RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoMS 445
Extentvii, 687pp.
Datelate 16th century-early 17th century
DescriptionA miscellany of separate works bound together by Archbishop William Sancroft.

p. vi. Table of contents, in the hand of Archbishop Sancroft.

pp. vii, 1-312. ' A discourse of the abuses in the Church of Christ now in question, of theire creapinge in growinge up and florishinge in the Babilonish Church of Rome; and how theie are spoken against not onlie by the scriptures but alsoe by the antient fathers as longe as there remayned anie face of a true churche maintayned by publique authoritie, and likewise by the lighte of the gospell and blessed martirs of late in the middest of the Antichristian darkenes'.
Ends, pp. 307-309, with a prayer for James I.
The anonymous Puritan author was Thomas Whetenhall (born c.1528), of East Peckham, Kent. The work was published in 1606 and represssed as seditious by Archbishop Richard Bancroft. The manuscript is probably Whetenall's own, one of several items seized in a raid on his house organised by Bancroft in January 1607 (see Stuart B. Babbage, 'Puritanism and Richard Bancroft', p. 145).
A copy of the printed work, formerly shelved at Cambridge with these Whetenhall manuscripts in bundle 4, is now shelved at 1588.11.02.
For further Whetenall papers, see MS. 445, pp. 313-390, and MS. 113, ff. 235-240.
Shelfmark at Cambridge: bundle 4, no. 8 (Tanner MS. 274, f. 29r)

pp. 313-390. A treatise against burial in churches and other abuses, by Thomas Whetenhall (born c.1528), of East Peckham, Kent.
p. 314 . Laid down here is a decorated page in the form of a memorial: 'Thomas Whetnall ... anno aetatis suae 74, 1602', with coat of arms and an inscription, 'This stone like unto a tombe stone have I caused to be laid as a monument in myne owne howse to signifie unto my posteritie that my desire is to be buried ... in the usuall place of buryinge as in the church yarde ...'
pp. 315-388. Text. Begins without any title, 'Because I understand that some doe mislike the laying of this stone and epigraph engraven thereon ...'
At p. 362 Whetenhall instances his own experience 'in this parish of East Peckham' with regard to his ancestors' burials in the Whetenhall chapel and a related ceremony or 'popish pagant'.
pp. 313, 389-390. blank.
This is the author's manuscript, mainly autograph, with corrections.
Probably seized in the raid on Whetenhall's house in January 1607 organised by Archbishop Bancroft (see above).
For further Whetenall papers, see MS. 445, pp. vii, 1-312, and MS. 113, ff. 235-240.
Shelfmark at Cambridge: part of bundle 4, no. 14 (Tanner MS. 274, f. 29r).

pp. 391-423. 'Certayn profitable meditations , to be depely considered of in thes dangerous dayes, before we presume to call upon the Lord for any further mearcie'. Late 16th century [?1588].
Repeated reference is made to the imminent threat of a Spanish invasion.
p. 391. '1. the firste meditation, of the mearcies of God '. The author includes, amongst God's mercies, the continuation of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
pp. 399-402. 'A most necessarie prayer in thes dangerous dayes'. Puritan apects of this long prayer include a lament that 'Rabshakeh rayle still agaynst us callinge us hereticke puritans and scismatike' (p.402), and prayer for 'the goode successe of a preachinge ministerie' (p.413).
p. 422. The initials of the author, 'H [?] A.'. The author is accepted as 'H. A.' in Sancroft's table of contents.
Shelfmark at Cambridge: bundle 1, no. 39 (Tanner MS. 268, f. 163v)

pp. 424-435. 'Notes of Mr Yelverton's Report'
A report by Henry Yelverton, afterward Sir Henry Yelverton (1566-1630) on a conference between the House of Commons and the House of Lords on the deprivation or suspension of Puritan ministers, held in April 1606. Yelverton reports his clash with Archbishop Richard Bancroft concerning the number of ejected ministers.
On this report, see RG Usher, 'The deprivation of puritan ministers in 1605', English Historical Review, vol 24, 1909, pp. 232-246; and Stuart B. Babbage, 'Puritanism and Richard Bancroft' (London, 1962), pp. 147-148, 246-250 (where, however, Yelverton is incorrectly identified as Sir Christopher Yelverton).
Shelfmark at Cambridge: bundle 4, no. 13 (Tanner MS 274, f. 29r)

