RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoMS 1106
Extentff. 2 + 120 + 2
TitleFLORES HISTORIARUM ETC. (Annales Paulini)
DateLate 13th century-14th century
DescriptionThe text consists of:
(a) A careful abridgment of the Flores Historiarum with
certain notes peculiar to this copy, particularly a series touching on
the history of St Paul's and the see of London. These are printed
by Stubbs in the appendix to his Preface, pp. cxxvii-ix.
(b) A continuation peculiar to this copy, from 1307 to 1341,
printed by Stubbs under the title of Annales Paulini, pp. 255-370.
(c) The annals of Elias of Trickingham. This is an earlier
MS. bound up with the other and will be discussed later.

The covers of the book are lined with two leaves of a book of
Sermons in a small hand of cent. xiv-xv (on that at the end is the
headline 'dom. 25') and with two bits of a somewhat earlier MS.

1, 2 Text. Inc. prol. in librum qui floras hystoriarum intitu-
latur . . . . . f. 1
Temporum summam lineamque descendentem
A second hand begins in col. 1 of f. 20a, a third in col. 2,
f. 50a.
The next certain change (to my eye) is in col. 2, f. 95a: then
in 98a, col. 1, 102b, col. 2. The subsequent leaves to 110
were seemingly written at various times: they are possibly
all by one scribe. In earlier leaves small additions are made
in different ink at the end of paragraphs, on which see
Stubbs, p. lxxi.
The text of the Flores ends f. 93a, col. 1: in angliam scilicet
dimidium postulati.
The Annales Paulini then begin in the same hand . . . . . 93
Anno gracie m° Tricentesimo septimo (Stubbs, p. 255)
and end 110b: dicte abbatisse. This is the entry for 1341.
That for 1340 has been erased. It extends to 12 lines. The
first five are quite gone. What I can read of the next after
applying a reagent is l. 6 (?):
(? fere)trariorum
dicise vnde
in...-itan . . . processio
nes s... . . . [ad] die (?)' sci' . . . ad . . . 'or ecc
ecclam' sci' . . . [pauli] . . . [duct]us cum dulci
cantu et melodia mag[na] dno' archiepo' et multis
epis' ibidem presentibus.
Most likely the entry related to the inthronization of Bp Strat-
ford, whose election is the last event mentioned: he was
'consanguineus archiepiscopi.'

II. The flyleaf f. 111 has on the recto a number of scribbles.
(a) verses.
Cum viuis viuunt moriens moriuntur amici
Mors facit immemores quos vita tenebat amicos
Post mortis morsum vertit dileccio dorsum
Finita vita finit amicus ita.
(b) Per magistrum Eliam de Trikyngham (many times).
(c) Contenta huius libri
Exposicio Britonies in libros vim' (vniuersalium?) por-
On the verso in two columns in brown ink, cent. xiii, not late,
is what Stubbs, p. xlviii, calls a fragment of a survey of the
monastic estates of Ramsey. It begins:
Aumentacio prioratus huntingd. tempore Rogeri prioris facta.
Apud G(i)dding (?) in xx acris emptis pro xii marcis. The other
places mentioned are Opford, Huntingdon, Stiuecle (Stewk-
ley), Hereford (Hartford), Deua or Dena, In magno hulmo
(Holme), Hemingford, Bucden, Riston, Stok (Staughton?),
Pappesworth, Mulesworthe, Croxton.
A second paragraph: Aumentacio temp. R. prioris in decimis
et molend., in smaller script, extends to col. 2.
It relates, then, to the Austin Priory of Huntingdon rather
than to Ramsey.
A piece is cut off the bottom of this leaf.

