RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoFP IV
TitleVOLUME IV: General Correspondence
Date1698-1729
DescriptionMASSACHUSETTS
1-2. Extracts from accounts of William III and Anne, 1698-1702, showing grants of £100 to £150 to Bishop of London for pensions for clergy in New England.
3-4. Account of meeting of South Church, Boston, Jan. 22, 1698, which excommunicated Roger Ind for not communicating with it.
5-8. Draft of charter for Harvard College, approved by House of Representatives, July 12, 1700, for submission to William III. Certified by I. Addington, Secretary.
9-10. Extract from letter of Bishop Compton to congregation of King's Chapel, Feb. 12, 1705, telling them that they have made a mistake in their articles of government in making the assistant, Christopher Bridge, equal with the rector, Samuel Myles. Copy attested by Myles.
11-12. Governor J. Dudley to Bishop Compton, Boston, Aug. 1, 1705. Disapproves of a proposed act for regulating the relationship of Church and dissenting ministers. A communicant of the Church himself, he promises to give all the protection he can to Church ministers. Gave Bridge a testimonial on his return, but is sorry to learn he returned without bishop's permission. Refers to personal conflict with Colonel Hobbs.
13-14. Minute of meeting of vestry of King's Chapel, Sept. 23, 1709. Received and recorded letter from Bishop Compton rebuking them for prolonging dispute between Myles and Bridge and recommending Bridge's removal to Narragansett. Attested by Joseph Merion, notary.
15-16. Duplicate of (13-14).
17-18. Bishop Compton to Samuel Myles, Fulham, Mar. 25, 1708, introducing new assistant, Henry Harris. Indicates he was under some pressure to make the appointment.
19. Order from selectmen of Brantry (Braintree), Massachusetts, Nov. 3, 1708, calling a town meeting to divide the town, with list of residents who protested division and refused to take part in proceedings. Attested by Joseph Parmenter, town clerk.
20-21. Minute of action of Brantry town meeting, Nov. 3, 1708, setting line of division. Copy dated May 19, 1713, signed by Joseph Parmenter, town clerk.
22-23. Minute of vestry meeting, King's Chapel, Boston, Apr. 1, 1709, recording instructions given by Bishop Compton to Henry Harris as assistant. These indicate that Harris's salary was paid from England and that he was not under absolute authority of rector. The bishop instructed him to obey the rector 'in all reasonable things' and to make no claim for perquisites.
24-25. Duplicate of (22-23).
26-27. Duplicate of (22-23).
28-31. Two more copies of the bishop's instructions to Harris, not set in formal vestry minutes.
32. Extract of letter from Bishop Compton to Samuel Myles, Fulham, Dec. 29, 1709, attested by Myles. Bishop hesitates to act in regard to Swansea and Braintree as Mr. Newman has said that petitioners from those towns were only local malcontents who 'for contradiction sake pretended to set up a Church of England meeting'.
33-34. Samuel Myles to Bishop Compton, Boston, July 7, 1710. Contra Newman, he maintains that, if churches in Swansea and Braintree had been supplied with missionaries when they petitioned for them, Church ministers would now be officially settled there, by majority vote. Harris had behaved well so far. Advises bishop not to pay too much attention to letters from troublemakers.
35-36 Answer of Churchmen in Braintree to Newman's charge, addressed to Bishop Compton, Dec. 19, 1709. Say that they have persisted for twenty years in their allegiance to the Church.
37-38 Vestry of King's Chapel to Bishop Compton, Boston, Jan. 29, 1711. Ask aid in enlarging the church. Project begun last summer with aid of a gift from General Nicholson, who also persuaded town to grant land needed, but £700, which is all they have been able to raise, is insufficient to complete the project.
39. Order of General Court at sessions of Aug. 22 and 24, 1711, restraining Samuel Bartlet and others from erecting a meeting house in Newbury until there has been a hearing. Signed by Isaac Addington as Secretary and approved by Governor Dudley. (Copy.)
40-41. Governor Dudley to Bishop Compton, Boston, Dec. 20, 1711. Acknowledges letter by Colonel Taylour [Tailer], who has come as lieutenant governor. Enlargement of the chapel has been completed and congregation continues to grow under ministry of Myles and Harris. Great disappointment at failure of Quebec expedition but 'governments' will petition for its renewal if war continues.
42-43. Henry Harris to Bishop Compton, Boston, Jan. 7, 1711/12. Asks bishop to apply to Queen for gift to complete addition to chapel. Asks permission to return to England to settle personal affairs. Lost books and other effects in a fire that took place in Boston while he was in Rhode Island, officiating at marriage of Honeyman, as there was no nearer Church minister.
