RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 3195
TitleTalbot Papers
Date1557-1558
DescriptionFolio 1
Thomas Markynfeyld [Markingfield] to [Francis Talbot, fifth] Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Markingfield, 9 March 1557/8. He can raise thirty horse and twenty foot of his tenants and servants. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 3
William, [third Baron] Dacre [of Gilsland] to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Carlisle, 28 March 1557. Pines have been levied illegally by officers of the Council of the North. William Robinson of London has been apprehended. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 5
Thomas, [first Baron] Wharton to the Sheriff [Sir Robert Ellerker] and justices of Northumberland, from Berwick, 1 April 1557. He discusses the feud between the Carrs and the Herons over the possession of Ford Castle. The Mayor of Berwick [Robert Barrowe] has been murdered and there have been tumults at the Sessions. He is credibly informed that the parties are assembling armed men to be at the Sessions at Morpeth tomorrow. [cf. Lambeth MS. 696, folio 83]. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 6
Lord Wharton to the King [Philip II], Queen [Mary Tudor] and Council, from Berwick, 14 April 1557. He reports on his dealings with the combatants at Ford Castle. Sir John Forster, Ralph Gray of Chillingham, and George Heron, having given sureties, are to keep the peace and to appear before the Council. The Sheriff and justices were to bring the Carrs before the Council, but they have disobeyed the Council's orders and the Herons accuse them of condoning the Carrs' 'unlawful doings'. He describes the murders of Giles Heron, Treasurer, and Robert Barrowe, Mayor, of Berwick. He understands that John and Thomas Carr have given untrue reports of his actions in the matter. 2pp. Copy. Endorsed. Address. in the hand of Sir Thomas Gargrave. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.284)
Folio 10
Sir Robert Ellerker, Sheriff, and the justices of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Morpeth, 3 April 1557, describing the state of their county. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'.
Enclosing folio 8
The Sheriff and justices of Northumberland to the Council, from Morpeth, 3 April 1557. John Dixon of Berwick and about twenty others entered Ford Castle, in the possession of Thomas Carr, and forcibly expelled the inhabitants. The next morning Ralph Gray of Chillingham, Giles Heron, Treasurer of Berwick, and Robert Barrowe, Mayor of Berwick, with about thirty others wishing to enter the Castle, fell into an affray with Robert Carr and six or seven others; the Mayor was killed. A list is enclosed of those involved and it is requested that the offenders be punished. 4pp. Copy.
Folio 12
Sir Robert Ellerker, Sheriff, and the justices of Northumberland to Lord Wharton, from Morpeth, 2 April 1557. giving an account of the trouble between the Carrs and the Herons at Ford; the Sessions have been adjourned [cf. folio 5]. 2pp. Copy.
Folio 13
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Berwick, 9 April 1557. More of the trouble between the Carrs and the Herons at Ford. He encloses letters sent to the Sheriff and justices of Northumberland [cf. folio 5]; he has taken sureties of George Heron and another, who will appear before the Earl at York on 17 May [cf. folio 6]. Dr. Hussey has ridden from Edinburgh to Stirling on 5 April in the causes of [Margaret Stuart] Lady Lennox. A postscript acknowledges the receipt of letters from the King and Queen for himself and for the justices of Northumberland. Sir John Forster has met [Alexander, fifth Baron] Home and made a settlement of bills at the East Marches; they will meet again on 26 April. 2pp. Clerk's hand. signed. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.277)
Folio 18
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Berwick, 14 April 1557. A covering letter enclosing folios 15, 17 and 19. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed.
Enclosing folio 15
The names of the persons requiring the peace against Lord Wharton and those against whom the peace is asked, the first list headed by the Carrs, the second by Lord Wharton. 2pp. Annotated.
And folio 17
Lawrence Hussey to Lord Wharton, from Edinburgh, 12 April 1557. He has returned to Edinburgh from Stirling [cf. folio 13]. Whilst there, he heard news of the French army in Italy. The Queen Dowager of Scotland [Mary of Guise] mourns, it is said for her uncle, the Cardinal [Louis] Bourbon. She complains much of the rebels and that Lord Dacre has failed to make redress for the wrongs done; Sir Robert Carnegy has been dispatched to the Queen with messages from her. A post-script states that a French warship has arrived in Leith and the Dauphin Francis is reported 'very sick'. 2pp. Copy. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.281)
And folio 19
The names of the persons who entered Ford Castle on Saturday night, 27 March 1557, andof those who were at the affray the next morning, the first list headed by John Dixon, one of the constables of Berwick. and the second by Ralph Gray of Chillingham. 1p. Endorsed as sent to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
Folio 21
George Bowes to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from York, 24 April 1557, telling of the muster of his tenants and of family concerns. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 23
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 18 May 1557, reporting a gaol delivery in Yorkshire, 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 24
The Earl of Shrewsbury to [Henry Neville, fifth] Earl of Westmorland and [Cuthbert Tunstall,] Bishop of Durham, from York, 20 May 1557, telling of the disputes between Lord Wharton and the gentlemen of Northumberland and of the disorders in the county. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 25
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland and the Bishop of Durham, from York, 23 May 1557, concerning the taking of a bond for the appearance of a Mr. Champneys [cf. Acts of the Privy Council 1556-1558, p. 92]. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 26
The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, and the Earl of Westmorland, from Westminster, 27 May 1557. They are to delay their march to Newcastle because of a scarcity of victuals there. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 28
The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Westminster, 27 May 1557. They acknowledge the Earl's letter of 23 May stating that 500 men have been sent to Berwick and telling of the mustering in the north. The lack of proper armour ('corslets') in the North must be dealt with so that troops shall be provided with whatever may be considered suitable to withstand the French. The area must make its own provision of bows and arrows and of victuals for the troops, but ordnance, munition and money will be sent as required. 3pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.286)
Folio 30
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir James Foljambe, from York, 28 May 1557. Sir James is to put in readiness and furnish with arms 100 men for service in the north. 1p. Copy. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.290)
Folio 31
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Berwick, 3 June 1557. He acknowledges the Earl's letter of 31 May, by which he understands that the Earl is sending 500 men to Berwick. The town has want of things necessary for both these men and the 500 workmen also appointed to be there. There is a 'dearth of victuals' and the old garrison has not been paid for the half-year ended last 14 February. Certain gentlemen of Northumberland have complained against him; 'I have small cause in these parts of comfort'. He encloses copies of letters which he has sent to the Earl of Westmorland and the Bishop of Durham reporting on the state of things in the north. 3pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.291)
Folio 33
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 5 June 1557. He has received letters from the Queen, dated 2 June, and a proclamation of war with the French late because of the intervention of thieves. He appeals for the dispatch of a herald and two trumpeters to facilitate proclamations in the north. 1p. Copy. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.294)
Folio 34
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North and Lieutenant-General, from Carlisle, 22 June 1557, describing the mustering of his tenants and his transactions with the Scottish commissioners, who 'showe theymselves very conformable to reason and rather to covet peace then warr'. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 36
Leonard Dacre to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Carlisle, 23 June 1557. He discusses the treaty with the Scots, who are asking large sums for damage on the Border, and warns that they may make war with English money. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 38
Edward [Stanley, third] Earl of Derby to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from Lathom, 24 June 1557. Troops have been raised in Lancashire and Cheshire. Derby wishes to command them and to appoint their captains. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 44
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North and Lieutenant-General, from Carlisle, 9 July 1557. He fears that war is imminent and that the Commissioners for Scotland are employing delaying tactics so that the Scots will be prepared. He urges that the 600 horsemen promised him be sent. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.299)
Enclosing folio 40
Lord Wharton to the Commissioners for treating with the Scots, from Berwick, 7 July 1557. Details outrages on the Border and gives bills of complaint from some of the victims. 2pp. and 1p. enclosure. Copy.
