RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoMOORE 1
Extent298 ff.
TitleJOHN MOORE, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY
Date1787-1804
DescriptionForeign correspondence and papers of John Moore (1730-1805), Archbishop of Canterbury 1783-1805.

ff. 1-6. America: consecration of bishops, 1787, 1790.
ff. 1-2. Warrant from George III to John Moore, Archbishop of Canterbury, to consecrate William White and Samuel Provoost as bishops. With the royal sign manual of George III, applied seal, and signature of Thomas Townshend, Baron Sydney (1733-1800), Home Secretary. 25 Jan. 1787.
William White (1748-1836) was consecrated Bishop of Pennsylvania. Samuel Provoost (1742-1815) was consecrated Bishop of New York.
ff. 3-4. Warrant from George III to John Moore, Archbishop of Canterbury, to consecrate James Madison as a bishop. With the royal sign manual of George III, applied seal, and signature of William Wyndham Grenville, afterwards 1st Baron Grenville (1759-1834), Home Secretary. 11 September 1790.
James Madison (1759-1834) was consecrated Bishop of Virginia.
ff. 5-6. Attestation that on 19 September 1790 James Madison was consecrated a bishop by John Moore, Archbishop of Canterbury, and other bishops. Signed by William Moore, notary public.

ff. 7-95. Australia: chaplaincy in Sydney of the Revd. Richard Johnson (1755-1827), Australia's first clergyman. 1792-4.
ff. 7-8. Letter from Revd. Samuel Marsden (1765-1838) to an unnamed correspondent ['Honoured Sir', probably William Wilberforce who recommended him for the post] reporting on his voyage of six months from England to serve as assistant to Richard Johnson the chaplain of New South Wales, his arrival at Port Jackson, the conflict between Richard Johnson and Francis Grose, Lieutenant Governor of the colony, and the difficulties faced by any clergyman serving there. Sydney, 4 May 1794.
ff. 9-14. Letter from Richard Johnson to an unnamed correspondent ['Your Lordship', probably Archbishop Moore], describing his work in New South Wales, his preaching at Sydney and Parramatta, the low moral tone of the colony, the laxity of officers and soldiers, their lack of concern for the spiritual welfare of the convicts, and the tribulations and obstacles which he encountered. Port Jackson, New South Wales, 8 May 1793.
ff. 15-32. Booklet, containing a narrative by Richard Johnson of his life since 1786, following his appointment as chaplain to the settlement at New South Wales. The narrative focuses on his frustration at the lack in the colony of a building for public worship, his erection of a church at his own expense in 1793, and his conflict with Francis Grose, Lieutenant Governor. Sydney, 16 April 1794.
ff. 33-67. Booklet, containing copies of letters to and from Richard Johnson referred to in his narrative at ff. 15-32. The correspondence is mainly between Johnson, Francis Grose, Lieutenant Governor, and David Collins, Judge Advocate, September-November 1793. Also present is a vindication by Johnson of his position in the conflict..
ff. 68-91. Booklet, containing a further narrative by Richard Johnson of his experiences at Sydney since the arrival of Samuel Marsden, and justification of his position in his ongoing conflict with Francis Grose. With further copies of correspondence. Sydney, 6 August 1794.
f. 92. Letter from Richard Johnson to William Wilberforce, enclosing a plan of the church built at Sydney by Johnson (see ff. 94-5) and submitting his narrative for the consideration of his friends and superiors. n.d.
f. 93. Wrapper of a letter addressed to Archbishop Moore.
f. 94. 'Elevation of the NW front of a temporary place of worship at Sydney, New South Wales'. n.d. [1794]. Ink and grey wash, 200 x 532 mm.
f. 95. 'Plan of a temporary place of worship at Sydney, New South Wales'. The plan depicts seating for 500, with areas for male and female convicts, soldiers, free persons, officers etc. n.d. [1794]. Ink and grey wash, 397 x 531 mm.
See Finding Aids field and Publications Note field for fuller description and bibliography.