44-45. John Bridges to Bishop Compton, Boston, June 12, 1712. Reminds bishop of petition of people of Newbury for a minister. They have completed church building, though they were originally afraid to work on it until he gave them an order forbidding interference. Speaks of having donated a glebe in Piscataqua on which people are prepared to start building.
46-47. Henry Harris to Bishop Compton, Boston, Jan. 8, 1712/13. He has changed his mind and will remain in Boston, if his stipend is paid regularly. It is now two years behind. Though now single, he thinks that married state will be most convenient if he remains.
48. Isaac Addington, Secretary, to William Vesey, Boston, April 23, 1713. Council will hold a hearing on his petition on May 17.
49. Minute of Council meeting, May 7, 1713. Hears Vesey's petition and refers it to General Assembly, soon to meet.
50-51. Petition of William Vesey and others of Braintree to Governor and Council asking that their rates be applied to the support of their own minister, Thomas Eager, now settled among them. Certificate of Eager to their Church membership, June 2, 1713.
52-53. Duplicate of (50-51).
54. William Tailer to William Vesey, June 19, 1713. Assembly has refused to consider petition, as it was only addressed to governor and council. He is commanded to present another, properly addressed. (Note: There seem to be inconsistencies in the dates of (48-54), but they are given here as in the manuscripts. These are probably copies, though not so designated, for they all appear to be in the same hand.)
55. Certificate of Thomas Eager, Dec. 10, 1713, that William Vesey has entertained him in his home for seven months.
56-57. Francis Nicholson to ---, Piscataqua, Aug. 3, 1714. (Copy.) He has got that far on his journey to Annapolis Royal and Placentia, whence he plans to return to Boston in October. Forwards a petition from Churchmen at Newbury for replacement for their minister, John Lambton, whose health requires his return.
58. Francis Nicholson to Samuel Myles, Aug. 4, 1714, enclosing (56-57) and a number of other letters to be forwarded.
59-60. Henry Harris to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Sept. 14, 1714. Asks him to appeal to George I to continue bounty granted by William III and Anne for support of ministry in New England. His stipend comes from this source.
61-62. Clergy (Myles and Harris) and vestry of King's Chapel to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Sept. 29, 1714. Mourn death of Queen Anne, hail succession of George I, and provide a testimonial to Lieutenant-Governor William Tailer.
63-64. Samuel Myles to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Sept. --, 1714. Encloses some documents relating to Church in Newbury. (Possibly (48-54), but not clearly identified.)
65-66. Samuel Myles and vestry of King's Chapel to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Nov. 18, 1714. They have appointed Harris to go to England to acquaint the bishop with the state of the Church in New England.
67-68. Wardens of King's Chapel (J. Oulton and Jno. Valentine) to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Jan. 9, 1715/16. Harris has returned with expressions of good will from the bishop and a promise to try to collect the arrears of his salary.
69-70. Wardens and vestry of Church in Marblehead to Bishop Robinson, Jan. --, 1717/18. The minister sent them, William Shaw, did not stay, and his conduct was such that he would have ruined the Church if he had stayed. Ask appointment of another minister. Many young men of province would enter ministry if ordination were available in New England. Acknowledge help of Samuel Shute.
71-72. Duplicate of (69-70). Dated February. Variations in list, vestrymen.
73. D. Mossom to Doctor Mangey (Bishop Robinson's chaplain), Marblehead, July 6, 1719. Recently arrived, he is afraid that enemies of the Church will bring false charges against him before the bishop. If there is any benefice in America, particularly in Virginia, in the bishop's gift, he would like it.
74. Samuel Myles to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Sept. 12, 1719. Asks the bishop to secure payment of a bill on Society for the Propagation of the Gospel for money advanced to Walker.
75. Wardens and vestry of Braintree to Francis Nicholson, Dec. 22, 1719. They ask him to secure a successor to Eager, who has left after serving acceptably for a year.
76. David Mossom to Doctor Mangey, Marblehead, May 2, 1720. He is still worried about the false reports he thinks are being made about him and would still like to get another parish, though his people have petitioned the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel to increase his salary.
77-78. Samuel Myles to Bishop Robinson, June 16, 1720. Asks his aid in obtaining warrant as chaplain of whatever ship is appointed 'station ship' for Boston.