And folio 42
'Intelligence out of Scotland, 8 July 1557'. The Queen Dowager of Scotland met [Archibald Campbell, fourth] Earl of Argyll at Stirling and subsequently [James Hamilton, second] Earl of Arran near Linlithgow. The Scottish lords are to meet in Council at Newbattle on 14 July. Incidents between French and English ships off the Scottish coast are detailed. The Scottish Commissioners are to remain at Carlisle until Lammas to prepare the Scots for war. 3pp. Clerk's hand. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.296)
Folio 46
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North and Lieutenant-General, from Carlisle, 14 July 1557. He acknowledges letters from Shrewsbury telling him that the Council has ordered the preparation of 600 horsemen and 400 archers by 1 August and the readiness of all the forces of the North Riding of Yorkshire, which he considers wise precautions. The Scots Commissioners, however, now 'seem very desirous of peace': if no lasting settlement is made, peace is to be maintained for two months, after which a further meeting is to be held upon the eastern Borders. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.301)
Folio 48
William Young to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lieutenant in the North, from Cayton, 17 July 1557, telling of troops raised in Yorkshire and of a proclamation for their march. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 49
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland, from York, 19 July 1557. The Scots are disposed to peace. 1p. Copy Endorsed.
Folio 50
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 20 July 1557. Times are troublous or he would gladly have obliged Mr. Jobson in his request. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 52
Lord Dacre to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Naworth, 23 July 1557, telling of fortifications on the Border. He thanks the Earl for the support given his son Leonard. A post-script refers to disputes between the Queen Dowager and some of her Council. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 54
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North and Lieutenant-General, from Kirkby Moorside, 24 July 1557. He acknowledges the receipt of 'your Lordship's gentle letter and a hawk by my man'. He will meet the Earl next Monday. Although he understands Lord Wharton's mistrust of the Scots because of the continuance of their Council and their fortifications, he hopes that they will have more honour than to break the peace. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.303)
Folio 56
The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North and Lieutenant-General, from [Bishop] Auckland, 25 July 1557. He requests that Richard Norton may appoint officers to some horsemen serving at Norham. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 58
Memorandum from the Earl of Shrewsbury to [the Earl of Westmorland], no place, no date [1557], telling him to march with the army to Newcastle as soon as possible. Shrewsbury is not able to come himself at once because of sickness, but as soon as may be he will go to his cousin, [Thomas Percy, seventh] Earl of Northumberland. 1p. Clerk's hand. Draft.
Folio 59
The Bishop of Durham to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from [Bishop] Auckland 30 July 1557. He encloses a copy of his answer to a letter from Lord Wharton. He has consulted the justices and 'the country doth deny lying in garrisons to tarry the coming of the enemy; but whensoever the enemy doth invade the realm, they will, upon warning, be ready to repulse him of their own cost'. [Cf. folio 60]. 1p. Clerk's hand, copy. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.305)
Folio 61
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North and Lieutenant-General, from Kirkby Moorside, 31 July 1557. He discusses the enclosed letter from the Bishop of Durham to Lord Wharton. 1p. Clerk's hand, subscribed and signed. Endorsed. Address.
Enclosing folio 60
The Bishop of Durham to Lord Wharton, from [Bishop] Auckland, 29 July 1557. He has shown the justices letters received from Lord Wharton and from the Earl of Shrewsbury; they refuse to be in garrison but say that they will be ready when the enemy invade. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 63
[The Earl of Shrewsbury to his deputies on the Borders, no date, 1557]. The Council has given orders for 700 Spaniards to march to the Borders. By the King's wish, they are to be stationed where they may be best furnished with victuals, 1p. Damaged Ms. Clerk's hand.
Folio 65
The Queen to Sir Edward Dymoke, from Richmond, 31 July 1557. Sir Edward Dymoke appointed one of the attendants upon the Queen, if and when she shall take the field in the French war in person. He is to furnish and prepare 10 horsemen and 100 footmen by 25 August. 1p. Copy. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.306) John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2. 519
Folio 66
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 4 August 1557. He has heard that a French ship lately arrived at Leith and that the ships of Aberdeen recently captured five English ships. The Scots are making incursions across the Border, pillaging, and the corn ready for harvesting is in danger of being destroyed. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address 4 September [sic] 1557. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.308)
Folio 68
The Queen to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant-General in the North, from Richmond, 8 August 1557. The Earl of Westmorland is to reside at such of his houses as are near to Scotland. One Edward Hughes has been sent with £5,000 for the use of the army so that there shall be no fear of any want of money or victuals. 1p. Damaged Ms. Sign manual. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 70
The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Richmond, 5 August 1557. His commission of Lieutenancy is renewed. The Council regrets that the men of Northumberland are refractory and hopes that the coming of the Earl of Northumberland will remedy this. The horses of the county are to be used for the carriage of ordnance. 3pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 72
Sir Henry Percy to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Alnwick, 6 August 1557. He has journeyed north from Alnwick with other gentlemen of Northumberland who have stationed themselves near the Border. Yesterday the Lords James and Robert Stuart, Lord Home, and a Scots force invaded the East March and attempted to take Ford Castle, burning towns nearby known as the ten towns of Glendale, but after the loss of one of their best guides, Richard Davison, and at the approach of Percy's force, they departed back into Scotland 'with great haste and more fear'. Percy proceeded to invade the country of the Mars [the March or Merse in south Berwickshire], burning 16 towns, capturing 280 neat, 1000 sheep, many horses and some prisoners. Today 600 men of the Bishopric [of Durham] repaired towards Berwick and tomorrow he leaves for Prudhoe. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste, for thy life'. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.310) John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2.520-1
Folio 75
Sir James Croft and Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 7 August 1557. They have sent letters with this post to the Privy Council, of which they enclose a copy for the Earl. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Paper seal. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Enclosing folio 74
Lord Wharton, Sir James Croft and Sir John Clere to the Lords of the Council, from Berwick, 6 August 1557, reporting the incident described by Percy in folio 72. 2pp. Copy. (John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2.521-2)
Folio 78
The Earl of Northumberland, Lord Wharton, Sir Thomas Wharton and Sir James Croft to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 14 August 1557. They have sent Letters to the Privy Council and they are sending Sir James Croft with copies of them to the Earl, explaining the state of affairs at Berwick. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Enclosing folio 77
The Earl of Northumberland, Lord Wharton and others to the Lords of the Council, no place [Berwick], 14 August 1557, telling how Sir Henry Percy fought against the Scots, with a loss of 100 horsemen and a capture of about 20 Scots. The Scots are now within six miles and the French four from Berwick. 1p. Copy.
