RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
TitleVOLUME XVIII: General Correspondence
1-2. Lewis de Bomeval to Bishop Gibson, May 28, 1740, with a copy of (xvii. 287-8) on the same sheet. Encloses (xvii. 289-92.) He has baptized 113 persons, of whom 93 are Negroes. No effort is made to convert the treaty Negroes (cf. xvii. 282-3), who are allowed a high priest of their own cult.
3-4. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, May 29, 1740. Introduces William Alcock, a candidate for orders, who has a M.A. from Oxford. Mentions a number of clerical changes. Admiral Vernon has made a successful raid on Cartagena.
5-6. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, Dec. 11, 1740. He has been offered a living in England by Robert Hamilton, but seems to doubt that he can get away from Jamaica. He thinks that de Bomeval's troubles are due to his own indiscretions. Blumfield married and left Jamaica for Virginia, but died in passage. Clergy are required to have their letters of orders recorded in the secretary's office before they can be presented to livings, but governors do not always require a licence from the bishop, as they often present chaplains from the fleet to livings.
7-8. Copy of (5-6).
9-10. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, Apr. 23, 1741. He has been disappointed in his hope of an English living by circumstances not fully stated. He bears disappointments lightly, as he is used to them and has a firm trust in divine providence. His chief reason for desiring a living in England was to provide better for his children's education, as there are no good schools in Jamaica. Introduces --- Cameron, a candidate for orders, and mentions some clerical changes. Franco-Spanish fleet that was expected to attack the island dispersed before a newly arrived English fleet.
11-12. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, Mar. 8, 1741(2). Brought by --- Richardson, former chaplain to Admiral Vernon, who is returning because of ill health. Mentions a number of clerical changes.
13-14. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, Aug. 2, 1742. Introduces --- Venn, who is returning for priest's orders. Alexander Howie, recently arrived from Philadelphia, has been appointed to St. David's.
15-16. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, May 24, 1743. Richardson died before his ship sailed (cf. 11-12). John Reed, chaplain of the Orford, has been presented to St. Mary's. May asks the bishop to send him a curate, to whom he will pay £50 a year and found.
17-18. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, June 8, 1744. Having had no answer to (15-16), he may employ --- De La Garde, a recent arrival as curate, but will only contract with him for three months, so that he will be free to employ any curate whom the bishop may send.
19-20. T. Horton to Bishop Gibson, on board the Cornwall, Spithead, Aug. 13, 1744. Personal misfortunes, which apparently expose him to some legal action, have led him to accept a chaplaincy on this ship, which is sailing for Jamaica.
21-22. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, July 19, 1747. Because the governor appointed --- Garnett, instead of Venn, for whom they had petitioned, to St. Andrew's, some of the parishioners set up a private chapel and employed Venn to officiate in it. Garnett died of fever, but the governor has again refused to appoint Venn, naming --- Eccles, instead. Other clerical changes mentioned.
23-26. An act for the regulating and settling the livings of the clergy and ascertaining the same and giving the Bishop of London ecclesiastical jurisdiction over them. Passed assembly, May 17, council, July 13, approved by Governor Edward Trelawney, Aug. 13, 1748. Preamble states that the Bishop of London, 'hath never been admitted to the Exercise of any Spiritual Jurisdiction whatever but stands excluded therefrom by the law of this Island'. Present act raises the salaries of the clergy, provides for the rental or building of rectories, and allows the bishop to exercise jurisdiction to the extent of maintaining discipline among the clergy only.
27-32. Copy of (23-26).
33-34. Clauses of (23-26).
35-36. William May to Bishop Gibson, Kingston, Nov. 16, 1748. Ignorant of the bishop's death, May speaks of not having received answers to recent letters and mentions a number of clerical changes, including death of Galpine. Encloses (23-26). This letter will be brought by Horton.
37-38. William May to Bishop Sherlock, Jan. 23, 1748(9). Congratulates him on his translation. Hopes he will name someone else as commissary, as May is frequently afflicted with gout and asthma and unable to fulfill the duties of his office. Asks for a curate.
39-40. Opinion of Mathew Lamb concerning (23-26), Lincoln's Inn, Jan. 28, 1749. He recommends its disallowance on the ground that it really curtails the bishop's jurisdiction while professing to authorize it.
