RepositoryLambeth Palace Library
LevelFile
Order NoMS 1370
Extentff. 216 (+ 2 flyleaves)
TitleGOSPELS OF MACDURNAN
Date9th century
DescriptionContents:
Frontispiece to Matthew, and text i. 1-17 . . . . f. 2.
On f. 3b an inscription in capitals, to some extent monogrammatized: on which see Dean Armitage Robinson's 'Times of St Dunstan', pp. 55-59.
As Dr Savage, Dean of Lichfield, has pointed out, it is in verse, running thus:
Maeielbriðus Macdurnani
istum textum per triquadrum (sc. mundum)
deo digne dogmatizat
Ast *Aethelstanus Anglo Saexna
Rex et Rector Dorvernensi
Metropoli dat per aevum
*Ast is outside the rhythm.
Text of Matt. continued : XPI' autem generatio . . . 5
ff. 69, 70 charters (see Custodial History)
Text of Mark . . . . . . . 72
ff. 114, 115 charters.
Text of Luke . . . . . . . 117
Text of John . . . . . . . 172
There are no prologues, but the Ammonian sections are in the margin.
I do not think the MS. has been used for textual purposes.

The decoration, which is most minutely described by Dr Millar, consists of:
f. 1b. Cruciform page, frontispiece to St Matthew.
f. 2. Initial etc. to Liber generationis (i. 1).
f. 4b. Frontispiece to Christi autem generatio (i. 17): full-page picture of St Matthew with crosier and book.
f. 5a. Christi autem generatio sic erat: elaborate border and opening words in capitals.
f. 70a Full-page picture of St Mark seated, with book: his symbol, looking more like an ox than a lion, projects from the upper border.
f. 72. Beginning of the Gospel: border and initial.
f. 115b. Full page picture of St Luke with small crosier.
f. 117a. Beginning of the Gospel, as before.
f. 170b. Full-page picture of St John with pen and book.
f. 172. Beginning of the Gospel, as before.

On four leaves added (by Parker?) at the beginnings of the Gospels are four miniatures of French execution of about 1250, of moderate work, viz.:
f. 4. The Crucifixion.
f. 70. The Scourging.
f. 116. The Betrayal.
f. 171. The Entombment.
Perhaps from a Psalter. I think the insertions may be Parker's, because in MS. Corpus Christi College Cambridge 419, of Anglo-Saxon Homilies, he has added as a frontispiece a xiiith-cent. miniature of the Entry into Jerusalem, and has also prefixed a woodcut to MS. 162 from a Missal.
AccessConditionsFor preservation reasons, this manuscript should normally be consulted on microfilm unless special permission to view the original is obtained in advance.

From September 2018 until February 2019 this volume will be on loan for exhibition and not available to view in the Library.
LanguageIn pointed Irish minuscule, resembling that of the Book of Armagh.
FindingAidsCatalogue description based on M. R. James, 'Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Lambeth Palace' (1932). His short account is mainly condensed from that of Dr Millar.
Also referred to in 'Lambeth Palace Library and its Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: Exhibition mounted for the biennial conference of the International Society of Anglo-Saxonists 3 August 2007', ed. David Ganz and Jane Roberts with Richard Palmer (printed for the International Society of Anglo-Saxonists by Taderon Press, London, 2007)
Also referred to in P.R. Robinson, 'Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 888-1600 in London Libraries' (2003)
Noted in Wilma Fitzgerald, 'Ocelli Nominum: names and shelf marks of famous/familiar manuscripts' (1992) [Lambeth Palace Library Z6602.F5(R)] - no information, just name and location