Folio 82
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 15 August 1557. Berwick needs relief; he has written to the Earl of Westmorland, Lord Dacre and others asking them to go with their men. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'.
Enclosing folio 80
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Northumberland, from Berwick, 14 August 1557. He has received intelligence that the Scots and the French are meditating a great attack across the Border. 1p. Copy.
And folio 81
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Northumberland, no place [Berwick], 15 August 1557, asking that the Earl should march towards the Border to defend Berwick and reporting various rumours, including one which came to Thomas Clavering that the Scots are planning to besiege Norham. 2pp. Copy.
And folio 83
Thomas Clavering to Lord [Wharton], from Norham, 15 August 1557. He is expecting Norham to be besieged but the numbers of its garrison are too few for adequate defence. 1p. Copy.
And folio 84
Lord Wharton and Sir Thomas Wharton to the Earl of Northumberland, from Berwick, 15 August 1557, pleading for reinforcements for Berwick. 2pp. Copy.
Folio 86
Lord Wharton and Sir Thomas Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 6 a.m. 15 August 1557. Berwick is in danger. 1p. Damaged Ms. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 88
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 16 August 1557. He asks that all the forces may march to the Borders to repel the Scots, who have entered the East March. He has written to enlist the aid of the West March and has appointed Sir Thomas Wharton and Sir Henry Percy to repair to the Border with their forces. He hopes to be able to set forward himself shortly. A post-script states that the Scots are about Ford. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Enclosing folio 89
Lord Wharton and Sir Thomas Wharton to the Earl of Northumberland, from Berwick, 15 August 1557. Their intelligence is that the Scots are lodged in Coldingham, with eight cannons and that they intend to assail Wark, Norham and then Berwick. They urge that all the might of the north should be sent as reinforcements. 1p. Copy.
Folio 91
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 17 August 1557. 1,000 men have been sent to the Border from the North Riding and coat and conduct money is required for them. 2pp. Copy, Sir Thomas Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 93
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 17 August 1557. He encloses copies of letters from the Earl of Northumberland [cf. folios 78, 82]. He fears to raise and bring forward the whole force without surety of money. 'If money could have been had in these parts, either for bond or otherwise, I would assuredly for the present need have mortgaged or sold any land or things I have'. He has published the good news of the defeat of the French by the Imperial army [at St. Quentin]. 2pp. Copy, Sir Thomas Gargrave's hand. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.316)
Folio 94
Alan Bellingham to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Newcastle, 17 August 1557. He lends money, asking that it may be repaid when his necessity requires. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 96
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 17 August 1557. Gray of Chillingham, with 150 of his tenants, has been placed at Wark and Captain Read has been sent thither with 50 arquebuses for its better defence. Lord Wharton has been asked to assist with malt and wheat. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 98
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 17 August 1557. He has learned from the Captain of Norham that he will be lacking in powder and guns. Northumberland has written to the Master of Ordnance and the Mayor at Newcastle asking that two barrels of powder and two guns be sent with all possible speed. A post-script states that a copy of a letter received from Lord Wharton with the news that Wark is about to be besieged by the Queen Dowager of Scotland has been sent to the Privy Council. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.313)
Enclosing folio 99
Sir Henry Percy, Sir John Forster and John Swinburne to the Earl of Northumberland, from Chillingham, 'this night, being Tuesday morning, in haste, 1557'. They understand that [George Gordon, fourth] Earl of Huntly, [Gilbert Kennedy, third] Earl of Cassillis and other nobles intend to enter England by Wednesday, 18 August, 'purposing to take in hand to cast down Cornwall Tower, Twysell Bridge, and also Ford Bridge... for victualling the castle of Wark' which the Queen Dowager intends to besiege by 25 August. English ships have landed in Fife and burnt one town. A post-script asks Northumberland to write to Lord Wharton to urge him to send the ordnance and garrison promised to Norham 'this Tuesday by 4 of the clock'. 1p. Copy. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.314)
Folio 101
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 18 August 1557. He has inadvertently opened one of Shrewsbury's letters, through the negligence of a servant. The Bishop of Durham is to see his men at Gateshead beacon. The people are pleased with the French news. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 102
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Kirkby Moorside, 18 August 1557. Illness has delayed his departure to join the Earl of Northumberland. He advises Shrewsbury to proceed at once despite the lack of money. A post-script states that his brother Christopher [Neville] has already left to join Northumberland. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.318)
Folio 103
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, no date, August 1557. He recounts misfortune at sea. The Earl of Huntly and other noblemen are on the Border. 1p. Damaged Ms. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 104
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 18 August 1557. Men from Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Yorkshire have been sent to the Border. More are required and the Earl seeks guidance. 1p. Draft, in Sir Thomas Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 105
[The Earl of Shrewsbury] to [the captains of the musters], from York 19 August 1557. A standard letter charging each recipient to be at Newcastle with the men at his command not later than August 25. The Queen Dowager of Scotland 'with a great power hath alredye maid hir repaire to the frontier' and any who do not undertake the defence of the realm 'will answer to the contrary at your uttermost perile'. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 106
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Kirkby Moorside, 19 August 1557, asking that he should be allowed either to proceed to the Border or to stay at his own house in the Bishopric [of Durham, Brancepeth] rather than to go and stay in Newcastle as the Earl has commanded because he fears charges of cowardice from the people of Northumberland. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.320)
Enclosing folio 107
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Westmorland, no place [Alnwick], 19 August 1557, telling of the surprise of Norham. 'The olde custome hath bene that whan a fray come all the countre brought their goods and cattells into the hollow diches under the walles where they were as saff as within the castell nor yt was never sene before that ever any Scott durst come ner the castell. But now they went into the hollowe diches where they took 30 sheps with a grete nomber of cattell and none to resist theym nor yet so moche as one man to caste downe a stone over the walle at theym'. 1p. Copy.
