RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoFP X
TitleVOLUME X: General Correspondence
1-2. Andrew Leslie to Bishop Gibson, Fullard, Jan. 7, 1734(5). Suffering from piles and feeling that his health has been undermined by the climate of South Carolina, he is asking the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel to recommend him to some bishop in Ireland.
3-4. Thomas Morritt to Bishop Gibson, Prince George's Parish, Feb. 3, 1734/5. The parish has recently been divided into Prince George's and Prince Frederick's. Because of growing population, he thinks that another division will soon be necessary. He has asked the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel for permission to return home to recover his health and attend to some personal business. His lack of a licence is due to 'inadervetancy'.
5-6. Wardens and vestry of St. James' Parish, Santee, to Bishop Gibson, Apr. 17, 1735. Their minister has been dead eighteen months. They beg him to send a successor.
7-10. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, May 15, 1735. In reply to some criticisms of the proceedings against Fulton (ix. 287-93), he says that costs were high because there are no civil lawyers in the colony and the common lawyers, being averse to ecclesiastical proceedings, exact their regular fees if they consent to serve at all. He held a visitation April 16. Governor Robert Johnson has died. Just before his death, he told Gibson that the assembly would probably raise the salaries of the clergy in two or three years, but were at present at too heavy an expense in encouraging foreign settlers. He has stopped O'Neill from officiating on receipt of instructions from the bishop (cf. ix. 304-6). Edward Dyson, chaplain at Port Royal, neglects his duty and is habitually drunk, but Garden cannot get proof against him without compulsory testimony. The laws providing for that are not in force in the province. It is held that only such laws of England are in force there as are expressly extended to the plantation by Parliament or re-enacted by the assembly. Encloses (5-6). English have gained control of St. James' vestry and dismissed Bugnion (cf. ix. 278-9). Morritt's parish were about to lay some complaint against him, for devoting too much time to trade and planting, when he expressed his intention of going home. --- Fullerton is settled in his mission. Fulton is in the province, but does not officiate. Garden's health is better.
11-12. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederick's Parish to Bishop Gibson, May 25, 1735. Ask a minister to succeed Morritt. About half of the parish belong to the Church. The rest are divided among Presbyterians, Anabaptists, and Independents.
13-14. Wardens and vestry of Christ Church Parish to Bishop Gibson, Sept. 13, 1735. Report death of John Fullerton and ask appointment of another as quickly as possible. The clergy of the province are currently obliged to supply Charlestown because Garden has had to leave the colony to recover his health.
15-16. Thomas Morritt to Bishop Gibson, Prince George's Parish, Sept. 18, 1735. He is caught in a controversy between Prince George's and Prince Frederick's parishes as to which is entitled to his services. He deferred his plan to return to England because of the war, but his health continues to decline and he seeks appointment to another station.
17-18. Duplicate of (15-16).
19-20. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Jan. 19, 1735(6). As horseback-riding was part of his physician's prescription, after sailing to New York, he rode through Connecticut and Rhode Island to Boston and then back to South Carolina, and finds his health greatly improved. He accuses Morritt of dealing disingenuously with his parishes and the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel and urges sending clergymen for Christ Church and Santee. The assembly has voted a stipend for an assistant at Charlestown. When he passed through Connecticut, (Jonathan) Arnold, a dissenting teacher, had just declared for the Church.
21-22. Duplicate of (19-20).
23-24. Wardens and vestry of St. James' Parish, Santee, to Bishop Gibson, Apr. 27, 1736. Again ask him to send them a minister who can officiate in English.
25-27. Act passed by the General Assembly which adjourned May 29, 1736. authorizing payment of £50 per annum to an assistant minister in Charlestown.