Text of the Annals . . . . . 112
Ab origine mundi in prima etate seculi secundum ebraicam
ueritatem computantur anni mille sexcenti etc. ... Ab incarna-
tione christi usque ad bellum anglie contra normannos sunt
anni mille sexaginta quinque suntque omnes anni ab origine
mundi usque ad illud tempus quinque milia et decem et
Millesimo sexages. sexto a natiu. christi anno, ab origine
uero mundi V. xviii. tradita est predicta Anglia normannis
commisso prelio grandi prid. id. oct. die saturni festo s.
martiris calixti
The annals then begin, usually with a line to a year, many
being vacant:
dcxxvi. Hoc anno s. paulinus a b. Greg. predicandi gratia in
angliam missus est
The foundation, and some Abbots, of Peterborough are noted.
The foundation of Ramsey is at 991 (not 969). At 1001
Inuentio S. Iuonis archiep.
1006: five lines on translation of S. Florentinus and SS. Kene-
burga and Kyneswitha to Peterborough. By no means all
Abbots of Ramsey are given and the Peterborough notices
are in the ascendant.
On 119b entries in other hands begin to appear. The last
entry in the original hand seems to be in 1217.
At 1225 is: Johannes prior huntingd. prioratum resignauit.
successit Rogerus sacrista. This is the Roger mentioned in
the list of lands above.
120b. At 1237: Hoc anno obiit prior Rogerus.
At 1239: Hoc anno dedicata est ecclesia nostra III. id
martii. cuius festiuitas celebratur Okedai.
These two entries are in one hand. The first refers to Hun-
tingdon, and, I suspect, the second also.
Of the five last entries on this page (which ends the annals) four
are in a new hand, upright and minute, the other (3rd in
order) in a larger round hand.
That the four are from Ramsey there is no doubt. At 1253
we have: electus est villelmus de acolt in abbatem ecclesie
nostre; at 1258 is his death and burial; 1264 has nothing
about Ramsey but is by the same hand; 1268 (the last) has
the death of Abbot Hugh de Sulegrave and election of Will.
de Gumecestre.
The remaining entry, at 1256, is: Hoc anno ob. bone memorie
Ric. prior huius ecclesie scil. die IIII(or) coronatorum. successit
ei Joh. de Cauntebrig.
Upon the whole I incline to think that the book may have
passed from Huntingdon Priory to Ramsey; and I am sure
that the attribution to Elias of Threckingham, which rests
only on the pen-trial (for it is no more) on the first page, has
nothing to be said for it.
The text was printed in 1789 by Nichols with notes by
S. Pegge. See Nichols, Lit. Anecd. IX. 62.
Hardy (III. 176) adds: that there was an Elias de Tryking-
ham, rector of the church of Souche (?) in dioc. Lincoln, who
died in 1361. I do not doubt that he is the man named in
the scribble.
Moreover MS. 4 at Oriel College, Oxford, a collection of
medical treatises, of cent. xiv, was given by magister Elias
de Trykyngham to the College and in MS. Bodl. auct. F. 5,
28 (Boethius de disciplina scholarium etc.) is written in a
xivth-cent. hand 'per m. Helyam de Trikyngham,' likewise
in MS. Digby 37.
The flyleaves at the end are blank.
FindingAidsCatalogue description based on M. R. James, 'A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth Palace: The Mediaeval Manuscripts' (Cambridge, 1932)
Also referred to in P.R. Robinson, 'Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 888-1600 in London Libraries' (2003)
PhysicalDescriptionVellum, 10 3/4 x 7 1/2, double columns of 53-55 lines, two volumes:
(1) Cent. xiv, in perhaps three very good hands: pale ink.
(2) Cent. xiii late, in a good small pointed hand.
Brown leather binding of cent. xvi, with roll strings.
Collation: a(2) 1(12) 2(8) 3(12)-8(12) 9(8) 10(8) (+ 2: or 12 1, 2 canc.) | 10(12) (5, 9 canc.) b(2).

Folio 96v includes a drawing of St Paul's Cathedral.
CustodialHistoryThe history of the book has been very fully told by Bp Stubbs in the preface to Chronicles of Edward I and Edward II, Rolls I. pp. xlii sqq. See also Luard, Flores Historiarum, I. xxvii.

