RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
Alt Ref NoCFS F/3
TitleLetters and papers
Date1642 - 1796
DescriptionOrder constituting Overseers of Harvard College, 8 July 1642 (copy) (f.1).
Order of a General Court or Assembly of Massachusetts Bay incorporating Harvard College, 22 May 1650 (copy) (ff.3-4v).
'An Act for Incorporating of Harvard College at Cambridge in New England', 27 June 1692 (two copies) (ff.5-10v).
Letter from James Blair to Francis Nicholson, Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia, from Gosport, 20 April 1693, concerning payment of his salary of £100 as commissary (copy) (f.13).
Letter from the same to the same, from Plymouth, 19 May 1693, concerning his voyage to Virginia (copy) (f.14).
Petition by the same to Sir Edmond Andros, Governor of Virginia, and to the Council of State and House of Burgesses, for his expenses in soliciting a charter in England for a free school, with an account of his expenses, 19 October 1693 (ff.15-16v).
`A Vindication of Sir Edmond Andros', by William Byrd, defending him against charges of opposing Harvard College, refusing induction of ministers, suspending Blair from the college council, and attributing Blair's hostility to Sir Edmond's discouragement of ecclesiastical courts, 26 December 1697 (extract) (ff.17-20).
`A Memorial Concerning the Instruction of the Heathen Negroes in the British Colonies in the Principles of the Christian Religion', and `A General Scheme of Laying out Mr. D'Allones Bequest or other Charities for the Conversion of the Negroes in our English Plantations to the Greatest Advantage', n.d. Endorsed, `By Dr. [Thomas] Bray' (ff.22-31).
`A Memorial Prepar'd to be sent to the Clergy of Maryland desiring them to Inform the Trustees of Mr. D'Allones Bequest concerning ye Disposition of the Neighbouring Indians to become Christians and the most probable Methods to be taken in order to their Conversion', n.d. Endorsed, `Dr. [Thomas] Bray' (ff.33-49).
Account of money subscribed in England and Virginia for building William and Mary College, 1700 (f.51).
Minutes of a meeting of Trustees and Governors of William and Mary College to consider accusations by Blair against governor Francis Nicholson, 23 February 1705 (copy) (f.52r-v).
Letter from Francis Nicholson to Archbishop Tenison, from Williamsburg, 4 March 1705, introducing emissaries to clear him of charges by Blair, and enclosing various addresses and papers (copy) (f.54).
Letter from the same to the same, from Kynnoton, 25 July 1705, sending addresses and journal of William and Mary College which shows `how the Scotch faction behaved themselves' (copy) (f.55).
`A Defence of Mr. Blair;
and a confutation of an anonimous Pamphlet lately dispersed by General Nicholson. Entitled, Papers relating to an Affidavit made by his Reverence James Blair Clerk pretended President of William and Mary College, and supposed Commissary to the Bishop of London in Virginia;
against Francis Nicholson Esqr. Governour of the said Province &c' (ff.56-74).
Appointment by the Rector, Visitors and Governors of William and Mary College of Henry Compton, Bishop of London, as Chancellor, 31 March 1707. Seal (ff.75v-76).
Grant by Queen Anne of £500 for rebuilding William and Mary College destroyed by fire in October 1705, 21 March 1709 (copy) (ff.77-8).
Letter from Alexander Spotswood, Governor of Virginia, [to the Bishop of London], from Virginia, 26 July 1712, seeking funds to continue the instruction of Indian children, of whom there are about twenty, at William and Mary College, and asking for missionaries to be sent to the Indians (f.79).
Statement by James Blair, President of William and Mary College, concerning the withholding of his salary, 1718 (ff.81-2).
Letter from Hugh Jones [to the Bishop of London], from William and Mary College, 1 October 1720, appealing for books for the college library burnt in 1705. The masters are a writing master, an Indian master, and himself who teaches mathematics and philosophy and keeps the grammar school. Clergy much wanted and twelve parishes are vacant. Deplorable state of the gospel in North Carolina (f.83).
Petition by the Visitors, Governors, and President of William and Mary College to Thomas Parker, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, to determine what salary is due to James Blair who is appointed by the charter President for life, 12 December 1721 (copy) (ff.85-6).
Petition by Saquarereis, Indian hostage, to Governor William Dummer and the Council and House of Representatives of Massachusetts, 27 December 1725, stating that he is the only survivor of four hostages, one having died of small pox and two from melancholy caused by confinement. Asks to be transferred from Castle William to John Checkley's house in Boston because of his uneasiness in confinement and because Checkley has shown him the errors of the Roman religion.
Examination by the House of Representatives of Checkley who acknowledges authorship of the petition (ff.87-88v).
