RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 331
Extentff. 157
TitleBRUT CHRONICLE. GOSPEL OF THOMAS. LIFE OF S. EDWARD.
DateLate 13th century-15th century
DescriptionThe manuscript is a compilation of two once seperate components, comprised of the Brut, and items 2 and 3.

Item 1: Brut Chronicle, ends imperfectly, (Brie, 437:11), fols 1-117v. Possibly 2nd quarter or mid-C15.
Begins on fol. 1, 'Here begynned [th]e prologe of Brute'. The text is Matheson version CV-1430 JP: B.

Item 2: Gospel of St. Thomas, Latin, fragmentary, only the ending of the text is preserved, fols 118r-v. Possibly late C13-early C14.

Item 3: Aelred of Rievaulx, Life of Edward the Confessor, Latin, lacks prologue, fols 118v-157v, ends imperfectly. Possibly late C13-early C14.
FindingAidsCatalogue description based on the work of the 'Imagining History Project', Queen's University, Belfast, 2002-2005.

See also: M. R. James, 'A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth Palace: The Mediaeval Manuscripts' (Cambridge, 1932);O.S. Pickering & V.M. O'Mara, 'The Index of Middle English Prose: handlist 13. Manuscripts in Lambeth Palace Library including those formerly in Sion College Library' (1999);Julia Boffey and A.S.G.Edwards, 'New index of Middle English verse' (The British Library, London, 2005).
Also noted on the Digital Index of Middle English Verse: http://www.dimev.net
Number 80 in Lister Matheson, 'The Prose "Brut": The Development of a Middle English Chronicle' (1998), pp. 147-8.
PhysicalDescriptionParchment, 265mm x 185mm approx. (195mm x 120mm approx.) ii(?) + 157 fols + ii(?), flyleaves are paper, (poss. C16-C17).

Layout: 1 column, 32-39 lines (fols 1-16: 32-34 lines, fols 16 ff.: 37-40 lines); frames and lines ruled in pen, prickings visible.

Border: fol. 1: feathering sprays with buds and trefoil ivy-leaf terminals frame the inner and upper margins; the sprays emanate from a 6-line, sigma-shaped 'S' on a squarish background frame.

Initials: Item 1 generally has 3-line capitals, with pen-work infilling and flourishes.

Rubrication: the manuscript is much darkened and rubrication is difficult to discern; chapter headings and numbers (roman) possibly in red or blue ink, no paraphs, other than with side notes at beginning of the transcription.

Number of scribes: 2: A: Item 1 (M.R. James is mistaken to say the item is completed by 2 hands), neatly penned anglicana with few signs of secretary influence, possibly 2nd quarter or mid-C15; B: Items 2-3, textura script, possibly late C13 or early C14.
CustodialHistoryM.R. James is of the opinion that items 2 and 3 of this manuscript are "a fragment from Peterborough" (p. 437).

Samples of graffiti:
Fol. 12r: C16 writing with 'HONB' in large capitals.
Fol. 40r: 'Remebar man what I did for the when tho wass(?)'.
Fol. 49r: 'Be yt knowene vnto alle [___?]', poss. C15.
Fol. 81r: 'He [th]t lykythe not this worde I wolde had dyn', C16.
Fol. 114v: This Indentor mayd the xvi daye of / of [sic] maye in yeare of Rayne of Suffrayne Layde Elizebeth'.

Names:
Fol. 36v: 'Edwarde Hymfforde' or 'Symfforde', C15.
Fol. 37v: 'John halle me', poss. 'challe' or 'thalle'.
Fol. 47r: 'Henry Deane', poss. C15.
Monogram design with 'J n' at each side.
Fol. 20v: 'John Bushal'(?)
Fol. 57r: 'Robert'.
Fol. 79v: 'Thomas'.
'Fol. 81r: 'Rychard draly' or 'draby'.
Fol. 89r: 'Ho so in me dothe locke John Aknell [or Akwell] his bocke if I lose & you maye finde', poss. C16.