28-31. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, June 4, 1736. He has held an annual visitation (Jan. 19) at which it was resolved that missionaries who were denied election as rectors after a year should demand that they be elected or that reasons be given for their rejection. They also resolved to ask the ecclesiastical commissioners to make the legal adjustment in the salaries because of the decline in the value of currency. He has investigated charges against Samuel Quincy, missionary in Savannah, as well as he can at a distance and is convinced that they are unfounded, except in one particular, that Quincy married an Englishman to an unbaptized Indian woman. He quotes a letter from Gen. Oglethorpe endorsing Quincy. He recommends Doctor Cutler's son, who, he understands, is going home for orders. Reports reaching Charlestown say that --- Smith, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel missionary at Providence (Bahamas) has become a tool of the 'bashaw' of the island and done some 'dirty work' as judge of admiralty, including the condemnation of a sloop from South Carolina. Christ-Church Parish is disturbed to learn that Morritt has been appointed missionary to it.
32-33. Wardens and vestry of Charlestown to Bishop Gibson, June 8, 1736. Enclose (25-27) and ask him to name an assistant.
34-35. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Oct. 24, 1736. Reports death of Francis Varnod, missionary in St. George's parish, and speaks of his own returning ill health.
36-37. Wardens and vestry of Christ Church Parish to Bishop Gibson, Feb. 13, 1736/7. Say that Morritt has declined his appointment to that parish.
38-39. Duplicate of (36-37).
40-43. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, May 8, 1736(7). Reports arrival of DePhelps, for Santee, and William Orr, as his own assistant. Morritt refused to relinquish his appointment to Christ Church until Garden cited him to appear on complaints presented by his former parish (Prince Frederick's). Then he placed his relinquishment in the hands of Garden's proctor, Mr. Rutledge, to stop the proceedings.
44-45. William Orr to Bishop Gibson, Charles-Town, Apr. 9, 1737. Reports his safe arrival and kind reception.
46-47. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Sept. 6, 1737. He has received complaints from the governor and collector of quit rents in North Carolina that (John) Boyd, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel missionary there, is a habitual drunkard. Though the province is within Garden's jurisdiction as commissary, he cannot leave his cure and travel 400 miles to Edenton to hold an inquiry, so he is presenting the charges to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. The governor and council of North Carolina are seeking to obtain a legal establishment, but are at odds with the assembly.
48-49. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Dec. 22, 1737. Letter is brought by John Wesley who is coming home after getting in difficulties in Georgia for repelling Mrs. Williamson, a niece of the chief magistrate, from communion. He has been indicted by a grand jury, most of whose members were dependent on the chief magistrate: For not sufficiently declaring himself of the Church of England; for refusing to baptize except by dipping; for saying he was ordinary in Georgia; for refusing to bury an Anabaptist (he says he was 200 miles away and knew nothing of the matter); for reading the Litany at 6.00 instead of 10.00; and for repelling Mrs. Williamson from communion and writing to her when forbidden by her husband. The last count, as well as an affidavit of Williamson's, is designed to insinuate at attempted seduction. Garden thinks that Wesley is innocent of anything but indiscretion in this matter and that the other counts are all 'either impertinent, false, or frivolous'.
50-51. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Mar. 10, 1737(8). Testifies to good character of --- Millechamp, who is returning to England for his health. Neither he nor Christ Church have received any answer to their request for a successor to Morritt.
52-53. Wardens and Vestry of St. Bartholomew's Parish to Bishop Gibson, Jan. 7, 1738/9. Say that Thompson has served them diligently since he came among them and recommend that he be appointed as their minister.
54-55. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, May 4, 1739. Astounded that Society for the Propagation of the Gospel should name Marsden as a missionary. He has 'fled almost every Colony in America for Crimes'. In Barbadoes he was accused of 'some very foul actions', particularly against a brother clergyman, --- Beresford. In Jamaica, he was accused of bigamy. He has left a bad reputation in New England, Maryland, and Virginia. He has cheated merchants in Lisbon, London, and Chester. This letter is borne by --- Moir, who came as missionary of the Kirk of Scotland to Edisto and now desires Anglican orders. Garden held a visitation May 2, attended by fourteen clergy. Boyd is dead.