Folio 109
Sir Thomas Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from the Court, 20 August 1557, discussing his charge of horsemen and their uniform; they must have white coats and red crosses. 2pp. Damaged Ms. Signature missing.
Folio 111
The Queen's instructions for the conduct of the army on the Borders in answer to a memorial delivered to the Privy Council by Sir James Croft, 20 August 1557. A garrison is to be kept permanently on the Borders; the townspeople are to be ordered to bring their cattle and goods to places of safety in the event of an invasion; the Earl of Derby and others are to be ready with forces; horsemen are to be placed by the Earl of Northumberland at convenient places; provisions for the army are to be supplied by the inhabitants of the country marched through; the Lord Lieutenant is to use his discretion about the disposition of forces and Croft is to be at his disposal; the Earl of Northumberland is to apply to the Treasurer, Alan Bellingham, for the payment of the garrisons of the East and Middle Marches and Lord Wharton concerning Berwick Castle and town. 2pp. Copy. Endorsed. (John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2. 522-4)
Folio 113
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 21 August 1557, listing sums due to the Crown from persons of rank in Yorkshire. He begs to be excused himself 'this yere hath ben verie chargeable unto me'. 1p. Draft. Endorsed.
Folio 114
Examination of John Southerne of Newcastle, captain of the 'Gabriel', by Lord Wharton at Berwick, 22 August 1557, touching the repulse of the English ships at Kirkway [Kirkwall] in the Orkneys. Sir John Clere, the Vice-Admiral, was drowned among others; the Scots had 3,000 men. 1p. Clerk's hand.
Folio 115
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 24 August 1557. He urges the Earl to come himself, for the soldiers are mutinous for want of pay and the Scots are said to be preparing for a great attack – they have already spoiled the town of Holberne in Glendale [cf. folio 72] and taken 24 Englishmen in an ambush. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 117
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 24 August 1557, reporting on his conference with Sir James Croft about northern affairs. 1p. Draft, in Sir Thomas Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 118
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from York, 24 August 1557. Shrewsbury is using his cousin, Sir James Croft, as a messenger. He intends to go to Brancepeth to attend to Border affairs. 1p. Draft, in Sir Thomas Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 119
William, [second Baron] Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Raby, 25 August 1557. He intends to join the Earl of Westmorland for the relief of the East and Middle Marches. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 121
The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from St. James', 25 August 1557. The Queen approves of his conduct and management of affairs in the north and sends two heralds and two trumpeters to him, hoping that one of each may be spared for the Earl of Northumberland [cf. folio 33]. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'.
Folio 123
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Cuthbert Vaughan, from York, 26 August 1557. Vaughan is to march to Newcastle with all diligence. [Cf. Acts of the Privy Council 1556-58, p. 146]. 1p. Copy, Endorsed.
Folio 124
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir James Croft, from York, 26 August 1557. Shrewsbury fears some rash enterprise on the part of the Earl of Northumberland. If he sends for the Earl of Derby it will be 20 days before he reaches Newcastle, but if he comes without Derby he will have only a small force. 1p. Copy, Endorsed.
Folio 125
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Treasurer of Berwick [Alan Bellingham], from York, 26 August 1557. The Treasurer has refused to pay the troops' wages, despite recent orders to do so: Shrewsbury instructs him to do so at once. 1p. Copy, Endorsed.
Folio 126
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland, no place [York], 26 August 1557. He intends to go to Brancepeth next Tuesday night and desires a conference with Westmorland, the Earl of Northumberland and the Bishop of Durham. 1p. Draft, in Sir Thomas Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 127
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 26 August 1557. He encloses a copy of a letter to the Earl of Northumberland; he has written similarly to the Privy Council. A parcel of letters sent by the Privy Council to the Earl of Northumberland was intercepted between Alnwick and Belford at 2 a.m. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'for thy lyfe'. Address.
Enclosing folio 128
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Northumberland, from Berwick, 26 August 1557. Wharton's son has been sent as bearer. The Scots and French have attacked near Berwick. So far they have done little, but their strength is increasing and another attack is likely. He complains of a lack of money and men. 2pp. Copy.
Folio 130
An unknown correspondent to Lord Dacre, no place, 26 August 1557. He has received many letters from 'my good lord' and others of the Privy Council asking for the safe conduct to the Border of the bearer of the enclosed letters. 1p. First part of a draft letter, unsigned, with many alterations. Endorsed.
Folio 131
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lord Dacre, from York, 26 August 1557. He intends to be at Brancepeth on Wednesday next, 1 September, for a conference with the Earls of Northumberland and Westmorland and the Bishop of Durham [cf. folio 126]. He invites Dacre to join them. 1p. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 132
The Earl of Shrewsbury to John Abington, from York, 27 August 1557. He sends the letters of the Lord Treasurer [William Paulet, first Marquess of Winchester] to ensure the speedy supply of victuals for Berwick and Wark. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 133
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Bishop of Durham, from York, 28 August 1557. He expects to be at [Bishop] Auckland by noon on Tuesday next on his way to Brancepeth. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 135
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 27 August 1557. At the request of the Earl of Northumberland, he has sent 1,000 men from the North Riding of Yorkshire to the Border and is holding himself and the whole of his force ready to go at six days' notice. He encloses an important letter from Lord Wharton [cf. folio 127] and is expecting Mr [Ralph] Gray with money. 3pp. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 137
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from York, 28 August 1557. 1,000 men have been sent to Newcastle. He discusses the intercepted letters [cf. folio 127]. 2pp. Draft. Endorsed.
Folio 138
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 28 August 1557. He refers to the intercepted letters, assuring them of his best efforts. A post-script states that a pinnace has been seized by Christopher Hildyard of Holderness. 2pp. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 139
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland, from York, 28 August 1557. He is going to Brancepeth and asks Westmorland to write of his doings. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 140
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lord Wharton, from York, 28 August 1557. The enemy should not be pleased with the content of the intercepted letters. 1p. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 141
John Abington to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 29 August 1557. There is no need to fear short supplies for Berwick and Wark, but 'I desire of God... shortely to bring youe hither, for I assure your Lordship that I never sawe more nede then is nowe of your coming'. 2pp. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 143
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Berwick, 30 August 1557. Lord Eure is expected at Berwick. A conference has been held with Sir James Croft. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Enclosing folio 144
A remembrance, noting the number of horsemen and footmen that should be at Berwick. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed.