Number 177 in G. R. C. Davis, 'Medieval Cartularies of Great Britain and Ireland', rev. edn. by C. Breay, J. Harrison and D. M. Smith (London, 2010).
PhysicalDescriptionThe MS. measures 158mm. x 111: 22 lines to a page.
Binding: a fine English one of cent. xvi, with elaborate gold tooling, done for Abp Parker: in the same style as other books of his, e.g. the Psalter Ff. 1. 23 in the University Library, Cambridge. Edges gilt and gauffred.
Collation impracticable in consequence of the tenderness of the back.
CustodialHistoryHistory. First owned by Maelbright MacDurnan, Abbot of Armagh and Raphoe (d. 927). Acquired, perhaps after his death, by King Aethelstan (925-40) and given by him to Christ Church, Canterbury. It does not appear in their Catalogues. While there, certain charters were written in it, viz.
After St Matthew's Gospel, ff. 69, 70:
(a) Charter of Abp Wulfstan. Anglo-Saxon. Kemble, 'Cod. Diplom.' no. 1314.
(b) Note of Cnut's gifts to Christ Church. Latin, l.c. 1328.
After St Mark, ff. 114, 115:
(c) Note on the boundaries of Hansfleot,Anglo-Saxon, l.c. 1363.
(d) Charter of Abp Eadsige, Anglo-Saxon, l.c. 1336.
(e) Charter of Cnut, Anglo-Saxon.
(f) Charter of Abp Aethelnoth, l.c. 321.
Kemble made use of transcripts by Lewis Morris: see below.
The next owner was Abp Parker († 1574) who bound it, paged it in red chalk, and added some notes and probably certain French miniatures. Why he did not bequeath it to his College does not appear. Like the Psalter referred to above, it may have been given by him to a friend in his lifetime.
We next hear of it in 1755 when it was owned by one Fr. Howel, mathematical instrument maker of London and a member of the Cymmrodorion Society. It was shown by him to Lewis Morris the antiquary: a letter of Morris describing it (in 1760) is printed in Y Cymmrodor II. (1878), p. 56. In British Library Add. MS. 14,907 Morris has copied a description of the MS. made by Dr A. C. Ducarel, who became Lambeth Librarian in 1757. It was most probably acquired for the Lambeth Library through Ducarel: but of this there is no record, nor did the MS. receive any number, nor was it entered in Todd's catalogue [an annotation to the archivists' copy of the Todd catalogue states that the missing MS 771 was in fact the Macdurnan Gospels, but this is incorrect as may be seen from Wilkins' earlier catalogue of the Lambeth manuscripts, LR/F /40, where MS 771 is described]. The manuscript was not numbered as MS. 1370 until after M. R. James's catalogue was published in 1932.
CopiesColour microfilm: Lambeth Palace Library MS Film 29

Available from World Microfilms Publications:
"Lambeth Palace Library: The Mediaeval Manuscripts" Section III. Illuminated Manuscripts. Reel 8 (with MSS. 558, 563)

Colour images of selected folios available from Bridgeman Art Library: MS 1370 ff. 1v (Image ID: LAM 90494), 4-5 (Image ID: LAM 95197), 5 (Image ID: LAM 90495), 70v (Image ID: LAM 90496), 115v (Image ID: LAM 58195), 170v (Image ID: LAM 90497), 172 (Image ID: LAM 90498)

Negatives of illuminations and rubricated initials on selected folios are held by the Courtauld Institute. Prints for private research purposes may be purchased from the Conway Librarian, Courtauld Institute of Art, Somerset House, London, WC2R 0RN. Permission to purchase copies must first be given by Lambeth Palace Library. Colour prints from the Courtauld negatives are available to browse in Lambeth Palace Library reading room. See also the online image management system:
http://images.lambethpalacelibrary.org.uk
PublnNoteA very full description of this MS., with plates, has been issued by Dr E. G. Millar in the 'Bulletin de la Soc. Fr. de Reprod. des MSS. à Peintures' for 1924, pp. 7-15 and pl. 1.

Folios 3v-4r, 4v-5rand 72r appear in 'Lambeth Palace Library: Treasures from the Collections of the Archbishops of Canterbury', ed. Richard Palmer and Michelle P. Brown (2010), entry 1

