RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMS 1122/3
Extent254 ff.
TitleTHOMAS SECKER: PAPERS RELATING TO FOREIGN PROTESTANTS
Date1761-1765
DescriptionPapers of Thomas Secker (1693-1768), Archbishop of Canterbury 1758-68, relating to foreign Protestants in England and abroad, especially the provision of aid for Protestants suffering religious persecution, exile or other forms of distress.
The papers have endorsements in Secker's hand and appear to have been arranged by him.

MS. 1122/3 is part of a series of four volumes (MSS/1122/1-4).

MS. 1122/3
ff. 1-6. A list of the contents of this volume. 18th century. In a secretary's hand with corrections by Andrew Coltee Ducarel, Lambeth Librarian 1757-85.
ff. 7-8 [item 201]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Germany, concerning the continuation of the Royal Bounty following the accession of George III. With seven signatures. n.d. In French. Endorsed by Secker: 'Letter from the Vaudois ministers in Germany with one to the King which I presented to him Jan. 19 1761'.
ff. 9-10 [item 202]. Letter to Secker from Monsieur Court [Antoine Court, or Antoine Court de Gébelin (c.1719-1784) son of Antoine Court (d. 1760)], concerning the Reformed church in France, especially in Languedoc. Lausanne, 18 Feb. 1761. In French.
ff. 11-12 [item 203]. Letter to Secker from John Lind (1737-1781), Chaplain to the Embassy at Constantinople (and afterwards a political activist) concerning the Genevan congregation at Constantinople. 1 March 1761. Cf. MS. 1122/2, ff. 171-2.
f. 13 [item 204]. 'Liste des galeriens protestants sur les galeres de France pour cause de religion, envoye de Toulon le 9 mars 1761'. An enclosure with the letter from Majendie to Secker at ff. 42-3.
ff. 14-16 [items 205-206]. Correspondence between Secker and John James Majendie concerning the Royal Bounty. 13 March 1761.
ff. 17-18 [item 207]. Letter to Secker from William Henry, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1718-1768) seeking assistance for his Protestant subjects. Saarbrücken, 21 March 1761. Cf. ff. 33a-36.
ff. 19-22 [items 208-210]. Three letters to Secker from John James Majendie concerning the Royal Bounty and aid to the University of Debreczen [Debrecen], Hungary. 6-24 April 1761.
ff. 23-24 [item 211]. Letter from Jean Sarasin to an unnamed correspondent concerning Protestants imprisoned or serving in the galleys in France. Geneva, 25 April 1761. In French. Endorsed by Secker: 'M. Sarasin a M. Patron de Geneve...'.
ff. 25-26 [item 212]. Anonymous letter to Secker concerning the position of Protestants in Germany. 29 April 1761. In French.
ff. 27-29 [items 213-213b]. Letter to Secker from John James Majendie, enclosing the names of two Protestants (Jean Fabre and Honore Turge) condemned to the galleys for attending a religious assembly in 1756, and mentioning the case of Protestant women imprisoned in the tower of Constance at Aigues-Mortes in Languedoc. 4 May 1761. Cf. ff. 247-8.
ff. 30-31 [item 214]. List of Protestant women imprisoned in the tower of Constance at Aigues-Mortes in Languedoc. 1761. Probably the list enclosed in the letter from Philip Yorke at ff. 66-67, or that enclosed in the letter at ff. 79-80.
ff. 32-33 [item 215]. Letter to Secker from John James Majendie concerning the Royal Bounty and other matters. 11 June 1761.
ff. 33a-38 [items 216-217]. Address to Secker from Mansa [Johann Jakob Mansa], pastor at Saarbrücken. London, 11 June 1761. In Latin. With a copy of a letter from Secker to William Henry, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken (in reply to the letter at ff. 17-18), 24 June 1761. In French.
f. 39 [item 218]. Letter from Jean Sarasin to an unnamed correspondent concerning Protestants imprisoned or serving in the galleys in France. Geneva, 26 June 1761. In French.
ff. 40-41 [item 219]. Letter to Secker from Mansa [Johann Jakob Mansa], pastor at Saarbrücken. London, 11 June 1761. In French.
ff. 42-43 [item 220]. Letter to Secker from John James Majendie concerning a payment to the University of Debreczen [Debrecen], Hungary, and sending a list dated 9 March 1761 of Protestants condemned to the galleys in France (see f. 13 for the list and cf. f. 29). 29 June 1761.