79-80. D. Mossom to (Doctor Mangey?), Marblehead, Sept. 23, 1720. Sent by Harrison, who is returning from his chaplaincy in Annapolis Royal. Having supplied Newbury since death of Lucas, Mossom would like an extra allowance from Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
81. Samuel Myles and Geo. Fenart (vestryman) to Samuel Shute, Boston, Nov. 11, 1722. Present request of Timothy Cutler, Samuel Johnson, and Daniel Brown that Governor Shute would administer to them the customary oaths of fealty to preclude all doubt of their loyalty.
82-83. Samuel Myles to Bishop Robinson, Boston, Nov. 3, 1722. Introducing Cutler and other Yale converts. Cutler, when ordained, will become rector of a church (Christ) now being erected in Boston. Harris has displeased most of the Church people by opposing the converts.
84-85. Samuel Myles and vestry of King's Chapel to Bishop Robinson, Boston (undated, but obviously belonging to 1722). Introducing and recommending the converts. (Cutler, who had been rector of Yale College, Johnson, Brown, and some others had announced their conversion to episcopacy at a recent Yale commencement.)
86-87. Minute of Council meeting, Mar. 19, 1723. Orders prosecution of local edition of A Short and Easy Method with the Deists, and of printer (John Checkley), when known, because of passages reflecting on the Congregational ministry and the Protestant succession.
88-89. Minute of meeting of Society for the Propagation of the Gospel May 17, 1723. Advances seven pounds (to be repaid by Nicholson) to each of the converts to assist in their return to New England. Notes death of Daniel Brown. Votes ten pounds special aid to (Albert) Pouderous for losses from floods in South Carolina, where he is a missionary.
90-91. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Jan. 6, 1723/4. He, Johnson, and Wetmore reached Boston in September. People of New England are showing increasing friendliness to the Church, but officials are opposing it, and Churchmen have been imprisoned in some country towns, notably Newbury and Bristol. Pleads for a bishop.
92-93. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Jan. 29, 1724. He held a conference with Cutler and Harris in an effort to make peace, but without much success. Harris wrote a letter to Bishop Robinson attacking Cutler (not in present collection) and has publicly attacked a recent sermon of his. Though now pretending great zeal for the Protestant succession, he formerly preached sermons which Governor Shute described as fit to be preached in the Pretender's camp.
94. Samuel Myles to Governor Shute. (Copy, undated, but enclosed in 92-93.) Reminds him of his comment on Harris's sermons and asks him to intervene with the bishop to rebuke Harris.
95. Minute of vestry of King's Chapel, April 23 (1724). Harris having refused to appear, Captain Sterling is sent to summon him to appear next Thursday.
96-97. Application of Harris to Governor (William Dummer) and Council, Apr. 24, 1724. Referring to vestry as Captain James Sterling and some other gentlemen, and saying that summons is because of resentment at a recent sermon upholding the Protestant succession, he asks that all be summoned before Council. Action of Council, Apr. 30, on same sheet. Summons the parties and, after hearing Harris read disputed passages, commends him to Bishop and Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
98. Order to Captain Sterling and those with him, excepting Doctor Myles, to appear at the above meeting, Apr. 30, 1724.
99-100. David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Marblehead, Apr. 28, 1724. Encloses answers to queries (151). Asks bishop's intervention to put an end to taxation of Churchmen to support Congregational ministers. He has made a similar appeal to the Archbishop of Canterbury. He obtained an order from the governor, but justices refused to respect it, and goods of people were distrained. After governor's return to England, lieutenant-governor, though a dissenter, sought to get a law passed exempting Churchmen, but it was lost on third reading. Asks bishop to secure an increase in his Society for the Propagation of the Gospel stipend. He has lost a leading member who returned to Congregationalism because he was not allowed to enlarge his pew.
101-2. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 5, 1724. He has circulated the queries among the clergy of Massachusetts and Rhode Island as requested. In a recent sermon Harris pleaded for lay baptism and spoke of seditious cabals. When invited to a conference with the vestry, he summoned them before the Council (95-98). He admitted to the Council that he knew of no cabals among Church people. He was High Church until disappointed in his hope to be called to Christ Church. Now he talks of the differences between the Church and dissenters as minor. He receives £100 from the treasury, besides £40 from an Oxford fellowship and pay for various chaplaincies. He also makes money in trade.
103-4. Henry Harris to Samuel Baker, Boston, May 6, 1724, giving an account of the same affair (95-97, 100-1). Says that his sermon was inspired by the prosecution of Checkley for publishing the Short and Easy Method (86-87).