Samples of non-scribal annotation:
Fol. 9r: A C16 reader makes an intertextual reference to John Bale's Acts of English Votaries (1546); 'Merlin [th]e great south sayer of wales was an holy...no father yet knowne to him, but a spirte of [th]e ayre. Bale in his votaryes.'
Fol. 79r: With an axe marker, 'Iusts proclaymyd by the mayre & alderman', (Brie: 309:11-16), C15, perhaps suggests London reception context, cf. annotation in Harley 753.
Fol. 86r: 'qwen Ann resseyvyd', the reception of Anne of Bohemia by the citizens of London, (Brie, 339:4 ff.), poss. C15.
'memendo', the crowning of Anne, (Brie, 339:11).
Fol. 86v: 'Erle off marche proclaymyd heyre apparant', (Brie, 341:12-15), poss. C15.
Fol. 90: 'qwene Isabell resceyvyd', Isabel's reception by the Londoners, (Brie, 350:25 ff.), poss. C15.
Fol. 94r: With an axe sigla, 'off byheddyng off lords att Cicestr', (Brie, 361:5-15). This annotator becomes particularly active during the reigns of Henry IV and Henry V, recording, for example:
Fol. 94v: 'ffreers hangyd'.
Fol. 96r: 'Bysshopp scrope & lord mowbry beheddyd'
Fol. 96v: 'Erle off northuborland slayne'.
erle of kent slayne'.
Fol. 98v: 'kyng Rychard removyd to westm~'.
Fol. 99v: 'the despitefull answer off [th]e frensh kyng'.
Axe sigla beside the execution of the conspirators against Henry V, (Brie, 376:4-6).
Fol. 102v: 'Carrykks Lost'.
Fol. 104v: '[th]e Iryshe company'.
Fol. 106r: 'miserie off the peple off Roan'.
Fol. 106v: 'Pitie off the kyng of england to the pore peple'.
Fol. 108v: With axe sigla, 'xii personages [th]t came to [th]e kyng'.
Fol. 109v: With an axe sigla, 'the tretors off bothe parties.
Fol. 112v: 'qwene Jane arestyd'.
'Creacon off erles off normandie'.
'Metyng of prynces'.
Fol. 117r: 'Erle of salsberie slayne'.
[th]e Battayle att enevile called [th]e battayll off [th]e kyngys'.
Fol. 106v: Nota bene hand beside Henry V feeding the starving Roueners, (Brie, 403:1-8).


Sheldon catalogue (Lambeth Palace Library LR/F/5, LR/F/6, MS 1047) shelfmark: H. 7 (ff. 1-117 only)
Former Cambridge shelfmarks (see published catalogue by M. R. James and Concordance IV in N. R. Ker, 'Archbishop Sancroft's Rearrangement of the Manuscripts of Lambeth Palace', in E. G. W. Bill, 'A Catalogue of Manuscripts in Lambeth Palace Library MSS. 1222-1860', Oxford, 1972):
ff. 1-117: G. [zeta]. 1
ff. 118-57: bundle 2, no. 9
Later shelfmarks:
ff. 1-117: quarto 113
ff. 118-57: bundle 2, no. 9
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 1225

Available from World Microfilms Publications:
"Lambeth Palace Library: The Mediaeval Manuscripts" Section I. Old English, French, etc. Reel 8 (with MS. 344 & 369)

See the online image management system,
http://images.lambethpalacelibrary.org.uk/luna/servlet/s/b8vcy2
RelatedMaterialThe Brut in this manuscript is probably very closely related to British Library, Harley MS. 753. Not only are both manuscripts in the same textual grouping, but both have almost identically worded scribal side-notes, and both contain an anomalous passage, which has not thus far been found in any other mss. within the corpus. The passage comes after the account of Oldcastle’s execution and before the beginning of the 1418 siege of Rouen, between Brie, 386:29 and 387:1. The text is transcribed below from BL Harley MS. 753:

And so [th]e same yere on seynt petres day and poule in [th]e moneth of juyn the erle of huntyngdon wt o[th]er lords wt all her retenew of men of Armes and archers faught wt ix Carrykks of Gene [th]e grettyst [th]at my3t be sene in [th]e costs of Normandye And [th]er [th]ey scomfyted hem And of whom thanked be god [th]ey toke iiij grete carrykks and her patrons And all her stuffe man and goode And her chyef Amyrale were called [th]e bastard of Burborn wt all [th]e tresorye [th]at [th]ey shulde haue had for wages for a quarter of a yere / And [th]e o[th]er carrykks fledde her wey and durst not a byde / And in [th]e .v. yere of kyng harry [th]e .v.th thanked be god [th]e grete genrall counsel was endyd and an vnyon made in holy chirch [th]urgh all cristendom. And a pope chosen by by [sic] all [th]e hole clergye at constannce vpon seynt Seynt [sic] Martyns day Bysshop and confessour And by comyne assent of all [th]e clergye [th]at were [th]er ate [th]at tyme called hym Martinus quintus / And also [th]e same yere [th]e Dolphyn of ffraunce sent after [th]e duke of Burgoyne to whom as men seyn not fully vii dayes aforne he was sworen on godds body sacred to be good and trewe togedres and forto come and speke wt hym beside parys in [th]e towne of Monstrux wt certeyn prisoners vnder [th]e dolphins saaf condite / And whan he was come [th]yder not wt stondyng hys saaf condite and his grete oth made [th]at was bytwene hem bothe / [th]e Vyscounte of Aarbone as [th]e duke knelyd byfore [th]e dolphyn in a chambre he smote hym wt an axe on [th]e hede And so [th]e fals dolphyn and hys counsel falsly and vntronly and ayenst al manner of lawe of Armes murdred [th]e forseyd duke and made [th]er an ende of hym.

Fols 171r-v (cf. Brie, 424:25-35 [this section of text also occurs in the manuscripts]).

It is possible that the mss. were copied from a shared exemplar or, less plausibly, that one may have been copied from the other. There are many textual lacunae in LP 331 which have been supplied in the margins by a hand which appears to be later than that of the scribe, although it too is a C15 hand; these missing words and phrases are present in Harley 753. Marginalia in both manuscripts suggests a London readership in the C15.

Comparison of annotation in Lambeth Palace MS. 331, fols 6r-7r and Harley 753:
Thamys & new troye (Harley 753)
Thamys of new troye (LP 331)

[text not visible] called Brytayne (Harley 753)
Ynglond was fyrst cleped Brytayne (LP 331)

Brute [th]e first kyng/ xx yere (Harley 753)
Brute [th]e fyrst kyng (LP 331)

Lotryn scd^s/ & rex .v. anno (Harley 753)
Brute (Harley 753)
The water of humbar (Harley 753)
[Th]e water of humbar (LP 331)

Quene Gwentolen (Harley 753)
Quene Gwentolen (LP 331)

The water of seurne called abram (Harley 753)
[Th]e water of seurne called Abram (LP 331)

A C15 hand supplies many words phrases and sentences which were skipped in the scribe's transcription, often marking this supplement and the appropriate point in the text with '+', eg. fol.76r: '+ And affor Lent [th]e same yere Was a grete Turnament at Dunstaple [th]e which came all the yong chiuallery of Englond', (Brie, 296:12-14). This hand also provides corrections in Latin to the subsequent item in the manuscript; such activities appears to indicate access to alternate copies of the Brut and Life of Edward the Confessor, perhaps through a library collection.
PublnNoteFriedrich W. D. Brie ed. "The Brut; or, The chronicles of England, edited from MS. Rawl. B171, Bodleian Library", (Early English Text Society Original Series 131 and 136), pp585-604. [Lambeth Palace Library SR1119.A2]
K. A. Rand, "Manuscripts in the Library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge" (D.S. Brewer, 2009) [Lambeth Palace Library Z6605.E5]

Show related Persons records.

Related name records
CodeNameDates
GB/109/18422Ailred of Rievaulx (1110-1167); Abbot of Rievaulx; writer1110-1167
GB/109/14883Edward the Confessor (1003-1066); Saint; King of England1003-1066
GB/109/11181Peterborough Abbey; c.655-1539; Benedictine religious housec.655-1539
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