ff. 44-45 [item 221]. Letter (original) from Francois Fabre to Causse et Lariviere, merchants in London, with a list of Protestants condemned to the galleys in the departement of Toulon, France. 1 July 1761.
ff. 46-59 [items 222-223]. Letter to Secker from Louis Dutens (1730-1812), charge d'affaires at Turin, enclosing a memorandum in French on the Vaudois churches in Piedmont and Germany and their circumstances since 1686. 25 July 1761.
ff. 60-61 [item 224]. Letter to Secker from Mansa [Johann Jakob Mansa], pastor at Saarbrücken, concerning the collection in England for his church. Saarbrücken, 13 Aug. 1761.
ff. 62-63 [item 225]. Letter to Secker from Jean Philippe May, Pastor of the Vaudois church at Rohrbach in Hesse Darmstadt, concerning the needs of the Vaudois churches in Germany with their pension in arrears. 15 Aug. 1761. In French.
ff. 64-65 [item 226]. Letter from Louis Dutens, charge d'affaires at Turin, to an unnamed cousin, mentioning, for the ears of John James Majendie and Secker, that the Vaudois ministers are almost starving because of the delay in receiving their pension. 29 Aug. 1761.
ff. 66-67 [item 227]. Letter to Secker from Joseph Yorke, afterwards Baron Dover, diplomat, sending a list of Protestants condemned to the galleys in France for their religion, a list of Protestant women imprisoned in the tower at at Aigues-Mortes in Languedoc (see ff. 30-1, 79-80), and related memorials. 1 Sept. 1761. Cf. ff. 114-5.
f. 68 [item 228]. Copy of a letter from Secker to John James Majendie asking him to inquire into the delay in payment of the Royal Bounty to the Vaudois. 2 Sept. 1761.
ff. 69-70 [item 229]. Letter to Secker from Mansa [Johann Jakob Mansa], pastor at Saarbrücken, appealing for international support for the Protestant church at Lixheim, Lorraine. 12 Sept. 1761. In French. Cf. ff. 104-5.
ff. 71-78 [items 230-231]. Two letters to Secker from Benjamin Du Plan [Benjamin Ribot, Seigneur du Caila et Du Plan]. 25 Sept. 1761. In French.
ff. 79-80 [item 232]. Letter to Secker from Jean Royer, Minister of the Walloon reformed Church at the Hague and chaplain to the Prince of Orange, concerning Mansa's appeal for support for the Protestants at Lixheim and the suffering of Protestants in France. Sending various enclosures, including a list of Protestant women imprisoned in the tower at Aigues-Mortes in Languedoc. 30 Sept. 1761. In French.
ff. 81-82 [item 233]. Letter to Secker from John James Majendie relating his audience with George III and his appointment to teach Queen Charlotte. Also concerning the latest petition to Secker from Benjamin Du Plan (see ff. 71-8). 11 Oct 1761.
ff. 83-86 [items 234-235]. Correspondence between Secker and Louis Dutens, charge d'affaires at Turin, concerning the long-delayed payment of the royal pension to the Vaudois. 28 Oct-5 Dec 1761.
ff. 87-88 [item 236]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Piedmont thanking him for securing payment of the royal pension. Signed by Daniel Appia and two others. 8 Dec 1761. In French.
ff. 89-90 [item 237]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Germany (Wurttemberg and Hesse-Darmstadt) thanking him for securing payment of the royal pension. Signed by Jean Philippe May and 6 others. n.d. Endorsed by Secker: '...rec'd Jan. 24 1762'. In French.
f. 91 [item 238]. Note from Secker to John James Majendie. 25 Jan. 1762.
ff. 92-94 [items 239-240]. Two letters to Secker from John James Majendie concerning Minorca and losses sustained by Causse and Lariviere, merchants in London, and concerning a successor to James Serces as distributor of the Royal Bounty to French ministers. 6-30 March 1762.
ff. 95-96 [item 241]. Letter to Secker from Jean Philippe May, pastor of the Vaudois church at Rohrbach, Hesse-Darmstadt, concerning the Vaudois colony there. 10 May 1762. In French.
ff. 97-98 [item 242]. Copy of a petition to George III from unemployed French Protestants in England seeking relocation to the American colonies. Unsigned. Endorsed by Secker: '... put into my hands May 15 1762 by Mr. Majendie, Counsellor Pechel and Col. Boyde who said Lord Granville approved it'.