105-6. Governor William Dummer to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 15, 1724. Gives another account of the affair. Indicates that the offending passages in Checkley's publication were mostly in a 'Discourse Concerning Episcopacy', mainly compiled from Leslie's writings, which he added to his edition of the Method.
107-8. Certificate of Peter Townsend and J. Willard, justices of the peace, May 20, 1724, that John Checkley voluntarily took the oaths of allegiance, &c. Certificate of Governor Dummer, also signed by Willard as secretary, that Willard and Townsend are justices.
109-10. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, June 1, 1724. Again urges curbing of Harris. Myles and Cutler and their vestries have prepared an address to the King which is enclosed. (Not in present documents.) (107-8) also enclosed. Numerous pamphlets have been published attacking the Church. Myles obtained royal bounty of £100 to pay assistant and gift of plate from William III.
111-12. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, June 7, 1724. Encloses answers to queries (150).
113-14. Samuel Myles and wardens of King's Chapel, on behalf of vestry, to Bishop Gibson, June 9, 1724. Complain of Harris's attacks on Doctor Cutler and especially of incident recorded in (95-98). (95 and 98) are enclosed with this letter. They also accuse Harris of engaging in illegal trade.
115-16. Timothy Cutler and vestry of Christ Church to Bishop Gibson, Boston, June 9, 1724, seconding the above complaint.
117-20. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, June 22, 1724. Gives his version of the controversy which he sees as the fruit of a Jacobite plot with Checkley as the prime villain. Credits Checkley with having brought about Cutler's conversion.
121-2. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, June 25, 1724. Encloses a pamphlet attacking the Church and apparently the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and expresses hope that it will be answered from England. Endorses an address by Honeyman representing the plight of the Church in New England. Asks transfer of Harris and his replacement by Johnson or Pigot. Asks that Doctor Cutler be restrained from marrying any that do not regularly attend his church, as he is cutting in on Myles's perquisites. Says that Mossom and Usher, prompted by Harris, refuse to answer queries (cf. 151). Usher is being prosecuted for refusal to observe the provincial marriage law.
123-4. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, July 17, 1724. Urges sending a bishop to the colonies and establishing an academy under his supervision. Burlington, New Jersey, would be a good, central location. This would be better than sending so many missionaries, who often disgrace the Church by scandalous lives and are ill-educated. Massachusetts law refers to the churches there as established, but it is difficult to know what church is meant, there are so many divisions among them. Some accept lay ordination. Others insist on presbyteral. Some favour the Anabaptists. Others bitterly oppose them.
125. Quotation from sermon by Harris, July 19, 1724 (date given in 130-1). Criticizes Cutler for saying in a sermon that morning that if he had to err, he would prefer to err with the Church as it was two hundred years ago, which Harris, by strict chronology, takes to mean before the Reformation.
126. Record of visit of Cutler and wardens of King's Chapel to Harris. Dated July 21, 1724, but references in documents following (127-30) make it appear that visit took place on July 27. Cutler demanded a copy of the sermon referred to in (125). Harris refused and ordered Cutler from the house after casting aside his written request (127).
127. Timothy Cutler to Henry Harris, Boston, July 27, 1724. Requests a copy of the sermon to send with his own to the Bishop of London.
128-9. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, July 27, 1724. Encloses (125-7) and places matter before the bishop under canon 53.
130-1. Samuel Myles and wardens (James Sterling and John Barnes) to Bishop Gibson, Boston, July 31, 1724. Complain of Harris's conduct in this matter.
132-3. Bishop Gibson to Samuel Myles, Fulham, Sept. 3, 1724. Asks him to try to make peace between Cutler and Harris, reminding them of their duties as Christians and ministers and of the advantage which the Church's enemies take from their quarrel. Says that issue of lay baptism (cf. 101-2) has been recently raised by the Non-Jurors and that the bishops have officially declared that baptism with water in the name of the Trinity is valid by whomsoever administered.
134. Samuel Myles to Samuel Johnson, Boston, Oct. 10, 1724. In answer to query about the disputed church plate (cf. i. 205-9), he says that he was directed by Bishop Compton to deliver it to Bridges for Narragansett, which he did. To the best of his recollection, he was later told to send it to Phillips in Stratford. When Phillips left, he was told to have it transferred to Guy in Narragansett, but Stratford wardens refused to do so.
135-6. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Nov. 11, 1724. Myles has shown him the bishop's letter (132-3) and, though he is not named, he presumes it must refer to him, but he is puzzled. The date seems too early for the bishop to have received his formal complaint (128-9), so he thinks that it must refer to the earlier dispute (95-98), but that was a controversy within King's Chapel in which he was not directly concerned. He leaves his complaint standing and awaits the bishop's decision.