ff. 96-152. Canada. 1802-3.
ff. 96-103. 'Copy of His Majesty's royal charter for founding and incorporating King's College at Windsor in the province of Nova Scotia dated 12 May 42nd George III. 1802'. Printed.
ff. 104-105. Letter to Moore from Sampson Salter Blowers (1742-1842, Chief Justice of Nova Scotia, and Alexander Croke (1758-1842), Judge of the Vice Admiralty court of Nova Scotia, inviting Moore to recommend persons for appointment as President and as professors at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia, 27 Nov. 1802.
ff. 106-107. Letter to Moore from Charles Inglis (1734-1816), Bishop of Nova Scotia, urging that the appointments of President and professors at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, should be restricted to clergymen of the Church of England. 18 Jan. 1803.
ff. 108-109. Resolution at a meeting of the Governors of King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, 12-16 Sept. 1803, that the statutes of the College, approved on 18 July and since printed, should be sent to Moore with a copy of the report from the committee appointed to draft the statutes (see ff. 110-5)
ff. 110-115. Report from the committee of King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, appointed to draft its statutes. Signed by Sampson Salter Blowers and Alexander Croke. 3 May 1803.
ff. 116-117. Letter to Moore from Robert Hobart (1760-1816), Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, enclosing a memorandum from William Cochran and related papers (see ff, 118-125). n.d.
ff. 118-123. Memorandum addressed to Moore by William Cochran (1757-1833), protesting at moves to remove him from the presidency of King's College and setting out his claims to retain the appointment following the grant of the College's charter. Windsor, Nova Scotia, 8 August 1803. With an addition by Charles Inglis, Bishop of Nova Scotia, recommending the memorial to Moore, 12 August 1803.
ff. 124-125. Note by S. Bernard, agent in London for the province of Nova Scotia, addressed to John Sullivan, Under Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, commenting on the memorandum by Cochran. 16 Oct. 1803.
ff. 126-127. Letter to Richard Richards at Lincoln's Inn from David Hughes, Principal of Jesus College, Oxford, enclosing a letter to Hughes (see ff. 128-129) in support of the appointment of Thomas Cox (d. 1805) as President of King's College, Nova Scotia,and asking for it to be transmitted to Moore. 11 Dec. 1803.
ff. 128-129. Letter to David Hughes from Whittington Landon, Provost of Worcester College, Oxford, recommending Thomas Cox for appointment as President of King's College, Nova Scotia. 9 Dec. 1803.
ff. 130-131. Letter to Moore from John Sullivan (1749-1839), Under Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, stating his understanding that William Cochran is actually President of King's College, Nova Scotia. 14 Dec. 1803.
f. 132. Letter from Moore to Whittington Landon, Provost of Worcester College, Oxford, proposing that Thomas Cox should come to see him. 16 Dec. 1803. A copy.
ff. 133-135. Draft and copy of a letter from Moore to the Governors of King's College, Nova Scotia, recommending Thomas Cox for appointment as President. n.d.
ff. 136-137. Memorial to Moore from the Provost and fellows of Worcester College, Oxford, attesting the good character, orthodoxy and learning of Thomas Cox. Signed by Whittington Landon, Provost, and three others. With the College seal. 3 March 1804.
ff. 138-152. Letter to Moore (ff. 138-146) from Jacob Mountain (1749-1825), Bishop of Quebec, on the church in Quebec, relations with Roman Catholics and other matters. 13 June 1803. Enclosed (ff. 147-152) is a copy of a letter from Mountain to [Robert Milnes], Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada, on the need to carry into effect the establishment of the Church of England in Quebec. 6 June 1803. Cf. M. E. Reisner, 'Strangers and pilgrims: a history of the Anglican diocese of Quebec 1793-1993' (1995).