pp. 436-451and 506-507. (original pagination 101-116 and 117-118; pp. 506-507 bound in the wrong place in Sancroft's rebinding).
'A discoverie of the oath enforced uppon her Ma.ts loving loving subiects by the High Comissioners in causes ecclesiasticall'.
A treatise opposing the 'ex officio' oath , used by the Court of High Commission, which could lead Puritans into self-incrimination.
Late 16th century.
Shelfmark at Cambridge: part of bundle 4, no. 11 (Tanner MS. 274, f. 29r).

pp. 452-505 and 508-509. (original pagination 149-202, plus one unnumbered blank leaf, now numbered as pp. 508-509).
'A brief treatise of oathes exacted by Ordinaries and Ecclesiasticall Judges to answere generallie to all such Articles or Interrogatories as pleaseth them to propound'.
A treatise opposing the 'ex officio' oath, used by the Court of High Commission, which could lead Puritans into self-incrimination.
The author is James Morice (1539-1597). An edition was published clandestinely (Middelburg: Richard Schilders, 1590?).
Late 16th century.
Shelf mark at Cambridge : part of bundle 4 , no. 11 (Tanner MS. 274, f. 29r).
On this text, with notes of other manuscript copies, see Stuart B. Babbage, 'Puritanism and Richard Bancroft' (London, 1962), pp. 263-264.
For a related work by Morice, see MS 234.

pp. 510-511. A contemporary copy of the anonymous letter received by William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle (1575-1622) in October 1605, which led to the detection of the Gunpowder Plot.
Laid down on a sheet of waste paper with notes on the French language.
The original (National Archives, S.P. 14/216/2) is published in Antonia Fraser, 'The Gunpowder Plot', 1997, p. 150, with illustration opposite p. 157.