41-42. Samuel Gellibrand to Doctor Bearcroft, Whitehall, Feb. 21, 1749. Encloses (23-26 and 39-40) for the bishop's attention.
43-44. Thomas Hill to Bishop Sherlock, Whitehall, May 15, 1751. Encloses another copy of (23-26), on behalf of the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations.
45-52. John Venn to Bishop Sherlock, June 15, 1751. Told by --- Castlefrane that the bishop desires some information concerning the island, he undertakes to supply it on the basis of eleven year's residence. Jamaica is more civilized and less unhealthy than most English people suppose, though some physiques cannot stand the climate. Since white people cannot work in the climate, slavery is necessary, if its products are to be available to Europeans. On well-run plantations, discipline is administered evenly and moderately, but some masters are guilty of shocking cruelties which the law cannot touch. Respectable white people never marry Negroes, but concubinage is frequent. The offspring of such unions are usually, though not always, freed and taught a trade. A law of the colony excludes persons of African descent, even though free, from full civil rights until the fourth generation from their African ancestor. The law allows slaves free time on Saturday afternoon and Sunday, but as they have to use it to cultivate their own gardens, he does not think that it provides time for religious instruction. Most masters are opposed to such instruction and the Negroes generally reluctant to give up their own rites, especially those for the dead. Most free Negroes and mulattoes are Christian. The island is divided into nineteen parishes, which are also counties. A list of parishes, with ministers, salaries, and some other information is given. Salaries are based on the act of 1748 (23-26), though there are reports of its disallowance, which will be a hardship for the clergy. He holds that the restriction on the bishop's jurisdiction was required by the act of 1681 prohibiting penal ecclesiastical jurisdiction. Having royal assent, this law could only be repealed by another with the same assent. Spanish Town, formerly St. Jago de la Vega, is the capital. Port Royal is on the peninsula at the entrance to Kingston Habour. Except in wartime, it is very poor. The quality of the clergy would be improved, if the governors would wait for a recommendation from the bishop before presenting to benefices. Venn disapproves of --- Lewis, a former merchant captain, who is seeking orders.
53-54. William May to Bishop Sherlock, Kingston, June 21, 1751. At the bishop's request, he tells how he proceeded as commissary. He held annual visitations at which the clergy assembled at his own house. After they had attended church, he heard complaints, made a short speech, and treated them to dinner. He never had any formal complaints against the clergy from the laity, but they frequently complained of acts of intrusion by one another. In such cases, and when informed of other offences, he admonished the offenders.
55-56. Charles Knowles to Bishop Sherlock, Nov. 9, 1752. Encloses a list of livings and stipends (57-58). Six parishes are vacant. Not all of the clergy have a good a character as he would wish, but he makes no specific charges.
57-58. List of livings and their values, 1752.
59-60. Samuel Griffith to Doctor Torton, Spanish Town, Feb. 27, 1762. Griffith is domestic chaplain to Governor Lyttleton. As the see of London was vacant when he sailed, he could not ask for instructions for promoting Christianity in the island, but will be glad to receive any now. He would also like to receive the King's bounty.
61-62. Henry Penlington to Bishop Terrick, Kingston, July 23, 1769. Complains of poor morals of many of the clergy, but names only one, --- Cosgreve, a recent arrival from North America, who is a habitual drunkard. A fund has been raised to send him back to Ireland. Penlingtion is rector of Portland Parish in Jamaica.
63-64. Extract (handwritten) from the supplement to the Cornwall Chronicle, Montego-Bay, Jamaica, Dec. 29, 1787. Gives some amendments to the consolidated Negro-bill, proposed by --- Gray. Preamble asserts that cruelty by overseers often provokes slaves to run away, or incites them to insurrection. Penalties are provided for overseers guilty of inhuman treatment; slaves are not to be buried without being seen by the plantation doctor; overseers are required to make an annual report, under oath, of increase and decrease of slaves under their charge.