Other accounts and reproductions are in:
Adam, D. "The wisdom of the Celts" 1996 p. 24
Bains, Doris, A supplement to Notae Latinae (abbreviations in Latin MSS of 850 to 1050). (Cambridge, 2013) (Originally published 1936) [Lambeth Palace Library Z111.L5]
Brooks & Kelly, 'Charters of Christ Church'.
Brown, Michelle P. 'The book and the transformation of Britain, c.550-1050: a study in orality and visual and written literacy' [Z107.B7]: f. 3v, f. 115 v.
M. Brown, 'Art of the islands: Celtic, Pictish, Anglo-Saxon and Viking visual culture c. 450-1050' (Oxford, 2016) [Lambeth Palace Library R6240.B7]
Brunn, 'Celtic Illum. MSS'., pls. 4-6
Budny, M. "Insular, Anglo-Saxon and early Anglo-Norman manuscripy art at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge..." 2 vols. 1997
T. Cooper, 'Monk-bishops and the English Benedictine reform movement' (Toronto, 2015) [Lambeth Palace Library H3016.C6]
de Hamel, Christopher "A history of illuminated manuscripts" 2nd Ed. London: Phaidon Press, 1994. 272p.; illus. (some col.). [RD2900.D3]
Gameson, R. 'The decoration of the Tanner Bede' in "Anglo Saxon England" 21 [Lambeth Palace Library Z664.L2 6.23]
Gameson, R. (ed.), 'The Cambridge history of the book in Britain. Volume I, c.400-1100', p. 135. [Lambeth Palace Library Z4.C4]
Graham, Timothy 'Changing the context of medieval manuscript art: the case of Matthew Parker' in "Medieval art: recent perspectives: a memorial tributed to C.R. Dodwell" ed. G.R. Owen-Crocker and T. Graham. 1998.
Gretsch, Mechthild "The intellectual foundations of the English Benedictine reform" 1999
Kauffman, C.M. "Biblical imagery in medieval England 700-1550" 2003 [Lambeth Palace Library R7832.K2]
Kershaw, 'Art Treasures of Lambeth'
Keynes, Simon 'King Athelstan's Books' in "Learning and literature in Anglo-Saxon England" ed. M. Lapidge and H. Gneuss. 1985 [KA112.K3] [Lambeth Palace Library Z664.L2 4.26]
Lawlor, Hugh Jackson "Chapters on the Book of Mulling" Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1897. 208p., facsim., tables, plan. [Lambeth Palace Library E2552.M8]
Lindsay, W.M., Notae Latinae: an account of abbreviations in Latin MSS. of the early minuscule period (c.700-850). (Cambridge, 2013) (Originally published 1915) [Lambeth Palace Library Z111.L5]
Mullarkey, Paul, "The figural iconography of the Soiscéal Molaise and Stowe Missal book shrines", 'Making and Meaning in Insular Art. Proceedings of the fifth international conference in Insular art held at Trinity College Dublin, 25 - 28 August 2005', ed. R. Moss, [2005?] [Z664.L2 7.42]
Pfaff, Richard W., 'The liturgy in medieval England: a history' (CUP, 2009) [Lambeth Palace Library H5144.P3]
Read, Anthony, 'The Faddan More psalter: discovery, conservation and investigation' (Ireland, 2011) [Lambeth Palace Library Z110.C7R3]
Stevick, R.D. 'A Methodology for analyzing some forms of early insular poetic texts and illuminated pages' in "Proceedings of the PRM Conference" 1992 [Lambeth Palace Library Z664.L2 5.21]
Stevick, Robert D. "The earliest Irish and English bookarts: visual and poetic forms before A.D. 1000" Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994. (Middle Ages series) xiv, 282p.; illus. [Lambeth Palace Library Z107.S8 (RD2900.S8)]
Westwood, J.O. 'Facss...of Irish MSS.', pl. 22; 'National MSS. of Ireland', pls. 30, 31
Zimmermann, 'Vorkaroling. Miniaturen', 1916, pl. 205.

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Related name records
CodeNameDates
GB/109/18424Æthelnoth (-1038); Archbishop of Canterbury-1038
GB/109/18425Athelstan (c.893-939); King of Englandc.893-939
GB/109/18552Cnut (-1035); King of England, Denmark, and Norway-1035
NA2381Ducarel; Andrew Coltée (1713-1785); Lambeth Librarian1713-1785
GB/109/18595Eadsige (-1050); Archbishop of Canterbury-1050
GB/109/18780Máel Brigte mac Tornáin (-927); Abbot of Armagh-927
GB/109/18992Wulfstan (-1023); Archbishop of York and homilist-1023
NA2825Canterbury Cathedral Priory; 997-1540; Benedictine religious house997-1540
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CodeSet
PL882/Ireland
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