ff. 99-101 [items 243-244]. Two letters to Secker from John James Majendie concerning compensation from the Treasury paid to Causse and Lariviere, merchants. 10-21 July 1762.
ff. 102-103 [item 245]. Letter to Secker from Bernard Cordelier, chaplain of a captured French ship, a prisoner at Tavistock. 14 Aug. 1762.
ff. 104-105 [item 246]. Letter to Secker from Mansa [Johann Jakob Mansa], pastor at Saarbrücken, concerning the Protestant church at Lixheim. 17 Oct 1762. In French.
ff. 106-111 [items 247-249]. Letter to Secker from Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, enclosing a copy of a petition (dated 19 Oct 1762) to George III from German Lutherans for a licence to build a chapel in Little Ayliffe Street, Goodman's Fields, Middlesex [St. George's German Lutheran Church, Whitechapel]. 21 Oct. 1762. With a copy of Secker's reply, 22 Oct 1762.
ff. 112-113 [item 250]. Letter to Secker from Jean Philippe May, pastor of the Vaudois church at Rohrbach, Hesse-Darmstadt, pressing the need of the Vaudois ministers to receive payment of the royal pension in view of the price rises resulting from the war. 15 Nov. 1762. In French.
ff. 114-115 [item 251]. Copy of a letter from Secker to Sir Joseph Yorke, afterwards Baron Dover, diplomat at the Hague, concerning diplomatic efforts with regard to French Protestants, especially those condemned to the galleys in France or imprisoned at Aigues-Mortes in Languedoc, and concerning the Protestants at Lixheim. 18 Nov. 1762. Cf. ff. 66-67.
f. 116 [item 252]. 'Liste des galeriens pour avoir professe la religion reformee a la date du 4 Decembre 1762'.
ff. 117-118 [item 253]. 'Liste des prisonieres detenues dans la tour de Constance d'aguemortes au bas languedoc'. n.d.
ff. 119-122 [items 254-255]. Two letters to Secker from Jean Royer, Minister of the Walloon reformed Church at the Hague and chaplain to the Prince of Orange, concerning French Protestants serving in the galleys and imprisoned at Aigues-Mortes, and concerning the Protestants of Lixheim. 6 and 16 Dec. 1762. In French.
f. 123 [item 256]. Letter to Secker from Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont. 23 Dec. 1762.
ff. 124-126 [items 257-258]. Letter to Secker from Jean Royer at The Hague, with a list of 28 Protestants serving in the French galleys. 3 Jan. 1763.
ff. 127-130 [items 258 b-c]. Two letters to Secker from Edward Bentham, of Christ Church, Oxford, concerning funds to be paid to the University of Debreczen [Debrecen] 3 and 8 Jan. 1763.
f. 131 [item 259]. Letter to Secker from Mr. Planta [Andrew Planta, also known as Andreas Planta (1717-1773], minister of the German Reformed congregation at the Savoy, London [German Church of St Mary-Le-Savoy] concerning its distressed state. 29 Jan. 1763.
ff. 132-133 [item 260]. Letter [?to Secker] from Mansa [Johann Jakob Mansa], pastor at Saarbrücken, concerning the Protestant church at Lixheim. 21 Feb. 1763. In French.
ff. 134-136 [items 261-263]. Petition to Secker (in Latin) from 'the Reformed Bethlehemian College of Alba at Enyet' [Bethlen Gabor College, Aiud, Transylvania], with a draft response dated 29 March 1763 indicating that help from England could not be expected. Cf. MS. 1122/4 f. 57.
ff. 137-138 [item 263b]. Letter to Secker from John Mezo concerning the University of Debreczen [Debrecen], Hungary. Kensington, 11 April 1763.
ff. 139-159 [items 264-280]. Papers relating to a collection made in England by a church brief of 1764 to assist a new Protestant colony at Philippen in Turkish Moldavia. c.1760-1764. (see Ingram pp. 269-271). Included are a petition and letters from John James Scheidemantel and Carl Christoph von Marschall, agents of the colony sent to London, correspondence between Secker and George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, and two printed items:
'An account of the grant of the public exercise of divine worship, according to the Protestant form: also of a church and school to the colony of Protestants at Philippen in Moldavia ... by Prince John Theodore, hospodar of that province; lately published at Magdeburg and Leipzig ... in a collection, intitled, "Geistliche's Magazine ...1761...' [London, 1761?]. ESTC, t018813.