56-57. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, June 12, 1739. Vestry of St. John's Parish, Colleton County, which includes Edisto, have written Garden that Moir would not be acceptable to them. He sends along the information, though he attributes the objection to prejudices excited against Moir by the Presbyterians.
58-59. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Apr. 24, 1740. Charlestown suffered an epidemic last summer, with high mortality. Orr was absent in Maryland and, as the disease was infectious, other clergy were unwilling to assist Garden. --- Small, who did so, died as a result. He was missionary at Christ-Church. Garden kept his health during the epidemic, but came down with his old complaint afterwards. Most of his time since has been devoted to opposing Whitefield, who, though excluded from Church pulpits, preached from many dissenting pulpits. At the annual visitation on Apr. 16, Roe, Thompson, and Leslie expressed their intention of going away for their health during the summer. As Roe suffered from dysentery, Garden consented to his going, but opposed the other two, who were merely leaving in anticipation of illness. If this were permitted, there would be few clergymen in the colony in the summer. Thompson has agreed to relinquish his trip, but Leslie talks of going home and resigning his parish.
60-61. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, May 30, 1740. Leslie has sailed for home. Garden says he is running away, partly from his parishioners, who hold him in contempt, but chiefly from a fear of attack by Spaniards, Indians or slaves. If he does not resign, as he says he will, Garden is prepared to present some complaints against him.
62-63. George Whitefield to Bishop Gibson, on board the Savannah, bound from Charlestown to Boston, Sept. 8, 1740. As Garden has started proceedings against him for not using the Book of Common Prayer when officiating in a dissenting meeting in Charlestown, he asks the bishop for a statement whether the commissary's jurisdiction extends to clergymen not belonging to his province.
64. Postscript to the South-Carolina Gazette, no. 359. Contains a letter from Hugh Bryan, dated Nov. 20, 1740, in which he is prompted by a disastrous fire in south-east Charlestown and other recent calamities, such as drouths, epidemics, and slave insurrections, to hold forth on the lack of zeal of the clergy for evangelism, and their over-zeal for canonical regularity. The point of view seems to be Whitefieldan.
65. Parishioners of St. Paul's to Doctor Bearcroft, Dec. 10, 1740. Say that Leslie left them without making any provision for a supply or without bidding them farewell or saying whether or not he intended to return.
66. Duplicate of (65).
67-68. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Jan. 28, 1740/1. Encloses (64). Bryan and Whitefield have both been indicted for libel in publishing it. Garden says that the libel is especially directed against himself, though he is not mentioned by name. Levi Durand, a clergyman, has arrived without licence or an appointment from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, but with a recommendation from the Bishop of Kilmore, endorsed by Bishop Gibson. Garden has sent him to Christ Church, pending instructions. Garden lost property valued at £500 in the fire referred to in (64). The calamity is felt the more heavily because it followed shortly on the failure of the expedition against St. Augustine.
69-70. Wardens and vestry of St. John's Parish, Colleton County, to Bishop Gibson, Jan. 30, 1740/1. Having received no reply to a former application to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel for a missionary, they have renewed it. If the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel cannot afford to add another station, they ask the bishop to send them a man who will be willing to come for the legal stipend and whatever additional contributions they can raise.
71. William Orr to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Feb. 9, 1740-1. Asks to be appointed to St. Paul's in succession to Leslie.
72-73. William Orr to vestry of St. Philip's, Charlestown, Feb. 9, 1740/1. Tells them of his intention of making the above application. (Copy.)
Garden and wardens and vestry of St. Philip's to Bishop Gibson, Feb. 11,1740. Ask appointment of a successor to Orr if he is appointed to St. Paul's. Assistant's salary is £50 from public funds, plus £50 from private contributions. Orr has received this plus another £20 from various sources.
74-75. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Feb. 11, 1740/1. Encloses (72-73) and certifies to Orr's good behaviour as assistant.
76-77. Duplicate of (74-75).
78-79. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Feb. 21, 1740/1. Sent by Thompson, and attesting to his good behaviour while in the colony. Encloses (69-70).
