", 'Scholastik', 12, 1937, 239-47.
Schneyer, J. B., 'Repertorium der lateinischen Sermones des Mittelalters', vol. 5, 1973, 219-23, nos. 11, 20-45.
Smalley, B., 'The Becket conflict and the schools', 1973, 242-6.
'Valuable Manuscripts and Printed Books', Christie's sale catalogue, 4 June 2008, 42-3.

See also annual reports of the Friends of Lambeth Palace Library and the Friends of the National Libraries.

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
GB/109/18873Pullen; Robert (-c.1146); theologian and cardinal-c.1146
GB/109/18489Bernard of Clairvaux (c.1090-1153); Saint; Cistercian monk and Abbot of Clairvauxc.1090-1153
GB/109/19890Billy; Nicolas-Antoine Labbey de (1735-1825)1735-1825
GB/109/19891Rock; Daniel (1799-1871); Roman catholic priest and ecclesiologist1799-1871
Related place records
CodeSet
PL164/France
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