Folio 147
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Brancepeth, 2 September 1557. He reports on the Conference at Brancepeth on 1 September [cf. folio 131]. The distance of the force for the army from the frontiers and the 'want of victuals, especially of malt' has made them decide to place strong garrisons at strategic points rather than to call up the army to the Border. The 'dearth of things' is such that the soldiers cannot live on their accustomed wages of 6d. a day for a footman and 9d. for a horseman, and an increase is requested. Since the death of Sir John Clere [cf. folio 114], the Scots and French ships have been more active along the northern coasts and further English ships should be sent to the area. Lord Eure is meeting Shrewsbury with 100 horsemen at York next Wednesday [8 September] and Shrewsbury would like him to be sworn a member of the Council of the North and sent to aid Lord Wharton. Lord Dacre thinks that the Armstrongs could be persuaded to help the English and the town of Newcastle has four ships which could be placed at the Queen's service. 4pp. Copy. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.322)
Folio 149
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Brancepeth, 3 September 1557. Two ships of Hull have taken the ships of the Admiral and Vice-Admiral of the merchants' fleet of Scotland. 1p. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 150
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lord Wharton, from Brancepeth, 3 September 1557. He reports on the results of the Conference [cf. folio 147]. 2pp. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 151
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Newcastle, 3 September 1557. The Scots are preparing to invade with a great force. He requests that a forfeited stewardship in Wales be given to Sir James Croft. There is a want of money in the north. 2pp. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 153
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 4 September 1557. They understand from spies that the Scots are advancing. All the ordinary inhabitants north of Sowtray are to be footmen and all south horsemen. All the Scots nobility are in the army, which is thought to have 3,000 arquebusiers, and they are likely to approach the Tweed on Wednesday night. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.326)
Folio 155
Sir James Croft to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from Alnwick, 4 September 1557. The disagreement between the Earl of Huntly and Lord James Stuart is likely to lead to the fall from power of one of them. He asks for licence to gain intelligence of the Scots. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 157
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Raby, 5 September 1557. Thanks for the 'glad and comfortable newes which may be joyous to all trewe Englishe men' [cf. folio 149]. 1p. Damaged Ms. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'.
Folio 159
The Earl of Shrewsbury to John Bennett, from York, 5 September 1557. The arquebuses delivered in London are faulty. Shrewsbury asks him [as Surveyor of the Ordnance] to take order about it. 1p. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 160
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 7 September 1557. He recommends the Earl of Westmorland rather than the Earl of Northumberland as Earl Marshal, and seeks further instructions on the books of rates to be levied. 2pp. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 161
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir James Croft, from York, 8 September 1557. He authorizes him to obtain intelligence of the Scots' doings [cf. folio 155]. 2pp. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 162
William Swynhoo to [the Earl of Shrewsbury], from Cornhill, Wednesday [8] September [1557], 8 p.m. Provisions have been carried to Hume for the Queen Dowager; the Scots army is very numerous. 1p. Copy. Address.
Folio 163
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from York, 10 September 1557. He acknowledges the receipt of intelligence from Scotland. A post-script states that he intends to go to Newcastle within the fortnight. 1p. Copy, in Gargrave's hand and others. Endorsed.
Folio 164
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland and Bishop of Durham, no place [York], 10 September 1557. He describes his proposed journey to Newcastle [cf. folio 163]. A post-script states that letters from the Queen are enclosed. 1p. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 165
Lord Dacre to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from Carlisle, 10 September 1557. In a skirmish near Bowness, Davye Roome 'the most notoryouse Ryder [i.e. professional depredator], evele doer, & murderer of the subjects on the Est borders that inhabytethe thapposyt marche' is taken. He asks whether Roome may be executed. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 166
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Derby, from York, 11 September 1557. The forces of Lancashire and Cheshire are to be in readiness. 1p. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 167
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir William Petre, from York, 11 September 1557. He has been to the Conference at Brancepeth [cf. folio 147] but returned immediately to avoid expense and because he feared his presence might incite the Scots to gather an army on the frontiers. As he is now asked to return to Brancepeth or Newcastle, he appeals for the entertainment of a Lieutenant [his expenses] 'without which I am not able to serve, that had in the like service by one whole year together at Darneton [Darlington] ... £5 a day allowed for my own diet and 100 men, in wages, horsemen, after the 9d. the day a piece... at which time neither my charges were so great by far, nor my travels so many, as now they are'. 1p. Copy. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.329)
Folio 168
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from York, 12 September 1557, enquiring the state of the garrisons and of the Scots' preparations. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 169
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir John Byron and other gentlemen of Nottinghamshire, from York, 13 September 1557. They are to march with their forces to the Border. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 170
The Earl of Derby to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from New Park, 14 September 1557. He is ready to march with the force of Lancashire and Cheshire when called upon [cf. folio 166]. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 172
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from York, 15 September 1557. He has received letters from the Earl of Northumberland and Sir James Croft, of which he is sending copies. 1p. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 173
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from York, 15 September 1557. He sends a detailed schedule of the revised rates of wages for soldiers laid down by the Privy Council [cf. folio 147], namely captains of 100 footmen, 4s., petty captains, 2s., horsemen, 9d., and footmen, 6d., per day, with 3d. reward for horsemen at the pay day and 2d. for footmen. He rejoices at the success of an exploit executed by Northumberland's brother [Sir Henry Percy]. 1p. Copy. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.330)
Folio 174
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland, from York, 15 September 1557. He advises him to tell either the Queen or the Lords of the Council of his intended visit to the Court and wishes to confer with him on Border business. 2pp. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 175
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant-General in the North, from Raby, 17 September 1557. Westmorland is anxious to leave to settle his affairs in Yorkshire but in view of Shrewsbury's letter [cf. folio 174] he will wait until he has had a conference with Shrewsbury at Brancepeth. His womenfolk will be there to greet Shrewsbury and he will arrange to pay the Crown £500 on account of his estates in Pickering and elsewhere. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 177
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 18 September 1557. The Scots are raising an army to be near Edinburgh on Michaelmas Day and have carted there twelve great pieces of ordnance. M. d'Oysel is to attack Berwick and [James Hamilton, second Earl of Arran and] Duc de Chatellerault is to lead the army, which is to meet the English at the River Tweed. Some Scots nobles, discontented with a war occasioned by the French, desire peace. He has notified the Earl of Northumberland and conferred with Sir James Croft and Sir Ralph Bulmer. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste, for thy life'. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.332)
Folio 179
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Bishop of Durham, from York, 18 September 1557. He intends to visit the Bishop next Tuesday [21 September]; the Scots are augmenting their army. 1p. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 180
Lord Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Morpeth, 19 September 1557. Sir Thomas Gargrave will not allow Eure's band coat and conduct money from his house at Ayton; he begs the Earl's intervention. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 182
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Darlington, 20 September 1557. The army of Scotland is marching forward. He expects the Earl of Derby with his power, but there is a shortage of money and victuals. He understands that some of the Scots are inclined to peace [cf. folio 177]. 2pp. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 184
The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from St. James', 20 September 1557. The main power is not to be assembled except in the case of invasion and frugality is recommended. 2,000 bows are to be sent for from Hull. Sir James Croft has the direction of the spies. 3pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address (John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2.524-7)
Folio 186
The Earl of Derby to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from New Park, 22 September 1557. He acknowledges letters instructing him to proceed against the Scots with the force of Lancashire and Cheshire and describes his intended route, but asks about his coat and conduct money [cf. folios 170, 180]. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 188
Sir James Croft to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 22 September [1557]. He seeks instructions about conferences with Scots nobility concerning peace. 1p. Endorsed 'haste'.