137-8. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Nov. 19, 1724. He has shown the bishop's letter to Cutler and Harris. All will be well if Harris can be persuaded to keep the peace. There is no local controversy about lay baptism. Harris's challenge was not taken up by anyone.
139. Testimonial of Myles and members of King's Chapel, Boston, Dec. 1, 1724. Attest that Cutler has behaved in an inoffensive manner, and done his best to keep peace with Harris.
140-1. Henry Harris to ---, Boston, Dec. 14, 1724. He is a very peaceable person and the fault is on the other side. Myles has been won over to Cutler's party by presents. He delayed a fortnight before showing the bishop's letter to Harris.
142-3. David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Marblehead, Dec. 17, 1724. He supports Harris's view of the controversy and asserts that Cutler is under the influence of Checkley.
144-5. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 23, 1724. Says that Cutler refused to sign a joint letter saying that their differences had been reconciled. He holds that Bishop Compton's instructions (22-23) made him equal to Myles and not under his authority.
146-7. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, ---, 1724. Holds Cutler blameless and Harris alone at fault.
148-9. Queries to commissaries answered by Myles in accordance with a request written on the blank. Independency established, Church only tolerated, with Quakers and Baptists. Only three missionaries, Cutler, Mossom, and Plant. No meetings. All licensed, so far as he knows. Several towns have applied for missionaries but have not been sent any. Supported by voluntary contributions and Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Prices high and increasing. Would greatly benefit Church if its members were not required to support Congregational ministers. Church people in Bristol have been imprisoned for non-payment.
150-2. Answers of clergy to Bishop Gibson's queries. See Introduction (p.xxiii) for questions to which answers are keyed.
150. Timothy Cutler: 1. Since Sept. 24, 1723. 2. No. 3. Yes. 4. No induction. 5. Yes. 6. About eighty families. 7. A few unbaptized slaves come to church with families to which they belong. 8. Sunday, some festivals and public fasts and thanksgivings. Church usually full. 9. Once a month. About forty communicants. 10. No catechizing. 11. No communion plate. 12. He receives the equivalent of about £50 sterling in voluntary contributions. 13 and 14. No house or glebe. 15. No other cure. 16. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel has a schoolmaster in Boston, Mr. Mills, a communicant of King's Chapel. 17. Library furnished by Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
151. David Mossom, Marblehead. 1. Since Sept. 24, 1718. 2. No. 3. Yes. 4. No induction. 5. Yes. 6. Seventy to eighty families. 7. Not more than three or four slaves in parish. These generally attend church with their masters. 8. Twice a Sunday, the Friday before the first Sunday in each month, principal holy days and public fasts and thanksgivings. Most people attend Sundays when they are at home, but as this is a fishing village, the males are often at sea. 9. The first Sunday in each month. Thirty to forty communicants. 10. Every Friday and Sunday in Lent. 11. No pulpit or communion cloth; no communion plate. 12. Uncertain. 13 and 14. No house or glebe. 15. No other cure. 16. There is a public school, but the master is a dissenter. 17. No.
152. Matthias Plant, Newbury. 1. Two years. 2. No. 3. Yes. 4-5. Unanswered. 6. Thirty families. 7. Unanswered. 8. Every Sunday to eight-score souls. 9. Once a month. Thirty-eight communicants. 10. No catechizing. 11. No surplice. Remaining questions unanswered.
153-4. Benjamin Colman to Henry Newman, Boston, Jan. 22, 1725. An attack on Checkley whom he accuses of volunteering to go as missionary to Penobscot Indians only as a ruse to obtain orders.
155-6. Memorial, signed by Cotton Mather on behalf of a convention of clergy, presented to governor and legislature, May 27, 1725, asking for the call of a synod to consider what sins have brought divine displeasure on the colony. Consent of Council and Representatives to synod attested by J. Willard, Secretary, and William Dudley, Speaker. Memorial of Timothy Cutler and Samuel Myles, June 10, 1725, protesting this synod as not including Church of England, and questioning legality of calling it without consent of bishop. Both these documents are copies. (Cf. v. 157-8.)
157-8. Dialogue reported by George Pigot as having taken place between him and Harris, with some remarks by Mossom, at funeral of Henry Franklyn, July 15, 1725. There is a discussion as to who should have called on whom when Pigot was in Boston, but main issue is a voluntary convention of clergy proposed by Pigot, which Harris and Mossom seem to regard as a party move.