Vol. I (the Flores and Continuation) was written at St Paul's, but is not traceable in the old catalogues of the Cathedral Library.
The earliest owner who has left his name recorded is Nicholas Brigham. On f. 110b (the end of Vol. I) is:
(a hand) N Brigami liber est perlege, claude, vale,
and in the same hand on the lower part of the page a note from Bale:
Matheus Florigerus anglus, a collectis chronicorum floribus cognomen illud sortitus etc. - opus illud suum aptissime inscripsit Flores historiarum.
Lib. I. Temporum summam lineam
Aliaque illum edidisse opuscula ex stilo facile crederem etc.
- cum Ranulpho Cistrensi feliciter finiuit. Hec Joan. Baleus Centuria 3 Script. Brit. (printed in full by Stubbs, p. xlviii).
Bale "certainly used this MS. even if he were not at one time its possessor; for it contains in several places notes in his unmistakeable hand, which show that he took the trouble to collate at least the first seven folios with some other copy" (Stubbs, p. l). I see no notes in Bale's hand after 8a: all relate to omissions, 'desunt tria capita' and the like.
Stubbs proceeds to quote Bale's Index, then unprinted. In Poole and Bateson's ed. the passage is on p. 288.
Matheus Florilegus scripsit annales seu historiarum flores. li. I: Temporum summam lineamque descendentem etc.
Ex collectionibus Nicolai Brigam.
On which is the note by the editor that "Brigham wrote 'Matheus Florigerus on the first page of Harl. 1620: see Hardy's preface to the Hist. anglorum of M. Paris, I. p. lxv."
Brigham died at Westminster in 1559.
"Whether Bale acquired the manuscript from Brigham or merely enjoyed the use of it, does not appear. Sir James Ware seems to have regarded him as having been the owner" (Stubbs, p. l).
I believe that Bale did indeed own this MS. after Brigham, for in the list of his MSS. (Scriptores pars posterior, after Centuria XIII) under Chronica et historiae Brytannorum scriptorum we have (no. 31) Matth. Westmon. flores historiarum and (no. 65) Heliae Tryckyngham annales temporum, and no other copy of Trickingham is known.
Stubbs continues: "this may seem to be confirmed by the fact that the next possessor who has written his name in the book was like Bale himself a prebendary of Canterbury." Bale died in 1563; William Darell was prebendary from 1564 to 1580.
On the verso of ii b at top is 1566 and on a scroll: M. W. Darelli liber (the W. D. in monogram).
Details of Darell's life are given by Stubbs, and he tells us that the book is next found in Ireland as "the first volume in the MS. Library of Sir James Ware, the great Irish historian and antiquary." He quotes the description of it from the catalogue of Ware's books printed at Dublin in 1648 from which I need only excerpt the words "Balaeus, ad quem olim pertinebat liber meus."
Of Sir James Ware's marks Stubbs says the MS. "contains on the first leaf (f. i a) his peculiar numbering 'No. 57 JP' and on the second (ii a) 'Vol. I. Liber Primus' and (at bottom) the following note: 'This booke though stiled Flores Historiarum is not the same in many places w(th) Matthew of Westminsters Flores Historiarum, and seemes rather to have bin done by some of the Canons of St Pauls in London. vid. an. 1315 and 1336.'"
While in Ware's hands, Stubbs tells us, the MS. became associated with another, which then belonged to Dudley Loftus and is called the Exemplar Loftusianum. There are several marginal notes of cent. xvii which refer to the Exemplar Loftusianum.
Ware died in 1666: in 1686 most of his MSS. were bought by Henry Hyde, second Earl of Clarendon, when Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. In the list of his MSS. (Catalogi MSS. Angl. et Hib. 1697) ours is no. 1 and the Loftus MS. no. 93. Clarendon's MSS. were brought to England in 1687 and deposited by him for safety in Dr (afterwards Abp) Tenison's Library at St Martin's in the Fields. There Wharton used it (before 1692): his extracts are in the Wharton MS. at Lambeth, MS 590. After 1697 it was bought with others by the Duke of Chandos. The Chandos Library was broken up in 1746 and at the auction Richard Widmore, librarian to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster (and an admirable antiquary), bought our MS. for nineteen shillings (lot 2283) [The Loftus MS. remained at St Martin's Library till it was dispersed in 1861 and passed through Brown to Sir T. Phillipps: it was no. 15,732 in his library].
"On Jan. 17, 1763 this Booke was purchased for five guineas by Abp Seeker of the Revd. Mr Richard Widmore A.M., Librarian to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster" (note of Dr Ducarel in the MS.). Widmore died in 1764. He had proposed to edit the Flores but never did.
Thus the pedigree is: St Paul's, Nic. Brigham, Bale, Darell, Ware, Clarendon, Chandos, Widmore, Lambeth.