80-81. Wardens and vestry of St. Bartholomew's to Bishop Gibson, Feb. 28, 1740/1. A testimonial to Thompson.
82-83. Wardens and vestry of Christ Church to Bishop Gibson, Apr. 5, 1741. Ask appointment of Levi Durand, who has served among them for four months.
84-85. Duplicate of (82-83).
86-87. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, July 30, 1741. One effect of Whitefield's preaching is the appearance of itinerant preachers, some of whom claim to be in Anglican orders. One of these named Thomson has lately been in South Carolina and has sailed for England. Garden is afraid that he may apply for orders, though he claims to have been ordained by the Bishop of Lincoln. As the time for filing Whitefield's appeal has expired and Garden has received no notice of its being prosecuted and no instructions from the bishop, his court will proceed to sentence.
88-89. A copy of (86-87) with two postscripts. Aug. 15: This copy is sent by Mr. Norrice, who is going home to complain of mistreatment by Gen. Oglethorpe in Georgia. Sept. 8: Garden has just received a letter from the bishop which evidently advised further postponement in the proceedings against Whitefield. Through some mistake, the bishop's letter was sent to the Virginia instead of the Carolina Coffee House, and so came by way of Williamsburg.
90-91. John Burges to Bishop Gibson, Macclesfield Forest, Oct. 9, 1741. Asks that royal bounty to emigrating ministers be paid to his son before sailing to enable him to obtain necessary supplies.
92-93. Wardens and vestry of St. George's to Bishop Gibson, Dec. 10, 1741. Ask appointment of a minister to succed Roe, who has been appointed assistant in King's Chapel, Boston.
94. Duplicate of (92-93). Part of sheet torn off, but letter and signatures complete.
95-96. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Jan. 28, 1741(2). Reports arrival of --- Macgilchrist as his assistant. He has completed his proceedings against Whitefield and suspended him.
97. M. Durand to Mrs. Hort, Dublin. Undated, but enclosed in (98-99). Her husband, Levi Durand, having gone to South Carolina as a missionary, she asks Mrs. Hort (wife of the Archbishop of Tuam) to intercede to secure the payment of the royal bounty so that she can follow her husband.
98-99. Jos. (Archbishop of) Tuam to Bishop Gibson, Bath, Feb. 27, 1741(2) Encloses (97) and asks the bishop to do what he can.
100-1. Philip Bearcroft to Bishop Gibson, Charterhouse, Mar. 15, 1741(2). Durand's appointment as missionary to Christ Church started Lady Day, 1741. The royal bounty solicited by Mrs. Durand is paid by the Exchequer at the bishop's direction.
102-3. Wardens and vestry of St. George's to Bishop Gibson, May 11, 1742. As Roe has left for Boston, they again apply for a successor.
104-5. W. Sharpe to Bishop Gibson, Council Office, May 15, 1742. Whitefield called at the Council Office to learn what had happened to his appeal and was told that it was returned to his solicitor as improper to be presented to the King in Council since the King had appointed commissioners to hear such appeals. Whitefield then said that he would apply to the Archbishop of Canterbury (John Potter) as the first named of the commissioners.
106-7. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, July 8, 1743. He has received letters from the bishop by his nephew, who is to assist Hasell, but has received no comment on his proceedings against Whitefield.
108-9. Wardens and vestry of St. John's, Edisto, to Bishop Gibson, Dec. 26, 1744. A testimonial to Quincy who is applying for the post of assistant in King's Chapel, Boston.
110-11. Wardens and vestry of St. James', Goose Creek, to Bishop Gibson, July 12, 1748. As their rector, Millechampe, has been absent for two years because of ill health and they think it unlikely that he will return, they ask the bishop to name a successor.
112-13. Duplicate of (110-11).