'Glad tidings concerning the Kingdom of God. ..'. [London, 1760?]. ESTC, T40820.
ff. 160-163 [item 281]. A printed item: 'Mémoire concernant la situation présente des églises evangéliques des vallées du Piémont : & celle du ministère dans ces églises, dressé par les pasteurs commissaires chargés au nom du Synode, de la correspondence avec ces églises ...' n.d. Printed by order of the Synod at Utrecht dated 5 May 1763.
ff. 164-169 [items 282-283]. Letter to Secker from John Lind (1737-1781), Chaplain to the Embassy at Constantinople (and afterwards a political activist) 14 May 1763, accompanying a petition to Secker (in French) from the Genevan congregation at Constantinople.
ff. 170-216 [items 284-314]. Papers relating to the emigration from France in 1763 of a large group of Protestants led by Jean Louis Gibert (1722-1773), a Huguenot minister, settling in Plymouth until January 1764 when they sailed to found the colony of New Bordeaux, South Carolina. 1761-64. Included are memoranda by Secker; correspondence between Secker and statesmen (John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, George Grenville, Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, Charles Jenkinson, afterwards 1st Earl of Liverpool), John James Majendie, Jean Louis Gibert, David Lewis Monin, minister of the French church at East Stonehouse, Devon, Mr. Gautier [Peter Gautier alias Pierre Gautier], minister of the French church at Bristol, and others. In English and French. See Ingram, pp. 271-3. Cf. ff. 238-9.
ff. 217-219 [items 315-316]. Address to Secker from Johannes Stolterfoht, or John Stolterfoht, a wine merchant of Newsohl, Hungary, sent to London to collect aid for the Protestants of Neusohl suffering distress after a calamitous fire. In Latin, endorsed by Secker with the date 1763. With a printed appeal in English: 'Besides the usual great oppression on account of the exercise of religion, an other dreadful accident has befallen the Protestant Evangelical inhabitants of Neusohl a city in Hungary, (viz.) August the 3d and 4th 1761. At midnight, ... a terrible and general fire broke out ...' [London, 1763], dated 16 July 1763. ESTC, t221962.
ff. 220-221 [item 317]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Germany concerning the arrears in payment of the Royal Bounty. 1 Aug. 1763. In the hand of Jean Philippe May, with 6 signatures. In French.
ff. 222-223 [item 318]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Piedmont concerning the arrears in payment of the Royal Bounty. 17 Aug. 1763. Signed by Jean Puy, Paul Appia and David Combe. In French.
ff. 224-225 [item 319]. Accounts, in Secker's hand, concerning payments of the Royal Bounty to the Vaudois.Endorsed by him: 'Pension to the Vaudois for a year and a half ending April 5 1763'.
ff. 226-227 [item 320]. Letter to Secker from Jean Royer, Minister of the Walloon reformed Church at the Hague and chaplain to the Prince of Orange, concerning French Protestants serving in the galleys. 1 Sept. 1763. In French.
f. 228 [item 321]. Copy of a letter from Secker to Louis Dutens, charge d'affaires at Turin, arranging payment of the pension to the Vaudois ministers and schoolmasters for a year and a half ending April 5 1763. 25 Oct. 1763.
ff. 229-230 [item 322]. Letter to Secker from John James Majendie concerning Nectarius and his wish to teach Greek, possibly in London or at one of the English universities, and on other matters. 7 Nov. 1763. For further papers in English and Greek relating to Nectarius, see Secker papers, vol 7, ff. 243-266.
ff. 231-232 [item 323]. Letter to Secker from Louis Dutens arranging payment of the pension to the Vaudois ministers and schoolmasters for a year and a half ending April 5 1763. 16 Nov. 1763.
f. 233. Not allocated.
ff. 234-235 [item 324]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Piedmont with thanks for the payment of the Royal Bounty. 28 Nov. 1763. Signed by Jean Puy, Paul Appia and David Combe. In French.
ff. 236-239 [items 325-326]. Two letters to Secker from John James Majendie concerning assistance to Nectarius, and on Jean Louis Gibert and the French colonists leaving Plymouth for America (see. ff. 170-216). 10 Dec 1763 and 6 Jan 1764.
ff. 240-241 [item 327]. Letter to Secker from the University of Wittenberg, appealing for aid to restore their building. Signed by Daniel Wilhelm Trillerus (Rector) and two others. 1 March 1764. In Latin. Cf. MS. 1122/4, ff. 55-56.