A sheet of paper (2 ff.) is pasted in with an account of the MS. by Widmore, printed by Stubbs, p. xlvi: and also a note by him beginning: "Beside the Flores were also shewn by me to Dr Ducarel the Papers relating to Mr John Pell's (sent by the Protector Cromwell to the Swiss Cantons) negot(i)ations from 1654 to 1658." These he valued at ten guineas. The archbishop did not buy them.

A square piece is cut from the upper R. corners of the first flyleaf. The two flyleaves are blank but for the notes and names given and the number 247 (of cent. xv ?) on ii a. Of this Stubbs says (p. xlviii): "The only mark of a date earlier than the sixteenth century is the number 247 ... and this seems to denote, not the place of the volume in a library, but the number of pages in the volume. If this explanation is right, the annals of Elias de Trickingham must have been bound up with the Flores Hist. before the close of the fifteenth century."
It is true that if we reckon in all flyleaves there are 124 leaves, or 248 pages in the book; but I do not think I have met with another case in which the number of pages is entered baldly on the flyleaf: but neither did any medieval library known to me mark its books with a bare number.

See also Description field.

Recorded in Andrew Coltee Ducarel's catalogue of the Lambeth manuscripts dated 1763 (LR/F/42).
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 1299

Available from World Microfilms Publications:
"Lambeth Palace Library: The Mediaeval Manuscripts" Section IV. Humanistic Studies. Reel 38 (with MSS. 1170, 1171, 1213)
RelatedMaterialSee Description field.
PublnNoteSee Description field.

Referred to in William Benham, 'Old St. Paul's Cathedral' (1902) [Lambeth Palace Library H5195.L8A1]

Timothy Graham & Andrew G. Watson. "The recovery of the past in early Elizabethan England: documents by John Bale and John Joscelyn from the Circle of Matthew Parker." (Cambridge Bibliographical Society Monograph no. 13) 1998

H. G. Richardson, "The Annales Paulini", Speculum 23:4 (Oct. 1948) pp. 630-40

Mentioned in Trevor Russell Smith, "A Handlist of Manuscripts Containing Adam Murimuth’s Continuatio chronicarum", 'Scriptorium', 73 (2019), pp. 144–64

Show related Persons records.

Show related Places records.

Related name records
GB/109/14633Bale; John (1495-1563); antiquary1495-1563
GB/109/18509Brigham; Nicholas (-1558); administrator and antiquary-1558
GB/109/18538Brydges; James (1674-1744); 1st Duke of Chandos; politician and patron of music1674-1744
GB/109/18312Hyde; Henry (1683-1709); 2nd Earl of Clarendon1683-1709
GB/109/18569Darell; William (-c.1580); Church of England clergyman and antiquary-c.1580
GB/109/18701Huntingdon Priory; 1113-1538; Augustinian religious house1113-1538
971Diocese of London; Cathedral Church of St. Paul
GB/109/15577Paris; Matthew (c. 1200-1259); Benedictine monk, historian and polymathc. 1200-1259
GB/109/11181Peterborough Abbey; c.655-1539; Benedictine religious housec.655-1539
GB/109/16726Phillipps; Sir; Thomas (1792-1872); 1st Baronet; antiquary and collector of manuscripts1792-1872
GB/109/18878Ramsey Abbey; c.969-1539; Benedictine religious housec.969-1539
30Tenison; Thomas (1636-1715); Archbishop of Canterbury1636-1715
GB/109/18969Ware; Sir; James (1594-1666); antiquary and historian1594-1666
GB/109/18977Widmore; Richard (c.1681-1764); antiquary, historian and librarianc.1681-1764
GB/109/19273Elias of Threckingham (-c.1361); Benedictine monk and supposed chronicler-c.1361
Related place records
PL250Cathedral Church of St Paul/City of London
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