Letter from Henry Newman to the Bishop of London, from the Middle Temple, 31 March 1726, reporting that the negroes in Mauritius were generally christened but had no congregations separate from the French;
`their knowledge in christianity seem'd to consist chiefly in kissing of crosses and saying their prayers by beads &c but that they are nevertheless liable to be bought and sold as they are among the English'. The French christen them for civil rather than religious reasons to inspire hatred of the English as heretics. They have more liberty than the English because of the number of holidays, when they may work for themselves, and because the proportion of black to white is less than in the English colonies less restraint is needed. In New York negroes instructed in christianity are more conceited than their countrymen who are not. In general they are quick of comprehension and liable to treat English servants less knowing than themselves with contempt (f.89).
Letter from James Blair [to the same], from Williamsburg, 27 April 1726, stating his intention to visit England urged by the Governors of William and Mary College, and offering to aid the bishop redress grievances (f.91).
Address by the Visitors and Governors of William and Mary College to the Bishop of London, 28 May 1726, for the royal bounty. On his visit to England Blair will explain that the duty on tobacco exported from Virginia granted to the college is reduced by plantations in North Carolina and Pennsylvania, and that the cost of appointing teachers of philosophy, mathematics, and theology has increased (f.93r-v).
Letter from Hugh Drysdale, Governor of Virginia [to the Bishop of London], 12 July 1726, supporting Blair's visit (f.95).
Memorial by Anglican ministers and others in New England to the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, 24 July 1727, that Timothy Cutler and Samuel Myles, ministers at Boston, be overseers of Harvard College, being teaching elders, according to the provisions of the foundation (copy) (ff.97-8).
Memorial by Timothy Cutler and Samuel Myles to the same, [1727], appealing against their exclusion from the board of governors of Harvard College (copy) (ff.99-100).
Answer by Timothy Cutler and others to the Overseers of Harvard College, 22 November 1727, claiming as teaching elders and not as bishops the right to be overseers (copy) (ff.101-2).
Memorial by the Overseers of Harvard College to the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, 22 November 1727, stating that at the foundation there were no teaching elders, who are defined in the colony as ministers of congregational churches empowered to administer the sacraments and called Bishops in Scripture, but only ruling elders, and that the act of 1642 does not therefore admit Cutler and Myles to be overseers (copy) (ff.103-104v).
Votes of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts on the claim of Cutler and Myles to be overseers of Harvard College, 1727 (f.105r-v).
Letter from Timothy Cutler and Samuel Myles [to the Bishop of London], from Boston, 3 February 1728, seeking his support and attributing their rejection from the board of overseers to the `furious zeal of the dissenting teachers' (f.106).
`A sketch of a Plan for the Instruction of the Negroes in the West India Islands in the Principles of the Christian Religion', n.d. The author is perhaps Gabriel, Marquis Duquesne (ff.109-15).
Letter from Henry Newman to the Bishop of London, from Bartlet's Buildings, 8 June 1728, concerning a bequest by Anne Ford and sending letter from the Marquis Duquesne;
has forwarded the bishop's letters to the West Indies (f.116).
Unsigned letter, perhaps by Gabriel, Marquis Duquesne, [to the Bishop of London], n.d., proposing measures for the religious instruction of negroes (f.118).
Letter from David Humphreys to the Bishop of London, 4 November 1729, promising to send copies of letters by missionaries referring to the bishop's letter for the instruction of missionaries (f.120).
Extracts from letters by missionaries of the S.P.G. concerning progress in the religious instruction of negroes, [1729]. The missionaries are [William] Beakett (or Beckett) of Lewes, Pennsylvania;
[Francis] Varnod, of the parish of St. George, South Carolina;
[Thomas] Colgan, catechist in New York;
[Samuel] Johnson of Stratford, Connecticut;
[James] Wetmore, missionary at Rye, New York (ff.122-3).
Report to the Governors and Visitors of William and Mary College stating the income and expenses of the college, 30 October 1755 (copy) (f.126r-v).
`Some remarks on Mr. Robinson's Letter to the Lord Bishop of London', 1763. States that the visitors should be required by Privy Council to send copies of all transactions if within its power. Dispute turns on a law obliging the clergy to take 16s. 8d. for each hundredweight of tobacco allowed to them when they could have sold the same for 40-50 shillings per hundredweight. Clergy maintain the law contrary to the law confirmed by the crown. The law was disallowed on appeal to the Privy Council, but the clergy interpreted it not as repealed but as void ab initio. Advises that the governor be removed and the clergy advised to settle without lawsuits (ff.128-129v).
Letter from the Bishop of London to John Lloyd, from Fulham, 22 September 1784, requiring no further payments to be made to William and Mary College since the independence of America requires consent of Chancery to application of funds (f.130).
Letter from the President and Professors of William and Mary College to the Bishop of London, 15 August 1786, claiming the Boyle charity. Seal (f.132).