ff. 153-154. China. 1794.
ff. 153-154. Certificate of the appointment by the East India Company of Revd. David Hill as Chaplain of their factory in China. 1 May 1794. On the verso is a note by Moore dated 22 Oct. 1794: 'Mr. David Hill declined the office of Chaplain. It is not filled as yet; and I beg leave to recommend the Revd. Dr. Richard Sheppard as a person extremely well qualified for it'.

ff. 155-202. India: Bengal. 1784-91.
ff. 155-182. 'Original Papers relative to the establishment of a Society in Bengal for the protection of the Orphans of Officers dying in indigent circumstances [afterwards the Bengal Military Orphan Society] ... shewing the rise, progress, and present state of that ... institution. Respectfully addressed to ... the Court of Directors of the East India Company ...' (London: J. Cooper 1784). Printed. An enclosure with the letter at ff. 183-4.
ff. 183-184. Letter to Moore from Major Mitchell, in the service of the East India Company, enclosing an account of a charitable institution lately established in Bengal (see ff. 155-182) and concerning the ordination of a young Cambridge man to be sent to Bengal as a Church of England missionary to superintend the education of nearly 500 children in the institution. 17 Feb. 1785. The letter refers to David Brown (1762-1812) who accepted the post of superintendent of the Bengal Military Orphan Asylum in February 1785.
ff. 185-192. Petition to Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Earl Cornwallis, Governor General of Bengal, for the establishment of schools in Bengal, from Thomas Blanshard and John Owen, chaplains to the Presidency, Robert Carr, chaplain to the 4th Brigade, and David Brown, chaplain to the garrison at Fort William. Calcutta, 20 June 1788. Two copies. Cf. FP Porteus 13, ff. 7-9.
ff. 193-194. Letter to Moore from Charles Grant (1746-1823) submitting a report (see ff. 195-202) advocating schools for the native population of the East Indies. 7 March 1791.
ff. 195-202. Abstract of a report advocating the establishment of schools for the native population of the East Indies (see ff. 193-4). n.d. Two copies.

ff. 203-255. India: Madras. 1800-4.
ff. 203-206. Letter from William Ramsay, Secretary of the East India Company to George William Dickes, Secretary of Archbishop Moore, 16 April 1801, enclosing an extract of a letter from the Governor and Council at Fort St. George, 22 Jan. 1800, concerning Black Town Chapel, Madras, now completed, and requiring the form of consecration from the Archbishop of Canterbury.
ff. 207-238, 241. Papers concerning Richard Hall Kerr (1769-1808), senior chaplain at Madras, found to be officiating without ordination as a priest.
ff. 207-208. Letter to Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, from Charles Ball, chaplain at Madras. 20 May 1802.
ff. 209-210. Letter to Sir Henry Gwillim, Judge of the Supreme Court of Judicature, Madras, from Charles Ball, chaplain at Madras. 20 May 1802. On the verso are copies of Gwillim's reply, dated 24 May 1802, and of letters between Ball and Kerr, 23 May 1802.
ff. 211-212. Letter to Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, from Sir Henry Gwillim. Madras, 31 July 1802.
f. 213. Note from Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, to Moore, enclosing the letters at ff. 207-212. 11 Nov. 1802.
f. 214. Letter to William Ramsay, Secretary of the East India Company, sent on behalf of Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, and Archbishop Moore, stating their opinion that Kerr was not ordained a priest and should be removed from office. 8 Dec. 1802.
ff. 215-231. Copies of 13 documents relating to the case, including letters from Kerr and Ball. May-July 1802.
ff. 232-233. Letter to William Ramsay, Secretary of the East India Company, sent on behalf of Archbishop Moore, attesting that Moore does not question Kerr's moral character, but considers him unqualified to serve as a chaplain. 31 Jan. 1803.
ff. 234-235. Letter to Moore from Richard Hall Kerr, stating that he has now been ordained a priest, and graduated DD at Dublin. London. 22 March 1803.
ff. 236-237. Statement by Kerr on his career. 29 March 1803.
f. 238. Letter from Moore's Secretary to Kerr. 30 March 1803.
ff. 239-242. Copies of an opinion by Sir James Mackintosh concerning ecclesiastical matters in India. Inner Temple, 15 April 1803.
f. 243. Statement by Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, and Archbishop Moore, approving the return of Richard Hall Kerr to his chaplaincy in India. n.d.
ff. 244-255. Papers relating to the consecration on 5 February 1804 of the chapel at Black Town, Madras, by Richard Hall Kerr, with authority from the Archbishop of Canterbury. June 1803-March 1804.