65-70. W. Stanford to Bishop Porteus, Westmorland, July 22, 1788. When serving as chaplain to forces on the Mosquito Shore, Stanford enrolled a small company of Christian Negroes who helped materially in putting down a slave revolt. Since being rector of Westmorland he has tried to persuade the masters that their worldly interests required the conversion of the slaves, since he saw no hope in appealing to spiritual motives. He has agreed to forgo the usual fee for baptizing slaves, but this has the disadvantage of making the Negroes think that the Christian obea has no value, since it costs nothing. He has baptized 800 Negroes, but meets with much opposition. The experience of some Moravian planters, who have all their slaves baptized, is taken to show that results are not particularly satisfactory, but he thinks this is because the Moravian ministers, who work as artisans, are not respected by the Negroes. He speaks of a Spanish plan of gradual emancipation, whereby the slave is given two days of his own. If he works for his master on these days, the wages are applied to buy more time, until he is free. He also pleads for the free mulattoes, who are deprived of civil rights and given no encouragement to industry, though they make good artisans. There are some coloured companies in the militia, which he says are among the best. He once applied to Bishop Lowth for the post of commissary, but it was held to be unnecessary.
71-72. Thomas Rees, Rector of Kingston, John Campbell, rector of St. Andrew's, and R. S. Woodham, rector of St. Catharine's, to Bishop Porteus, Kingston, Jan. 13, 1792. Ask his advice on proceedure to be followed in case of --- Ledwich, a former Roman Catholic clergyman who has been converted to the Church of England.
73-74. Gregory Ledwich to Bishop Porteus, Kingston, Jan. 13, 1792. Asks the bishop to approve of his appointment to a parish in the island. A former Jesuit, he was born in Ireland and educated in the Spanish Netherlands.
75. Governor Adam Williamson to Bishop Porteus, Kingston, Jan. 15, 1792. Encloses (71-74). He will appoint Ledwich to a parish, if the bishop approves.
76-77. John Barton to Bishop Porteus, Port Royal, Oct. 2, 1795. He has not received any appointment, because Governor Williamson reserved the first two for friends in England, and these had just been filled when he was succeeded by Lord Balcarres, who is also reserving two benefices for friends from home. One of these is Port Royal, which Barton is supplying temporarily.
78-81. John Barton to Bishop Porteus, May 21, 1796. A formal representation against James Wood for interrupting a funeral service Barton was conducting of St. David's Island, by launching into a profane and abusive attack on Barton and William Smellie Forbes, a surgeon at the naval hospital who had arranged the funeral, which was that of a colleague. Wood is alleged to be the lover of Ann, or Agnes, Parsons, a woman of colour, who ran the boarding house at which Forbes and the deceased lodged. Forbes and Moses Sanches Morao, an assistant surgeon, add affidavits supporting Barton's statement.
82-83. John Barton to Bishop Porteus, Undated, but enclosing (78-81). Barton thinks that the governor should give him a permanent appointment to Port Royal as he has served there ten months and the governor's friend for whom it is being held gives no sign of coming out. The church building is in serious disrepair.
84-85. John Barton to Bishop Porteus, Port Royal, July 11, 1796. As it is now almost a year that the parish has been vacant, he thinks that the right of presentation may have reverted to the bishop, and asks the bishop to appoint him to it.
86-87. Fairlie Christie to Chief Justice William Jackson, Fairfield, May 22, 1797. Asked to investigate the incident related in (78-81) he has delayed his report in the hope that James Woods would recover from a state of madness induced by habitual drunkenness, but he shows no sign of recovery. He is only kept alive through the charity of a friend who knew his uncle. Barton is not curate at Port Royal and has never held any charge in the island. He is generally believed to be slightly mad. He exaggerates the disrepair of the church building. The rector, Gregory Ledwich, holds services there regularly. It would have been repaired before except for the war and a shortage of artisans caused by a recent yellow-fever epidemic. The work has now been begun.
88-89. William Jackson to Governor Lord Balcarres, Spanish Town, June 3, 1797. Encloses (86-87). Christie is member of the assembly from Port Royal. Jackson has also conducted a personal investigation. He is told by the magistrates that Barton has no regular appointment, but sometimes officiates in private houses, 'not always I fear in a very reputable way'. The incident occurred more or less as described in (78-81) but, in view of Woods's habitual drunkenness and insanity, Judge Jackson doubts that any deliberate intent to offend against religion can be attributed to him.