Petition by the same to Chancery that in order to increase the stipends and allowances of teachers and Indian scholars of Brafferton charity school at Williamsburg the Brafferton estate be sold and the proceeds invested in Virginia, the United States being separated from Britain. Seal (ff.134-5).
Extracts from report of a committee of the Privy Council on the slave trade concerning the morals and religion of negro slaves in the West Indies and `the probable utility of their conversion to christianity', 1791. It is noted that most of the evidence was given by opponents of abolition (ff.136-139v).
Letter from the Bishop of London to Richard Burn, from St. James's Square, 5 November (1791), noting that the only way to avoid insurrection of slaves is to make them good christians (f.140).
Letter from the same to the same, from Fulham, 21 December 1791, proposing an addition to the State of Evidence in Chancery suit that the instruction of negroes should be left to ministers of the Church of England since otherwise it would fall into the hands of Methodists and Moravians who are very active in making converts (f.142).
Letter from the same to the same, from St. James's Square, 21 April 1792, proposing an alteration to the plan for Boyle's charity (f.144).
Letter from Henry Dundas, Home Secretary, 1st Viscount Melville (1802), to the Bishop of London, from Whitehall, 25 January 1793, stating that the King has directed a charter to be drawn `conformably to the premises contained in your Lordship's petition' (f.146).
Charter of the Society for the Conversion and Religious Instruction and Education of the Negro Slaves in the British West-India Islands, [1793] (corrected proofs) (ff.148-158v).
Letter to the Governor of the British West Indies, May 1794, seeking support of the Legislative Council for the Society (draft and copy) (ff. 160-9).
`Instructions for Missionaries to the West India Islands', c.1794 (ff.171-82).
`Observations on the conversion and religious education of Negro Slaves in the West India Islands in answer to the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of London's Letter to the Governors &c &c, by the Revd. Samuel Dent, 10 October 1794 (ff.183-98).
Receipted bill for advertisements in various newspapers, 1794 (ff. 199-200).
Letter from the Revd. Samuel Dent [to the Bishop of London], from Grenada, 10 January 1795, enclosing observations by Methodist missionaries on the conversion and religious education of slaves in the West Indies (f.201).
Letters commenting on the instructions for missionaries from Richard Pattison, John Harper, William Warriner, Thomas Owen, and John Kingston, 1794 (copies) (ff.203-213v).
Letter from Granville Sharp to the Bishop of London, from the Middle Temple, 29 January 1795, offering the reversion of a property at Fairstead, Essex, bequeathed to him (f.215).
Account of legal costs in vesting Granville Sharp's estate in the Society, 1795 (f.217r-v).
Receipt for subscription of £10 from William Wilberforce, 29 May 1795 (f.219).
Receipted account of the Philanthropic Society for printing instructions for missionaries, 1795 (ff.220-1).
Account for tracts purchased from John Marshall, printer, 23 September 1795 (ff.222-3).
Accounts of subscriptions, 29 August 1796 (ff.224-5).
Accounts for tracts purchased from John Marshall, printer, 1796 (ff.227-8).
228 ff.
CopiesMicrofilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 1167

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225William and Mary College, Virginia; 1693-1693-
224Harvard College, Massachusetts; 1636-; University College1636-
GB/109/16379Blair; James (c 1656-1743); founder and first president of William and Mary College, Virginiac 1656-1743
GB/109/10725Nicholson; Sir; Francis (1660-1728); Knight; colonial governor1660-1728
GB/109/16380Andros; Sir; Edmund (1637-1714); colonial governor1637-1714
DS/UK/3476Bray; Thomas (1656-1730); clergyman1656-1730
30Tenison; Thomas (1636-1715); Archbishop of Canterbury1636-1715
77Compton; Henry (1632-1713); Bishop of London1632-1713
NA2612Anne (1665-1714); Queen of Great Britain and Ireland1665-1714
GB/109/10726Spotswood; Alexander (1676-1740); governor of Virginia1676-1740
GB/109/16382Parker; Thomas (1667-1732); 1st Earl of Macclesfield; Lord Chancellor1667-1732
GB/109/16383Dummer; William (1677-1761); farmer, politician, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts1677-1761
GB/109/16384Checkley; John (1680-1754); Anglican clergyman and pamphleteer1680-1754
GB/109/16251Newman; Henry (1670-1743); Secretary to the SPG1670-1743
DS/UK/3860Cutler; Timothy (1683-1765); clergyman1683-1765
GB/109/15893Great Britain; Privy Council; 1707-18001707-1800
GB/109/16386Dundas; Henry (1742-1811); 1st Viscount Melville; politician1742-1811
GB/109/9750Fairstead, Essex; ancient parish
GB/109/17187Sharp; Granville (1735-1813); slavery abolitionist1735-1813
DS/UK/3167Wilberforce; William (1759-1833); politician and philanthropist1759-1833
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