159-60. David Mossom to John Barnes and John Gibbins, wardens of King's Chapel, Boston, July 18, 1725. Protests their refusal to let him officiate in place of Harris with whom he had agreed to exchange.
161-2. Address of most of the clergy of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, assembled in Newport, July 21, 1725, to George I, expressing loyalty and asking his protection.
163-4. Memorial of Timothy Cutler to Governor William Dummer, Aug. 27, 1725. Protests hostile report in Boston News Letter, no. 1125, of his visit to and preaching in Scituate. Report said to be 'published by authority'.
165-6. Order in Council, Boston, Sept. 2, 1725. As a result of Cutler's protest (162-63), the governor is advised to order publishers of newspapers not to use such phrases as 'published by authority'.
167-8. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Sept. 23, 1725. The governor told him that he had forwarded a letter to him from the bishop, but it has somehow miscarried. A number of people have inquired about the Church and some have been converted. He has preached in Braintree, which has been without a missionary for several years, and in Scituate, where the Church was almost unknown. He has been attacked in the newspapers because he preached in the meeting house there, but he says, that, though the minister was away, he was invited and even pressed to use the meeting house by local leaders.
169-70. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Oct. 14, 1725. Doubts reports received by the bishop that many young men would receive episcopal orders if they did not have to cross the ocean for them. Puritan youth are so well indoctrinated that the Church does not make many converts. Encloses (157-8) and again suggests that Harris be rebuked.
171. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Nov. 9, 1725. Denies charge of Henry Newman that there is Jacobitism among colonial clergy. Newman pretends to be zealous for the Church when in England, but associated with the Independents in New England. Speaks of Colonel Nicholson's generosity to the Church.
172-3. William Dummer to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Nov. 15, 1725. Though he remains in communion with church of his 'native country', he does not adhere rigidly to its principles, and regards it as part of his public duty to protect the clergy of the Church of England in their just rights. Charges Checkley with Jacobitism.
174-5. Henry Harris and David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 7, 1725. Explain their failure to attend the Newport meeting (161-2). Among other reasons, such as its being held within a 'Quaker government', they suspected that Checkley would be there.
176-7. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 16, 1725. He has communicated the bishop's advice to his fellow clergy, and is sure that they will heed his advice 'to sit still, and say nothing, but wait for resolutions from Hence'. (Referring to appeal for bishops?) John Lloyd, merchant of Lombard Street, who does much shipping to New England, has agreed to forward any letters from the bishop.
178-9. David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Marblehead, Jan. 7, 1725/6. Reviews Cutler-Harris dispute. Supports Harris's statement that Cutler refused to sign declaration of reconciliation (144-5). Complains of taxation of Churchmen to support Independent ministers and speaks of some of his parochial problems. Asks to be transferred. Complains that Myles admits one of his dissident parishioners to communion.
180-1. Henry Newman to Bishop Gibson, Middle Temple, Feb. 26, 1725/6. Encloses some letters relating to New England affairs, possibly including (153-4). Identifies Colman as minister of Boston church 'midway between the Church of Engld. and Dissenters', because it admits members of the Church of England to Communion.
182-3. Clergy of New England, except Harris and Mossom, to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 2, 1726. Ask him to continue his efforts for colonial episcopate and to try to obtain relief for New England Churchmen from taxation to support Independent ministers.
184-5. Duplicate of (182-3).
186-7. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 9, 1726. Introducing Ebenezer Miller who seeks ordination with a view to becoming missionary at Braintree. Church there has laboured under great difficulties since first missionary was recalled for immorality.
188-9. Samuel Johnson to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 9, 1726. Introduces Miller and recommends transfer of Wetmore from New York, where he is employed as catechist, to Rye or Westchester.
190-1. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 9, 1726. Introducing Miller.
192. Benjamin Colman to (Bishop of Peterborough), Boston, Sept. 30, 1726. Grateful for credence shown by Bishop Gibson to his charges against Checkley (153-4). Hopes bishop's admonitions will produce greater moderation in the Church party. Surprised at proposals for a college in Bermuda, where there are no grammar schools to prepare students for it.
193. David Mossom to Boston clergy, Marblehead, Oct. 19, 1726, Asks them to supply his parish while he is away on a visit to Virginia for which he has received the bishop's permission.
194-5. Matthias Plant to Bishop Gibson, Newbury, Oct. 21, 1726. Having been shown bishop's letters to Myles and Mossom with intent to enlist him on their respective sides, he writes to deplore the whole controversy. Checkley's presence in Newport at the time of the clergy's meeting was accidental.