Folio 189
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 23 September 1557. The Scots are inclined to peace and he advises bribing the nobility, but he declines to give his opinion concerning the raising of a great army in England. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 191
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Raby, 24 September 1557. He is not able to visit him, as he has been hurt in a fall. 1p. Clerk's hand, subscribed and signed. Endorsed.
Folio 194
The Lords of the Council to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Westminster, 24 September 1557. Shrewsbury is to write to each of the Border Wardens and to Lord Wharton to ensure that they have spies in Scotland at all times, for the better defence of the realm. For bows, the supply from Hull [cf. folio 184] must suffice until more can be sent north. If the army sets forth, he must use the money in hand and more will be sent him. He must appoint at once the best possible replacements for the officers who are sick or dead and gather from 'these hither parts' 10,000 men, including as many horsemen as may be, so that the English army shall number 16,000 or 18,000 men. [John] Abingdon [Abington] is to provide victuals for the army on the Border but any force Shrewsbury brings up must obtain provisions on the way. A postscript acknowledges the receipt of his letter of 20 September [cf. folio 182] and orders that the army should not move forward unless it is certain that the Scots are advancing, lest 'you should consume the victuals of the country without doing of anything... and spend the Queen's treasure in vain'. John Brend, esquire, who has wisdom and skill in ordering footmen, is to be sent to Shrewsbury to help. 5pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.334) (John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2.527-32)
Folio 197
Intelligence from a spy in Scotland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, 25 September [1557]. The Scots army is setting forth intending to besiege Wark. The Queen Dowager is with it and 40 tuns of wine have been sent to Hume Castle for her provision. The Duc de Chatellerault is the Lieutenant-General and the clergy are to raise 5,000 men, with ordnance and victuals. 2pp. Damaged Ms. Clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 199
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Newcastle, 26 September 1557. He laments that the coming of the Earl of Derby with his power was countermanded; he is in need of money and provision. The Scots would make peace but stand on the punctilio of having it offered them. 2pp. Damaged Ms. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 200
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 26 September 1557. The Scots army is very powerful. They wish to appoint officers to some arquebusiers going to Wark and ask for some provision ships from Newcastle. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 202
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 27 September 1557. They earnestly request that no soldiers be sent from Berwick to reinforce other garrisons and ask for the promised powder. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 204
Francis Slingsby to the Earl of Northumberland, Lord Warden of the Middle and East Marches, from Wark, 29 September 1557. Wark Castle is not provided with necessaries for a siege and there is no surgeon there. 1p. Endorsed.
Enclosing folio 205
A schedule of what victuals and munitions there are and what is required. 1p.
Folio 207
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 29 September 1557. He gives intelligence of the Scots' doings and reports that carriages are lacking to take some of the supplies to Wark. His goods have been seized for debt at Wharton by the Earl of Cumberland and he asks that Shrewsbury exert his influence to recover them. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 209
The Earl of Derby to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from New Park, 29 September 1557. He has followed instructions not to move forward with the force of Lancashire and Cheshire to avoid 'great and excessive charges' but will remain in readiness. He encloses a list of the numbers appointed and the names of the captains, many of whom are sick and unable to serve. He pleads that each shire should be burdened equally, 'rateable to their several certificates', that is to say, 3,000 for Lancashire and 2,000 for Cheshire. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.342)
Enclosing folio 208
Lists of the captains of Cheshire and Lancashire and the numbers appointed. 2pp. Clerk's hand. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.344)
Folio 210x
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Alnwick, 30 September 1557. He discusses the state of the Border. 1p. Badly damaged Ms. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. 'haste'. Address.
Folio 211
Richard Norton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 30 September 1557. He gives an account of things wanted at Norham [cf. folio 107]. He hears that the Scots army is likely to come to Falley Moor [Fala Moor]. 1p. Endorsed.
Folio 213
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Sir Thomas Hilton and Sir John Delaval, from Newcastle, 2 October 1557. They are to raise all the forces within their rules and offices and to join the Earl of Northumberland, taking 20 days' victuals with them. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 214
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Raby, 2 October 1557. The Scots army is to meet this day on Fala Moor and the English are not ready to receive them. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 216
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 3 October 1557. He sends his brother [Sir Henry Percy] to confer on the state of the Border 'at the instant request of many of the gentlemen of discrete mien of the contrey'. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Seal. Endorsed.
Folio 218
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, no place [Newcastle], 3 October 1557. Money is needed at Berwick; the Treasurer, [Alan] Bellingham, is unwilling to disburse beyond the Queen's specific warrant. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 219
[The Earl of Shrewsbury] to the Earl of Northumberland, no place [Newcastle], 3 October 1557. Sir James Croft is on his way to Alnwick and will declare to him Shrewsbury's mind in full. 1p. Draft in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 220
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, no place [Newcastle], 4 October 1557. He is unwilling to send any considerable reinforcements until the Scots' purposes be better known and wants intelligence of the Scots from the Earl of Northumberland. 1p. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 221
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from Alnwick, 4 October 1557. He thanks Shrewsbury for sending Sir James Croft [cf. folio 219] and discusses the deficiencies at Berwick and Wark. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed.