114-15. Wardens and vestry of St. John's, Berkley County, to Bishop Gibson, Sept. 4, 1748. Report death of their rector, Dwight, and ask a successor. As legal salary is inadequate, they ask that it be supplemented by Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
116-17. Alexander Garden to Bishop Gibson, Charlestown, Sept. 16, 1748. He has not received any letters from the bishop since his return to South Carolina. As he and his present assistant are both sickly, he asks the appointment of an able-bodied clergyman to assist him, or succeed him, if he dies. Salaries of rector and assistant are about the same, £150.
118-19. Copy of (116-17) with letter of Garden to Bishop Sherlock, Charlestown, Dec. 29, 1748, making a further appeal for an assistant. Present assistant intends to return to England in three or four months.
120-1. Governor James Glen to Bishop Sherlock, May 15, 1749. After expressing his sorrow on the death of Bishop Gibson, he introduces --- Gisendeiner [Giesendanner], 'a foreigner' from Orangeburgh [Orangeburg], a settlement peopled entirely by his own country-men. Though bred a Calvinist, he is, at their desire, going to England for orders.
122-3. Petition of the inhabitants of Orangburg [Orangeburg] to Governor Glen, May 27, 1749. Ask him to asist in securing the ordination of John Gisendanner [Giesendanner]. Bartholomew Zouberbuhler, previously sent home for this purpose, went to Savannah instead of returning to them.
124-5. Wardens and vestry of St. John's, Colleton County, to Bishop Sherlock, June 12, 1749. Ask for a minister.
126-7. Duplicate of (124-5).
128-9. Alexander Garden to Bishop Sherlock, Charlestown, Oct. 2, 1749. Introducing --- St. John, rector of St. Helen's, who is returning to England in hopes of recovering his voice. Garden's assistant left him in July.
130-1. Alexander Garden to Bishop Sherlock, Charleston, Oct. 23, 1749. Urges the prompt appointment of an assistant, as his health will oblige him to leave the parish next summer.
132-3. Alexander Garden and wardens and vestry of Charlestown to Bishop Sherlock, Dec. 5, 1749. Report that they have employed --- Keith as an assistant. He has recently resigned a distant parish in the country for 'just reasons'.
134-5. Alexander Garden to Bishop Sherlock, Charleston, Feb. 1, 1750. In answer to an inquiry from the bishop, he says that he did not find a serious defect in his commission under Bishop Gibson, but he was troubled by some points of law. He proceeded against four clergymen: Winteley, Morritt, Fulton, and Whitefield. The first two resigned rather than face proceedings. The latter two he suspended. The points of law arose chiefly in Whitefield's case. Whitefield objected to Garden as judge on the ground of personal hostility. He named three arbitrators, proposing that Garden name three others. As Whitefield's three, two Independents and a French Calvinist, were his known supporters, Garden thought that he might reject them as not indifferent, but found the law unclear. If he appointed three and they divided equally, as they probably would, the law was not clear as to further proceedings, nor was it clear who would be the judge if the arbitrators rejected Garden. Because of these legal uncertainties, Garden rejected Whitefield's objection. Whitefield appealed to the commissioners appointed by the King for hearing such appeals, but failed to prosecute his appeal within the statutory twelve months. Garden then suspended him. There were no further proceedings on either side. Since the suspension did not reform Whitefield, Garden would have proceeded to a writ of excommunication, but the Elizabethan act providing for such a writ was not in force in South Carolina. Unless these legal difficulties are cleared up, the power of the commissary will never be very effective. The issue of dilapidations does not arise in South Carolina, for the law expressly relieves the clergy of them.
136-7. William Orr to Bishop Sherlock, St. John's Parish, Colleton County, July 12, 1750. Since St. Paul's Parish would not meet the directions of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in contributing to his support, he was obliged to leave it. He is now settled in St. John's and asks the bishop to appoint him its minister.
138. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederic Parish to Bishop Sherlock, Oct. 23, 1751. Report death of their rector, --- Fordyce. Three neighbouring parishes are also vacant.
139-40. Michael Smith to Bishop Sherlock, Prince Frederick Parish, May 13, 1753. Because of illness in his large family and inability to obtain servants, he has been obliged to move to a small town outside his parish. There are five dissenting teachers in the parish and most of the people are dissenters. He thinks that the Church in the province has suffered from having too many Scotch clergymen. As Garden has resigned his parish, because of ill health, Smith applies for that position and the post of commissary.
