RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 2009
Extentii+156 ff.
TitleLetters and papers concerning musters of the clergy.
Date1580-1601
DescriptionLetter from Queen Elizabeth I to John Whitgift, Bishop of Worcester, and (1583) Archbishop of Canterbury, 29 September 1580, requiring the provision of horse and armour by the Bishop, Dean and Chapter, and clergy for service in Ireland. Signed, 'Elizabeth' (f. 1).
Letter from the Privy Council to the same and the Dean and Chapter of Worcester, 29 September 1580, with instructions for the muster at Chester, including details of equipment to be provided (f. 3).
Letter from Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 25 January 1585/6, with instructions for sending money raised in the diocese and a list of contributions to the charge of 1,000 lances to be employed in the Low Countries (f. 5).
Letter from Charles Howard, 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham, and (1596) 1st Earl of Nottingham, to Archbishop Whitgift, 12 December [1587], requiring the musters to be produced in his lieutenancy of Surrey (f. 7).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 27 May 1588, with instructions that, as the clergy are reluctant to show lances or light horse at the musters, he is to move the Bishops to ensure that this is done--after the example of the Bishop of Winchester (f. 9).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to Thomas Cooper, Bishop of Winchester, 29 May 1588, requiring him to raise musters of the clergy in his diocese and certify the same (copy) (f. 11).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province of Canterbury, 29 May 1588, on the same subject (copy) (f. 13).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 22 June 1588, urgently inquiring what horsemen the rest of the Bishops will provide (f. 15).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 25 June 1588, stating that owing to scarcity of horses the Bishops may contribute money. 12,000 bulls releasing the Queen's subjects from obedience are printed at Antwerp for distribution on invasion (f. 17).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 27 June 1588, agreeing to accept horses instead of money. Sends a copy of the bull and asks for its return and complete secrecy (f. 19).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 16 July 1588, requiring speedy return of musters, which have only been received from Canterbury, Ely, and St. Asaph (f. 21).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 23 July 1588, stating that Sir John Norris will accept £12 instead of £24 at which horses, lances, or light horse are valued owing to the shortage of horses. He will see by the enclosure [missing] how necessary it is that every man contributes (f. 23).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 24 July 1588, asking that the musters of the clergy be put in the charge of Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke (1621), and reminding him of the need for 'extraordinary speede' (f. 25).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 28 July 1588, requiring care in the appointment by Whitgift of captains of horse and foot levied by the clergy, who have requested appointments be made by him (f. 27).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 29 July 1588, requiring that troops, which are to attend the Queen's person, be put at an hour's readiness under proper captains (draft) (f. 29).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 5 August 1588, reminding him of Sir John Norris's offer [f. 23]. Money has been received only from the Dean of St. Paul's (f. 30).
Letter from John Wolton, Bishop of Exeter, to Archbishop Whitgift, 18 August 1588, stating his uncertainty from Whitgift's letters whether to raise money or troops. The country does not breed suitable horses. Some clergy because of uncertainty in Whitgift's instructions and because of the departure of the Spaniards provide neither horse nor money. Little armour to be had and that has doubled in price (f. 32).
Letter from William Redman, Archdeacon of Canterbury, and (1595) Bishop of Norwich, to Archbishop Whitgift, 20 August 1588. The horse desire not to be withdrawn from the coast; most of the petronels are unfit for service; Sir John Norris's offer came too late to be of use; the ministers lack men, for their servants and parish clerks have been mustered with the laity. Asks that Deputy-Lieutenants be ordered not to muster such servants and that ministers remain in parishes to perform their duties (f. 34).
Abstract of certificates of lances, lighthorse, petronels and equipment furnished by the Bishops, [1588] (f. 36r-v).
'A note [by Whitgift] of suche horses and furniture as the clergie offreth to her Majesty against an inuasion for the prouince of Cantabury', [1588] (f. 38r-v).
Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham to Archbishop Whitgift, 2 March 1589/90, sending a list of musters supplied by the dioceses in the previous year (f. 40).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 4 March 1589/90, ordering that musters of the clergy be put in a state of readiness as by their voluntary offer last year, and that men be not taken from trained bands (f. 42).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 6 March 1589/90, sending a copy of the previous item. It is much misliked that Bishops, Deans, Archdeacons and other double beneficed clergy, who have horses for their own use, have not supplied serviceable horses. Public prayers should be said. Asks for return of parishes with preachers and of unbeneficed preachers (draft) (f. 44).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Lord-Lieutenants, April 1590, asking that men be provided to wear the armour provided by the clergy, many of whom owing to their small households cannot provide men (copy) (f. 46).
Assessment of certain Welsh parishes for the provision of arms, [1590] (f. 48).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 11 October 1590, requiring the Bishops to provide certificates of musters as have been supplied by the laity (copy) (f. 49).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 19 October 1590, requiring them to view and return certificates of musters (copy) (f. 50).
Letter from the Privy Council to the Deputy-Lieutenants of Dorset, December 1590, discharging the diocese of Bristol, owing to poverty, from mustering horse and petronels, and requiring two footmen for each horseman instead (copy) (f. 51).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, 12 March 1595, enclosing letter from the Bishop of Lincoln [missing], with a reply in the latter's hand (f. 53).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to Francis Willis, Dean of Worcester, and [Arthur] Purefey, [Chancellor of Worcester], 13 March 1595/6, requiring obedience to the Queen's orders. The diocese has less cause to complain than any other, being only charged with foot, and of the 150 certified only 45 are taken. Fines and sequestrations to be raised on recalcitrants (copy) (f. 55).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to Herbert Westfaling, Bishop of Hereford, 13 March 1595/6, requiring obedience to the Queen's orders and certificates of recalcitrants who will be reported to the Queen and Council (copy) (f. 56).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to William Chaderton, Bishop of Lincoln, 13 March 1595/6, urging him not to delay 'because the service is of great importance'. Though the burden on the clergy is heavy, the times require it. Those absent from the diocese must contribute (copy) (f. 58).
Letter from the Privy Council to Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Lord-Lieutenant of Wilts., 15 November 1595, directing him to muster a reserve force of 2,000 men to assist the maritime counties in case of invasion. The clergy, who have lately 'forborn' to have their servants mustered, are to provide horse and foot (copy) (f. 60). Also an order from the same to Archbishop Whitgift, 6 October 1595, to ensure the clergy raise musters as in 1588 (copy) (f. 61).
Letter from Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, to William Redman, Bishop of Norwich, 23 November 1595, requiring musters of the clergy to be viewed and trained by Mr. Hellwes (copy) (f. 62).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 4 March 1595/6, requiring the dioceses to find in proportion 300 horsemen and 285 foot to muster at West Chester on 31 March for service in Ireland. Equipment of horse and foot described in detail. Those without cuirasses may buy them at Chester for 20 shillings. The Irish service 'doeth little lesse importe England then if this realme itself were invaded' (copy) (f. 64).
Letter from William Redman, Bishop of Norwich, to Archbishop Whitgift, 8 March 1595/6, stating that musters cannot be raised in time; can only raise 12 horse; the diocese overrated at 15 muskets and 50 calivers; hears of no companies of laity raised (f. 66).
List of horse, petronels, muskets, and calivers supplied by each diocese, [1596] (ff. 68-9).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, [1 April 1596], sending letters from William James, Dean of Christ Church, and Brincow, custos spiritualitatis, from whom he has received a note of the colour of the horses and names of horsemen sent to Chester. Defaulters should be punished--instances frivolous excuses by [Martin] Culpepper, [Warden of New College, Oxford] (draft) (f. 70).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 11 July 1596, sending schedule of dioceses which have sent incomplete or defective horse to Chester, whereby a third of the 300 due to be supplied by the clergy are wanting. Inquiries to be made, particularly in dioceses of Lincoln, Norwich, and Llandaff, and deficiencies made good by 10 August or the sum of 20 marks per horse and £10 per petronel paid (f. 72).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 9 August 1595, with directions for payment of sums from defaulting clergy (f. 74).