ff. 242-245 [items 328-329]. Letter to Secker from Francis Seymour-Conway, Earl (and afterwards 1st Marquess) of Hertford, Ambassador in Paris, seeking Secker's support for the election of his son to a fellowship at Merton College, Oxford, and concerning Protestants imprisoned in France. 11 April 1764. With Secker's copy of his reply, 18 May 1764.
f. 246 [item 330]. Copy of a letter from Secker to Louis Dutens, charge d'affaires at Turin, arranging payment of the pension to the Vaudois ministers and schoolmasters for half a year. 14 April 1764.
ff. 247-248 [item 331]. Letter to Secker from Paul Rabaut (1718-1794) minister of the reformed church at Nimes, concerning Protestants imprisoned in France, especially Jean Fabre and Honore Turge of Nimes. 6 May 1764. In French. Cf. ff. 27-9.
ff. 249-250 [item 332]. Letter to Secker from the ministers of the Vaudois churches in Piedmont with thanks for the payment of the Royal Bounty. 8 May 1764. Signed by Jean Puy, Paul Appia and David Combe. In French.
ff. 251-252 [item 333]. Letter to Secker from Louis Dutens reporting his payment of the pension to the Vaudois ministers and schoolmasters. 9 May 1764.
ff. 253-254 [item 334]. Letter to Secker from John James Majendie concerning David Lewis Monin, minister of the French church at East Stonehouse, Devon, and his ineligibility for a pension, being born in Switzerland but not of French parents. 3 Aug. 1765.
LanguageEnglish, French, Latin
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2013
PhysicalDescriptionQuarter leather binding with boards covered in cloth, 387 x 275 mm., 20th cent.
Paper leaves of various sizes.
CustodialHistoryRecorded in Andrew Coltee Ducarel's catalogue of the Lambeth manuscripts begun 1763 (LR/F/42).
CopiesMS 1122/1-3
Negative Microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library Box 747
MS 1122/4
Negative Microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library Box 748
PublnNoteMSS 1122/1-4 used in Robert G. Ingram, 'Religion, Reform and Modernity in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Secker and the Church of England', Studies in Modern British Religious History, 17 (The Boydell Press, 2007) [Lambeth Palace Library H5198.SI6]

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CodeNameDates
25Secker; Thomas (1693-1768); Archbishop of Canterbury1693-1768
GB/109/13418Waldensian Church
GB/109/22000Lind; John (1737-1781); barrister, political activist1737-1781
GB/109/21978Majendie; John James (1709-1782); Minister at the French church at the Savoy; Canon of Windsor and domestic chaplain to Queen Charlotte1709-1782
GB/109/21973Yorke; Joseph (1724-1792); Baron Dover; diplomat1724-1792
GB/109/21994Wyndham; Charles (1710–1763); second earl of Egremont; politician1710–1763
GB/109/21990Dunk; George Montagu (1716–1771); second earl of Halifax; politician1716–1771
GB/109/22001Dutens; Louis (1730-1812); author and diplomat, British charge d'affaires at Turin1730-1812
GB/109/22002Serces; James (d.1762); Minister of the King's French Chapel at St. James, Westminsterd.1762
GB/109/15920Grenville; George (1712-1770); statesman1712-1770
NA2819George III (1738-1820); King of Great Britain and Ireland1738-1820
GB/109/21975Court; Antoine (1696-1760); French Huguenot leader1696-1760
GB/109/21976Ribot; Benjamin (1688-1763); Seigneur du Caila et Du Plan; French Huguenot leader1688-1763
GB/109/14709Charlotte Sophia (1744-1818); Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; Queen-Consort of George III; Queen of Hanover1744-1818
GB/109/21941Bentham; Edward (1707-1776); Subdean of Christ Church, Oxford, and Regius Professor of Divinity1707-1776
GB/109/21982Stuart; John (1713-1792); 3rd Earl of Bute; Politician1713-1792
GB/109/22008Court de Gébelin; Antoine (c.1719-1784); French Protestant minister; expert on tarotc.1719-1784
GB/109/22007Gibert; Jean Louis (1722-1773); Huguenot minister; founder of New Bordeaux, South Carolina1722-1773
GB/109/22005Rabaut; Paul (1718-1794); Minister at Nimes, Huguenot leader1718-1794
GB/109/22006Seymour-Conway; Francis (1718-1794); 1st Marquess of Hertford; diplomat1718-1794
912Reformed Church of France
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