141-2. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederick Parish to Bishop Sherlock, Black River, May 1, 1756. As the parish is again vacant, they ask the appointment of a minister.
143-4. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederick Parish to Bishop Osbaldeston, Feb. 25, 1762. Ask him to appoint a minister to succeed James Dormer who is resigning.
145-6. James Dormer to Bishop Osbaldeston, Prince Frederick, Feb. 25, 1762. Says that he is separating from his parishioners in amity as the result of a desire to return to his native country. Clergy of South Carolina now receive £100 sterling, plus house, glebe and various fees.
147-8. List of parishes in South Carolina with some comments. Attributed in notation to Charles Martyn, Mar. 30, 1762. Four of the nineteen parishes are listed as missions. Salary in the others is said to be £110 sterling, plus house and glebe. Rectors are elected by members of the parish who adhere to the Church of England, and are usually elected after a year's probation. Usual method of obtaining a rector is to apply to a merchant in Charlestown, who writes to his correspondent in England. As a result, many unworthy clergymen have come in. The appointment of a commissary would be desirable.
149-50. Robert Parkington to F. W. Osbaldeston, Sedgwick Inn, Apr. 3, 1762. Introduces Martyn as a worthy clergyman, about to return to South Carolina after visiting England for his health, who can supply the bishop with information about the province.
151-2. Governor James Glen to a brother of Bishop Osbaldeston, Poland St., Apr. 10, 1762, introducing Martyn and recommending his appointment as commissary.
153-4. Further notes attributed to Charles Martyn, Apr. 11, 1762. Extent of glebes varies from 100 to 500 A. Surplice fees are regulated by custom, not law. They are: Marriages with banns, 15s., with licence, £1. 10s.; burials in churchyard, 9s., in plantations, 15s. Fees for baptisms depend on the generosity of the families, which is generally 'diffusive'. Public register kept in every parish. Parochial business is conducted by a select vestry of seven. A duly elected rector is entitled to preside at vestry meetings. A probationer merely has the right to attend. White population about 20,000 of whom 5,000 are 'sectaries' and the rest adhere to the Church of England. There are 46,000 Negroes of whom about 500 are Christians. 'Some few Indians.'
155. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederick Parish, to Bishop Osbaldeston, June 23, 1762. They have elected George Skene as rector. He came well recommended, with an 'open mission'.
156-7. Duplicate of (155).
158-9. Charles Martyn to Bishop Osbaldeston, St. Andrew's, Feb. 1, 1763. St. John's, Colleton County, which has a reputation for ill-treating the clergy, has sent to England for a clergyman, but resolved to keep him on permanent probation. Martyn suggests that such abuses can be prevented if the bishop refuses to license a clergyman unless he has commitment from the parish to elect him after a year's probation unless immoralities are proven against him. A young clergyman, recently arrived and only in deacon's orders, insists on officiating as a priest and there is no authority that can stop him. Most of the present clergy are men of good character and the Church is growing, but an ecclesiastical authority is much needed.
160-1. Charles Martyn to Bishop Terrick, Oct. 20, 1765. Two bills, one to erect a college and another to raise the salaries of the clergy to £150, had been approved by the legislature, and would have been sent to the governor, but news of the Stamp Act has driven everything else from the public mind. To evade the law which allows a clergyman to sue for election after a year's probation, many parishes will only hire a minister who agrees not to sue. A number of missionaries recently sent to Florida have accepted parishes in South Carolina.
162-3. Charles Woodmason to Bishop Terrick, Charlestown, Oct. 19, 1766. He arrived Aug. 12 and has made a tour of the frontier region for which he was ordained. An unusually hot spring and summer have produced more than the usual illness. He lists eight Church clergymen who have died during the summer and early fall, besides a Dutch minister and a Presbyterian minister from Ireland. Five other clergy are seriously ill and he doubts of their recovery. The frontier region is filling rapidly, but the legislature refuses to divide it into parishes. The province is still torn by the Stamp Act controversy. Town clergy receive twice as much as the country clergy but do less work. A bill to rectify this just failed of passage.