ff. 256-284. St. Helena: papers relating to Revd. John Fletcher Wilkinson (d. 1828) and his appointment as chaplain on St. Helena. 1788-1804.
f. 256. Letter [?to George William Dickes, Moore's Secretary] from John Douglas, Bishop of Salisbury, stating that he ordained Wilkinson a deacon and that Wilkinson afterwards received priest's orders. 3 Dec. 1802.
ff. 257-261. Letter to John Douglas, Bishop of Salisbury, from Wilkinson, giving a description of the islands of St. Helena. 19 Aug. 1788.
ff. 262-263. Certification that Wilkinson was consecrated a priest by the Bishop of Peterborough on 19 March 1797.
f. 264. Letter [?to George William Dickes, Moore's Secretary] from John Douglas, Bishop of Salisbury, attesting the fitness of Wilkinson for an East India Company chaplaincy, and enclosing a letter received by him from Wilkinson (see ff. 257-261). 12 Dec. [1802]
f. 265. Letter to Thomas Porteus from John Bacon, Receiver of First Fruits, concerning the approval of Wilkinson by the Bishop of London prior to his appointment to a chaplaincy with the East India Company. 21 Dec. 1802.
ff. 266-267. Letter to John Bacon, Receiver of First Fruits, from Henry Fletcher, testifying to the service of Wilkinson for almost 20 years as schoolmaster on St. Helena, and seeking the approval of the Bishop of London and the Archbishop of Canterbury for Wilkinson's appointment as chaplain on St. Helena. Walton on Thames, 18 Dec. 1802.
f. 268. Extract from a letter to the Court of Directors of the East India Company concerning the role of Wilkinson as executor of Mr. Wrangham on St. Helena. 30 Dec. 1803.
ff. 269-270. Letter to Moore from Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, enclosing papers concerning Wilkinson. Jan. 1803.
ff. 271-272. Memorandum on a visit to Archbishop Moore by Mr. Wrangham and Mr. Hume, and on their testimony in favour of Wilkinson. 6 Jan. 1803.
f. 273. Letter [from George William Dickes, Moore's Secretary] to William Ramsay, Secretary of the East India Company, requesting information on the censures of Wilkinson in 1800 and 1802 by the Court of Directors of the East India Company. 15 January 1803.
ff. 274-275. Letter [to George William Dickes, Moore's Secretary] from William Wrangham. 18 Jan. 1803.
ff. 276-279. Letter [to George William Dickes, Moore's Secretary] from William Ramsay, Secretary of the East India Company, with an account of Wilkinson's conduct, confirming that he was not censured. 12 Feb. 1803.
ff. 280-281. Letter to Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, from J. Robson, recommending Wilkinson for appointment as chaplain on St. Helena. 17 Feb. 1803.
f. 282. Minute relating to the history of Wilknson's conduct received from Beilby Porteus, Bishop of London, Jan. 1802.
ff. 283-284. Letter to Moore from Wilkinson, thanking him for confirming his appointment by the Court of Directors of the East India Company as chaplain on St. Helena. St Helena, 4 Jan. 1804.