Folio 222
Henry [ninth Baron] Scroope [of Bolton] to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the north, from Bolton, 4 October 1557. Expostulations on not being called to service on the Border. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 224
John Abington to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 5 October 1557. He asks that Shrewsbury order the Mayor and officers of Newcastle to send the ships 'laden with corn, victuals and other necessaries; whereof there is, and will be great want here, at the coming of your Lordship' [cf. folios 194, 200]. The owners want the provisions carried by hand, but this is impossible since all the wagons between York and Newcastle and all the sacks within 20 miles of Newcastle would not suffice. 1p. Endorsed 'haste'. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.346)
Folio 226
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, no place [Newcastle], 5 October 1557, blaming him in strong language for calling the captain of Wark, [Francis] Slingsby, from his garrison. Shrewsbury discusses the great consequence of Berwick and Wark and desires Northumberland to reinforce Berwick. 1p. Draft. Endorsed.
Folio 227
[The Earl of Shrewsbury] to [Anthony Browne, first Viscount] Montagu, no place [Newcastle], 5 October 1557. Only those already called to service should come forward, the rest must remain in their own 'countries'. 1p. Damaged Ms. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 228
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Newcastle, 6 October 1557. It is apparent that the Scots, although a little delayed, are about to enter England. They will cross the Tweed about Newcastle and Kelso and then attack Wark and Norham. He describes the disposition of the English troops, e.g. 'There are in Norham Mr. [Richard] Norton with 100 men, Captain Stirley 100, and of the Bishoprick [of Durham] 100, wEth harquebusiers out of Berwick 20'. Although Berwick is not likely to be attacked yet, he has ordered Sir Thomas Talbot to march there with 200 men and four bands more. Lord Talbot is to go to Alnwick the next day with 1,600 men to supply the Lord Warden [the Earl of Northumberland] with troops. 4pp. Draft, clerk's hand. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.347, in part)
Folio 230A
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, no place [Newcastle], 6 October 1557. He is sending 220 footmen and 100 horsemen of the Earl of Westmorland's force and Lord Talbot tomorrow with 1,600 men for use at Northumberland's discretion. Sir Thomas Talbot is going to Berwick with 2-300 men and he hopes to send more later. 1p. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 230B
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lord Eure, from Newcastle, 7 October 1557, commending Sir Thomas Talbot whom he is sending to Berwick to be in charge of these and other men that may follow, Lancashire men 'whome as soone as any man lyving, I wolde in case of nede have beene right gladd to have had abought myne owne personne'. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 230C
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from Newcastle, 7 October 1557. The Bishop of Durham is to be left in charge if he comes forward himself. Shrewsbury asks Northumberland not to draw many men from Lord Talbot's force [cf. folio 228]. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 230D
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland and Lord Wharton, no place [Newcastle], 8 October 1557. Although numbers of men have been there since 2 October at the Queen's charges, he cannot learn the movements of the Scots, but sends the occurrents reported to him [cf. folio 231]. A note attached on a small slip of paper [folio 230x] hopes that the victualling ships will have arrived by this time [cf. folio 224]. 2pp. and 1p. enclosure. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 231
Intelligence from Scotland for the Earl of Shrewsbury, no date [October, 1557]. The Earl of Huntly is not on this journey; he is either sick or feigns sickness. The Scots army is said to be dispersed for fear of an English navy. The Earl of Argyll has returned all Irishmen because of a revolt in Ireland. There is much strife among the Scots. 1p. Clerk's hand. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.353)
Folio 232
Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 10 October 1557. A ship carrying 1,000 bows which is to be returned if it comes to Berwick has not come and he suggests that it might be waylaid at the Shields. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 234
Lord Dacre to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Carlisle, 10 October 1557. He thanks the Earl for supporting his son Leonard to the Privy Council [cf. folio 52]. His men have been prevented from annoying Annandale by the great rains. The Graemes and Maxwells are refractory. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 236
Leonard Dacre to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Eslington, 11 October 1557. He has brought 250 men with him from the West March because of instructions received from the Earl through his father, yet they are refused wages, coat and conduct money, apparently on the Earl's order. The bearer will pass on intelligence gained from a sortie. 3pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 238
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Newcastle, 11 October 1557. The Scots army has been delayed because of diversity of opinions, foul weather and rising water, but the Scots nobility are now at the frontier. The Lord Warden [the Earl of Northumberland] has assembled the garrisons nearer together. Lord Talbot has set out from Alnwick to join him, as will the Earl of Westmorland (despite his gout!) and the strength of the assembled force may deter the Scots. 3pp. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.349)
Folio 240
Leonard Dacre to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Doddington, 13 October [1557], sending a man to fetch money [cf. folio 236]. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 242
John Abington to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President in the North, from Berwick, 13 October 1557. He understands from the Lord Treasurer [the Marquess of Winchester] that a ship laden with hops, hoops and casks has been sent to Newcastle and he desires that it may come to Berwick. 1p. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 244
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 13 October 1557. He has arrived at Alnwick after a difficult journey [cf. folio 238]. The Lord Warden has stationed him and his force at Belforth [Belford]. The Bishopric [of Durham] men are reluctant to serve and desire to return home. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed, Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.352)
Folio 246
The Earl of Westmorland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord President and Lieutenant in the North, from Haggerston, 16 October 1557. There is no provision of any kind at Haggerston. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'

Folio 248
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 18 October 1557. The adverse weather is causing the Scots nobles to decide to disperse their forces. The Earl of Huntly, who has been opposed to this, was imprisoned for one day. The passage of four pieces of Scots ordnance over the Tweed has caused the drowning of two men and eight horses. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.354)
Folio 250
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lord Talbot, from Newcastle, 18 October 1557. He reproves him sharply for signing a letter from the Earl of Northumberland and warns him of the peril of interfering in another man's office. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 251
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, no place [Newcastle], 20 October 1557. He has been standing in readiness with 1,000 men, but the Scots 'falling to a new consultation, thought that, considering the time of the year, the foul weather, and the preparation made for their resistance, they should not be able to do anything that might stand with the honour of Scotland' [cf. folio 248]. He has 'despatched out of wages' many of the English troops and enquires which garrisons should continue through the winter. He praises the conduct of nobles and men in their recent service. 4pp. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.356) John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials relating chiefly to religion (1822), iii, 2.532-4
Folio 252
[The Earl of Shrewsbury] to the Lords of the Council, no place [Newcastle], 21 October 1557. The Scots have disbanded for the winter and he asks for instructions as to how far he should discharge the English troops. 1p. Draft, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 254
The Lords Eure and Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 20 October 1557. They send intelligence of the enemy's movements. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed.
Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Enclosing folio 253
Intelligence sent to the Lords Eure and Wharton of the Scots nobility's decision to abandon the proposed invasion, 20 October 1557. 'The Dowager raged, and repreived them of their promises... arguments grew great between them, wherewith she sorrowed, and wept openly'. The Scots have kept only chosen men on the Border. There are rumours that the Queen Dowager is to be restrained of her authority and that disagreements are developing between Scotland and France. The Duc de Chatellerault desires the return of his son from France. 1p. Clerk's hand. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.358)
Folio 256
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lords Wharton and Eure, no place [Newcastle], 21 October 1557. Drafts of separate letters to the two lords requesting a conference concerning the garrisons to be maintained on the Border. 1p. Drafts. Endorsed.
Folio 257
Thomas Wood, master of the 'New Bark', from Holy Island, 21 August 1557. A certificate of loss at sea, (Sir John Clere and a total of 97 men). [Cf. folio 114]. 1p. Copy.
Folio 258
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 22 October 1557, giving their opinion of the garrisons necessary and stating that Berwick requires 1,600 good soldiers [cf. folio 256]. 3pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 262
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 22 October 1557, requesting that Sir Robert Worsley be permitted to return to his country, leaving his son in his stead. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed.
Folio 264
Lord Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 25 October 1557. He discusses a meeting arranged between Sir James Croft and Kirkcaldy [cf. Acts of the Privy Council 1556-1558, p. 408]. The disaffected Scots lords are about to apprehend the Queen Dowager. D'Oysel requests a guard of soldiers for the safety of his person. A post-script asks for eight or ten deer for his house at Witton. 2pp. Clerk's hand, subscribed and signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Enclosing folio 265
Intelligence brought by Berwick the pursuivant from Eyemouth from Kirkcaldy. 1p. Clerk's hand.
Folio 267
The Earl of Shrewsbury to Lord Dacre, no place [Newcastle], 26 October 1557. The Queen will favour peace if it is first sought by the Scots. 1p. Draft. Endorsed. (Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British History (second edition, 1838), i.361)
Folio 267x
Draft of authority to abstain from war and treat with the Scots, no date, no place [26 October 1557, Newcastle]. 1p. Clerk's hand.
Folio 268
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 31 October 1557, reporting a successful exploit near Berwick by the English. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 271
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Alnwick, 2 November 1557. Expostulations that Shrewsbury is inclined to reduce the garrisons; he asks for 2,500 men in garrison in view of the situation. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Enclosing folio 270
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of Shrewsbury, no date, no place [Alnwick, 1 November 1557]. Notable service has been rendered on the Border by Sir Henry Percy, Sir John Forster and others on 31 October and forty prisoners were taken [cf. folio 268]. 1p. Clerk's hand.
And folio 269x
A list of the towns and steads burned on the Border, 31 October 1557. 1p. Clerk's hand.
And folio 272
The Earl of Northumberland to the Lords of the Council, from Alnwick, 1 November 1557, reporting the incident of 31 October and asking for leave to wait on the Queen and the Privy Council to represent the necessity of strong garrisons. 3pp. Copy.
Folio 275
Lords Wharton and Eure to the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant in the North, from Berwick, 2 November 1557. A supplication for more wages for their garrison. Horsemen nearby have 1s. and 9d. per day; they have 4d. and 3½d. at Berwick. Last night 60 men were sent to see the fire at Haydon Crawe, eight miles from Berwick; they brought back one prisoner and some cattle. 2pp. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed. Address.
Folio 277
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, no place [Newcastle], 7 November 1557. The garrisons have been mustered and £7,200 received for their payment. He discusses Sir James Croft's practices with Kirkcaldy [cf. folio 264]. 2pp. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 278
The names of the Scots gentlemen taken prisoner at the battle of Blackberry, 10 November 1557. An addition in a second hand notes that there were 400 or more prisoners and 40 slain on the Scots side with four Englishmen killed. 1p. Clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 279
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, from Sheffield, 13 November 1557. The garrison of Berwick has been disbanded and paid. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 280
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Queen, from Sheffield, 8 p.m. 1 December 1557. He has returned to Sheffield from Wingfield to arrange for the 400 horsemen demanded for service in the north. He has asked for 200 from Richmondshire and 200 from the rest of the shire, but requests that 100 be excused and charged to Nottinghamshire. He is on his way to the Court. 3pp. Copy, in Gargrave's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 282
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Northumberland, from Sheffield, 2 December 1557. He forwards the Queen's writ referred to in folio 280 and asks Northumberland to raise as many horsemen as he can in Richmondshire, which is within his rule. If he cannot raise the 200 requested, he is to inform Sir Thomas Gargrave, the Vice-President of the North Parts. 2pp. Draft, clerk's hand. Endorsed.
Folio 283
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Lords of the Council, no place, 11 December 1557. Numerous robberies have been committed by the soldiers late of Berwick and Guisnes; one is a coiner of angels. The offenders have been committed for trial. 1p. Copy. Endorsed.
Folio 284
The Earl and [Margaret], Countess of Derby to the Earl of Shrewsbury, from Lathom, 26 December [1557]. Compliments and professions of friendship. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed and subscribed.
Folio 286
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Westmorland, from Coldharbour [London], 20 February [1557/8]. He has asked his servants and tenants to muster men but now he finds that 300 footmen and 40 horsemen are required from Derbyshire, so that he has cancelled his orders. 1p. Damaged Ms. Copy.
Folio 287
The Earl of Westmorland to the Stewards and Bailiffs of the Earl of Shrewsbury, from Newcastle, 1 March 1557/8, requiring a muster-book from the liberties of Hallamshire and Rotherham by 21 March. 1p. Clerk's hand, signed. Endorsed 'haste'. Address.
Folio 288
The Earl of Westmorland to the Sheriff [Sir William Holles] and justices of Derbyshire, from Newcastle, 23 March [1557/8], ordering that 1,500 footmen be taken 'of the most lustye, tallest and servyceable personages' for war against the Scots and that they be furnished with 'stele cappes, swordes, dagers, bowes and arrowes'. 1p. Copy
AdminHistoryD
CustodialHistoryFORMERLY VOLUME D
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 58

Access to the Talbot papers is also available by subscription from Adam Matthew Digital:
www.earlymodernengland.amdigital.co.uk
PublnNoteSteen, Sara Jayne (ed.) "The Letters of Lady Arabella Stuart" Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. (Women writers in English 1350-1850) xv, 304p.; illus., facsims. [KA391.1S9]

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