90. Clipping from Royal Gazette (identified in 93-94), June 6, 1797, describing the laying of the cornerstone of a new church in Savanna-la-Mar (Westmoreland Parish). Advertisements for runaway slaves on reverse.
91-92. Governor Lord Balcarres to Bishop Porteus, June 10, 1797. Encloses (86-89). Reports sudden death of --- Mann, a clergyman who had been in the island a short time.
93-94. Thomas Stewart to Bishop Porteus, Westmoreland, June 20, 1797. Reports beginning of the erection of a parish church. They have not had a building since 1780, when the former one was destroyed in a hurricane. Encloses (90).
95-96. Act for the better establishment of the clergy. Passed assembly, Dec. 20, council, Dec. 22, approved by Governor Lord Balcarres, Dec. 23, 1797. As some justices and vestries have failed to build churches in accordance with law of 1780, penalties are provided for failure. If the church is not built in three years, it shall be built by the commissioner of works. Similar provision is made for rectories. Clergy are required to set apart a time for instructing free persons of colour and such slaves as are willing to be baptized, subject to a deduction from their salaries for failure. Salaries are set at £420 a year, payable from the provincial treasury. Conditions are prescribed under which glebes can be leased. A 10 per cent. deduction for each clergyman's salary is to be made to support a fund for the widows and orphans of clergy.
97-99. Robert Stanton Woodham to Bishop Porteus, Spanish Town, Dec. 30, 1797. Describes provisions of (95-96), the first increase in clerical stipends since 1748. He says that the legislature also had it 'in contemplation' to confer ecclesiastical jurisdiction on the governor, as the King's representative, since the failure of the bishop to appoint a commissary left the clergy without discipline. Woodham, rector of St. Catharine's, describes himself as formerly of New College, Oxford, and assistant in Winchester School.
100-1. Robert Sewell [Sewall], agent for Jamaica, to the Duke of Portland, Great George St., Apr. 12, 1798. Encloses (95-96) and another act which he describes as designed to lessen rigors of the slave trade. The assembly has petitioned the King to confer ecclesiastical jurisdiction on the governor. So far as he knows, the jurisdiction conferred on the Bishop of London by the act of 1748 (23-26) has never been exercised. He estimates the salary provided in (95-96) as worth £270 sterling.
102-3. W. Scott to Bishop Porteus, postmarked May 22, 1798. He is going to report against the proposal to give ecclesiastical jurisdiction to the governor. The fact that the governors have certain functions traditionally ecclesiastical, but essentially civil in nature, such as granting marriage licences, does not provide precedent for giving them jurisdiction over the clergy, which might be subject to grave abuses. He thinks that the best method would be for the bishop to appoint three commissaries from the clergy with power of deprivation only, and that subject to approval by the governor.
104-5. W. Scott to Bishop Porteus, postmarked May 26, 1798. He will not include the proposal for commissaries to be appointed by the bishop in his report, as the bishop has objected to it.
106. Bishop Porteus to Lord Balcarres, Fulham, May 26, 1798. (Copy.) Acknowledges his report concerning Barton (cf. 86-92). Barton, a deacon for eight years in the Church of Scotland, has applied for priest's orders, producing title to a curacy in Jamaica, but there is so much that is irregular in his background that the bishop has declined to ordain him.
107-8. Bishop Porteus to Robert Stanton Woodham, London, Sept. 26, 1798. (draft, much corrected.) Sir William Scott, who is King's Advocate and chancellor of the Diocese of London, has proposed in his report on the Jamaica petition (cf. 97-105) that the King should appoint three ecclesiastical commissioners from the Jamaica clergy. Before this can be done, the legislature will have to repeal the jurisdiction granted to the Bishop of London in 1748. (This part is crossed out, and may not have been in the letter as sent.) He approves of the increase in clerical stipends and encloses directions concerning the testimonials to be supplied to candidates for ordination, anticipating that Woodham will be one of the commissioners.
109. W. Scott to Bishop Porteus, Sept. 27, 1798. The King has approved of his proposal.
110. Governor Lord Balcarres to Bishop Porteus, Dec. 4, 1800. Regrets that --- Shirreffe [Shireff], whom the governor had recommended for orders, was found unacceptable, partly because he was a cripple. Never having seen him, the governor was ignorant of this circumstance.