196-7. Timothy Cutler to ---, Boston, Oct. 26, 1726. Defends Myles against Mossom's complaint (178-9).
198-9. David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Marblehead, Nov. 10, 1726. As a result of his own great patience and charity, he has been reconciled to the dissident parishioner, but he still complains of Myles for admitting him to communion. Postscript, written in Boston, says 'Highflying' party are saying bishop had no right to permit him to visit Virginia.
200-1. Bishop of Peterborough (White Kennett) to Bishop Gibson, Nov. 19, 1726. Enclosing (192).
202-3. David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Marblehead, Nov. 28, 1726. He has been obliged to postpone his Virginia trip as Myles has refused to supply his parish unless he resigned.
204-5. Duplicate of (202-3).
206-7. Matthias Plant to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 20, 1726. Selectmen at Amesbury say that as long as law authorizes them to rate all, regardless of church affiliation, they will do so regardless of any order from the lieutenant-governor.
208-9. Churchmen of Braintree to Francis Nicholson, Dec. 28, 1726. Ask him to use his influence to have Miller sent as their missionary and to secure exemption of Churchmen from ecclesiastical taxes.
210-11. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Apr. 27, 1727. Says that he admitted Mr. Oulton, the parishioner of whom Mossom complained (178-9), because he regarded him as the innocent party in the dispute and Mossom as the aggressor. Suggests that when complaints are made to the bishop, two or three of the neighbouring clergy should be appointed to investigate the facts.
212-13. David Mossom to Bishop Gibson, Marblehead, May 1, 1727. He resigns his cure in expectation of obtaining a parish in Virginia.
214-15. William Dummer to Governor and Council of Virginia, Boston, May 3, 1727. Testimonial in favour of Mossom.
216-17. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 19, 1727. Introducing Henry Caner, a candidate for orders.
218. Jeremiah Dummer to Bishop Gibson, London, June 20, 1727. Encloses a letter from his brother (not now among the documents), describing what he has done to relieve Churchmen of ecclesiastical taxes.
219-20. George Pigot to Bishop Gibson, Boston, July 12, 1727. He is going to Marblehead now that Mossom has left.
221-2. Clergy of New England to Bishop Gibson, Boston, July 20, 1727. Enclose address to the King (223-4), complain that Church clergy are excluded from Board of Overseers of Harvard, and ask consideration for petition of Charles Augustus Ninaagret, Narragansett sachem, for a missionary (viii. 218-19).
223-4. Address of New England clergy to the King, Bostom, July 20, 1727. Express loyalty and declare detestation of rebellion.
225-6. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Sept. 26, 1724. Complains that Harris has abused him from the pulpit and to his face.
227-8. Samuel Myles to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 24, 1727. Further complaint against Harris.
229. London Gazette, Dec. 5, 1727. Contains copy of address from clergy of Boston and Massachusetts Bay to George II on his accession.
230-1. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Jan. 16, 1727/8. Complains that Checkley faction are trying to obtain a successor to Doctor Myles before his decease.
232-3. Ebenezer Miller to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Feb. 5, 1727/8. He has been officiating in Braintree since Christmas, though as yet unable to obtain a house there. Congregation small. Myles is dying. Complains of some official action with respect to Harvard, nature unspecified, but it affects the Church.
234-41. Record of meeting of congregation of King's Chapel, Feb. 6, 1727/8, called at Myles's request to secure a curate for him, because of his illness. Though the warden, Thomas Philips, refused to put a motion proposed by himself to a vote and withdrew with Harris and some others, taking the church books, the meeting organized itself and appointed Checkley and others a committee to apply to Francis Nicholson and Thomas Sandford [Sanford] to choose a curate, with the expectation of his succeeding Myles. The record is accompanied by an affadavit saying that it was read to Myles and that he approved it.
242-9. Duplicate of (234-1).
250-1. Part of the congregation to Bishop Gibson, Feb. 10, 1727/8. Complain that the above proceedings were irregular, because the Easter meeting had entrusted the affairs of the congregation to the vestry. Ask that Harris be appointed to succeed Myles.
252-3. Duplicate of (250-1).
254-5. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Feb. 16, 1727/8. Enclosing (250-1) and supporting its view of the proceedings. Holds Cutler as well as Checkley responsible for the opposition to himself.
256-7. Benjamin Colman to the Bishop of Peterborough (White Kennett), Boston, Feb. 19, 1728. Supports Harris.
258-9. Committee of congregation to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Feb. 20, 1727(8). Enclose (234-41) and ask his support of their proceedings.
260-1. Duplicate of (258-9).