ff. 285-298. West Indies. 1786-88.
ff. 285-286. Licence to Revd. Alexander Ewing to teach and keep a school in Bermuda. 27 Dec. 1786. Signed by William Browne, Governor of Bermuda. With seal.
ff. 287-298. 'A short account of the endeavors of the Episcopal Church known as the Unitas Fratrunm or United Brethren for promoting true Christianity amongst the heathen, particularly amongst the negroes in the West India Islands'. An account of the work of the Moravians in the West Indies. Endorsed 'By Mr. La Trobe, August 1788'. On Christian Ignatius La Trobe (1758-1836) see J.C.S. Mason, 'The Moravian Church and the missionary awakening in England 1760-1800' (Boydell Press, 2001).
LanguageEnglish
FindingAidsNew description by Richard Palmer, 2015.
More detailed description of ff. 7-95 in: Frappell, R., Frappell, L., Withycombe, R. & Nobbs, R. 'Anglicans in the Antipodes: an indexed calendar to the papers and correspondence of the Archbishops of Canterbury, 1781-1961, relating to Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific' (Greenwood, 1999), pp. 9-10.
PhysicalDescriptionGuard book, 410 x 320 mm., bound in blue cloth.
Paper leaves, various sizes.
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 697
RelatedMaterialFor subsequent papers on King's College, Nova Scotia, see Manners Sutton 2
PublnNote 'Lambeth Palace Library: treasures from the collections of the Archbishops of Canterbury', ed. Richard Palmer and Michelle P. Brown (London, 2010), entry 49. Includes reproduction of f. 95.
J. Bonwick, 'Australia's First Preacher' (London, 1898).
G. A. Wood, ‘The Reverend Richard Johnson, Australia's First Clergyman’, Journal and Proceedings (Royal Australian Historical Society), vol 12, part 5, 1926, pp 237-70.
W. H. Rainey, 'The Real Richard Johnson' (Melbourne, 1947).
G. Mackaness (ed), 'Some Letters of Rev. Richard Johnson' (Sydney, 1954).
N.K. Mackintosh, 'Richard Johnson: Chaplain to the colony of New South Wales: his life and times 1755-1827' ((Sydney, 1986).
Peter Emmett, 'Fleeting encounters : pictures & chronicles of the first fleet. A catalogue of the inaugural exhibition at the MOS Focus Gallery, Museum of Sydney ... ' (Sydney: Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales, 1995). Copy at KU 98.186; See item 62, p. 114.

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
GB/109/12953Johnson; Richard (1753-1827); clergyman1753-1827
199Moravian Church; 1457-1457-
GB/109/17173Kings College; 1789-1789-
GB/109/17049Mountain; Jacob (1749-1825); Bishop of Quebec1749-1825
23Moore; John (1730-1805); Archbishop of Canterbury1730-1805
GB/109/14471White; William (1748-1836); Bishop of Pennsylvania1748-1836
GB/109/14470Provoost; Samuel (1742-1815); Bishop of New York1742-1815
GB/109/22466Madison; James (1749-1812); Bishop of Virginia1749-1812
GB/109/12667Inglis; Charles (1734-1816); Bishop of Nova Scotia1734-1816
GB/109/22467Marsden; Samuel (1765-1838); missionary1765-1838
GB/109/22468Grose; Francis (1758-1814); Lt-Governor of New South wales1758-1814
GB/109/22469Brown; David (1762-1812); missionary1762-1812
69Porteus; Beilby (1731-1809); Bishop of London1731-1809
GB/109/22470Kerr; Richard Hall (1769-1808); chaplain at Madras1769-1808
GB/109/22471Wilkinson; John Fletcher (d. 1828); chaplain on St. Helenad. 1828
NA2464Douglas; John (1721-1807); Bishop of Salisbury1721-1807
GB/109/15417La Trobe; Christian Ignatius (1758-1836); Moravian minister, composer1758-1836
Related place records
CodeSet
PL161/United States of America
NA1183/Australia
PL173/Canada
PL877/China
PL107/India
NA2136/Saint Helena
PL154/West Indies
NA3184/Nova Scotia
NA1288/Bermuda
NA3188/Quebec
NA1388/Madras/India
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