Account by Sir John Stanhope, Treasurer of the Chamber, of sums paid by Bishops and Deans in the Province for the provision of horses for Ireland, 12 August 1598 (f. 76).
Letter from William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, to Archbishop Whitgift, 20 August 1596, requiring payment of sums due from dioceses of Norwich, Lincoln, and Ely (f. 78).
Order by the Privy Council recalling troops mustered by clergy and laity, the Spanish fleet having been discovered off the coast of France, 25 August 1599 (copy) (f. 80).
Letter from William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, to Archbishop Whitgift, 16 September 1596, requiring payment of any sums raised from the clergy, as the Irish campaign suspended for lack of money (f. 82).
Letter from William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, to Archbishop Whitgift, 2 October 1596, concerning dispatch to Chester by the Bishop of Gloucester of horse instead of money 'contrarie to the corse of the other bishops' (f. 84).
Letter from William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, to Archbishop Whitgift, 20 January 1596/7, concerning a loan to be raised from the clergy (f. 86).
Note by Whitgift of soldiers raised by the clergy of the Province in 1588 and 1595, and of the same sent to Ireland in 1596 and 1598 (ff. 88-9).
List of horse and foot to be sent to Ireland by each diocese of the Province, 1 April 1596 (f. 90r-v).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 16 July 1598, requiring the Bishops and clergy of the Province to furnish £30 for each of 20 horse for service in Ireland, a further ten being raised in York, the condition of horses supplied last time having been too bad for service. Recusants to give relief to the Bishops (f. 92).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift [to Richard Bancroft, Bishop of London, and (1604) Archbishop of Canterbury], 18 July 1598, informing him that he is assessed at two horses or £60 and the Dean of St. Paul's at £30 (copy) (f. 94).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift [to Sir Robert Cecil], 18 July 1598, stating that the clergy will take the new demand hard owing to the late burden of the Irish service and because they have recently paid the first part of a subsidy granted by Parliament in the hope of no more extraordinary charges. The money cannot be raised in the time stated (copy) (f. 96).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 29 July 1599, requiring the Bishops and clergy of the Province to raise lances, light horse, petronels, and foot for defence of the Queen's person owing to threat of Spanish invasion expected within fifteen days. In 1588 the clergy raised 559 troops besides foot (f. 98).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 29 July 1599, requiring raising of musters. 'In this extremitee all excuses are to bee sett aparte' (copy) (f. 100).
Letter from Sir Robert Cecil to Archbishop Whitgift, 1 August 1599, thanking him for a form of prayer. 'Your Grace knoweth yt the q[ueen] will not soddainly have these things don in publick, neyther will they be necessary yet untill we see ye Fleet on ye coast'. Order given for men to ride horses supplied by clergy (f. 102).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 4 August 1599, stating that the horse raised by the clergy in Kent should remain certified in the roll of musters of the county. The rest of the horse are to repair to Lambeth and Southwark (f. 104).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 4 August 1599, requiring their forces to muster at Lambeth and Southwark.
Letters are sent to Lord-Lieutenants to help the clergy with men (copy) (f. 106).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 5 August 1599, ordering that musters of the clergy in Wales, Devon, and Cornwall may remain in their counties. Other horses are to be furnished with coats of a colour prescribed by Whitgift. Foot to be at readiness (f. 108).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift [to William Cotton, Bishop of Exeter, and to the Welsh Bishops], 5 August 1599, requiring them to keep musters in their counties, and prescribing blue or tawny for the colour of coats (copy) (f. 110).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the remaining Bishops of the Province, 5 August 1599, prescribing tawny for coats. Troops to muster at Lambeth or Southwark by the 15th (copy) (f. 110).
