RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Alt Ref NoFP XXXVI
TitleVOLUME XXXVI: Missionary Bonds
Date1761-1769
Description1-2. Notes on some provisions in the charters of the Virginia and New England companies, 1606-20.
3-10. Commission issued by Charles II to Gilbert Sheldon [Selden], Archbishop of Canterbury, granting him ecclesiastical jurisdiction over Virginia and other American provinces. (In Latin.) Undated, but must preceed Selden's death, 1677.
11-12. Minute of meeting of Committee of Trade and Plantations, Jan. 24, 1675. Direct that inquiry be made into the Bishop of London's colonial jurisdiction.
13-14. Minute of Committee of Trade and Plantations, July 19, 1677. On complaint of Bishop Compton that the ministers in the colonies, particularly Jamaica, were abused by their vestries, their lordships ruled that the minister should be a member of the vestry in all matters except the settlement of his maintenance.
15-16. Minute of Committee of Trade and Plantations, Apr. 15, 1685. Received a letter from Bishop Compton proposing that he be granted ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the West Indies, except for disposal of parishes, licences for marriage, and probate of wills, that no schoolmasters coming from England be received in the colonies without his licence and that orders be given for 'establishing the donation of St. Andrew's Parish in Jamaica'. Voted to take these proposals into further consideration.
17-18. Will of Francis Nicholson, Mar. 4, 1697, leaving his American real estate in trust for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (Copy.)
19-20. Charles Clifton to Archbishop Tenison, Aug. 16, 1697. Expresses belief that French settlements in America rightly belong to England.
21-22. Plan of Thomas Bray for a 'Congregation Pro propaganda Fide' which led to the foundation of both the S.P.C.K. and the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Undated, but probably Catalogueded in 1698 or 1699.
23-32. Copies of letters received by Francis Nicholson, 1699-1700, from clergy, vestries, or prominent laymen in Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and Rhode Island, asking or acknowledging help for the churches in those places.
33-34. Anonymous letter to Archbishop Tenison complaining of lack of Church services in an unnamed colony. Dated 1700 in notation.
35-36. Copy of letter from John Talbot to the secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, Sept. 1, 1703, urging the sending of bishops to America, with minutes of actions taken by the society to obtain that end, 1702-7.
37-41. Three copies of commissions issued by Bishop Robinson to commissaries. (In Latin.) Wording varies. Two are forms, with name left blank, but one (39) names Thomas Napleton as Commissary of Barbados.
42-43. Draft of representation of Society for the Propagation of the Gospel to George 1, June 3, 1715, urging the sending of bishops to America.
44-45. Record of efforts of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel to obtain colonial bishops, 1712-18.
46-47. List of missionaries in the employ of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel on May 3, 1723.
48-49. W. Hall to Bishop Gibson, May 11, 1723. Quotes an order in council dated Apr. 25, 1679, allowing ministers going to the colonies to retain fellowships or other benefices in England and gives extracts from several letters of Bishop Compton to various colonial governors, 1676-85. The first, to Governor Berkeley of Virginia, says that he has colonial jurisdiction (Mar. 26, 1676). The last, to Governor Effingham of Virginia, Sept. 14, 1685, says that such jurisdiction has recently been conferred on him by James II.
50-53. Thomas Bray to Bishop Gibson, Aldgate, Oct. 28, 1723. Urges the sending of bishops to America.
54-58. List of parishes, incumbents, and stipends in North and South Carolina, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and New England as shown by the records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, July 1, 1724.
59-60. Thomas Bray to Bishop Gibson, Sheldon, July 15, 1724. Encloses some papers relating to the colonies.
61-62. Representation of Bishop Gibson to George I. Though instructions to governors since 1685 have enjoined respect for the jurisdiction of the Bishop of London, its exercise has, in fact, been often impeded by colonial authorities. Governor Lowther of Barbados secured a law forbidding the issuing of any ecclesiastical citation or process. Recent instructions have directed governors to secure the removal of clergymen guilty of scandalous behaviour, thereby seeming to transfer the bishop's jurisdiction, even over the clergy, to them. Bishop Gibson, therefore, is refraining from the exercise of any colonial jurisdiction until the will of the King becomes known.
63-74. Action of Privy Council and reports of Attorney- and Solicitor-General on Bishop Gibson's proposals, Apr. 26 to Dec. 27, 1725.