262-3. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Feb. 26, 1727/8. Duplicate of (254-5), but with different date.
264-7. List of proprietors of pews in King's Chapel, Mar. 13, 1727/8.
268-9. Record of adjourned meeting of congregation, Mar. 13, 1727/8. Myles having died, they vote a committee to take charge of the church funds in place of the wardens and authorize previous committee (234-41) to ask Nicholson and Sandford [Sanford] to select a rector at a salary of £100 per annum.
270-1. Duplicate of (268-9).
272-3. Duplicate of (268-9).
274-5. Committee to Bishop Gibson, Mar. 18, 1727(8). Enclosing (268-9) and asking that a rector be quickly sent.
276-7. Duplicate of (274-5).
278-9. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Mar. 18, 1727/8. Objects to proceeding of the congregation and asserts his claim to succeed Myles as first minister of the parish.
280-1. John Checkley to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Mar. 31, 1728. Two laws lately passed are injurious to the Church. One forbids travelling more than five miles on Sunday, though many Chuch members live at a greater distance than this from their church. The other taxes all for the support of the Congregational ministry unless they live within five miles of a minister of their own.
282-3. Ebenezer Miller to Bishop Gibson, Braintree, May 10, 1728. Protests against these laws.
284-5. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, May 20, 1728. Asks the bishop to secure payment of his stipend, which, being a royal grant, has been interrupted by death of George I.
286-7. W. Burnet to Bishop Gibson, New York, May 30, 1728. Encloses copies of the documents relating to the King's Chapel dispute, on the Harris side, which he has been asked to forward. He knows nothing of the merits of the controversy but has heard that Harris is a moderate man and Cutler a troublemaker.
288-91. W. Brunet to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Nov. 27, 1728. He is unable to determine in whom the patronage of King's Chapel legally rests, but thinks that, in equity, it should rest with the proprietors of pews. A majority of these appear to be for Harris, though the vestry now oppose him. Burnet thinks it would be a hardship if another minister were placed over him.
292-5. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Oct. 10, 1728. Concerning the claim of Church clergy to sit on the Board of Overseers of Harvard. The charter gives this right to the 'teaching elders' of the neighbouring churches. Cutler maintains that, in New England usage, this is synonymous with 'ministers'.
296-7. Henry Harris to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 2, 1728. Again appeals for restoration of stipend. Seems doubtful of his prospect of being elected chief minister.
298-9. Protest of Harris party against proceedings of second meeting of congregation (268-9). Undated, but clearly belongs in the year 1728.
300-3. Printed copy of act of Massachusetts legislature, 1728, lending money to the towns and providing for its repayment.
304-5. Timothy Cutler to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Apr. 18, 1729. He is seeking, with aid of the governor, to obtain copies of some Harvard records which he will send to the bishop in support of his case for admitting Church ministers to the Board of Overseers.
306-7. Ebenezer Miller to Bishop Gibson, Braintree, Oct. 11, 1729. Reports death of Harris. Many people at Boston would like Miller to succeed and Price is agreeable, but he is unwilling to leave Braintree until he can be sure of a successor. Asks bishop to defer appointment until this can be determined.
308-9. Duplicate of (306-7).
310-11. Minister (Roger Price), wardens and vestry of King's Chapel to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Oct. 14, 1729. Report death of Harris. Not knowing who the patron is, they ask bishop's aid in obtaining a successor.
312-13. Duplicate of (310-11).
314-15. Duplicate of (310-11).
316-17. Ebenezer Miller to Bishop Gibson, Braintree, Dec. 2, 1729. Unable to obtain a successor for Braintree, he gives up pretensions to assistantship at Boston, unless bishop approves a plan, which he says is acceptable to Price, by which the two of them serve both churches.
318-19. Roger Price to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 9, 1729. Urges that assistant be appointed with instructions that will establish his subordination to the rector. He would prefer someone from England, but if it has to be someone already in America, Miller is acceptable. He has not yet received promised appointment as commissary. Asks bishop to obtain a donation of books from some source.
320-1. David Dunbar to Bishop Gibson, Boston, Dec. 11, 1729. He has established a new settlement at Pemaquid, fifty leagues eastward from Boston, and hopes that a minister will be supplied for it by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, though a number of the settlers are dissenters. He has named his town Fredericksburg and proposes to call the colony Georgia. Christ Church, Boston, is the better of the two church buildings there, but lacks a bell. Doctor Cutler receives only about £50 a year from his people, who are from the poorer part of the population.
CustodialHistoryAlso cited as FP 4
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 754

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