164-5. Alexander Keith to Bishop Terrick, St. Stephen's Parish, Dec. 30, 1766. Forwards a request from Prince Frederick Parish for a minister to succeed Skene, deceased. Salaries of country clergy are £760 currency, worth £100-110 sterling. Perquisites bring the amount to about £120. Parish, which reaches to the border of North Carolina, has two Presbyterian meetings, whose members sometimes attend the services of the Church of England when without a minister of their own. There are a few Anabaptists.
166. Wardens and vestry of St. Mark's parish to Bishop Terrick, Apr. 20, 1767. (Copy, without signatures.) Ask a minister to replace --- Evans, who has gone to St. Paul's. Theirs is the largest parish in the province, but it is not a laborious one, as much of the work is done by an itinerant (cf. 201).
167. Half-page cut from a newspaper not clearly identified, but probably the South Carolina Gazette. The entry for which it was presumably clipped is a grand jury presentment listing a long series of grievances, most relating to administrative affairs, but including the lack of free schools and the neglect of the Lord's Day.
168-85. Copy of remonstrance presented by inhabitants of back country to Governor Charles Greville Montagu and the legislature, 1767. Because of the centralization of government in Charlestown, the laws are very unevenly enforced in the back country. The criminals whom they want punished escape and they themselves are harassed by prosecutions which they consider illegitimate. Because of these conditions, they have resorted to defending themselves by lynch law.
186-91. Notes on this remonstrance, probably by Woodmason. Warmly supports the remonstrance and pictures a general state of disorder in the region.
192-7. Charles Woodmason to ---, undated, but enclosing (168-91). Protestors have obtained one of their aims, the creation of circuit courts, but they still have a good many grievances, and some of them have been prosecuted for their actions.
198. Governor G. Montagu to Bishop Terrick, Charlestown, May 8, 1768. Introducing Charles Martyn.
199-200. Printed proclamation of Governor William Bull, Aug. 6, 1768. Orders suppression of lynch mobs, but recognizing that they were organized in defence against dangerous bands of criminals, he grants an amesty for all offences committed prior to this proclamation, except to those who whipped George Thomson, a constable engaged in the lawful performance of his duty. Gideon Gibson is named as the chief offender in that crime.
201. Testimonial of wardens and vestry of St. Mark's Parish to Charles Woodmason, who has occasionally officiated among them. June 6, 1769.
202-3. Printed copy of non-importation agreement, dated July 7, 1769.
204-5. J. Adam de Martel to Bishop Terrick, Purrysburg, July 13, 1769. Of the colony with which he came over, half died on shipboard and most of the others since landing. The few remaining have had to become slaves (indentured servants?) to obtain any support in the new country. He has become minister in Purrysburg. The leader of his expedition, unnamed, cheated him out of all the money he had with him. Provisions are scarce and the climate is so hot that a man of 40 is as old as one of 60 in Europe.
206. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederick Parish to Bishop Terrick, Black River, July 26, 1769. Report death of their rector, George Spencer, who has been ill ever since he came, and ask for another minister.
207-8. Charles Woodmason to ---, undated, but enclosing copies of published pieces relating to the back-country insurrection, some of which are dated in 1769 (209-22). Says that former lieutenant-governor, now dead, endeavoured to redress their grievances, but was prevented by the lowland legislators, who were all preoccupied with resistance to Britain. Though the South Carolina insurrectionists take the name of Regulators, he denies that they are related to the North Carolina Regulators, but the grievances complained of seem to be about the same.