75-76. P. Yorke (Attorney-General) to Bishop Gibson, Lincoln's Inn, Jan. 6 (1726), enclosing (63-74).
77-84. Further reports of the Attorney-General (Yorke) and Solicitor-General (C. Wearg, later, C. Talbot), Jan. 27, 1725(6) and May 25, 1726 (2 copies).
85-86. P. Yorke to Bishop Gibson, June 1, 1726, enclosing (77-84).
87-90. Recommendation of a committee of the Privy Council for the issuing of a commission to Bishop Gibson. Also names members of a proposed court of appeal. June 14, 1726.
91-104. Four copies of Bishop Gibson's Commission (in Latin), dated Feb. 19, 1726/7.
105-10. Two English translations of the Commission.
111-12. Printed account of the bishop's proceedings in seeking the Commission, States that, though he searched the Council Books of Charles II 'page by page' he could not find the Order in Council on which his colonial jurisdiction was formerly supposed to rest.
113-14. N. Dukingfield to ---, Oct. 3, 1726. Discusses the advisability of appealing to the bishop in an ecclesiastical dispute in an unnamed proprietary colony.
115-16. Ralph (Lambert, Bishop of) Meath to Bishop Gibson, Jan. 31, 1729. Recommends --- Lennon, a clergyman of his diocese who thinks of going to the colonies.
117-20. Henry Newman to Bishop Gibson, Bartlet's Buildings, Feb. 10 and Sept. 30, 1731. Reports transmitting some of the bishop's letters to America.
121. Testimonial of the inhabitants of the Parish of Straban, alias Camus Tuxta Morne, to John Gordon, Dec. 19, 1735 (cf. vii. 312).
122-6. Henry Newman to Bishop Gibson, July 22, and 27 and Sept. 22, 1736, reporting transmission of letters.
127-30. Proclamation of George II naming Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, June 27, 1737.
131. Printed notice from Bishop Gibson, July 13, 1743, saying that candidates for ordination from the colonies must present a testimonial and certification of title from the commissary.
132-3. Samuel Johnson to Bishop Gibson, Stratford, Connecticut, Nov. 25, 1745, concerning efforts to obtain bishops.
134-5. A. Spencer to Bishop Sherlock, June 12, 1749. At the bishop's request, he has inquired concerning the attitude of gentlemen in New York and Philadelphia towards the project of suffragan bishops and finds them disposed to fear that such bishops might interfere with the rights of the people and the proprietors.
136-49. Representation of Bishop Sherlock to George II, Apr. 11, 1750. After reviewing the history of ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the colonies, he urges the appointment of suffragan bishops.
150-1. Draft of letter from Bishop Sherlock, apparently designed to be sent to all the commissaries, Sept. 20, 1750. Notes that his proposals for bishops have been buried in the council and asks for an account of how the commissarial jurisdiction was exercised under Bishop Gibson.
152-3. Extracts from the proceedings of the Deputies representing the English dissenters, 1749 and 1750, recording their opposition to the plan for colonial bishops.
154-5. Philip Bearcroft to Bishop Sherlock, Feb. 29, 1752, introducing Joseph Bewsher, formerly an usher in Coddrington [Codrington] College, who returned to England for his health and now desires a licence for Virginia.
156-7. I. West to Bishop Sherlock, Treasury Chambers, June 25, 1755. Treasury approves of payment to Alexander Richardson, licensed for Bermuda, of bounty recovered from John Heyborne Chester, who was licensed for South Carolina but did not go there.
158-9. Estimate of population of the American colonies in 1761. Gives religious distribution among three groups: Church people; Presbyterians and Independents; all others.
160-9. A general account of the colonies by Doctor (William?) Smith, 1762.
170-7. Thoughts upon the present state of the Church of England in America, 1764. An argument for colonial bishops, possibly by Bishop Terrick.
178-83. Account of the Church in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida by Charles Woodmason, 1766.
184-5. Thomas Lyttleton to Bishop Porteus, Wanstead, Apr. 22, 1788, reporting transmission of letters to the West Indies.
186-7. Lord Bathurst to Bishop Howley, Oct. 20, 1818, enclosing draft of a bill to permit the two archbishops and the Bishop of London to ordain clergy especially for the colonies.
188-9. Extract from a letter of Gerard Slye [Sly], undated, but probably about 1697. Says conditions under Andros in Virginia are tolerable but that Nicholson is causing great trouble in Maryland by his zeal for building churches and by his opposition to those who first declared for William III (cf. ii. 117-18.)