111. Bishop Porteus to Governor Lord Balcarres, St. James' Square, Feb. 10, 1801. Suggests the desirability of actually seeing candidates before recommending them. Shirreff is still in London and in deep distress as his brother refuses to aid him. His wife and child were sent to him, but died of yellow fever on the way over. The bishop asks Balcarres to urge the brother to extend aid which, he is told, he can well afford.
112-21. An act to regulate the Ecclesiastical Regimen of and Jurisdiction over the Clergy of this Island. Passed the assembly, Nov. 18, the council, Nov. 19, and approved by Governor G. Nugent, Dec. 19, 1801. Repeals jurisdiction granted to Bishop of London in 1748, confers it on the King, names John Campbell, Thomas Rees, Thomas Warren, Francis Ricard, and Robert Stanton Woodham as commissioners to exercise it, and regulates their proceedure.
122. Governor G. Nugent to Bishop Porteus, Nov. 26, 1801. Asks him to recommend some clergy for the island. Incomes vary from £250 to £300 sterling, depending on fees.
123-4. Bishop Porteus to Governor Nugent, London, Feb. 4, 1802. English clergy are reluctant to go to the West Indies because of the climate. No one will go unless assured of an appointment, and he cannot ordain anyone without a title. If he is to supply clergy for Jamaica, the governor will have to let him know of vacancies as they arise.
125. Memorandum signed by C. F. Greville, July 5, 1803. Outlines proceedure to be followed under (112-21). Moravian as well as Church of England clergy are held to be included under its provisions.
126. Jos. Butterworth, Secretary of the Methodists' Committee to Lord Hobart, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state, Fleet Street, Nov. 9, 1803. Two of their preachers in Jamaica, Daniel Campbell and John Williams, have been imprisoned under a local act requiring the licensing of itinerant preachers (cf. 129-30). They seek the disallowance of the law. The trouble seems to have centred around a recent group of converts in Morant's Bay. Campbell has preached in Kingston for several years without difficulty. Letter refers in passing to the flogging of two soldiers for attending Methodist services in Gibraltar.
127-8. Unsigned document headed, 'Religious Persecution; St. Vincents, 1793--Jamaica, 1803'. Cites an act passed by the legislature of St. Vincents, similar to the Jamaica act, which was disallowed.
129-30. Printed double sheet containing an argument by Jos. Butterworth in favour of the religious instruction of slaves, dated Feb. 10, 1804; copy of a letter from Daniel Campbell, London, Dec. 9, 1803, describing the circumstances of his arrest, and a copy of the act in question. It applies only to those preaching to congregations of Negroes or persons of colour, though this is not stated in (125-6).
131-2. W. Fawkener to Bishop Porteus, Whitehall, Feb. 15, 1804. Transmitting some of the foregoing documents on behalf of the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade and Foreign Plantations.
133-4. William Fish to Joseph Butterworth, Kingston, Mar. 9. 1804. (Extract.) Fish is the regular Methodist preacher in Kingston, but, though he is in poor health, the justices will not license anyone to assist him. He has been encouraged by some unspecified good news in a letter from Butterworth. A section that is crossed out refers to supplying some information for a proposed account of Methodism in the West Indies by Thomas Coke.
135. T. Pellat to Bishop Porteus, Ironmongers Hall, Apr. 10, 1804. Encloses some unspecified documents relating to Jamaica and says that Abraham Booth, Andrew Fuller, and Robert Hall are all held in high esteem in the religious world.
136-7. Stephen Cottrell to Bishop Porteus, Whitehall, Apr. 14, 1804. Encloses draft of a bill (138-41) prepared by the Committee of the Privy Council for Trade and Foreign Plantations to be presented to the Jamaica legislature as a substitute for (129-30).
138-41. The proposed act enclosed with (136-7). It still requires preachers to congregations of Negroes and persons of colour to be licensed by the magistrates, but does it in the language of the Toleration Act.
142-3. Bishop Porteus to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners of Jamaica, Fulham Palace, Dec. 26, 1805. Complains that --- Williams was sent home for ordination without a si quis or a certificate of his age. He ordained him because of special conditions, but will refuse to ordain any future candidate without all the papers specified in his printed directions (xxvii. 17-19).