209-22. The pieces enclosed in (207-8). (1) Extract from a letter in defence of the Regulators, written to Henry Laurens, undated. (Each piece is followed by extensive notes by Woodmason, who is probably also the author of the pieces.) (2) An advertisement, ironic in tone, offering the Carolina highlands as a summer resort in competition with those in New York and Rhode Island favoured by the lowland planters. (3) A mock advertisement representing the inhabitants of the back country as being sold as slaves. (4) A letter probably written to the South Carolina Gazette, comparing the grievances of the back country against the lowland with those of the colonies against Great Britain. (5) A reply to Mr. Gadsen's answer to no. 4. 'Not suffd to be printed.' (6) A letter sent to 'I. R., Esq.' by the Regulators, evidently in answer to an attack by him on them.
223. Small clipping from newspaper, probably the South Carolina Gazette, Apr. 13-20, 1770. Contains a list of bills pending when the legislature was prorogued. These include a bill to erect public schools and a college and a bill to establish several parishes in the interior.
224-9. Charles Woodmason to ---, St. Mark's Parish, Mar. 26, 1771. Defending himself against criticism by Mr. Smith, the rector in Charlestown, he reviews the grievances of the back country and some of his own. He lists thirty clergymen who have died since his last letter (207-8?).
230-1. Wardens and vestry of Prince Frederick's Parish to Bishop Terrick, Feb. 10, 1775. Beg for a minister, having been without one since --- Villette left for England three years ago.
232-3. Duplicate of (230-1).
234-5. A list of clergy in the province. Undated, but containing names belonging to the early eighteenth century.
236-7. Clergy of South Carolina to (Bishop Robinson), undated, but names place it around 1720. A testimonial to Gilbert Jones, returning to England.
238-9. Brian Hunt to Bishop Gibson, St. John's, undated, but written on learning of the bishop's succession (1723). Begs for preferment. Refers to a tract of Hunt's, Parochial Pasturage, of which he bought up most of the edition on finding that its 'magisterial' tone offended his brother clergy. Ends with a poem extolling his own virtues and bemoaning his fate.
240-1. Brian Hunt to Bishop Gibson, unsigned, undated, and probably unfinished. Written after his resignation of St. John's Parish and before his return to England (cf. ix. 231-2 and 237-8). Says that Edward Dyson succeeded him at St. John's. Complains that Society for the Propagation of the Gospel dismissed him without a hearing and has refused to pay arrears of salary.
242. Unattached postscript in Hunt's hand, but probably belonging to another letter. Says that strictures on his brother clergy in Carolina are for the bishop's private information and will not be included in his formal defence.
243. Undated anonymous fragment objecting to the appointment of Colonel N., nephew to the E. of B-th, as secretary of South Carolina because he is a notorious Jacobite. Belongs to the proprietary period.
244-5. Address of the clergy of South Carolina to the King. Undated, but probably the address referred to in (ix. 196-7). An expression of loyalty on the occasion of some combination of foreign powers against England.
246-7. Duplicate of (244-5).
248-9. Inhabitants of Purrysbourg to Bishop Gibson, undated, but written on the occasion of Bugnion's removal to St. James', Santee (cf. ix. 274-5). Ask the appointment of a minister who can officiate in both French and German. (Letter in French.)
250-1. Unsigned comments on Garden's proceedings against Whitefield (cf. 134-5).
252-3. Lists of parishes in North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Undated, but the names of the clergy, and the inclusion of Florida, place it in the sixties.
254-7. Charles Woodmason to ---, undated. A further exposition of backcountry politics. Says that the inhabitants are mostly Baptist, Methodist, or New Light.
258. List of tracts and gazettes sent to acting governor Arthur Middleton for distribution to the clergy.
259. Fragment, containing notations apparently made originally on a letter from Garden, but now detached.
(For additional South Carolina documents, cf. xxxvi. 294-8.)
CustodialHistoryAlso cited as FP 10
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 756
PublnNoteThe new world: a catalogue of an exhibition of books, maps, manuscripts and documents, held at Lambeth Palace Library between 1 May and 1 December, 1957 : together with transcripts of five unpublished documents in the Library relating to the early history of the American continent. ff28 ff31 ff32 [Z921.L6L2]

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