190. Draft of undated letter from Bishop Gibson saying that Marsden does not have a roving commission from him as he is reported to be claiming.
191. Anonymous and undated proposals concerning religious provision for the colonies. Advocates sending bishops, but suggests allowing modification of Church use in unessentials.
192-3. Undated plan for supplying libraries to colonial parishes, possibly by Bray.
194-5. Anonymous and undated comments on representations made by Virginia and Maryland concerning the tobacco trade.
196-7. List of clergymen in several colonies. Undated, but names place it in early 1720's
198-9. Incomplete and undated letter to one of the bishops giving some account of religious affairs in the colonies.
200-1. Undated and anonymous account of the northern colonies, mainly political.
202-3. Undated list of clergy of New England, probably of the late 1720's.
204-9. Anonymous argument for colonial bishops.
210-11. Incomplete and undated letter to Bishop Sherlock concerning the possible reception of bishops in the colonies.
212-15. Anonymous proposals for propagating Christianity among the Indians.
216-17. Undated summary of finances of unnamed missionary society, possibly the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
218-19. Undated notes apparently giving the number of benefices in the West Indies.
220-1. List of clergy in Barbados, Montserrat, and Antigua, probably of the mid-1720's.
222-3. Undated extract from a letter concerning the promotion of the Church. Identified in notation as coming from Governor Wentworth.
224-5. Anonymous and undated scheme for settling a new colony westward of Pennsylvania.
226-7. Undated list of parishes in several colonies, signed by W. Hall. Names of clergy are added after some of the parishes in Barbados.
228-9. Anonymous, undated notes concerning colonial bishops.
230-1. Notes, probably made by one of the bishops or his secretary, summarizing information concerning the colonies.
232-3. Notes listing documents relating to the campaign for bishops.
234-5. T(homas Burgess, Bishop of) St. Davids to Bishop Porteus, undated. Unable to identify the David Williams who has applied to the bishop for a colonial post (cf. xxxii. 260-1).
236. List of papers taken by Doctor Parker from the collection.
237-8. Undated copy of act for the settlement of ministers in an unnamed colony.
239. Illegible note, possibly relating to the colonies.
240-1. List of some of the documents.
Documents which were located too late to be bound with the other papers from the colonies to which they belong.
NOVA SCOTIA
242. Richard Watts to Jean Baptiste Brault, Mar. 15, 1729, in answer to (i. 72) (Copy, in Latin.)
243. Robert Wroth to Watts, Annapolis Royal, Apr. 8 and 10, 1729 (copies). On behalf of Governor Armstrong, he demands account of communicants and communion alms. (Should precede i. 66-67.)
244-5. Richard Watts to Bishop Gibson, Annapolis Royal, June 26, 1729. Gives an account of his disputes with Governor Armstrong and Brault (cf. i. 66-80).
CONNECTICUT
246-7. Samuel Johnson to Bishop Gibson, Stratford, Jan. 18, 1723/4. Gives an account of the state of religion and the prospects of the Church in Connecticut.
248-9. Jonathan Arnold to Bishop Gibson, West Haven, Conn, Sept. 27, 1736. Complains of persecution of the Church in Connecticut.
250. Mathew Graves to Bishop Sherlock, New London, Dec. 18, 1751. A further protest against the ordination of Jonathan Colton (cf. xxi. 32-33).
GEORGIA
251-6. Description of organization and traditions of the Creek Indians taken down from statements by some of their chiefs at Savannah, June 11, 1735. Forwarded by Thomas Christie in letter (2.f.24)
257-8. Haddon Smith to Bishop Terrick, Liverpool, Sept. 17, 1776. Asks relief as a displaced Loyalist, though he now has a curacy in England (cf. ii. 44-45).
MARYLAND
259-60. Samuel Skippon to Bishop Robinson, Annapolis, Jan. 19, 1714/15. He has been inducted in a parish and is satisfied with his situation, but disturbed by the prevailing dissoluteness of manners and neglect of religious ordinances, particularly baptism and Holy Communion.
261-2. Christopher Wilkinson to Bishop Gibson, St. Paul's, Queen Ann's County, Sept. 9, 1724. Gives some account of his methods as commissary under Bishop Robinson and expresses hope that Bishop Gibson's efforts to obtain colonial bishops will succeed. A postscript, Sept. 14, 1724, says that he has received reports of two non-juring bishops, Talbot and Welton.