pp. 512-681. A treatise in favour of separatism (pp. 512-526), opposing infant baptism (pp. 526-582), and concerning the continuation of the apostolic ministry (pp. 584-680). An author's draft, with numerous corrections.
Early 17th century.
In the first two sections (pp. 512-582) the anonymous author's views are countered by arguments by 'Mr Johnson', probably Francis Johnson (1562-1618); the author's counter-arguments then follow. In the third section (pp. 584-680) Johnson's arguments ('reasons') are first set out, followed by the author's counter-arguments.
pp. 512-518. Questions, scriptural texts, and arguments 'to prove ... separation commanded of Godd'
pp. 518-519. 'Now ffolloweth Mr Johnsons answer...'
pp. 519-526 (p. 525 blank). 'A reply unto this answere'
pp. 526-528. Scriptural texts and arguments 'to prove that wee must bee trwlie baptized and that the popishe or anie other false baptisme is unsufficient and unlawefull'
pp. 528-530. 'Nowe followeth the answere unto the former scriptures and arguments' [by Johnson]
pp. 530-532. 'A replie unto this your answere'
pp. 533-535. 'Scriptures and reasons ... to prove that infants ought not to be baptized as they were circumcised in the tyme of the law'
pp. 536-537. 'Mr Johnsons answere concerninge the baptisme of infantes'
pp. 538-542. 'Reply unto this your answere', concluding with 'obiection 2'
p. 543. 'Answere' [by Johnson]
pp. 544-546. 'Replie', concluding with 'obiection 3'
pp. 546-550. 'Answere' [by Johnson]
pp. 550-557. 'A replie unto this your answereof the 3de obiection', concluding with 'obiection 4, wee are commanded to baptize when men beleeve and not beefore'. The author refers to 'the writinge I lefte with Mr Smithe' (p. 550), possibly referring to John Smyth (c.1565-1612).
pp. 557-558. 'Answere.[by Johnson]
pp. 558-562. 'Replie unto this your answer of the 4th obiection', concluding with 'obiection 5'
pp.562-563. 'Answere' [by Johnson]
pp.563-567. 'Replie unto this your answere of the 5 obiection', concluding with 'obiection 6'
pp.567-568. 'Answere' [by Johnson]
pp.568-572. 'Replie unto this your answer of this 6th obiection', concluding with 'the 7th obiection ... the {scriptural} places prove not the baptisme of children'
pp. 572-575. 'Answere unto this 7th obiection' [by Johnson]
pp. 575-582. 'Reply unto this your answerof the seventh obiection'. At p. 581 the author refers to a letter which he sent to 'Mr Smith'
p. 582. 'ffinis'
p. 583. blank
pp. 584-681. 'That there are no mor apostles to be had and loked for in the Churche of God to the ende of the worlde beesides those which weare in the primitive Churche of whom wee reade in the scriptures' [by Johnson]
p. 584. 'Answere. That the office and ministrie of the Apostles is perpetwall ordinarye and to bee loked for in the Churche of God ...'
p. 585. 'Answere. Concludes with 'Reason 1' [by Johnson]
pp. 586-589. 'Answer unto this 1 reson'
pp. 589-592. 'Reason the seconde'. [by Johnson]
pp. 592-596. 'An answer unto this your seconde reason'
p. 596. 'Reason the 3de' [by Johnson]
pp.597-599. 'An answer unto this 3de reason'
pp. 599-600. 'Reason 4th' [by Johnson]
pp. 600-603. 'Answer unto the 4th reson'
p. 604. 'Reason the 5' [by Johnson]
pp. 604-606. 'An answer unto the 5 reson'
p. 606. 'Reason the 6' [by Johnson]
pp. 607-608. 'An answer unto this 6 reason'
p. 608. 'Reson the 7th' [by Johnson]
pp. 609-611. 'An answer unto the 7 reason'
pp. 612-613. 'Reson 8th' [by Johnson]
pp .613-616. 'An answer'
p. 616. 'Reason the 9th [by Johnson]
pp. 616-620a. 'An answer unto this 9 reason'
p. 620a. 'Reason the 10th' [by Johnson]
pp. 620b-621. 'An answer unto this 10th reason'
p. 622. 'Reason the 11' [by Johnson]
pp. 623-624. 'an answere unto the 11 reason'
pp. 624-625. 'Reason the 12' [by Johnson]
pp. 625-626. 'An answer unto this 12 reason'
pp. 627-628. 'Reason 13' [by Johnson], introducing 6 supplementary reasons
pp. 628-634. 'An answer unto the 13 reason', concluding with an objection.
pp. 635-645. 'Answer unto this obiection' [by Johnson]
pp. 645-658. 'Nowe followeth my replie unto this youre answeringe of our obiection'
pp. 658-661 'Replie unto your [ie. Johnson's] second reason'
pp. 661-676. 'Replie unto your [ie. Johnson's] 3de reason conteyninge 7'
pp. 676-680. Author's conclusion, condemning Johnson's support for the baptism of infants, his acceptance of Roman Catholic baptism as sufficient, his view that unbelievers should be permitted to attend public prayers and prophesyings, and his rejection of a continuing apostolate.
p. 681. blank.
Former shelfmark (p. 512) 'V.17' (also recorded as 'V.17' in MS. 1047, f. 7r, 'of Brownisme'). Shelfmark at Cambridge: bundle 4, no. 4 (Tanner MS. 274, f. 28v, 'a treatise of Brownisme'). Described by Sancroft ( as 'Mr Johnson's Answer to the Brownists scriptures and reasons for separation'.

pp. 682-687. blank fly leaves.
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2010.
PhysicalDescriptionBinding of light calf for Archbishop William Sancroft
227 x 170 mm.
CustodialHistorysee description field

Show related Persons records.

Related name records
GB/109/10678Court of High Commission; c.1535-1641c.1535-1641
GB/109/18070Browne; Robert (c. 1550-1633); Religious separatistc. 1550-1633
37Bancroft; Richard (1544-1610); Archbishop of Canterbury1544-1610
GB/109/15511Morice; James (1539-1597); lawyer1539-1597
GB/109/17289Parker; William (c 1574-1622); 13th Baron Morley and 5th or 1st Baron Monteaglec 1574-1622
GB/109/22190Whetenhall; Thomas (c.1528-); Puritan, of East Peckhamc.1528-
GB/109/22191Yelverton; Sir; Henry (1566-1630); Judge1566-1630
GB/109/22192Johnson; Francis (1562-1618); Presbyterian separatist1562-1618
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