144. R. S.Woodham to Bishop Porteus, Spanish Town, Mar. 29, 1806. Apologizes for omission complained of in (142-3) and promises not to send any other candidate without full papers.
145. John Campbell to Bishop Porteus, St. Andrew's, Mar. 30, 1806. He also apologizes for the omission though stating that Warren is the clergyman directly responsible. Campbell's son has been appointed rector of Kingston.
146. Thomas Warren to Bishop Porteus, St. Elizabeth's, June 4, 1806. Assures the bishop that though local circumstances will sometimes make a strict adherence to the canonical forms impossible, no candidate will be recommended who is not so well known to at least one commissioner that he is willing to be held responsible for his qualifications.
147-8. Thomas Alfred Greenland to Bishop Porteus, Spanish Town Academy, St. Jago de la Vega, Apr. 1, 1808. People do not heed his admonitions to bring their children up in the Christian faith because he is not in orders.
149-50. Alexander Campbell to Bishop Porteus, Kingston, Apr. 23, 1808. The corporation having agreed to pay for a curate to assist him, he asks the bishop to find someone suitable. Encloses (151-4).
151-2. Statement of the conditions of the curacy. Salary will be worth £500 sterling, with no perquisites. He does not recommend it to anyone who has any prospect of preferment in England, or who is not willing to work hard. Though the public services are confined to two on Sunday, local custom requires baptisms, marriages, and funerals to be held from private homes, which increases the minister's labour. Campbell has introduced the practice of preaching a special sermon at the evening service directed to the less educated members of the parish. There are many who are in ignorance of the faith, but are willing to be instructed.
153. Letter of credit for £15, payable to the chosen curate for expenses. Dated Kingston, Apr. 23, 1808.
154. Agreement to pay his passage, also dated Apr. 23, 1808.
155-6. Alexander Campbell to Bishop Porteus, Kingston, May 14, 1808. It has been found that the charter of the corporation does not authorize the appropriation for a curate, so an act of the legislature will have to be secured. He is confident that it can be, but does not want a curate sent until he is sure. If one has already departed, some of his parishioners have agreed to make good the salary.
157-8. C. Donaldson to Mrs. Monk, Highgate, St. Mary's, Oct. 18, 1808. He has incurred great unpopularity by a suit to recover glebe lands that have been in the possession of influential parishioners for twenty-seven years. When he presented his parishioners with Bishop Porteus's tract on the instruction of slaves, he was told that the bishop had no business interfering with the rights of private property. Now a suit for damages has been brought against him for accusing a planter of cruelty. (For the printed record of this suit, cf. xl. 322-57.)
159-60. C. Donaldson to Mrs. Monk, St. Mary's, Nov. 15, 1808. The suit for defamation of Wentworth Bayly has gone against him and he has been fined for all he possesses. He is accused of being in private correspondence with Bishop Porteus because he had recommended that the parish adopt a general offer that the bishop had made to aid in financing schools for Negroes. He reaffirms at some length the charges which he originally made against Bayly.
161-2. C. Donaldson to his sister, St. Mary's, Jan. 9, 1809. Reports loss of suit, which he attributes to influence of Charles Grant. Donaldson was defended by the attorney-general.
163-4. Colin Donaldson to Bishop Porteus, St. Mary's, Jan. 12, 1809. Defends himself against aspersions on his character made in the course of the trial.
165-6. C. Donaldson to his sister, Highgate, St. Mary's, Feb. 11, 1808(9). Though dated 1808, this letter clearly follows the preceding, as it refers to the loss of the suit as in the past. He now traces his troubles to a quarrel with Charles Grant, with whom he was intimate for a time until they quarrelled over his refusal to exchange parishes with a friend of Grant's.
167-8. Henry Bennett to Bishop Howley, Bath, Feb. 26, 1819. Having heard that there are a number of vacancies in Jamaica, he inquires as to the conditions and duties in behalf of a young relative in Ireland.
169-70. J. M. Frew to Bishop Howley, Dublin, Apr. 8, 1821. About to return to Jamaica, he introduces --- Kinahan as a suitable person to be employed in his parish for the instruction of slaves by the society of which the bishop is president.