263-6. Notes on the Chambers case, probably made by Bishop Terrick or his secretary (cf. xxii. 10-12; xxiii. 201-3).
267-70. Supplementary act of establishment, passed June 20, 1768, setting up a commission to govern the clergy (cf. iii. 207-8).
271. Brief note concerning a school law passed under Governor Nicholson.
MASSACHUSETTS
272. Petition of several Churchmen in Newberry, Jan. 28, 1711/12, asking that Christopher Bridge, who has provided them with occasional services, be stationed nearer them.
273-4. Charles Brockwell to Bishop Gibson, Salem, June 15, 1741. Asks advice in dealing with what he believes to be the ill effects of preaching by Whitefield and Tennent. Implies that a visit from the Wesleys is also rumoured.
NEW HAMPSHIRE
275. Copy of deed of gift, Feb. 18, 1724/5, setting apart glebe land in Piscataqua.
NEW YORK
276-7. Thomas Colgan to Bishop Gibson, Dec. 23, 1725. Asks help to meet cost of journey to America.
278-82. Account of formation of Caroline Parish, Brookhaven, L. I., in petition of vestry to the Queen, Jan. 25, 1729/30 (278-80) and letter of Alexander Campbell to Bishop Gibson, Feb. 12, 1729/30 (281-2).
283-7. Ordination papers of John Doty: ed., King's College, New York; t., Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, Westchester Co., 1770.
RHODE ISLAND
288-9. Gabriel Bernon to Bishop Gibson, Providence, May 11, 1725 (in French). Gives some account of his personal history as a Huguenot refugee.
290-1. Gabriel Bernon to Bishop Gibson, undated, but referring to (288-9). Expresses his regard for episcopacy.
292-3. Petition of wardens and vestry of Church in Narragansett for a successor to William Guy. Undated, but must follow his removal to South Carolina in 1718 (cf. viii. 109-10).
SOUTH CAROLINA
294-5. Wardens and vestry of St. James, Goose Creek, to Bishop Robinson, Mar. 15, 1717/18. Report death of Le Jau.
296-7. Rector (William Wye) and vestry of St. Philip's, Charleston, to Bishop Robinson, Dec. 19, 1718. Report that Guy is supplying St. Andrew's, as St. Philip's, to which the bishop had recommended him, is already supplied.
298. Printed preamble to an act regulating courts, 1769.
WEST INDIES
BARBADOS
299-300. Copies of letters, July 30 and Aug. 16, 1824, recommending William Garnett Thomas for mastership of Coddrington [Codrington] College.
JAMAICA
301-2. W. Hall to --- , Sept. 14, 1715. --- Tookerman was formerly licensed as a schoolmaster in Jamaica (cf. xvii. 113-14).
303-4. W(illiam Barnard, Bishop of) Derry to Bishop Sherlock, Dublin, Nov. 27, 1750. He has communicated to Mr. [Taaf] Taafe the contents of a letter from Bishop Sherlock which evidently expressed dissatisfaction with his testimonials, for he says that Taafe will return to America to obtain proper certificates (cf. xxix. 45-46: xxxv. 170-1).
305-7. J. M. Frew to Bishop Howley, Oct. 25, 1824 [correction to published catalogue gives 305: date should read Mar. 9, 1821: Frew to Howley; 306: Oct. 25, 1824: John Smith]. Preparing to return to Jamaica, he solicits a donation of books for his parish (cf. xviii. 169-70).
LEEWARD ISLANDS
308. Answers of Robert Robertson, Rector of St. Paul's, Nevis, to Bishop Gibson's queries. (See Introduction, p. xxiii, for numbered questions to which answers refer.)
1. 17 years. 2. No. 3. Yes. 4. Since 1707. 5. Yes. 6. Parish consists of town of Charles Town and a few surrounding plantations. 7. About 1,000 slaves. Nothing done for their conversion. 8. Twice on Sundays and on holy days. Attendance irregular. 9. Four times a year. Six or Seven communicants. 10. No catechizing. 11. No. 12. No sterling equivalent. 13. House and glebe, which he occupies. 14. Repaired by parish. 15. No. 16. No. 17. Small library.
WINDWARD ISLANDS
309. Certificate, dated Mar. 31, 1778, that John Burnett attended divinity lectures in Cambridge University (cf. xxxii. 125-38).
CustodialHistoryAlso cited as FP 36
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 769

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