Letter from Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, to Archbishop Whitgift, 13 August 1599, agreeing to delay in mustering Whitgift's servants, but desiring to view them in St. James's Fields with all other musters of the clergy (f. 111).
Letter from Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, to Archbishop Whitgift, 14 August 1599, stating that his orders do not apply to Whitgift's horse. Agrees to delay in view of clergy musters and appoints St. George's Fields (f. 113).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Earl of Nottingham, [August 1599], asking that his forces be viewed with others for defence of the sacred person of the Queen (copy) (f. 115).
Letter from Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, to Archbishop Whitgift, 22 August 1599, conveying the Queen's thanks to the clergy, and dismissing their forces, which are to be at an hour's readiness (f. 117).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 23 August 1599, conveying the Queen's thanks. She 'added that she knewe they would fight for her indeed'. Of those that defaulted, she 'thincketh verye hardlie of them, whereof they are lyke to feele and taste er it bee long', and orders them to raise troops due. Musters dismissed but to be at an hour's readiness. The defaulters must contribute to the costs of the rest (copy) (f. 119).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 20 August 1599, recalling clergy musters as Spanish fleet discovered off the French coast (f. 121).
Letter from Sir Robert Cecil to Archbishop Whitgift, 29 November n.y., stating that the Queen desires a voluntary contribution from courts under Whitgift's jurisdiction and from persons of 'spiritual profession' for the war in Ireland about to be undertaken (f. 123).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 26 August 1599, recalling clergy musters to the 'rendesvous' at Lambeth and Southwark (copy) (f. 125).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Bishops of the Province, 26 August 1599, cancelling the previous instructions (copy) (f. 129).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 26 August 1599, stating that the Queen wishes clergy musters to be at an hour's readiness (f. 131).
'Defectes and inconveniences alleaged by the Bishoppes and others of the Clergie touching this seruice with horses', 1599 (ff. 133-134v).
Table of forces mustered by the clergy in 1588 and 1599 (f. 137r-v).
Letter from William Segar, Kt. (1616), herald, Norroy King-of-Arms, to Mr. Aleworthe, esq., of Croydon, 9 August 1599, concerning an ensign and banners for Whitgift bearing his arms (f. 139).
Letter from Queen Elizabeth I to Archbishop Whitgift, 7 October 1601, requiring the clergy of the Province to provide forty-five light horse for service in Ireland, the Spaniards having landed in Munster. Signed, 'Elizabeth' (f. 141).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 7 October 1601, describing equipment of the horses and men to be provided by the clergy. They are to muster at Bristol. None are more fit to ride than men born in the north (f. 143).
Letter from the Privy Council to Archbishop Whitgift, 15 October 1601, stating that the Lord-Lieutenants, etc., are, when requested, to provide men to ride the horses supplied by the clergy (f. 145).
Letter from Archbishop Whitgift to the Lord-Lieutenants, October 1601, instructing them to find men to ride horses provided by the clergy (copy) (f. 147).
Letter from the Privy Council to the Bishops of the Province, 9 October 1601, with instructions for raising horse (copy) (f. 149).
Letter from Donough O'Brien, 4th Earl of Thomond, to Archbishop Whitgift, 1 November 1601, complaining about the horses sent by the clergy (f. 151).
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 202

Colour images of selected folios are available from the Bridgeman Art Library: MS 2009 f. 141 (Image ID: LAM 101625
PublnNoteSee Lambeth Palace Library Z664.L2 5.24 [These consist of notes made by Simon Keynes regarding the dispersal of the Fairhurst Collection. (unpublished)]

McGurk, J.J.N. 'The Clergy and the Militia, 1580-1610' in "History" Vol. LX (1975) [Lambeth Palace Library Z664.L2 3.25]

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