171-2. R. Tabor to Bishop Robinson, undated, but evidently written in 1715 or 1716. Acknowledges appointment as commissary. Prohibition against ecclesiastical jurisdiction will limit his functioning, but all except two of the clergy have visited him since the bishop's letter arrived and have voluntarily promised submission to the bishop.
173-4. William Johnstone to R. Tabor, undated, but probably in answer to (xvii. 121-2). Gives some circumstances relating to his action for recovery of his glebe.
175-85. James White to Edmund Kelly, attorney-general of Jamaica. Under cover addressed to the Bishop of London (Robinson?). Undated, but probably belonging to the 1720's, the time of White's dated letters (xvii. 143-5 and others). Kelly having refused to support a suit brought by White to force officials in Jamaica to take the sacramental test, alleging that it was a bad law, White writes a long defence of the law and of his action under it.
186-217. James White to Governor Nicholas Lawes, undated. Having received an answer from Bishop Robinson to (xvii. 143-5) in which the bishop, while saying that he is too far away to judge local issues, mentions two charges against White: That he has alienated his parishioners and that he ignored a summons to attend a meeting of clergy. White says that he has as many auditors as his predecessors and that he never received any summons. He then gives the governor a detailed account of his controversies with his parishioners, which appear to have started with the action referred to in (175-85). He says that he initiated that action because he found that many of his parishioners were recusants or near-recusants.
218-19. Last two pages of incomplete letter from James White to (Governor Lawes?), undated. Argues that his white servant should be exempted from militia duty.
220-7. (James White) to (Bishop Robinson or Bishop Gibson). Undated and unsigned, but style and handwriting are White's. May be part of the numbered sheets referred to in (xvii. 143-5). A generally unfavourable picture of society and politics in the island. He represents it as divided between a disposition to anarchy and a tendency of the larger planters to become a home-grown aristocracy, though, for the most part, of common origin. Not more than six families in the island are well descended. A number of leading islanders are described by name, most of them adversely. Even those who are allowed to be morally respectable are generally represented as indifferent to religion. Laws favourable to the Church are not enforced. He accuses May of encouraging people to go outside their own parishes for baptisms and marriages.
228-33. The State of the Church in Jamaica. Undated and unsigned, but refers to events of 1722, including the hurricane, as though they were recent. Notes that governor often appoints ministers without requiring a licence from the Bishop of London. (William) Dunn, minister of Port Royal, is said to have fled Virginia because he had three wives at one time. A separate description is given of each parish, giving the provision for the minister, condition of church building, and some other information. There are stated to be more Quakers and Presbyterians in St. Elizabeth's parish than in any other. Abbey, built by Peter Martyr in St. Ann's, still in fair condition.
234-5. William Skelson to (Bishop Robinson?), undated. Probably about 1722, as it encloses (149-56). He explains that May was dug out of the ruins of his house with his dead wife and that it was thought at first that he was also dead. He sent May a copy of the eulogy when he found that he was alive. May sent it to Galpine.
236-7. An undated list of parishes and ministers in Jamaica. None of the names appears in any other Jamaica documents.
238. Note on scrap of paper, possibly an addition to (236-7). Says that Vere parish is supplied by --- Cooke, 'taken out of Clarendon Parish'.
239-40. List of parishes and incumbents in the West Indies. Jamaica. Undated. Contains names of John Campbell, Thomas Warren, and R. S. Woodham, but not Alexander Campbell, which probably justifies placing it between 1800 and 1806.
241. Undated memorandum by --- Dymocke listing rectors of St. Catharine's who have recently deceased. Names Woodham as the present incumbent.
242. Undated note from W. Scott to (Bishop Porteus). Discusses proper proceedure against unnamed offender in some colony. Possibly related to (102-5) but may refer to Clarke case in Barbados (cf. xvi. 177-86) or some other.
(For additional Jamaica documents, cf. xxxvi. 301-7.)
CustodialHistoryAlso cited as FP 18
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 760

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72Osbaldeston; Richard (1690-1764); Bishop of London1690-1764
69Porteus; Beilby (1731-1809); Bishop of London1731-1809
76Robinson; John (1650-1723); Bishop of London1650-1723
NA1288Church of Scotland
71Terrick; Richard (1710-1777); Bishop of London1710-1777
GB/109/13443Winchester College; 1382-1382-
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